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Publication numberUS3202032 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 24, 1965
Filing dateFeb 6, 1964
Priority dateFeb 15, 1963
Also published asDE1217758B
Publication numberUS 3202032 A, US 3202032A, US-A-3202032, US3202032 A, US3202032A
InventorsRudolf Strathmann Arnfred
Original AssigneeRudolf Strathmann Arnfred
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Mouthpiece for saxophones and clarinets
US 3202032 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. 24, 1965 A. R. STRATHMANN 3,202,032

MOUTHPIECE FOR SAXOPHONES AND CLARINETS Filed Feb. 6, 1964 2 Sheets-Sheet l Aug. 24, 1965 A. R. STRATHMANN 3,202,032

MOUTHPIEGE FOR SAXOPHONES AND CLARINETS Filed Feb. 6, 1964 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 United States Patent 3,202,032 MOUTHPIECE FOR SAXOPHONES AND CLARINETS Arnfred l-tudoif Strathrnann, Holtenauer Strasse 346,

Kiel-Wilt, Germany Filed Feb. 6, 1964, Ser. No. 343,065

Claims priority, application Germany, Feb. 15, 1963,

St 20,294 7 Claims. (Cl. 84-383) The invention relates to improvements in a mouthpiece for musical wind instruments, particularly for saxophones and clarinets.

It is an object of the invention to provide a mouthpiece with means for changing the tone-color of the musical instrument.

Another object of the invention is to provide a mouthpiece with means for changing the tone-color of the musical instrument during the playing of the same.

In accordance with the invention the mouthpiece is provided within its air channel with an adjustable member preferably wedge-shaped, which is slidably adjustably mounted on the inner face of the inclined wall of the beak-shaped tubular body of the mouthpiece, so that upon a slidable adjustment of said member lengthwise of the air channel in the tubular body the crosssectional area of the same is progressively changed and therewith the tone color.

Still another object of the invention is to operatively connect said slidable member with a slide which is slidably mounted in a groove within said mouthpiece body and is provided with an outwardly extending knob for convenient manual adjustment of the slide and the memher for changing the efiective cross-sectional area of the air channel in said mouthpiece body.

It is also an object of the invention to connect said slide with a Bowden cable which leads to the manually operable keys of the instrument so that the slide may be adjusted by the fingers which manipulate the keys.

With these and other objects in view, the invention will now be described in the following description with reference to the accompanying drawings which illustrate a preferred embodiment of the invention.

FIG. 1 is a side elevation view of the mouthpiece;

FIG. 2 is a bottom view of the mouthpiece shown in FIG. 1, but with the reed holding device omitted;

FIG. 3 is a longitudinal axial sectional view of the mouthpiece with the reed holding device omitted, and

FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of the mouthpiece along the line 44 of FIG. land looking in the direction of the arrows.

FIG. 5 illustrates in side elevation, with parts broken away, a mouthpiece employing a Bowden cable.

Referring to the drawing, the tubular body 1 of the mouthpiece is of conventional beak-shape and as shown in FIG. 4 has a substantially rectangular bore 2. The front end of the body 1 has an inclined top wall 3 while the opposed fiat bottom wall 4 extends parallel to the longitudinal axis of the body 1 and has removably attached thereto the customary reed 6. The larger rear end of the beak-shaped body receives-as shown in the FIGS. 1 and 2-the tubular neck 7 of the instrument which may be a saxophone or a clarinet. The holding device for the reed 6 comprises a U-shaped clip whose spaced parallel legs 3 are curved inwardly at their outer ends 9 to engage grooves 10 in the upper wall 3 of the body 1 while the base 11 of the clip carries a clamping screw 12 engaging a pressure plate 13 which urges the reed 6 against the flat lower face of the bottom wall 4 of the body of the mouthpiece as shown in the FIGS. 1

and 4.

In accordance with the invention, a separate wedgeshaped member 14 is arranged within the bore 2 of the tubular body 1 for the purpose of gradually changing the effective cross-sectional area of the bore 2 when the wedge-shaped member 14 is slidably adjusted lengthwise of the bore. This wedge-shaped member 14 occupies the entire width of the substantially rectangular bore 2 and is movable along the inner face of the inclined top wall 3. The member 14 is attached to one end of a rigid rod 15 the other end of which is attached to a slide 16 which is slidably mounted in a half-open groove 17 provided in the body 1 to extend parallel to the inclined wall 3. A knob 18 projects upwardly from the slide 16 and outwardly from the groove 17 so as to be accessible from the outside for permitting a manual adjustment of the slide 16 and therewith of said wedge-shaped member 14. If desired, a Bowden cable 20 may lead from the slide 16 to the keys of the instrument so that the wedge-shaped member 14 may be adjusted easily during the playing of the instrument. For the purpose of holding the Bowden cable attachment in place on the mouthpiece a suitable slidable and pivotally mounted cover 21 is provided.

The operation of the mouthpiece of the invention is as follows:

Depending upon the desired tone color the wedge shaped member 14 is adjusted lengthwise along the inner face of the inclined wall 3 by the knob 18 or by the Bowden cable. FIG. 1 illustrates in dash lines the two possible end positions of the member 14, while FIG. 3 illustrates the forward end position in full lines and the rear end position in dash lines. In the illustrated embodiment of the invention the total length of the ad justment path is about equal to the length of the Wedgeshaped member 14. Furthermore, in the rear end position of the member 14 the effective cross-section of the air channel in the bore 2 is substantially three times as large as in the forward end position of the member 14. When the effective cross-sectional area of the bore 2 is small, then very high pitched and brilliant tones are produced. it, however, the effective cross-sectional area is large, the sound will be full and mellow. The tone color may be changed gradually between these two limits by a slidable adjustment of the wedge-shaped member 14, even during the playing of the instrument.

What I claim is:

1. A mouthpiece for a saxophone and a clarinet, compising a beak-shaped tubular body having an air channel therethrough and provided with an inclined top wall and a fiat bottom wall, a reed detachably attached to said bottom wall, a separate member restricting the cross-sectional area of said air channel in said tubular body and mounted for lengthwise adjustment on the inner face of said inclined top wall, and means accessible from the exterior of said mouthpiece for adjusting said separate member lengthwise along said inclined wall during the playing of the instrument.

2. A mouthpiece for a saxophone and a clarinet, comprising a beak shaped tubular body having an air channel therethrough and provided with an inclined top wall and a fiat bottom wall, a reed detachably attached to said bottom wall, a separate wedge-shaped member restricting the cross-sectional area of said air channel in said tubular body and mounted for lengthwise adjustment on the inner face of said inclined top wall, and means accessible from the exterior of said mouthpiece for adjusting said separate wedge-shaped member lengthwise along said inclined wall during the playing of the instrument.

3. A mouthpiece according to claim 1, in which said tubular body has a substantially rectangular bore and that said separate member having a width equal to the width of said rectangular bore.

4. A mouthpiece for a saxophone and a clarinet, comprising a beak-shaped tubular body having an air channel therethrough and provided with an inclined top wall and a flat bottom wall, a reed detachably attached'to said bottom wall, a separate member restricting the cross-sectional area of said air channel in said tubular body and mounted for lengthwise adjustment on the inner face of said inclined top wall, and means accessible from the exterior of said mouthpiece for adjusting said separate member length wise along said inclined wall, said means including a slot provided in said top wall, a slide slidably mounted in said slot and having a knob extending outwardly from saidslot and accessible from the outside of said body for a manual slidable movement along said slotduring, the playing of the instrument, and means rigidly connecting said slide with said separate member.

5. A mouthpiece fora saxophone anda clarinet, comprising a beak-shaped tubular body having an air channel therethrough and provided with an inclined top walland a'fiat bottom Wall, a reed detachably attached to said bottom wall, a separate member restricting the cross-sectional area of said airch-annel in said tubular body and mounted for lengthwise adjustment on the'inneroface of said inclined top wall, and means accessible from the exterior of saidmouthpiece for. adjusting said separate member lengthwise along said inclined'wall, said means including a manually operable slide mounted in said body and oper- V atively connected with said separate member for moving it along said inner face of said inclined wall during the playing of the instrument.

I mouthpiece.

a a 4 6; A mouthpiece for a saxophone and a clarinet, comprising a beak-shaped tubular body having an air channel therethrough and provided with an inclined top wall and a fiat bottom wall, a reeddetachably attached to said bottom wall, a separate member restricting the cross-sectional area of said air channel in said tubular body and mounted for lengthwise adjustment on the inner face of said inclined top wall, and means for adjusting said separate member lengthwise along said inclined wall, said means including a manually operable slide mounted in said body and operatively connected with said separate member for moving it along said inner face of said inclined wall, and a Bowden cable connected to said slide for adjusting the latter from a point remote from said 7. The combination of a saxophone and clarinet mouthpiece having an air channel extending therethrough, with a'separate adjustable member arranged within said mouthpiece in such a manner that the cross-sectional areaof said air channelis varied when said member is adjusted lengthwise of. said air channel, and means adapted to con- 7 tinuously adjust said member during the playing of the instrument to which said mouthpiece is attached.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS FOREIGN PATENTS 646,895 11/50 Great Britain.

LEO SMILOW, Primary Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2397593 *Aug 3, 1942Apr 2, 1946Arnold Brillhart LtdMouthpiece for musical instruments
GB646895A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3564965 *Feb 3, 1969Feb 23, 1971Shetler Daniel WLigature for reed musical instrument
US4041827 *Jun 29, 1976Aug 16, 1977Daglis Nicholas TTone enhancing device for reed type musical instruments
US4345503 *Jun 17, 1981Aug 24, 1982Runyon Clinton AInterchangeable tone chamber
US4651616 *Apr 11, 1986Mar 24, 1987Norbert VisserMouthpiece for wind instrument with single reed
US5440962 *May 25, 1994Aug 15, 1995Valtchev; Konstantin L.Clarinet ligature and grasping ring
US5728957 *Jun 20, 1996Mar 17, 1998Valtchev; Konstantin L.Clarinet ligature and mouthpiece grasping ring
US6501010Jun 19, 2001Dec 31, 2002George V. SullivanReed and mouthpiece assembly
US6670534 *Dec 12, 2000Dec 30, 2003Vildosola Erdociain Jose IgnacioDamped tensor ring
US6673992Sep 20, 2000Jan 6, 2004Clinton A. RunyonSaxophone mouthpiece
US6706958Oct 21, 2002Mar 16, 2004Michael MitacekInstrument reed enhancement device
US7220903Feb 28, 2005May 22, 2007Andrew BronenReed mount for woodwind mouthpiece
DE102006018586B4 *Apr 21, 2006Jul 9, 2009Eber, KlausBlatthalter
Classifications
U.S. Classification84/383.00R, 984/141
International ClassificationE05D3/06, E05D3/00, G10D9/02, G10D9/00
Cooperative ClassificationG10D9/02, E05D3/14
European ClassificationG10D9/02, E05D3/14