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Publication numberUS3203592 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 31, 1965
Filing dateOct 4, 1963
Priority dateOct 4, 1963
Publication numberUS 3203592 A, US 3203592A, US-A-3203592, US3203592 A, US3203592A
InventorsDenis Farandatos
Original AssigneeDenis Farandatos
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Fluid dispenser
US 3203592 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 3,203,592 FLUID DISPENSER Denis Farandatos, 750 Lexington Ave, New York, N.Y. Filed Oct. '4, 1963, Ser. No. 314,043 6 Claims. (Ci. 222-) The present application is a continuation-in-part of my application Serial No. 298,739, filed July 30, 1963, which is a continuation-in-part of my application Serial No. 149,276, filed November 1, 1961, now abandoned, which in turn is a continuation of my earlier application Serial No. 778,335, filed December 5, 1958, also now abandoned.

The present application is also a continuation-in-part of my application Serial No. 17,550, filed March 25, 1960, now abandoned.

The invention relates to fluid dispensing means and particularly to apparatus for dispensing compressed fluid in measured quantities from a cylinder containing compressed fluid.

The invention has among its objects the provision of a novel, simple and economical fluid dispenser.

Another object of the invention lies in the provision of a fluid dispenser which is simply operated to open an initially sealed supply of fluid under pressure and is simply controlled thereafter so as selectively to dispense predetermined quantities of fluid. Another object is to dispense fluid from high pressure cylinders safely and to provide pressure reducing means acting as a safety valve.

Another object of the invention resides in the provision of a fluid dispenser of the above indicated character which is compact, easily portable, safe and durable.

Another object of the invention is to supply oxygen as needed where needed.

It is known to compress gases within small metal cylinders and to penetrate these cylinders to release the gases into other chambers for use. Examples of this practice are the impregnating of water with carbon dioxide to make the charged Water called club soda and, as discussed in my prior Patent No. 2,729,124, dated January 3, 1956, to remove corks from bottles without disrupting the cork.

It is an object of this invention to improve upon my own prior apparatus for dispensing compressed fluids in selected quantities from cylinders containing fluids under pressure.

Another object is to provide fluid dispensing apparatus which is readily dismantled and is composed of readily replaceable parts.

Another object of the invention is to utilize pressure fluid cylinders to atomize liquids. For example, when it is desired to spray a room with an insecticide or a disinfectant the standard method is to use an atomizer actuated by a squeeze bulb, a method imperfect in itself because it does not produce a continuous and even atomization, and which is ineffective when the space to be filled is large.

Another example of the novel use is in the operation of garden sprays. A standard method now used is to partly fill a large can with the liquid spray, then manually pump up the remaining spaces with air under pressure, then dispense the spray as long as the pressure lasts. This is intermittent and relatively unsatisfactory.

The invention is applicable to all such uses and provides improved operation in each of them, delivering gas in whatever quantities are needed, as needed and always under the control of the operator.

The above and further objects and novel features of the invention will more fully appear from the following description when the said description is read in connection with the accompanying drawings. It is to be expressly understood, however, that the drawings are for the purpose of illustration only and are not intended as a definition of the limits of the invention.

In the drawings, wherein like reference characters refer to like parts throughout the several views:

FIG. 1 is a longitudinal sectional view of a fluid dispenser in accordance with the invention;

FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view, taken substantially in the plane of the line 2-2 in FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a fragmentary longitudinal sectional view showing a modified embodiment of the invention; and

FIG. 4 is a fragmentary sectional detail showing the needle valve member connected to a hose adapter.

Referring now to the accompanying drawings in detail, more particularly to FIGS. 1 and 2, the fluid dispenser is designated generally by the reference numeral 10 and comprises an elongatedcasing generally designated 11, which includes a body or valve housing portion 12 adapted to receive and house an axially reciprocable needle valve member 13 which is normally biased to closed position. One end portion of the body 12 is screw-threaded as at 14 to receive an end cap 15 having a central bore 15 through which an extension of the hollow needle valve member 13 slidably projects outwardly from the casing, as shown. The other end portion of the valve housing portion 12 is screw-threaded as at 16 to receive an elongated cap or cartridge housing member 17, the outer end of which, in turn, is screw-threaded as at 18 to receive an end cap 19. Suitable gaskets 20, 21, respectively, are provided between the cartridge housing member 17 and the valve housing member 12, and between the cap 19 and the elongated cap member 17.

The elongated cap member 17 serves as a housing for a conventional cartridge 22 (shown by dotted lines), containing fluid under pressure, such as CO which fluid is adapted to be released from the cartridge in controlled quantities by retraction of the normally closed needle valve member 13 against the action of suitable biasing means.

The end portion of the cartridge housing member 17 which is threadedly connected at 16 to the valve housing body portion 12 is internally screw-threaded as at 23 to receive a plug or abutment 24, formed with a central fluid passage or conduit 25 having a frusto-conical end portion which forms a seat 26 for a tapered, pointed end portion 27 of the hollow needle valve member 13. The side of the plug 24 facing the cap member 17 is provided with a recess 28 to receive the neck 22' of the cartridge 22, the recess 28 being annular and surrounding a piercing point or needle 29 which is formed integrally with the plug 24 and has the aforementioned fluid passage 25 extending therethrough. With the plug 24 in position in the elon gated cap member 17, when the cartridge 22 is inserted in said cap member and the end cap 19 is screwed home, the point 29 will pierce the usual, rupturable diaphragm or end wall (not shown) in the neck 22' of the cartridge, so that the compressed fluid in the cartridge may escape through the passage 25 in plug 24, subject to flow control by the needle valve member 13 in cooperation with its seat 26 in the plug 24.

The needle valve member 13 is normally biased toward its seat 26 by suitable biasing means, herein shown as a compression spring 30, one end of which abuts an annular shoulder 31 provided in the body 12, while its other end bears against a piston 32 which is slidable in a tubular liner 33, disposed in a cylindrical cavity 34 which exists in the body 12 between the shoulder 31 and the plug 24. As shown, the piston 32 is provided with an annular seat 35 to receive the spring 30. The spring 30 urges the piston 32 against a keeper ring 36 which is seated in an annular groove (not shown) formed in the outer surface of the needle valve member 13, thus biasing the pointed end portion 27 of the needle valve member against the tapered seat 26.

It will be observed that the needle valve member 13 is provided with an axial passage 37, the outer end of which opens laterally to provide a fluid discharge port 37' while its inner end similarly opens laterally to provide a fluid receiving port 37" communicating with the interior or chamber 40 of the tubular liner 33, between the piston 32 and the plug 24. Thus, when the needle valve member 13 is drawn against the action of the spring 30 so as to unseat the pointed end portion 27 of the neeedle valve members from the seat 25, fluid under pressure will flow from the cartridge 22 through the passage 25 into the chamber 4-0 and through the lateral needle opening 37" into the needle passage 37, for discharge at the outer end of the needle through the lateral opening 37'. As shown, the outer end portion of the needle valve member 13 is pointed as at 41 to facilitate penetration of corks, tire casings, et cetera, to which the fluid dispenser is applied.

Sliding of the needle valve member 13 against the action of the spring to unseat the valve means 26, 27 is effected by retracting means indicated generally by the numeral 42, the same comprising a lever 43 which is pivotally mounted on a transverse pin 44 in the body 12. The pin 44 traverses a slot 45 through which the lever 43 projects outwardly from the body 12, the outer end of the lever having fixed thereto a suitable finger-piece 46 adapted for manual actuation. The inner end of the lever 43 is bifurcated to form a yoke 47 to engage a pair of pins 4-8 which project diametrically to opposite sides from the needle valve member 13, it being apparent that when the finger-piece 46 is depressed or pressed toward the body 12, the needle valve member 13 will be retracted against the action of the spring 39 so as to unseat the needle portion 27 from the seat 25. By depressing the finger-piece 46 to a greater or lesser extent, the unseating of the needle valve member may be effectively controlled, so as to increase or decrease the rate of flow of fluid from the cartridge 22, or to completely stop such fluid flow when the needle valve member is fully engaged with the seat 26 by the spring 30.

The outer surface of the body 12 may have secured thereto, as by screws 47, a suitable resilient clip or keeper 43, adapted to engage the finger-piece 46 in its undepressed position and safeguard the same against accidental depression, such as would cause undesired or unnecessary escape of fluid from the cartridge 22. However, when the device is to be operated and manual pressure is applied to depress the finger-piece 46, the resilient yieldability of the clip or keeper 48 makes retraction of the needle valve member possible.

The modified embodiment of the invention shown in FIG. 3 is substantially the same as that already described, with the exception that the outer end of the cap member 17a has a closed end wall 19a, rather than being provided with a removable, screw-threaded end cap 19 as is the cap member 17 in the embodiment of FIGS. 1 and 2. In the instance of the embodiment of FIG. 3, the plug 24 is screw-threaded as at 49 into the valve housing member of body 12a rather than into the cartridge housing or cap member 170, and the cap member 17a is screw-threadedly conected to the body 12a as at 5b. This arrangement permits the cap member 17a to be separated from the body 12:: while the plug 24 remains in place in the body, whereupon the cartridge 22 may be inserted in the cap member 17a so that when the cap member is subsequently screwed onto the body, puncturing of the cartridge by the plug point 29 will take place. The functional distinction arising from this structural modification is that the elongated cap member 37a, when turned by hand, offers a greater gripping facility for forcing the point 29 to puncture the cartridge, than is provided by the relatively smaller end cap 19 in the embodiment of FIGS. 1 and 2.

FIG. 4 illustrates a needle valve member 13a with an axial fluid passage 37 extending therethrough, the passage being open at the pointed end of the needle valve member. The pointed end portion of the latter may be inserted in a suitable adapter 53. connected to a hose or the like 52, which in turn may be connected to an atomizer, life preserver, or other apparatus designed to use fluid under pressure received from the cartridge 22. As shown, the adapter 51 is provided with a rubber insert 53 having a passage extending therethrough and connected at one end with the hose passage and at its other end adapted to snugly receive the pointed end portion of the needle valve member 13a.

Operation The operation of the device will be largely apparent from the foregoing specific description of parts; a suitable cartridge containing fiuid under pressure having been inserted in the housing portion 17 or 17a of the tubular dispenser casing 11 and said cartridge housing portion having been assembled by screwing the same into the valve housing portion 12 of the dispenser, a fluid tight fit is provided. The penetrable end of the cartridge having been punctured fluid can escape only through the passage 25 in the plug 24 after the tapered needle valve portion 27 has been withdrawn against the biasing force of the spring 30. When the needle valve 27 has been withdrawn in whole or in part a predetermined quantity of fluid passes into chamber 49 and thence through the port or opening 37" into the axial conduit 37 passing through the hollow stem portion of the needle valve member 13 and out through the lateral opening 37' which, it will be noted, is outside the dispenser casing 11. The pointed portion 4-1 at the exterior end of the needle valve member 13 may be used to penetrate a cork or the like as in my prior Patent No. 2,729,124, and thus the device is adapted to serve as a cork extractor in the manner set forth in said patent.

If desired the dispensing device may be used with an adapter as illustrated in FIG. 4, and thus may be employed as or in connection with an atomizer to spray insecticide, disinfectant or other suitable fluid, either gaseous or liquid, as may be desired.

The invention has been described in detail for the purpose of illustration, but it will be obvious that numerous modifications and variations may be resorted to without departing from the spirit of the invention as defined in the following claims.

What is claimed is:

1. Apparatus for dispensing controlled quantities of fluid under pressure from a cartridge having a penetrable end, said apparatus comprising a housing including a valve housing portion and a portion adapted to receive and support a cartridge with its penetrable end directed toward the valve housing portion, a sealing plug in said housing intermediate the valve housing and cartridge supporting portions, said plug having a passage extending axially therethrough and having a hollow puncturing needle disposed toward the penetrable end of the cartridge and in axial alignment with said passage, means for moving said cartridge axially relative to the needle to penetrate said penetrable end, spring biased valve means within said valve housing portion, including a tapered end portion adapted in one position to snugly fit said passage through said plug to close the same, and means for retracting said valve means against the force of said spring any predetermined distance, whereby accurately conrolled quantities of fluid may be released from said cartridge, said valve means including a dispensing tube terminating at one end in said conical valve member, a piston on said tube in sealing engagement with the valve housing portion of said housing member and in spaced relation to said conical valve member, and port means in said dispensing tube between the piston and said valve member.

2. An apparatus for dispensing controlled quantities of high pressure fluid from a cartridge having a penetrable part end, said apparatus comprising a housing member including a cartridge holding portion and a valve housing portion, said cartridge holding portion being adapted to support said cartridge axially within the housing with the penetrable end directed toward the valve housing portion, a transverse plug in said housing intermediate the cartridge holding and valve housing portions, said plug having a passage extending axially therethrough and a hollow port puncturing needle member comrnunicating with said passage and directed toward the penetrable port end of the cartridge when mounted in said housing, means for moving said cartridge toward the needle to effect puncture of the port end of the cartridge, and spring biased valve means for opening and closing the passage through said plug including an axially reciprocable conical valve member adapted in one extreme position to snugly fit in the passage of said plug to close the same under the influence of said spring, and adapted in another position to permit fluid to flow through the passage through said plug, said spring serving to normally hold the valve snugly in said passage, and means for retracting said conical valve member any desired distance against the bias of said spring, whereby accurately controlled quantities of fluid under pressure may be dispensed from said cartridge, said valve means including a dispensing tube terminating at one end in said conical valve member, a piston on said tube in sealing engagement with the valve housing portion of said housing member and in spaced relation to said conical valve member, and port means in said dispensing tube between the piston and said valve member.

3. Gas dispensing apparatus comprising a housing having a cylindrical part adapted to receive a gas container, a cap means adapted to force a gas container forward in the said part, an abutment, removably mounted in the cylindrical part opposite the cap means, having penetrating means projecting from one face toward the cap means, a valve seat in the opposite face of the abutment and conduit means extending from the valve seat through the penetrating means, valve means comprising a cylindrical body adapted to be joined hermetically to the housing and including a dispensing tube having an end portion in sealing engagement with the valve seat in the closed position of said valve means, a piston mounted on the tube in sealing relation with the cylindrical body and in spaced relation to the valve seat, port means in the dispensing tube between the piston and the said end portion, spring means bearing on the piston and loading the valve to closed position, and valve operating means comprising a lever mounted on the valve body operatively connected to the dispensing tube and adapted to overcome the spring means and open the valve.

4. Gas dispensing apparatus comprising a housing having a cylindrical part adapted to receive a gas container, a cap means adapted to force a gas container forward in the said part, an abutment, removably mounted in the cylindrical part opposite the cap means, having penetrating means projecting from one face toward the cap means, a valve seat in the opposite face of the abutment and conduit means extending from the valve seat through the penetrating means, valve means comprising a cylindrical body adapted to be joined hermetically to the housing and including a dispensing tube having an end portion in sealing engagement with the valve seat in the closed position of said valve means, a piston mounted on 5 the tube in sealing relation with the cylindrical body and in spaced relation to the valve seat, port means in the dispensing tube between the piston and the said end portion, spring means bearing on the piston and loading the valve to closed position, and valve operating means engaged with the valve means.

5. Gas dispensing apparatus comprising a housing having a cylindrical part adapted to receive a gas container, a cap means adapted to force a gas container forward in the said part, an abutment, removably mounted in the cylindrical part opposite the cap means, having penetrating means projecting from one face toward the cap means, a valve seat in the opposite face of the abutment and conduit means extending from the valve seat through the penetrating means, valve means comprising a cylindrical body adapted to be joined heremetically to the housing and a dispensing tube having an end portion in sealing engagement with the valve seat in the closed position of said valve means, a piston mounted on the tube in sealing relation with the cylindrical body and in spaced relation to the valve seat, port means in the dispensing tube be tween the piston and the said end portion, means bearing on the piston and loading the valve to closed position, and valve operating means engaged with the valve means.

6. Gas dispensing apparatus comprising a housing hav- 30 ing a part adapted to hold a gas container, an abutment removably mounted in the said part having penetrating means projecting toward the container, means adapted to force a gas container against the penetrating means, a valve seat in the opposite face of the abutment and conduit means extending from the valve seat through the penetrating means, valve means comprising a cylindrical body adapted to be joined hermetically to the housing and a dispensing. tube having an end portion in sealing engagement with the valve seat, a piston mounted on the tube in sealing relation with the cylindrical body and in spaced relation to the valve seat in the closed position of said valve means, port means in the dispensing tube between the piston and the said end portion, means bearing on the piston and loading the valve to closed position, and valve operating means engaged with the valve means.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 629,752 7/99 Murray 141-17 805,474 11/05 Lavertine et al. 222-5 1,920,165 8/33 Andvig 222-399 X 2,051,981 8/36 Bowman 141-19 5 2,297,497 9/42 Popoif 239-8 2,362,784 11/44 Ward 239-309 X 2,705,578 4/55 Burns 222-5 X 2,77 8,434 1/57 Hastert et a1 222-5 X 2,827,081 3/58 Little 141-94 EVERETT W. KIRBY, Primary Examiner.

HADD S. LANE, Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
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US805474 *Mar 6, 1905Nov 28, 1905Alfonso George LavertineMeans for inflating rubber tires.
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US2362784 *Nov 10, 1941Nov 14, 1944Knapp Monarch CoInsecticide spray head valve
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3401693 *Oct 19, 1965Sep 17, 1968Milton J. CohenNeedle-hub assembly for hypodermic syringe
US3409016 *Apr 8, 1964Nov 5, 1968Selflate CorpDisposable cartridge for inflating bag catheters
US3554450 *Nov 15, 1968Jan 12, 1971Thomas F D MuhalaSpray gun with replaceable cartridges
US3698206 *Jul 29, 1970Oct 17, 1972Phelan Louis A MFreezer door and draw off valve for a continuous freezer
US4118830 *Apr 13, 1977Oct 10, 1978Weiland Richard JDevice for skinning animals and fowl
US4469250 *Feb 25, 1982Sep 4, 1984Nick Sekich, Jr.Squeezable dispensing apparatus and method of operation
US4760937 *Jun 16, 1986Aug 2, 1988Evezich Paul DSqueezable device for ejecting retained materials
US5344666 *Mar 12, 1992Sep 6, 1994Levine Marshall SLiquid dispenser
US5395012 *Jan 19, 1993Mar 7, 1995Kineret EngineeringCarbonated soft drink attachment
US5547131 *Jun 3, 1994Aug 20, 1996Bespak PlcDispensing device with spray nozzle and driven piston
US8910829 *Mar 11, 2013Dec 16, 2014Coravin, Inc.Method and apparatus for beverage extraction needle guiding
US9016517 *Mar 11, 2013Apr 28, 2015Coravin, Inc.Method and apparatus for beverage extraction needle force indication
US9061877 *Sep 5, 2014Jun 23, 2015Coravin, Inc.Method and apparatus for beverage extraction needle guiding
US20060119241 *May 24, 2005Jun 8, 2006Jenn-Wei MiiAutomatic gas supplementing device for a discharge luminous tube
US20140097198 *Mar 11, 2013Apr 10, 2014Coravin, LlcMethod and apparatus for beverage extraction needle guiding
US20140124530 *Mar 11, 2013May 8, 2014Coravin, LlcMethod and apparatus for beverage extraction needle force indication
US20140374441 *Sep 5, 2014Dec 25, 2014Coravin, Inc.Method and apparatus for beverage extraction needle guiding
WO1993018231A1 *Mar 12, 1993Sep 16, 1993Marshall S LevineLiquid dispenser
Classifications
U.S. Classification222/5, 222/518, 222/559, 401/146, 401/149, 222/80
International ClassificationB67D1/04, B67D1/00
Cooperative ClassificationB67D1/0418
European ClassificationB67D1/04B2