|Publication number||US3204853 A|
|Publication date||Sep 7, 1965|
|Filing date||Jun 24, 1963|
|Priority date||Jun 24, 1963|
|Also published as||DE1622713B1|
|Publication number||US 3204853 A, US 3204853A, US-A-3204853, US3204853 A, US3204853A|
|Inventors||Earl K Hoyne, William W Petryk|
|Original Assignee||Minnesota Mining & Mfg|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (5), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
CARTRIDGE Sept. 7, 1965 F'iied June 24, 1963 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 K H 6 F. Y 5 0 m N R 4 4 5 2 4 2 M m w 4 k H a M Ma y a m a? y F. H W Di f v 5 1 la a m V w G m z v i M n M U I W 5 m W7 h 6 I 7U p Q 3 3,204,853 CARTRIDGE I Earl K. Hoyne, Fridley, and Willia W. Petryk, White Bear Township, Ramsey County, Minn., assignors .to
Minnesota 'Mining and Manufacturing Company, St.
Paul, Minn., a corporation of Delaware Filed June 24, 1963, Ser. No. 289,907 7 Claims. Cl. 229-'-23) invention is advantageous in that it permits the sheet material to be supplied to the photographic machine without removing the sheet material from the cartridge. This permits the loading ofa photographic machine with a supply of light-sensitive material in a lighted area. It eliminates the possibilty of exposure of some of the material to stray light and physical damage to said material, as is the case when it is necessary to remove the material from the cartridge and place the same in a machine when the machine is in a dark room.
This invention is also advantageous in that it provides a cartridge which is moisture and light tight before it is opened for use in a photographic machine.
These and other advantages of the present invention will become more apparent as the following description proceeds and the accompanying drawings are referred to, wherein:
FIGURE 1 is a plan view of a novel carton blank used in making a box body;
FIGURE 2 is a plan view of a blank forming a cartridge insert;
FIGURE 3 is a plan view of a support member adapted to be placed in the novel cartridge;
FIGURE 4 is a plan view of the carton blank used in forming the cover for the novel cartridge;
FIGURE 5 is a perspective view of the novel cartridge constructed in accordance with the present invention;
FIGURE 6 is a longitudinal sectional view taken generally along line 6-6 of FIGURE 5;
FIGURE 7 is a transverse sectional view taken generally along line 7-7 of FIGURE 5; and
FIGURE 8 is an enlarged schematic cross-section representative of the wall construction of the cartridge.
The illustrated cartridge represents a preferred embodiment of the present invention and is particularly adapted foruse with cards of the type commonly employed in tabulating and sorting systems which have an aperture formed therein and have a film section of light-sensitive material mounted in said aperture. The cartridge has a box body provided with an opening in each end wall and with openings in the top wall adjacent and in communication with the openings in the end walls. The top openings permit driven rollers to engage the outermost card and drive the same longitudinally out one end or 'the other of the body. The drive rollers form part of a feeding means for withdrawing cards singly from said body and feeding them into a photographic machine. The feeding means may have card guide plates associated with the feed rollers or it may not, but the illustrated cartridge is adapted for use with either type.
The cartridge comprises a box body 10, a cover 11, a card retaining insert 12 and a relatively rigid card support member 13.
The blank forming the box body, is illustrated in 2 FIGURE 1 and comprises a bottom panel 14, allochiral.
side panels 15 and 16 with top flaps 17 and 18 joined. thereto and end panels 19 and 20. The side panels 15 and 16 are each notched in the outer left corner as shown at 21 and are connected to the bottom panel 14 along fold lines 22. The end panels 19 and are connected to ends of the bottom panel 14 along fold lines 23 and extend-outwardly therefrom. The top flaps 17 and 18 are shorter than the side panels 15 and 16 and are connected along fold lines 24 to the outer edges of said side panels 15 and 16 as shown to leave an opening in the top of the box body 10 at each end. In the illustrated form the openings are slightly different in size. The end panels 19 and 20 have an outward dimension less than that of the side panels 15 and 16, but substantially equal to the distance from the fold lines 22 to the notches 21 in the corners of the side panels, thus defining openings in the ends of the assembled box body 10 which join the openings in the top. The bottom panel is formed with a large centrally disposed rectangular aperture 25 for purposes to be hereinafter described.
The insert 12 is formed from a rectangular blank which is partially cut as at 26 and 27 and is perforated as at 28 and 29 to form separable end tabs 30 and 31. The
end tabs are formed with fold lines 32 and 33 so the tabs posed side panels 37 and 38. The end panels 35 and 36 and the side panels 37 and 38 are joined to the top panel 34 along fold lines 39 and 40 respectively. This blank may be folded to form a telescoping cover 11 having a sliding fit with the side panels 15 and 16 of the box body 10 and with the tabs 30 and 31 of the insert 12.
The remaining structural element in the cartridge is the relatively rigid support member 13 formed to fit in the cartridge, overlaying the bottom-panel 14 of the box body 10. This support member 13 is adapted to provide sufficient stiffness for a stack of cards 42 so that as the number of cards in a stack is depleted the remaining cards on the support member will maintain a flat orientation as they are forced toward the exit side of the cartridge. The rigid support member 13 is formed with notches adjacent the corners as shown at 41. These notches 41 are formed in this support member 13 to permit a feeler mechanism associated with the feeding means of the photographic machine to pass below the surface of the support member 13, thus signaling that the supply of cards is depleted.
Referring now to FIGURES 5, 6 and 7, there is illustrated a cartridge after the same has been assembled and-a stack of cards 42 has been placed in the cartridge.
As viewed in FIGURE 6, the cards 42 are placed upon I the rigid support member 13. The insert 12 overlays the top of the stack of cards 42 and covers the film section in the cards positioned adjacent the right end of the cartridge as viewed in FIGURE 6. The end tabs 30 and 31 are folded over the ends of the stack of cards to retain them in the cartridge and lap the'end panels 19 and 20 of the box body 10 closing the openings formed in the ends of said box body. The top flaps 17 and 18 are folded toward each other to meet along the center line and form a lid partially covering the box body. The flaps 17 and 18 overlay the insert 12 and partially cover the end tabs 30 and 31 adjacent the cuts 26 and 27 therein. It is preferred to'have a strip of tape (not shown) overlay the top flaps 17 and 18 along the juncture thereof to secure said top flaps and hold the box body closed. The cover 11 is telescoped over the .top ofthe box body 10 and encloses the insert 12 and the openings in the box body. A strip of pliable, opaque and moisture proof tape 43, see FIGURE 5, is placed about the cartridge joining the cover 11 to the box body the juncture of the end panels and side panels of each member are held by corner stays of gummed paper (not shown) in a manner well known in the industry.
After assembly of the box body 10, the bottom panel 14, side panels 15 and 16, and end panels 19 and 20 are overwrapped with a laminate of paper and aluminum foil The cover 11 is also overwrapped with the laminate of paper and aluminum foil which gives a protective light and vapor barrier to the cartridge. The'interior surface of the box board used in forming the blanks for the box body 10, the insert 12 and the cover 11, is colored to cut down any reflection of light on the inside of the cartridge. 1
FIGURE 8 illustrates a representative cross-section through the wall of the cartridge. On the very exterior 'a lacquer coating 44 is applied to a thin sheet of aluminum foil 45 which forms part of the laminate. The foil 45 is bonded to a reinforcing paperlayer 47 by an adhesive coating 46. The laminate of foil and paper is adhered to the box board 49 forming the cartridge by another layer of adhesive .48. The box board 49 forming the cartridge is provided over the interior surface with a black light-absorptive or. non-reflective surface 50.
The foil and paper laminate covers the enlarged aperture and the bottom panel 14 of the box body. This foil laminate thus forms an opcnable bottomfor the cartridge which may be pierced or cut prior to insertion in the photographic machine.
When the cartridge is ready for use in the machine the outer tape 43 encircling the cartridge is removed and the cover is taken off of the'box body 10. One end I tab or 31 may then be torn from the insert 12. If tab 30 is removed the end of the body 10 with the notches 21 is adapted for use wtih a feeding means having guide plates fitting about the sides of the stack of cards. The openable bottom is cut around the edges of the aperturc 25 permitting the insertion of a platform through the aperture into engagement with the laminate and the rigid supporting member 13. This platform is part of the feeding means external to the cartridge and forces the cards upwardly-toward the exit side of the box body against suitable stop means, in this instance the under surface of, the insert 12 and the driving rollers of the feeding means. The platform thus maintains the cards in a position adjacent the opening formed in the box body permitting longitudinal withdrawal of the cards through said opening. This structure thus provides a container from which the cards may be readily dispensed without prior removal from the cartridge before insertion into a machine. The cartridge box body is so formed that the feeding means fits therearound and the platform portion of said feeding means moves through said body as the cards are singly dispensed therefrom.
When the stack of cards varies in height, as may be the case with cards formed from the usual card stock in quantities of, for example 500, dunnage may be placed in the bottom of the cartridge below the support member 13 to maintain each cartridge fully packed.
Having thus disclosed and described a preferred embodiment of a cartridge and blank formed in accordance,
with the present invention, what is claimed as-the in- .vention is:
' l. A blank for use in manufacturing the box body fora cartridge adapted to supply a stack of sheet material bearing a light sensitive film portion to a photographic a cartridge, said body having at least one opening formed in the upper edge thereof and a bottom aperture, said blank being formed of a sheet of material to provide a bottom panel having a centrally disposed aperture formed therein and opposed side and end panels connected to said bottom panel along foldlines, at least one of said end panels having a dimension from the fold line to the outer edge which is less than the corresponding dimension for said side panels to define an opening in one end of said body, and top flaps connected to said side panels along fold lines to partially form a lid, said top flaps having a length along said last mentioned fold lines less than that of said side panels and arranged on said side panels in aligned symmetrical relation to define at least one opening in the top of said body adjacent the opening in said one end when the body is assembled.
3. A blank for use in manufacturing a box-like cartridge having at least one opening in the top thereof and an opening at one end thereof, said blank being formed of a sheet of material cut and scored to include a bottom panel having a centrally located aperture, allochiral side panels connected to said bottom panel along fold lines and each having a notch formed in one outer corner thereof, opposed end panels connected to said bottom panel along fold lines, said end panels having a dimension from the fold line to the outer edge thereof which is less than the dimension from the fold line to the outer edge of said side panels, and said side panels having flaps joined thereto along fold lines to form a topfor the cartridge and having a length along said fold lines which is less than the length of the fold lines joining the side panels to the bottom panel affording at least one opening in the top of said cartridge when the same is assembled. I
4. A'cartridge for use in shipping and storing sheet material bearing a light-sensitive film portion and adapted to provide a container from which said material may be withdrawn one sheet at a time, said cartridge comprising a box body having a rectangular bottom wall and opposed side and end walls connected to said bottom wall, a pair of top flaps connected tosaid opposed side walls, and secured to form a top for said body, said top flaps being shorter than said side walls and arranged on said side walls defining at least one opening in the top of said body; a relatively rigid support plate disposed in said body adjacent the bottom wall; a card retaining insert positioned below and adjacent said top, said insert extending the cover having a sliding fit with said box body and said end tabs to enclose the top of said box body.
5. A cartridge for shipping and storing sheet material having a light-sensitive film portion, said cartridge comprising a rectangular box body from which said sheet material may be withdrawn one. sheet at a time through an exit opening formed in one upper end portion, said box body comprising a bottom panel formed with a large centrally disposed rectangular aperture therein, opposed allochiral side panels connected to said bottom panel along fold lines and said side panels each having a top flap, connected to the outer edge of said side panels along fold lines and joined to form a top for said body, said top flaps having a dimension shorter than that of the outer edge of said side panels to provide at least one opening in the top of said body, opposed end panels connected to said bottom panel along fold lines, at least one of said end panels bottom aperture; an insert positioned below and adjacent the top flaps of said box body and extending the length of said box body, said insert having depending end portions overlapping said opposed end panels, at least one of said end portions being connected to said insert by a perforation to form a separable end tab; and'a telescoping cover having a sliding fit with said box body and said insert end portions to enclose the top of said box body; said cover and said box body being at least partially covered by metal foil affording a generally moisture and light-tight cartridge.
6. A cartridge for shipping and storing cards formed with an aperture having a section of light-sensitive film mounted in said aperture, said cartridge having a box body openable when desired to format container from which said cards may be singly fed into a photographic machine, said box body having a bottom wall, opposed side and end walls and a top wall, said bottom wall being formed with an aperture and having an exterior severable opaque covering over said aperture to provide for the insertion of an external member into said body to force cards-within said body toward said top wall, and said top wall and at least one of said end walls being formed to 6 define an opening along the edge adjoining said top wall and said at least one end wall, said opening in said at least one end wall extending the width of the interior of said body to afford removal of cards from said body.
7. A cartridge for use in shipping and storing sheet material bearing a light-sensitive film portion and adapted to provide a container from which said material may be withdrawn one sheet at a time, said cartridge comprising a box body having a rectangular bottom wall formed with an aperture through which an external member may be introduced to engage sheet material in said cartridge, op.- posed end walls, opposed side walls, flap means connected to said side walls and folded for forming a top wall only partially enclosing said body and defining an opening adjacent one of said end walls, said one of said end walls having a dimension less than the corresponding dimension of said side walls to define an opening in the end of said body adjacent the top thereof, removable means for covering the openings in said top and end of said body, and an opaque severable covering on the bottom wall to cover the aperture formed therein.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,786,743 12/30 Feybasch 229-6 FRANKLIN T. GARRETT, Primary Examiner.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1786743 *||Apr 6, 1929||Dec 30, 1930||New Jersey Machine Corp||Box|
|US3058583 *||Nov 17, 1960||Oct 16, 1962||Williams Paul B||Storage cartons for tabulating cards|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US7909189 *||Feb 16, 2006||Mar 22, 2011||Kellogg Company||Bulk transport system for dense products|
|US20060191927 *||Feb 16, 2006||Aug 31, 2006||Ours David C||Bulk transport system for dense products|
|USD756214 *||Dec 10, 2014||May 17, 2016||Nikon Corporation||Packaging box|
|CN102869583A *||Apr 8, 2011||Jan 9, 2013||荷兰联合利华有限公司||Injection molded tube|
|CN102869583B||Apr 8, 2011||Jul 9, 2014||荷兰联合利华有限公司||Injection molded tube|
|U.S. Classification||206/454, 229/122.27, D09/432|