|Publication number||US3205514 A|
|Publication date||Sep 14, 1965|
|Filing date||Jun 18, 1963|
|Priority date||Jun 18, 1963|
|Publication number||US 3205514 A, US 3205514A, US-A-3205514, US3205514 A, US3205514A|
|Inventors||James D Pietrangeli|
|Original Assignee||James D Pietrangeli|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (18), Classifications (12)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Sept. 14, 1965 A. M. REYNOLDS 3,205,514
TUBULAR PROTECTIVE COVERING FOR BEDDING Filed June 18, 1963 2 SheetsSheet 1 FRICTION SURFACES ANTI 'FRICTION 32 SURFACE INVENTOR ANA/A M RE YNOLDS ATTORNEB Sept- 14, 1965 A. M. REYNOLDS TUBULAR PROTECTIVE COVERING FOR BEDDING 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed June 18, 1965 ATTORNEY the bed spring structure.
United States Patent This invention relates to bedding and more particularly to protective coverings which form portions of bedding.
Bedding, particularly hospital bedding, may include a protective sheet of moisture impervious material laid over a portion of the upper face of a mattress. It may also extend over portions of the side faces of the mattress and have its side edge parts tucked between portions of the lower face of the mattress and facing portions of Such sheets are generally of less length than the length of the mattress, whereby only the tucked-in side edge parts of the protective sheet retain the same from lateral and longitudinal movements.
As a consequence, whether the protective sheet is tucked in or not, body movements of the occupant of the bed,
and elevation and lowering of portions of the mattress, in the case of a hospital bed, tend to cause the protective sheet to creep, fold, wrinkle or bunch which, in turn, causes discomfort to the occupant since a portion of his "body lies upon the protective sheet.
Frequently, also, more or less vigorous pulls are required upon the protective sheet in order to straighten the sheet so it will lay flat beneath the patient or the latter must be moved from the sheet in order to effect smoothing thereof. If the sheet develops tears or cracks, the entire sheet must be discarded.
An important object of this invention is to provide a ,tubular protective covering for stretching substantially smoothly over and continuously underneath a mattress,
whereby no part of the covering can pull out from be- -neath the mattress and the covering will remain in place and Will be free of wrinkles, folds and the like.
Another important object of the invention is to provide a tubular protective covering including an uppermost sheet of pliable and moisture-impervious material, having a good anti-friction surface, and a lowermost sheet of pliable material having a defined frictionsurface, which is adapted to grip the under face of a mat- I tress from one side edge thereof to the other side edge thereof, so as to tend to prevent creeping, folding, creasing, wrinkling, bunching or the like of the protective covering.
Still another important object of the invention is to provide a tubular protective covering, as described above, in which the two sheets mentioned may be detachably connected as by separable fasteners along lines which extend longitudinally of the side faces of a mattress, intermediate the horizontal planes of the upper and lower faces or surfaces of the mattress and the detachable connection means includes portions of material having friction surfaces tending to add to the ability of the tubular protective covering to remain in place and not creep, fold, wrinkle, bunch or the like.
Additionally, another important object of the invention is to provide a tubular protective covering for beds, such as hospital beds which include means for elevating and lowering selected portions of the bedspring structure and mattress thereabove, with such portion of the mattress encircled by the tubular protective covering. Because of its structure, the latter will not creep during such raising or lowering, and neither will it tend to bunch, fold, wrinkle or the like.
A further important object of the invention is to provide a tubular protective covering as referred to above,
-' most sheet.
wherein the lowermost sheet may remain in place under the mattress while the uppermost sheet is detached therefrom, removed, cleaned and replaced, or a damaged uppermost sheet removed and replaced by another upper- Of course, in the event the lowermost sheet becomes unuseable, it may be removed, laundered and/ or replaced by another lowermost sheet without sacrificing the uppermost sheet.
Still another important object of. the invention is to provide protective sheets for bedding which will coriserve the time of those'making up beds, particularly hospital beds, since the uppermost sheet may be readily removed from .under an occupant either by sliding it out or by moving (as by drawing or rolling) the occupant to one side of the bed, detaching the uppermost sheet from the lowermost sheet, rolling up the exposed portion of the former, drawing the occupant over and beyond the rolled-up portion and thus freeing the protective sheet so that another may be substituted by reversing the technique just described. During the time the uppermost sheet is detached from the lowermost sheet, the side edge portions of the latter hang down from the sides of the bed, readily available for connecting a substituted uppermost sheet thereto.
Other objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent during the course of the following detailed description of the invention, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, forming portions of this dis closure, and in which drawings:
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the two sheets and their detachable connection means constituting the tubular protective covering.
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a bed, with mattress thereon and the lowermost sheet disposed below the mattress but with side edge portions exposed.
FIG. 3 is a perspective view, somewhat similar to FIG. 2 but with the uppermost sheet disposed on the mattress and connected with the lowermost sheet.
FIG. 4 is a transverse vertical sectional view of the tubular protective covering in place, associated with the mattress and other bedding, this being on a scale enlarged over that of FIG. 3.
FIG. 5 is a perspective view of the bed of FIGS. 2 and 3, but with a portion of the spring structure, mattress and tubular protective covering raised.
In the drawings, wherein for the purpose of illustration is shown a preferred embodiment of the invention and wherein similar reference characters designate corresponding parts throughout the several views, the letter A designates the preferred embodiment of the tubular covering; B, a bedstead; C, a mattress therefor; D, a conventional jointed bedspring structure supporting the mattress C; E, an under bedsheet; F, a drawsheet; G, an upper bedsheet; and H means for raising and lowering portions of the bedspring structure.
The tubular protective covering A comprises an uppermost sheet 10, a lowermost sheet 11 and detachable connection means 12 for connecting together the sheets 10 and 11 to form a tubular structure, closed peripherally but open at both ends.
Specifically, the sheet 10 is of pliable material, with at least a smooth anti-frictional upper surface or face, and having opposite substantially parallel side edges 15 and opposite substantially parallel end edges 16, normal to the edges 15. Preferably, the material of the sheet 10 is smooth rubber, although a synthetic plastic material may be used provided it is adapted to be formed in sheets, is pliable smooth-surfaced and non-toxic.
The sheet 11 is of pliable material, with at last a defined friction surface on one side thereof, which will provide the mattress-facing-and-contacting surface. It
has substantially parallel side edges 20 and its end edge portions may be overturned to provide substantially parallel hems 21, which may be stitched or adhesively held in place. The sheet 11 is preferably of duck, such as ten-ounce duck or other like material having a defined friction surface. Duck of this weight has a 'very definite -friction surface feel. Canvas with .a decided friction surface may be substituted, but duck is preferred.
Both sheets .10 and 11 are preferably-of the same over- .all area and the sheet 10 is adapted ltO cover, for example, substantially one-third of the .area of the uppermost face or surface 30 of the mattress .C and have an-overhang .17 at the opposite sidefaces of the mattress, as will be more fully described later in this specification. The
sheetllzmay cover, for example, substantiallyone-third of the :area of the lowermost face or surface 31 of the -mattress C and have an overhang 22 at the opposite 'side faces of the mattress, also as will be fullydescr'ibed .later in connection with the;detachable'connection means '12. Of course, the sheets 10 and '11 may be provided -to cover lessor more of the mattress areas referred to above but there would be .no'point in tucking them in at the head.33.and foot 34 of the mattress 'C. .A desirable distance for the edges 16 from the head 33 .and foot .34'of the mattress is shown in FIG. 3.
The detachable connection means 12 are preferably of .the separable-fastener type in whichithe plurality of .co-
operating separable fasteners 25 may be zippers or those :described in United .States Patent2,7l7,437 dated-September 13, 1955, for Velvet Type Fabric and Method of .Producing Same. The separable fasteners 25 may be attached to narrow strips orvedgings 26 f the same material as that of the sheet 11 and these may besecured,
as by stitchings, to the side edge portions of the sheets and 11, where they provide additional friction means. As may be appreciated from FIGS. 3, 4 and 5, the widths of the overhangs 17 and22, plus the widths of thestrips or edgings 32 and theirseparable fasteners 25 should'be such that the total widths mentioned will extend tautly .over the side faces-of the mattress C and cause the sheets 10 and 11 to assume the'shapes shown in FIGS. 3 and 4 and to assume the shapes shown'in FIG. '5, when-the bedspring structure D is manipulated to the position shown by way of example.
.With the sheets 10 and 13 temporarilyseparated and the bedstead B unoccupied, the under bedsheet is positioned over the upper face 30 of the mattress-and the edge portions of the bedsheet tucked in, the mattress C is raised in order to place the lowermost sheet 11 in place upon the upper face of the bedspring structure D but with the two overhangs 22 and their detachable con- "nection means 12 depending, and the mattress-is lowered.
The overhangs 22 and their detachable connection means '12 are, however, exposed, as may be appreciated from FIG. 2. The uppermost sheet 10 is then positioned such as shown in FIG. 3 and connected to the sheet 11 by the means 12, whereupon the drawsheet F and upper'bed sheet G arespread as is believed obvious.
In the event there is an occupant of the bed, who shouldnot be relieved*therefrom,the upper bedsheet G is removed and the occupant is moved to'the extreme one side of the bed, the soiled drawsheet, uppermost sheet 10 and under bed sheet may be removed, the clean drawsheet 10 and under bed sheet spread out, the last tucked in, and the sheet 10 connected with the sheet 11, which .has remained in place throughout all these operations.
Various changes may be made to the form of the invention herein shown and described without departing from the spirit of the invention or scope of the claims.
What is claimed is:
1. In combination, a removable under bedsheet and a removable tubular cover for stretching over and under said bedsheet, said removable under bedsheet having an uppermost portion for stretching loosely-over the upper surface of a mattress, an edge portion for tucking loosely under the lower edge portions of said mattress, said re- .movable tubular covering comprising an uppermost :sheet of pliable moisture-impervious material having an anti-friction vsurface over its entire area, a lowermost sheet of pliable material having a defined friction surface :over the entire upper area, each of the sheets :having end and side edge portions, and detachable connection means along the side edge portions of each sheet for detachably connecting the sheet together at their side edge portions.
2. In combination, a removable under bedsheet and a removable tubular cover for stretching over and under said bedsheet, said removable under bedsheet having an uppermost portion for stretching loosely over the upper surface of a mattress, an edge portion for tucking loosely under the lower edge portions of said mattress, said removable tubular covering comprising an uppermost sheet of pliable moisture-impervious material having an antifriction surface over its entire area, a lowermost sheet of pliable air-pervious material having a defined friction surface weave over its entire area, each of the sheets having end and side edge portions, and detachable connection means .along the side edge portions of each sheet for de tachably connecting the sheet together at their side edge portions.
3. The combination as defined in claim 1 characterized in that the side edge portions of the uppermost sheet are provided with anti-friction material to which portions ,of said detachable connection means are fixedly connected.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,537,652 1/51 Churchill 5-93 3,018,492 1/62 Rosen 5-93 3,049,729 '8/62 Broyler 5-32O X FRANKB. SHERRY, Primary Examiner.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2537652 *||Nov 19, 1948||Jan 9, 1951||Churchill Emma D||Mattress cover|
|US3018492 *||Apr 22, 1959||Jan 30, 1962||Rosen Norman||Protective bumper device|
|US3049729 *||Jun 17, 1959||Aug 21, 1962||Dream Flex Inc||Bed construction|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3849813 *||Jul 18, 1972||Nov 26, 1974||M Neilson||Drawsheet enabling user to easily slide thereon|
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|US5528780 *||Jan 3, 1995||Jun 25, 1996||Taylor; Martha K.||Mattress pad with frictional holding means|
|US5542137 *||Mar 28, 1994||Aug 6, 1996||Western Fibres Limited||Friction fitted contour skirt for mattress pads and covers|
|US5809595 *||Oct 20, 1997||Sep 22, 1998||Stevens; James E.||Frictionally variant seat pad|
|US6578914 *||Mar 19, 2001||Jun 17, 2003||Albert Artsvelyan||Adjustable armrest cushion|
|US7559290 *||Nov 20, 2006||Jul 14, 2009||Paula Lee West||Pet bed overlay, system, and retrofit kit|
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|US9167908||Aug 8, 2014||Oct 27, 2015||Hickory Springs Manufacturing Company||Replaceable shroud for an adjustable bed|
|US20030189363 *||Apr 2, 2003||Oct 9, 2003||Albert Artsvelyan||Adjustable armrest cushion|
|US20050235592 *||Apr 18, 2003||Oct 27, 2005||Jean-Marc Scherrer||Device to guarantee the tension and access to the reverse face of a stretched canvas|
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|USD667241 *||Oct 23, 2009||Sep 18, 2012||Lillian Winnail||Handle cushion|
|EP0508924A1 *||Apr 9, 1992||Oct 14, 1992||Anthony Germain||Mattress cover, particularly for protecting a mattress against liquid soils|
|EP2666392A1 *||May 22, 2013||Nov 27, 2013||Master-Care V/Vidar Geitrheim||Fitted bed sheet with glide flaps|
|WO2008030460A2 *||Sep 4, 2007||Mar 13, 2008||Paula Lee West||Pet bed overlay, system, and retrofit kit|
|WO2008030460A3 *||Sep 4, 2007||Apr 9, 2009||Paula Lee West||Pet bed overlay, system, and retrofit kit|
|U.S. Classification||5/484, 5/925, 5/496|
|International Classification||A47C21/06, A47G9/02|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S5/925, A47C31/105, A47C27/005, A47G9/0238|
|European Classification||A47C31/10A, A47G9/02B, A47C27/00T8|