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Publication numberUS3207565 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 21, 1965
Filing dateJun 29, 1964
Priority dateJun 29, 1964
Publication numberUS 3207565 A, US 3207565A, US-A-3207565, US3207565 A, US3207565A
InventorsJack Scharge
Original AssigneeJack Scharge
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Concealed drawers for furniture and the like
US 3207565 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

p 1965 J. SCHARGE 3,207,565

CONCEALED DRAWERS FOR FURNITURE AND THE LIKE Filed June 29, 1964 INVENTOR.

#XCK SCHARGE United States Patent Ofi ice 3,207,565 Patented Sept. 21, 1965 3,207,565 CONCEALED DRAWERS FOR FURNITURE AND THE LIKE Jack Scharge, 1274 NE. 183rd St. North Miami Beach, Fla. Filed lane 29, 1964, Ser. No. 378,592 6 Claims. (Cl. 312204) This invention relates to furniture construction and is more particularly directed to having drawers which operate without the need for handles, grips and the like and are therefore, considered as being concealed.

A principal object of the present invention is to provide drawers in furniture, walls, etc. that require no hardware for opening same giving the appearance of there not being any drawers present therein.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a fixture for drawers which is concealed behind the exposed front wall of the drawer and permits the exposed front wall to pivot in position for a person to readily grasp the edge the wall for withdrawing the drawer.

A further object of the present invention is to provide a fixture for concealed drawers which is simple in con struction and operation, inexpensive in cost and easily mounted in position with provision for adjustment yet most effective to permit opening of the drawers.

A still further object of the present invention is to provide concealed drawers with a fixture that permits the exposed front wall of the drawers to return to their normal position upon being released after the drawers have been opened or closed.

With these and other objects in view, the invention will be best understood from a consideration of the following detailed description taken in connection with the acompanying drawing forming a part of this specification, with the understanding, however, that the invention is not confined to any strict conformity with the showing of the drawing but may be changed or modified so long as such changes or modifications mark no material departure from the salient features of the invention as expressed in the appended claims.

In the drawing:

FIGURE 1 is a front elevational view of a cabinet or bureau in which drawers embodying my invention are mounted.

FIGURE 2 is a cross sectional view taken along the line 22 of FIGURE 1.

FIGURE 3 is a fragmentary cross sectional view of the front portion of a drawer showing the fixture in detail.

FIGURE 4 is an exploded view of the fixture.

Referring to the drawing wherein like numerals are used to designate similar parts throughout the several views, the numeral It) refers to an article of furniture which is shown by way of illustration only since concealed drawers 11 can be utilized in walls of buildings themsleves as in department stores, etc.

The cabinet 11 is conventional in construction consisting of the usual top wall 12, bottom wall or base 13, end walls 14, rear wall 15, with a horizontally disposed divider or shelf 16 and a vertically positioned divider wall 17 forming the opened spaces 18 for receiving the drawers 11.

The concealed drawers 11 each com rises a pair of side walls 20, a bottom wall 21, a rear wall 22 and a front wall 23, all of which are secured in the conventional manner along their edge portion to form an open top drawer 11. However, since the side walls 20 and the bottom wall 21 are shorter than the depth of the spaces 18, the front wall 23 of the drawers 11 will be positioned within the confines of the bureau 10 when the drawer 11 has been returned to the closed position in order to provide space for the fixture 25.

The fixture 25 consists generally of a bracket B, a link L and a pivotal member P. The bracket B is provided with a flat body portion 26 having bores 27 for receiving screws 28 to fasten the bracket B to the outer surface of the front wall 23 of the drawers 11. Two pairs of tabs or lugs 29, are mounted along the side edges of the body portion 26, the upper lugs 29 are larger than the lower lugs 30 and are provided with elongated slots 31 while the lower lugs 30 are each provided with a bore 32.

The link L consists of a flat body portion 33 with side walls 34 extending at right angle thereto along their full length. At the ends of the side walls 34 are bores 35 and 36, the bores 35 being aligned with the bores 32 of the lower lugs 30 with a pivot pin 37 extending through the bores 35 and 32 to pivotally mount one end of the link L. The other end of the link L is pivotally mounted on the lower portion of the pivot member P by a pivot pin 38 which extends through the bores 36 of the link L and bores 39 in the pivot member P.

The pivot member P consists of a flat body portion 40 whose upper end portion 41 is offset an amount equal to the thickness of a bracket plate 42. At the lower side portion of the body portion 40 of the pivot member P are arm portions 43 which extend at an oblique or inclined angle to a plane passing through the body portion 40. At the free end of the arm portions 43 are bores 44 which are aligned with the elongated slots 31 of the bracket B and receive a slide pin 45. The pin 45 is slidably positioned in the elongated slots 31 but yieldingly remains in the lower end of the slots 31 by virtue of a coil spring 53 which extends between the pins 45 and 37.

The bracket plate 42 is secured by screws 46 to the inner surface of an outer front wall 51 extending through bores 47 in the bracket plate 42. A bolt 48 having one end secured to the inner surface of the bracket plate 42 ex tends through a horizontally elongated opening 49 in the off-set portion 41 of the pivot member P. A nut 50 threaded on the bolt 48 secures the outer front wall 51 to the inner front wall 23 of the drawer 11 and in position within the opening of the drawer space 18. The opening 49 is elongated to permit a fine adjustment laterally of the outer front wall 51 in the drawer space 18 to fit the wall 51 properly in the drawer space 18 and permit a proper alignment of the walls 51.

To mount the fixture 25 in its proper position between the front walls 23 and 51 all that need be done is to remove the bracket plate 42 from the assembled fixture 25 and fasten the latter by the screws 46 to the inner surface of the outer front wall 51. The remainder of the fixture 25 is fastened in position on the outer surface of the inner front wall 23. The use of proper templates will determine with reasonable accuracy the placing of the fixture 25.

Then the bolt 48 is inserted into the elongated bore 49 and the nut tightened only slightly. The drawer 11 is then closed and the outer front wall 51 adjusted if E necessary in the drawer space 18. The nut 50 is tightened and the bracket 25 becomes properly mounted.

The upper inner portion of the outer wall 51 is provided with a grooved portion 52 to permit a person to grasp the outer wall 52 and pull outwardly without slipping therefrom when opening the drawer 11.

To open the drawer 11, a person will push inwardly on the lower outer portion of the outer front wall 51 to cause the slide pin 45 to slide upwardly in the slot 31 against the spring pressure 53. At the same time the upper end of the link L swings inwardly as it pivots on the pivot pins 37 and 38. The outer wall 51 shifts upward slightly as it swings in a counter clockwise direction as viewed in FIGURES 2 and 3. This movement of the outer front wall 51 prevents the lower edge thereof from impinging on the divider 16 or lower wall 18 as the upper edge of the outer front wall 51 swings away from the top wall 12. The groove 52 is now exposed sufficiently to permit a person to grasp it and pull on the outer front wall 51 and withdraw the drawer 11 to its open position. To close the drawer 11 all one need do is push on the front outer wall 51 until the drawer 11 is in its closed position and the Wall 51 flush with the front of the bureau 10.

Having disclosed my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States 1. A fixture for concealed drawers comprising a bracket having a bore at a lower portion and an elongated slot at its upper portion, a pivot member having a flat body portion and an offset portion at its upper end, said offset portion having a bore, an arm portion extending at an oblique angle from a lower portion of said body portion, said arm portion having a bore at its lower and upper end portions, a link, pivot means mounting one end of said link'to said bore at said lower portion of said bracket, further pivot means mounting the other end of said link to said lower bore in said arm portion, slidable pin means extending through said upper bore in said arm portion and said elongated slot in said bracket, resilient means yielding urging said slidable pin means to the lower portion of said elongated slot, a bracket plate positioned at said off set portion of said pivot member, a bolt extending from said bracket plate through said bore in said offset portion of said bracket and a nut threadedly mounted on said bolt for securing said bracket plate to said bracket.

2. A fixture for concealed drawers comprising a bracket, tab portions extending along each side of said bracket at substantially right angle, said tab portions having a pair of aligned bores at the lower portion thereof and a pair of aligned elongated slots at the upper portion, a link having side wall portions, said side wall portions having aligned bores at each end, a pivot pin extending through bores in one end of said link side wall portions and said lower bores in said bracket tabs, a pivot member having a lower portion and an offset upper portion, a pair of arms extending upwardly from said lower portion and at an oblique angle thereto, said pair of arms having aligned openings at each end thereof, a pivot pin extending through the other end of said link side wall portions and said lower bores in said pair of arms, a slide pin extending through said upper bores in said pair of arms and said elongated slots and a coil spring extending between said slide pin and said first named pivot pin whereby said slide pin is yieldingly maintained in the lower portion of said elongated slots.

3. A fixture for concealed drawers comprising a bracket, tab portions extending along each side of said bracket at substantially right angle, said tab portions having a pair of aligned bores at the lower portion thereof and a pair of aligned elongated slots at the upper portion, a link having side wall portions, said side wall portions having aligned bores at each end, a pivot pin extending through bores in one end of said link side wall portions and said lower bores in said bracket tabs, a pivot member having a lower portion and an offset upper portion, a pair of arms extending upwardly from said lower portion and at an oblique angle thereto, said pair of arms having aligned openings at each end thereof, a pivot pin extending through the other end of said link side wall portions and said lower bores in said pair of arms, a slide pin extending through said upper bores in said pair of arms and said elongated slots and a coil spring extending between said slide pin and said first named pivot pin whereby said slide pin is yieldingly maintained in the lower portion of said elongated slots, said offset portion of said pivot member having a bore, a bracket plate positioned at said offset portion of said pivot member, a bolt extending from said bracket plate through said bore in said offset portion of said bracket and a nut threadedly mounted on said bolt for securing said bracket plate to said bracket.

4. A concealed drawer having an inner front wall, an outer front wall positioned in spaced relation to said inner front wall, a bracket mounted on said inner front wall, said bracket having a bore at a lower portion and an elongated slot at its upper portion, a pivot member having a body portion secured to said outer front wall, an arm portion extending at an oblique angle from a lower portion of said body portion, said arm portion having a bore at its lower and upper end portions, a link, pivot means mounting one end of said link to said bore at said lower portion of said bracket, further pivot means mounting the other end of said link to said lower bore in said arm portion, slidable pin means extending through said upper bore in said arm portion and said elongated slot in said bracket, resilient means yieldingly urging said slidable pin means to the lower portion of said elongated slot whereby said outer front wall is yieldingly maintained in a spaced parallel relation with said inner front wall.

5. A concealed drawer having an inner front wall, an outer front wall positioned in spaced relation to said inner front wall, a bracket mounted on said inner front Wall, said bracket having a bore at a lower portion and an elongated slot at its upper portion, a pivot member having a flat body portion and an offset portion at its upper end, said offset portion having a bore, an arm portion extending at an oblique angle from a lower portion of said body portion, said arm portion having a bore at its lower and upper end portions, a link, pivot means mounting one end of said link to said bore at said lower portion of said bracket, further pivot means mounting the other end of said link to said lower bore in said arm portion, slidable pin means extending through said upper bore in said arm portion and said elongated slot in said bracket, resilient means yieldingly urging said slidable pin means to the lower portion of said elongated slot, a bracket plate positioned at said offset portion of said pivot member, means securing said bracket plate to said outer front wall, a bolt extending from said bracket plate through said bore in said offset portion of said bracket and a nut threadedly mounted on said bolt for securing said bracket plate to said bracket whereby said outer front wall is yieldingly maintained in'a spaced parallel relation with said inner front wall.

6. A concealed drawer having an inner front wall, an outer front wall positioned in spaced relation to said inner front wall, a bracket mounted on said inner front wall, said bracket having tab portionsv extending along each side at substantially right angle, said tab portions having a pair of aligned bores at the lower portion thereof and a pair of aligned elongated slots at the upper portion, a link having side Wall portions, said side Wall portions having aligned bores at each end, a pivot pin extending through bores in one end of said link side-wall portions and said lower bores in said bracket tabs, a pivot member having a lower-portion and an offset upper portion, a pair of arms extending upwardly from said lower portion and at an oblique angle thereto, said pair of arms having aligned openings at each end thereof, a pivot pin extending through the other end of said link side Wall portions and said lower bores in said pair of arms, a slide pin extending through said upper bores in said pair of arms and said elongated slots and a coil spring extending between said slide pin and said first named pivot pin whereby said slide pin is yieldingly maintained in the lower portion of said elongated slots, a bracket plate positioned at said offset portion of said pivot member, means securing said bracket plate to said outer front wall, a bolt extending 10 from said bracket plate through said bore in said oifset portion of said bracket and a nut threadedly mounted on UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,845,335 2/32 Rosendahl 312-320 2,332,788 10/43 Flocks 16179 X 2,775,501 12/56 Kyllo 312-320 FRANK B. SHERRY, Primary Examiner.

CHANCELLOR E. HARRIS, Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1845335 *Jan 22, 1930Feb 16, 1932Waters Genter CompanyDrawer lock
US2332788 *Oct 13, 1942Oct 26, 1943Servel IncRefrigerator door hinge
US2775501 *Aug 11, 1952Dec 25, 1956Herman KylloTiltable front drawer panel
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3388417 *Jun 28, 1965Jun 18, 1968Gen Motors CorpClosure hinge
US4087143 *Feb 6, 1976May 2, 1978Whirlpool CorporationIce maker cabinet door construction
US4252387 *Aug 6, 1979Feb 24, 1981Wagner Wayne EStorage chest with hidden compartment
US4366997 *May 2, 1980Jan 4, 1983Bankamerica CorporationHidden drawer arrangement for bank teller cabinet
US5352034 *Feb 3, 1993Oct 4, 1994Julius Blum Gesellschaft M.B.HHolding apparatus for removably connecting a drawer side wall to a pull-out rail
US5540515 *Jul 27, 1994Jul 30, 1996Julius Blum Gesellschaft M.B.H.Apparatus for securing the front panel of a drawer
US6547347 *Apr 24, 2001Apr 15, 2003Nec CorporationDevice unit housing apparatus
US7640608 *Oct 11, 2002Jan 5, 2010Midmark CorporationMedical examination table
US7669260Apr 28, 2008Mar 2, 2010Midmark CorporationMedical examination table
US7934782 *Oct 4, 2006May 3, 2011Christie Steven JHinge system
US8002367 *Aug 22, 2007Aug 23, 2011Winiamando Inc.Food refrigerator
USRE32816 *Feb 1, 1988Jan 3, 1989 Drawer apparatus
EP0439748A2 *Dec 12, 1990Aug 7, 1991Julius Blum Gesellschaft m.b.H.Fixing device for drawer front
EP0636327A1 *Jul 14, 1994Feb 1, 1995Julius Blum Gesellschaft m.b.H.Device for mounting a drawer front panel to the drawer side walls
EP0740917A1 *Jul 14, 1994Nov 6, 1996Julius Blum Gesellschaft m.b.H.Device for mounting a drawer front panel in particular to double-walled drawer side walls
EP2277413A1 *Jul 22, 2009Jan 26, 2011HAN Bürogeräte GmbH & Co. KGDrawer
WO1997013432A1 *Oct 10, 1996Apr 17, 1997David GilbertComputer furniture
Classifications
U.S. Classification312/204, 312/303, 312/332.1, 16/357
International ClassificationA47B95/02, A47B88/22, A47B95/00, A47B88/00
Cooperative ClassificationA47B88/22, A47B95/02, A47B88/00, A47B88/0044
European ClassificationA47B88/00, A47B88/00F, A47B88/22, A47B95/02