|Publication number||US3212836 A|
|Publication date||Oct 19, 1965|
|Filing date||Aug 21, 1963|
|Priority date||Aug 21, 1963|
|Also published as||DE1451127A1|
|Publication number||US 3212836 A, US 3212836A, US-A-3212836, US3212836 A, US3212836A|
|Inventors||Johnson Allen O|
|Original Assignee||Whirlpool Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (19), Classifications (13)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
9, 1955 A. o. JOHNSON 3,212,836
ADJUSTABLE QANTILEVER SHELVES 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Aug. 21, 1963 Oct. 19, 1965 A. o. JOHNSON 3,212,836
ADJUSTABLE CANTILEVER SHELVES Filed Aug. 21, 1963 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 United States Patent 3,212,836 ADJUSTABLE CANTILEVER SHELVES Allen 0. Johnson, Evansville, Ind., assignor to Whirlpool Corporation, a corporation of Delaware Filed Aug. 21, 1963, Ser. No. 303,626 2 Claims. (Cl. 312-351) This invention relates to a refrigerator cabinet.
In the usual type of refrigerator cabinet means are provided for supporting refrigerator shelves, fruit and vegetable drawers (commonly known as crispers) and meat drawers. It had been proposed to make the shelves adjustable, so that their locations can be changed somewhat, but ordinarily the extent of possible adjustment is somewhat limited, wasting much space and affording less space for the storage of food.
One of the features of the present invention is to provide in a refrigerator cabinet cantilevered article retaining means that are movable to a desired position, both horizontally as well as vertically, with the article retaining means being in the form of shelves, vegetable and fruit containers, meat containers and the like.
Another feature of the invention is to provide such a construction having flexibility in the movement of shelves so that the shelves may be pulled out or removed without interference by the door or its complements, particularly when the door is precluded from opening more than 90 by, for instance, a wall or cabinet.
Another feature of the invention is to provide improved cantilevered article retaining means that may be moved to a desired position while the means is held essentially horizontal so as not to disturb articles retained thereon.
Other features and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following description of certain embodiments thereof as disclosed in the accompanying drawings. Of the drawings:
FIGURE 1 is a front elevation of a refrigeratorfreezer cabinet embodying the invention with the door omitted from the refrigerator section for illustrative purposes.
FIGURE 2 is a side elevational view of the embodiment of FIGURE 1, partially in section.
FIGURE 3 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional detail view of a portion of FIGURE 2.
FIGURE 4 is an enlarged sectional detail view of a portion of the embodiment of FIGURES l and 2.
FIGURE 5 is a view similar to FIGURE 3 but on a smaller scale and illustrating a second embodiment of the invention.
In the embodiment of FIGURES 14 inclusive the refrigerator cabinet is provided with rear wall means containing a series of vertically spaced, substantially horizontal support members 11 extending from side to side of the Wall means 10 as shown in FIGURE 1. These may be located over the full area of a wall, such as the wall 10, or over only a portion of the wall. In this embodiment each support member 11 is provided with a vertical flange 12 spaced forwardly of the wall means 10 with all the flanges being substantially in the same vertical plane. Thus, each support member 11 comprises a horizontal forwardly extending part 13 and the front vertical flange 12 extending upwardly from the front thereof. The vertically spaced, substantially horizontal support members 11 may be a part of the wall 10 of the refrigerator cabinet or the support members 11 may be removable for cleaning. One construction is illustrated in FIGURE 3 in which a plurality of members 11 are integral with a vertical rear plate 30, a series of which may be attached to the cabinet. In this embodiment each rear plate 30 and attached members 11 may be a metal extrusion such as aluminum.
3,212,335 Patented Oct. 19, 1965 The cantilevered article retaining means or shelf 14 is made up of a pair of side supports 14a having the usual cross wires 15 thereon. The rear of the supports 14a are provided with hooks 16 (FIGURE 3) adapted to hook over a flange 12 and lower foot portions 17 each adapted to bear against the front surface of a lower flange 12. With this construction the shelf 14 is securely held in position regardless of the weight of articles placed on the shelf.
As can be seen in FIGURE 1, each shelf 14 is narrower in over-all width than the length of the support members 11 so that the shelf may be arranged in the desired horizontal position from side to side of the cabinet 18. In addition. because of the plurality of support members 11 each shelf may also be arranged in the desired vertical position within the cabinet 18. This, of course, makes the shelving arrangement extremely versatile so that almost any arrangement of shelving desired can be obtained, and then easily changed to a new arrangement.
A very important advantage of the cabinet structure of this invention is this wider latitude in positioning the shelf both vertically and horizontally. In addition, the shelf 14 may easily be moved to a vertical position even when loaded with articles, as the shelf may be held horizontal so as not to disturb the articles, lifted to remove it from the flanges 12 and then remounted on other flanges in a different location, all without disturbing the articles.
As is also illustrated in this first embodiment, the article retaining means may be in the form of fruit and vegetable or meat retaining pans 19. Each pan is provided with an upper side flange 20 slidably supported in a horizontal groove 21 that is located in side supports 22 similar to the side supports 14a of the shelf 14. The side supports 22 are provided with hooks 23 similar to the hooks 16 and foot portions 24 similar to the foot portions 17. Thus, here again the pan 19 may be positioned as desired from the cabinet wall means 10. A convenient arrangement of the pans 19, when the door (not shown) opens to the right against a wall, is illustrated in FIGURE 1 in which two pans are vertically stacked. An alternate and usual position for one of the pans 19 is illustrated by the broken lines at the bottom of FIGURE 1.
FIGURE 5 illustrates a second embodiment of the invention. Here the rear wall 10 of the cabinet 18 is provided with vertical brackets 25 having vertically spaced recesses 26 that open upwardly and outwardly. In this embodiment the cantilevered article retaining means 27 which is illustrated in FIGURE 5 in the form of a shelf is supported by a recess engaging portion 28 adapted to be held in a recess 26 and a foot portion 29 adapted to bear rearwardly against the vertical bracket 25. Here again, the retaining means 27 may be moved to adjusted position, either vertically or horizontally, and will be retained securely in place. Furthermore, in order to shift to another location it is merely necessary to lift upwardly without removing articles from the retaining means. The supporting features of the FIGURE 5 embodiment may, of course, be applied to a pan structure of the type illustrated in FIGURE 4.
Having described my invention as related to the embodiments shown in the accompanying drawings, it is my intention that the invention be not limited by any of the details of description, unless otherwise specified, but rather be construed broadly within its spirit and scope as set out in the accompanying claims.
The embodiments of the invention in which an exclusive property or privilege is claimed are defined as follows:
1. A cabinet, comprising: wall means in said cabinet; a series of vertically spaced substantially horizontal sup port members on said wall means, said support members being arranged in groups made up of a plurality of support members and with each group being an extrusion of substantially uniform cross section; and a cantilevered article retaining means having support member engaging means at an inner end for support from said support member at a desired vertical elevation, said article retaining means being narrower than the length of said support members for positioning at desired locations along said support members.
2. A refrigerator cabinet, comprising: a wall means in said cabinet; a series of vertically spaced substantially horizontal support members each having a vertical flange on and spaced forwardly of said Wall means, said support members being arranged in groups made up of a plurality of support members and with each group being an extrusion of substantially uniform cross section; and a cantilevered article retaining means having support member engaging means at an inner end for support from a said support member at a desired vertical elevation, said engaging means including a hook portion adapted to engage a said flange and a foot portion adapted to bear against a lower said flange, said hook and foot portions also being spaced from said wall means when thusly engaging said flanges to space said article retaining means away from said refrigerator cabinet wall means, said article retaining means being narrower than the length of said support members for positioning at desired locations along said support member,
FOREIGN PATENTS 632,642 12/61 Canada.
FRANK B. SHERRY, Primary Examiner.
CHANCELLOR E. HARRIS, Examiner.
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|U.S. Classification||312/351, 211/187, 211/193|
|International Classification||A47F5/00, F25D25/02, A47B57/00, A47B57/34|
|Cooperative Classification||A47F5/0025, F25D25/02, A47B57/34|
|European Classification||A47B57/34, F25D25/02, A47F5/00C1|