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Publication numberUS3214556 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 26, 1965
Filing dateJul 28, 1961
Priority dateJul 28, 1961
Publication numberUS 3214556 A, US 3214556A, US-A-3214556, US3214556 A, US3214556A
InventorsJohn J Zimsky
Original AssigneeMc Graw Edison Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Circuit breaker operating mechanism for rapid contact opening and closing
US 3214556 A
Images(4)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 26, 1965 J J. ZIMSKY 3,214,556

CIRCUIT BREAKER OiERATING MECHANISM FOR RAPID CONTACT OPENING AND CLOSING Filed July 28, 1961 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 9A WM Oct. 26, 1965 J. J. ZIMSKY 3,214,556

CIRCUIT BREAKER OPERATING MECHANISM FOR RAPID CONTACT OPENING AND CLOSING 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed July 28, 1961 INVENTOR. J/m J Z0725 Oct. 26, 1965 V J. J. ZIMSKY 3,214,556

CIRCUIT BREAKER OPERATING MECHANISM FOR RAPID CONTACT OPENING AND CLOSING Filed July 28, 1961 4 Sheets-Sheet 5 INVENTOR. /5/m J Zdmsfy BY 5M WM J. J. ZIMSKY 3,214,556 CIRCUIT BREAKER OPERATING MECHANISM FOR RAPID Oct. 26, 1965 CONTACT OPENING AND CLOSING 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 Filed July 28, 1961 I N VEN TOR. fox m J Zc'ms fittormry QAQ MMK

United States Patent 3,214,556 CIRCUIT BREAKER OPERATING MECHA- NISM FOR RAPID CONTACT OPENING AND CLOSING John J. Zimsky, Upper St. Clair Township, Bridgeville, Pa., assignor to McGraw-Edison Company, Milwaukee, Wis., a corporation of Delaware Filed July 28, 1961, Ser. No. 127,606 7 Claims. '(Cl. 200-453) This invention relates to circuit breakers and, more particularly, to a fused circuit breaker for the protection of polyphase circuits such as those supplying polyphase electrical equipment.

In the protection of three phase electrical equipment it is common to provide thermal overload protection in two phases. Equipment protected in this manner is, however, sometimes subject to a phenomenon known as single phasing in which serious damage to the equipment may occur. It is an object of the invention to provide a new improved switchgear component for providing three phase thermal overload protection for three phase electrical equipment. Another object is to provide a new and improved operating mechanism for such a switchgear component.

Another advantage of the instant invention is to provide a circuit breaker operating mechanism which provides rapid contact opening and closing.

These and other objects and advantages of the instant invention will become more apparent from the detailed description of the invention taken with the drawings in which:

FIG. 1 is a side elevational view of a preferred embodiment of the instant invention;

FIGS. 2, 3 and 4 illustrate the various positions of the circuit breaker operating mechanism;

FIG. 5 schematically illustrates the electrical and mechanical control elements of the circuit breaker shown in FIG. 1; and

FIG. .6 shows the auxiliary fuse for initiating a switch opening operation.

In general terms, one aspect of the invention comprises a polyphase circuit breaker havin a main switch means in each phase, stored energy means urging the switch means toward an open position, and latch means for holding the main switch means closed in opposition to the stored energy means. In addition a primary fuse is connected in series with each of the main switch means and a series connected impedance and secondary fuse shunts each of. the primary fuses. Each of the secondary fuses being effective when subjected to excessive currents to trip latch means so that all of the main switch means will be opened simultaneously.

According to another of its aspects, the invention comprises a circuit breaker having main switch means, stored energy spring means, a pivotally mounted operating element having guide means formed thereon, latch means for holding the operating element when the latter has been rotated to a first position, and follower means connected to the main switch means and movable on the guide means between first and second positions. Operating means are connected to the spring means for rotating the operating element to its first position and for extending the spring means. In addition toggle link means is pivotally mounted on the operating element and is connected to the follower means. The operating means is operative after the operating element has been latched to move the spring means overcenter relative to the toggle link so that said link is rotated to move the follower means from one end of the guide means to the other and to close the main switch means as said spring means partially discharges.

"ice

Referring now to the drawings in greater detail, FIG. 1 shows a circuit breaker mechanism 10 usable in a drawout switchgear assembly such as that shown in copending application Ser. No. 35,312, filed June 10, 1960, now abandoned, and which is assigned to the assignee of the instant invention. The circuit breaker 10 includes a plurality of main switch assemblies 12, an operating mechanism 14 for moving the assemblies 12 between their open and closed positions, and a closing motor 16. Overload protection is provided by fuse assemblies 20 which, upon the occurrence of a fault, actuate a shunt trip solenoid 18, which in turn trips the operating mechanism 14 for release of the main switch assemblies 12 to their open position.

Each of the main switch assemblies 12 is identical and each includes a contact arm 29 mounted on a separate conductive bracket member 22 rigidly afiixed to a front insulating panel 23. The assemblies 12 also include a stationary main contact jaw 25 consisting of 'a plurality of resilient contact fingers and a stationary arcing contact 26 comprising a pair of resilient contact fingers. Each of the contact jaws 25 and 26 are rigidly mounted on the front insulating panel 23 and are electrically connected to the incoming disconnect contact 28 which is engageable with a cooperating stationary disconnect contact mounted in the rear of the drawout housing (not shown) in which the device 10 is mounted.

The contact arms 29 are each pivotally mounted on a conductive bracket 31 by means of a hinge pin 32 and each carries a movable current carrying contact 34 and an arcing contact 35 for cooperating with the stationary contact jaws 25 and 26 respectively. The hinge brackets 31 are rigidly affixed to the conductive brackets 22 and include a base portion 37 and a pair of vertical arms 38 for engagement with the opposite sides of the contact arm 29. To enhance electrical contact between the arms 38 and the contact arm 29, spring washers 40 may be employed.

Each pole of the circuit breaker also includes an outgoing disconnect contact 41 rigidly secured to the conductive bracket 43 aflixed to the rear of said insulating panel 23 at a point vertically below the brackets 22. Each of the conductive brackets 22 and 43 have a downwardly extending arm 45 and 46, respectively, to provide conductive mounting surface for the terminals 48 of a main power fuse 49. It can be seen, therefore, that current through each pole of the circuit breaker 10, follows a path defined by the incoming disconnect contacts 28, the contact jaws 25 and 26, the contact arm 29, the hinge bracket 31, the support bracket 22, the fuse 49, the conductive bracket 43, and the outgoing disconnect contact 41. It can be seen in FIG. 1 that the fingers of the arcing contact jaw 26 are longer than the contact fingers of the current carrying jaw 25 so that during a switch opening operation the main current carrying contacts 25 and 34 will part while the arcing contacts 26 and 35 are still in engagement so that no arc will be struck between the current carrying contacts should the device 10 be opened under load. Also, arcing contacts 26 and 35 are disposed in interrupting structure 52 to help facilitate arc extinction. A shield 54 of molded insulating material is mounted on each of the contact arms 29 behind the arcing contacts 35 to prevent blow back of the arc.

The operating mechanism 10 is mounted on the main circuit breaker frame 56 by a pair of parallel mounting panels 57, only one of which can be seen in FIG. 1. Three crank arms 59 are afiixed to a shaft 60 journaled in the panels 57 and each of said arms is connected to one of the contact arms 29 by an insulator 62. A pair of parallel links 63 connect the operating mechanism 14 to the central crank arm 59 so that the operating mechanism can simultaneously rotate each of the contact arms 29 into and out of their closed positions.

The operating mechanism 14 includes a toggle assembly 66 for rapidly moving the contact arms 29 between their open and closed positions, a latch assembly 67 for holding toggle assembly 66 in a rigid condition, a pair of operating springs 69 for providing opening and closing energy and a pair of operating arms 70 for connecting the operating mechanism 14 to the motor 16.

- The toggle assembly 66 includes an operating cam 72 pivotally mounted between the panels 57 on a shaft 73 and has a symmetrical cam or guide slot 75 formed on one side for engagement by a cam follower or roller 76 rotatably mounted on a shaft 77.

The toggle assembly 66 also includes a toggle link 78 pivotally connected at one end to the operating cam 72 at 79 and at its other end to the shaft 77. The operating springs 69 are connected at one end to the shaft 77 and at their other ends to the operating arms 70 at 80. The operating arms 70 are, in turn, pivotally connected at one end to the mounting panels 57 at 81 and at their other ends to an operating nut 82 which rides up and down operating screw 83 driven by the motor 16.

The control circuit for the motor 16 will be discussed in greater detail hereinafter, it being sufficient at this point to state that when the motor is energized the operating screw 83 will rotate in the first direction to move the operating nut 82 from its full position in FIG. 1 to its phantom position whereupon motor 16 will reverse and the operating nut 82 will be returned to its full position. Motor 16 is pivotally mounted on a bracket 84 affixed to the frame 56 since the nut 82 must travel in an arcuate path between its upper and lower positions.

The links 63 are pivotally connected at their opposite ends to the central crank arm 59 and to a shaft 90 upon which a pair of guide rollers 92 are also mounted. As the contact arm 29 moves between its open and closed positions the guide rollers 92 move between the opposite sides of a guide slot 93 formed on each of mounting plates 57. The cam roller 76 is connected to the guide roller 92 by a pair of parallel operating links 95. In addition, a pair of pivot links 97 are rotatably mounted on the mounting panels 57 at 98 and to the guide roller shaft 90.

The latch assembly 67 includes a trip shaft 100 rotatably mounted between the panels 57 and a latch prop 1.01 affixed thereto. In addition, a pair of parallel latch levers 103 are rotatably mounted on a shaft 104 extending between the panels 57 and carry a latch roller 106 and a latch pin 108 between their opposite ends.

When the contact arms 29 are in their open position the operating mechanism 14 is in its position shown in FIGS. 1 and 2. Energization of the motor 16 will rotate the operating arms 70 in a counterclockwise direction until an operating roller 109 on the shaft 78 engages the tail 111 of the operating cam 72 to rotate it counterclockwise about the shaft 73. Rotation of the arms 70 will also extend the springs 69 to provide closing and reopening energy. As the operating cam 72 rotates, the latch pin 108 rides along its lower edge until it reaches a latch recess 114 formed mid-way in said edge. Upon this event a setting spring 115 extending between the latch prop 101 and the latch levers 103 will rotate said levers through a slight clockwise angle to move the latch pin 108 into the recess 114. In addition, this movement causes a slight counterclockwise rotation of the latch prop 101 so that the latch roller 106 can move into en gagement with its nose 117. This places the operating mechanism in its charged position shown in FIG. 3 wherein the springs 69 are fully extended.

The motor 16 thereupon reverses to rotate the operating arms 70 from their position shown in FIG. 3 to their position shown in FIG. 4. As the arms 70 rotate,

the cam follower 76 will initially remain in its position shown in FIG. 3 and the operating springs 69 will rotate in a counterclockwise direction about this point. However, as the lines of action of the springs 69 pass the pivot point of the toggle link 86, the latter will be snapped counterclockwise to move the follower 76 from the lower to the upper end of the cam slot 75. This also rotates the links and 97 clockwise to move the guide roller 92 from the left end to the right end of the guide slot 95 whereby the contact arms 29 are rotated to their closed position. The energy for this action is provided by a partial discharge of the springs 69.

An interlock crank 122 is provided to prevent pivotal movement of the connecting link 95 except when the cam roller '76 is moving in the cam slot 75. One arm of the interlock crank 122 has a slot 123 which engages a pin 125 extending laterally from the connecting link 95. A spring 126, extending between the pin 125 and the other arm of the crank 122, holds the left end ofthe slot 23 in engagement with the pin 125 when the mechanism is at rest.

When the main switch means 12 are closed, the mechanism 14 is in the position shown in FIG. 4. It will be.

appreciated that in this position clockwise rotation of the trip shaft will move the latch prop 101 out of the rotational path of the latch lever 103. This frees the latch levers 103 for counterclockwise rotation which in turn allows the springs 69 to rotate the operating cam 72 clockwise. As a result, the roller 76 is forced by the upper end of the cam slot 75 to move downward and to the right as viewed in FIG. 4. Upon this event the follower 92 is snapped from the right to the left end of the guide slot 95 whereby the main switch means 12 is opened. The operating mechanism 14 is then in the position shown in FIG. 2. Rotational movement of the op erating cam 72 during a tripping operation is arrested by a stop bar extending between the mounting panels 57.

FIG. 5 shows the electric control circuit for the circuit breaker of FIG. 1 and like components are identified by the same reference numerals. Here the circuit breaker operating mechanism 14 is shown in its closed position. It will be recalled that when the mechanism 14 is in a rigid condition clockwise rotation of the operating cam 72 by the operating springs 69 is prevented by the latch pin 108 extending between the latch levers 103 which are in turn prevented from counterclockwise rotation by the latch prop 101. As will be explained more fully here-,

inafter, rotation of the trip shaft 100 to release the operating mechanism 14 for movement to its open position may be accomplished by the operator either electrically or mechanically or automatically upon the occurrence of an overload.

The operating energy for the electric control circuit is provided between the conductors and 131 to which the control circuit is connected by disconnect contacts 133, 134, 135-and 136 which are mounted on the front insulating panel 23 and which are closed when the circuit breaker 10 is in its connected or test positions.

Referring again to FIG. 5, each of the main power fuses 49 is shown to be shunted by a contact making secondary fuse 137 and a current limiting resistor 138. When normal current flows in each pole, the resistors 138 are sufliciently large to substantially prevent any current flow through the secondary fuses 137. As seen in FIG. 1 the secondary fuses 137 and the resistors 138 are mounted adjacent the panel 23 behind the main power fuses 49 and are connected by conductive terminals 139 to the brackets 22 and 43 to place them in parallel with the fuses 49; FIG. 6 shows the secondary fuse 137 to include an insulating housing 140 in which a fusible element 141 is disposed. The element 142 is electrically connected to the end terminals 142 and mechanically to a plunger 143 which is urged by a spring 144 toward engagement with the operating arm 145 of a switch 146 (seen in FIG. 1).

safety switch contacts 149 will be closed.

2 to its charged position shown in FIG. 3.

Upon the occurrence of a fault current in one of the poles, its associated current limiting fuse 49 will open throwing a voltage across the fuse 137 which has a relatively short thermal time delay and blows almost instantly. Upon the latter event, the plunger 143 of the fuse 137 will be released to engage the arm 145 of its associated switch 146 whereby the latter is closed to energize the trip coil 18 through a circuit defined by contact 133, conductors 147, 148, normally closed contact 149, one of the switches 146, conductor 150 and disconnect contact 135. It will be appreciated that while the main fuse 49 will be selected with a relatively high current interrupting rating, the resistor 138 will hold the current through the secondary fuse 137 to a value within its relatively smaller rating.

The trip coil 18 may also be energized manually by closing a push button 151 which completes an energizing circuit around the contacts 141, through disconnect contact 136 and conductor 152. Complete manual tripping of the mechanism 14 may be accomplished by moving the manual trip button 153 longitudinally toward the right, as viewed in FIG. 5. This rotates the trip crank 154 clockwise whereupon it engages a trip arm 156 secured to the trip shaft 100.

Contacts 149 are part of a safety switch mechanically coupled to the operating crank 59 and are arranged to be closed when the contact arm 29 is in its closed position and opened when the latter is opened. As a result,

the trip coil 18 can be energized only when the circuit breaker operating mechanism 14 is in its closed position. In addition, this prevents continuous energization of trip coil 18 after one of the contacts 146 has been closed to initiate a switch opening operation. The other pole 146' of the safety switch is connected in the motor 16 energizing circuit so that the motor cannot be energized when the operating mechanism 14 is in its closed position.

When the circuit breaker is in its open position the nut 82 will be at the upper end of the screw 83 and the In addition, an interlock switch 157 mechanically connected to the racking mechanism 158 and the manual switch 159 mechanically connected to the manual push button 150 are both closed. I

In order to initiate a switch closing operation, a close button 160 is pushed to complete the circuit through the motor 16 and a seal-in relay 161, through disconnect contacts 134, contacts 149, 159, 157, conductor 147 and disconnect contacts 133. As a result, the seal-in relay 161 closes its contacts 162 to complete a by-pass circuit around the push button 160 through the disconnect contacts 135. The motor 16 is of the reversing type and has a rotor winding 164 and a field winding 165 and is connected in parallel with the seal-in relay 161 through conductors 167 and 168.

A reversing switch 170 is in the position shown in FIG. 5 when the nut 81 is at the upper end of the screw 82. As a result, closing of the push button 160 and subsequently the seal-in relay contacts 162, provides energy to the rotor 164 in a first direction through contacts 171 and 172 whereupon screw 83 will rotate in a first direction and the nut 82 moved downwardly. This will pivot the operating arm 70 counterclockwise to move the operating mechanism 14 from its open position shown in FIG. When the nut 82 reaches the lower end of screw 83, a lateral projection 174 on the nut 82 will strike one of the arms begin moving the nut 82 toward its upper end. This pivots the operating lever 70 clockwise to move the operating mechanism 14 from its charged position in FIG. 3 to its closed position shown in FIG. 4. When the nut 82 again reaches the upper end of the screw 83, the

lateral projection 174 will strike the other arm of the reversing switch 170 to close contacts 171 and 172 and open contacts 177 and 178 and thereby place the motor circuit in position for another operation. The motor 16 does not continue operating, however, because closing of the circuit breaker main contacts 12 opens safety switch contact 149 to de-energize the motor 16 and the seal-in relay 161 in preparation for a subsequent switch closing operation.

The interlock mechanism 158 is shown and described in greater detail in said aforementioned copending application Ser. No. 35,312 and forms no part of the instant invention. It is sufficient for the purposes of this disclosure, therefore, to state that before the interlock mechanism 156 can be operated the interlock crank 182 must first be rotated clockwise to rotate a locking member 183 mounted on the locking crank 184 out of engagement with a recess 185 formed in a racking plate 186. Movement of the circuit breaker 10 into or out of its cubicle is accomplished by rotating the racking plate 186 so that engagement of the locking member 183 in the recess 185 prevents such movement of the circuit breaker 10. The interlock switch 157, in the motor 16 energizing circuit, is connected to the interlock crank 182 so that it is opened each time said crank is rotated. As a result, the motor 16 cannot be energized when the circuit breaker is being moved between its test, connected or disconnected positions.

In order to prevent the closing of the main switch assemblies 12 when one of the primary fuses 49 is not in position, a fuse interlock member 190, seen in FIG. 1, is provided in each phase. One of the members 190 is pivotably mounted on each of the brackets 22 with an ear 191 in engagement with a trip arm 192 of insulating material which is secured to the trip shaft 100. A spring 194 urges clockwise rotation of the member 190 to pivot the lock prop 101 in a latch releasing direction. When the primary fuse 49 is in position, however, such rotation is prevented by the upper fuse terminal 48. On the other hand, if one of the fuses 49 is missing, the element 190 will be free to rotate and thereby prevent latching of the operating mechanism 14.

It will be appreciated, too, that because the spring 144 of the auxiliary fuse 137, seen in FIG. 6, biases the contact arm 145 toward its closed position whenever the element 141 has parted, its associated contacts 146 will be closed whenever one of the fuses 137 has blown. Consequently, the trip coil 18, seen in FIG. 5, it will be energized simultaneously with the closing of the main switch assembly 12 so that the circuit breaker 10 will immediately trip open. Thus the circuit breaker 10 is prevented from being latched in its closed position without replacement of a blown auxiliary fuse.

While only a single embodiment of the instant invention is shown and described, it is intended that the invention be limited only by the scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. A circuit breaker having main switch means, stored energy spring means, a pivotally mounted operating element having guide means formed thereon, latch means for holding said operating element when the latter has been pivoted to a first position, follower means movable on said guide means between first and second positions, said spring means being connected at one end to said follower means, operating means connected to the other end of said spring means for pivoting said operating element to its first position and for extending said spring means, toggle link means pivotallly mounted on said operating element and connected to said follower means, said follower means also being connected to said switch means, said operating means being operative after said operating element has been latched to move said spring means overcenter relative to said toggle link means so that said toggle link means is rotated to move said follower means from one end of said guide means to the other and to close said main switch means as said spring means partially discharges, release of said latch means allowing said operating element to return to its first position to collapse said toggle link means and to open said main switch means as said spring means fully discharges.

2. A circuit breaker for protecting an electrical system and having main switch means, stored energy spring means, a pivotally mounted operating element having a first guide means formed thereon, latch means for holding said element when the latter has been pivoted to a first position, follower means movable on said first guide means between first and second positions, said spring means being connected at one end to said follower means, operating means connected to the other end of said spring means for pivoting said operating element to its first position and for extending said spring means, toggle link means pivotally mounted on said operating element and connected to said follower means, second guide means extending in a generally lateral direction and being stationary relative to said first guide means, link means having one end connected to said follower means and the other movable on said second guide means, the other end of said link means also being connected to said main switch means, said operating means being operative after said operating element has been latched to move said spring means overcenter relative to said toggle link means so that said toggle link means is pivoted to move said follower means from one end of said first guide means to the other and the other end of said link means to the other end of said second guide means to close said main switch means as said spring means partially discharges.

3. A circuit breaker having main switch means, stored energy spring means, a pivotally mounted operating element having a guide slot formed thereon, latch means for holding said element when the latter has been pivoted to a first position, follower means movable on said guide slot between first and second positions, operating means movable from an initial to a final position to pivot said operating element to its first position, said spring means being connected to said operating means and to said follower means, the rotation of said operating element extending said spring means, link means pivotally mounted on said operating element and connected to said follower means, said follower means also being connected to said switch means, return of said operating means to its initial position after said operating element has been latched being effective to move said spring means overcenter relative to said link means so thatsaid link means is rotated to move said follower from one end of said guide slot to the other and to close said main switch means as said spring means partially discharges, release of said latch means allowing said operating element to return to its first position to collapse said link means and open said main switch means as said spring means discharges to its normal preload.

4. A circuit breaker having main switch means, stored energy spring means, a pivotally mounted operating cam having a cam slot, a latch element for holding said operating cam when the latter has been pivoted to a first position, a cam follower movable on said slot between first and second positions, an operating arm pivotally mounted for movement from an initial to a final position to pivot said operating cam to its first position, said spring means being connected to said operating arm and to said cam follower, the rotation of said operating cam and said operating arm extending said spring means, toggle link means pivotally mounted on said operating cam and being connected to said cam follower, said cam follower also being connected to said switch means, return of said operating arm to its initial position after said operating cam has been latched being effective to move said spring means overcenter relative to said toggle link means so that said toggle link means is rotated to move'said cam follower from one end of said slot to the other and to close said 8 main switch means as said spring means partially discharges, release of said latch element allowing said operating cam to return to its first position to collapse said toggle link means and to open said main switch means as said spring means discharges to its normal preload.

5. A circuit breaker for protecting an electrical system and having main switch means, stored energy spring means, a pivotally mounted operating cam having a cam slot formed thereon, a latch element for holding said operating cam when the latter has been pivoted to a first position, a cam follower movable on said slot between first and second positions, an operating arm pivotally mounted for movement from an initial to a final position to pivot said operating cam to its first position, said spring means being connected to said operating arm and to said cam follower, the pivoting of said operating cam and said operating arm extending said spring means, toggle link means pivotally mounted on said operating cam and connected to said cam follower, stationary guide means extending in a generally lateral direction relative to said cam slot, link means having one end connected to said cam follower and the other movable on said guide means, the other end of said link means also being connected to said main switch means, the return of said operating arm to its initial position after said operating cam has been latched being effective to move said spring means overcenter relative to said toggle link means so that said toggle link means is pivoted to move said cam follower from one end of said cam slot to the other and the other end of said link means to the other end of said guide means to close said main switch means as said spring means partially discharges, electroresponsive means operable upon the occurrence of an overload in said system to release said latch element allowing said operating cam to return to its first position to collapse said toggle link means and to open said main switch means as said spring means discharges to its normal preload.

6. A circuit breaker having main switch means, stored energy spring means, a pivotally mounted operating element having guide means formed thereon, latch means for holding said operating element when the latter has been pivoted to a first position, follower means movable on said guide means between first and second positions, said spring means being coupled to said follower means, pivotally mounted operating means connected to said spring means and operable upon pivotal movement in a first direction to engage said operating element for pivoting the latter to its first position and for extending said spring means, pivotally mounted link means connected to said follower means, said follower means also being connected to said switch means, said operating means being operative on movement in a second direction after said operating element has been latched to move saidspring means over center relative to said link means and said operating means so that said link means is pivoted to move said follower means from one end of said guide means to the other and to close said main switch'means as its spring means partially discharges, release of said first position, pivotally mounted latch prop means normally preventing rotation of said latch lever means out of holding engagement with said catch, follower means 'movable on said guide means between first and second positions, said spring means being coupled to said fol lower means, pivotally mounted operating means connected to said spring means and operable upon a pivotal movement in a first direction to engage said operating element for rotating the latter to its first position and for extending said spring means, pivotally mounted link means connected to said follower means, said follower means also being connected to said switch means, said operating means being operative upon pivotal movement in a second direction after said operating element has been latched to move said spring means over center relative to said link means and said operating means so that said link means is rotated to move said follower means from one end of said guide means to the other and to close said main switch means as said spring means partially discharges, release of said latch lever means allowing said operating element to return to its first position to 10 means as its spring means discharges to its normal preload.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,370,037 2/45 Hurst 317-46 2,581,181 1/52 Favre 200-153 2,823,338 2/58 Edsall 317-37 2,838,718 6/58 Edmunds 317-46 2,914,635 11/59 Lester et a1 200-114 3,021,400 2/ 62 Goodwin 200-50 BERNARD A. GILHEANY, Primary Examiner.

collapse said link means and to open said main switch 15 LLOYD MCCOLLUM, Examiner-

Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3832504 *Aug 27, 1973Aug 27, 1974Westinghouse Electric CorpCircuit breaker with spring closing means and pawl and rachet spring charging means
US4114005 *Sep 1, 1977Sep 12, 1978Westinghouse Electric Corp.Circuit breaker spring assembly
US4166205 *Dec 30, 1976Aug 28, 1979Westinghouse Electric Corp.Stored energy circuit breaker
Classifications
U.S. Classification200/400, 335/21, 335/43, 335/190, 335/9, 335/76
International ClassificationH01H3/30
Cooperative ClassificationH01H3/30, H01H2003/266
European ClassificationH01H3/30