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Publication numberUS3215355 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 2, 1965
Filing dateFeb 27, 1963
Priority dateFeb 27, 1963
Publication numberUS 3215355 A, US 3215355A, US-A-3215355, US3215355 A, US3215355A
InventorsGinaven Marvin E, Shouvlin Joseph C
Original AssigneeBauer Bros Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Feed means for a refiner
US 3215355 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

NOV- 2, 1965 J, c. sHoUvLlN ETAL 3,215,355

FEED MEANS FOR A REFINER Original Filed Dec. 21, 1960 @www United States Patent O 3,215,355 FEED MEANS FOR A REFINER Joseph C. Shouvlin and Marvin E. Giuaven, Springfield, ho, assignors to The Bauer Bros. Co., a corporation of Ohio Continuation of application Ser. No. 77,359, Dec. 21, 1960. This application Feb. 27, 1963, Ser. No. 261,919 11 Claims. (Cl. 241-247) This invention relates to refiners and like devices as used in fiber treatment processes to carry out a milling or like operation upon fibrous stock, the invention having particular reference to stock consistency control in a device as described. This application is a continuation of co-pending application Serial No. 77,359, filed December 21, 1960, now abandoned, the benefit of such filing date being claimed herein.

In systems subjecting plant fibers and the like to treatment in successive stages and by separated pieces of apparatus, the fibrous material may be mixed with a liquid or combination of liquids. The liquid may serve a purpose in softening and treating the fibers but in addition to this forms with the fibers an essentially fiuid stock which can be moved readily by pumping to and from successive treatment stages. In some process steps, however, as in disc mill refining, a low consistency stock seriously reduces milling efficiency. Most fibrous materials can be best refined at consistencies too high to admit readily of pumping or gravity iiow. Problems of stock handling and feeding accordingly are introduced which it is an object of this invention to obviate.

The object of the invention is to simplify the construction as well as the means and mode of operation of refiners, whereby such refiners may not only be economicallyr manufactured, but will be more efficient and satisfactory in use, adaptable to a wide variety of applications, and be unlikely to get out of order.

Another object of the invention is to reduce low consistency stock to a predetermined high consistency in conjunction with and as a part of a continuous feeding of the stock to the refiner.

A further object of the invention is to provide a refiner having feed means therefor expressing excess liquid from the supplied stock.

Still another object of the invention is to locate in the stock inlet duct to a refiner or the like, stock feed means operable to enforce draining of liquid from the stock and to regulate such drainage.

A still further object of the invention is to provide for` removal or excess liquid from stock fed to a refiner or the like and the recombining of such liquid with the stock issuing from the refiner.

A further object of the invention is to provide a refiner possessing the advantageous structural features, the inherent meritorious characteristics and the mode of operation herein mentioned.

With the above and other incidental objects in view as will more fully appear in the specification, the invention intended to be protected by Letters Patent consists of the features of construction, the parts and combinations thereof, and the mode of operation as hereinafter described or illustrated in the accompanying drawings, or their equivalents.

Referring to the accompanying drawing wherein is shown the best mode presently contemplated of carrying out the invention but obviously not necessarily the only form of embodiment of the invention,

FIG. 1 is a partly diagrammatic view of a refiner incorporating stock handling and feeding means in accordance with the illustrated embodiment of the invention; and

FIG. 2 is a fragmentary plan view of the inlet end of the refiner supply duct, partly broken away to show the ice construction and mode of driving positively acting feed devices in the supply duct.

Like parts are indicated by similar characters of reference throughout the several views.

Referring to the drawing, the invention is illustratively disclosed as a part of refiner means including a double disc revolving mill of a kind operable upon plant fibers, as for example to fiberize wood pulp or to extract starch from corn fiber by impact.

As shown, the reliner means includes a refiner housing 10 within which is a pair of relatively rotatable discs 11 and 12. The discs are in face to face relation and mount respective sets of Work performing plates 13 and 14. In the present instance both discs rotate, in directions counter to one another, and to this end are mounted upon individual shafts 15 and 16 respectively driven by motor means 17 and 18. The latter, as well as the housing 16, have a common mounting upon a base 19.

The material to be refined is introduced into a space 21 between the discs 11' and 12 near the center thereof. As a result of disc rotation the material works its way radially outward between the sets of plates 13 and 14 and is discharged at the periphery of the discs into the housing 10 from which it leaves by way of an outlet opening 22 in a manner indicated by the arrow 23. Entrance to the space 21 is gained through a series of lateral openings 24 in the disc 12 (only one of which shown) and this opening or openings in turn communicate with inlet means in the form of a fitting 25 installed in the housing 10 to form a part thereof. The fitting 25 communicates with one end of duct means 26 through which the material to be refined is continuously supplied to the refiner housing 10 in the operation of the system.

In accordance with the instant invention the fibrous material reaching the inlet fitting 25 is in a relatively dense form best suited to effective milling. The material as supplied to the duct means 26, however, is a low consistency mixture of liquid and solids drawn, for example, from a head box 27 which may be in turn fed from another process stage or directly communicated with a storage chest 28. As indicated, a pump 29 may be driven by a motor 31 to draw stock from the chest 28 and direct it by way of conduit 32 to the head box 27. An excess supply to the head box results in overflow through a fitting 33 and return to the chest 28 by way of a conduit 34. Within the head box 27 the low consistency stock has access to a standpipe 35 which projects from the lower end of the box into an inlet opening 36 at the other end of the described duct means 26. In the operation of the system, therefore, a continuous movement of low consistency stock takes place by gravity fiow from the head box 27 to the duct means 26.

The duct means 26 is supported in part by a stand 37 and in part by fitting 25. It comprises a housing 38 at one end of which is the inlet opening 36. At the opposite end of the housing 38 is an enclosed adapter section 39 which in turn is connected to a lateral boss 41 on a further enclosed section 42 inclining downwardly toward the inlet fitting 25 and connected thereto. Extending longitudinally through the housing 3S is a cage comprised in part of a series of longitudinally extending rods 43 (some of which are omitted from the drawing) and longitudinally spaced apart arcuate members 44 which cooperate to form drainage slots from the cage. The described cage makes up a screen section 45 within the housing 38 and through which fluid may escape into a surrounding space 46 within the housing and in turn be led away from the duct means by a drain connection 47.

The screen section 45 encloses twin intermeshing feed screws 48 and 49 (FIG. 2) on respective shafts 51 and 52. The latter have bearings in an end wall 53 of housing 38, in a bearing plate 54 at the opposite end of the housing and in intermediate walls including a wall 55 suitably formed for a free movement of fluid therethrough. On the shafts 51 and 52 are meshing gears 56 and 57. Shaft 52 extends through and beyond wall 53 and has driven connection through belt means 58 with a motor 59 supported by stand 37. In response to the operation of motor 59, therefore, the shafts 52 and 51 are rotated, in directions counter to one another, and the feed screws 48 and 49 on the shaft correspondingly are rotated. The feed screw configurations on the respective shafts overlap with the result that mating portions of the screws closely approach one another in a manner to compress material carried on and by the screws.

The inlet opening 36 to the housing 38 is common to the screen section 45 so that the low consistency stock from the head box 27 is brought directly to the screen section of the duct means and discharged upon the screws 48-49 at one end thereof. The hydraulic head of contained liquid in the stock forces a part of the liquid directly through the drainage slots of the screen section and into the space 46 where it is carried off by drain connection 47. Additionally, however, in response to rotation of the feed screws 48 and 49 the stock is at once fed or advanced axially toward adapter 39 and is compressed between the overlapping edges of the feed screws to express additional amounts of liquid which similarly is carried off by the drainage connection 47. The adapter 39 provides a reduced cross-sectional area into which the thickened or higher consistency stock is fed by the screws 48 and 49. In such adapter extensions 61 (one shown) of the feed screws 48-49 pick up the stock and advance it positively therethrough into the section 52. There the stock may drop by gravity to the inlet fitting 25 or, as here illustrated, may encounter further feed screw means 62 longitudinally disposed within the section 42 in a manner to restrict movement of the stock into such section and to advance the admitted stock in a positive manner to the fitting 25. The feed screw means 62 is separately operated from a motor 63 and transmission 64 with provision being made to control its speed of operation independently of that of the feed screws 48-49 and 61.

In the operation of the feeding devices, therefore, a low consistency stock is admitted to the refiner supply duct, and in the course of movement to the refiner, is thickened by an enforced release of liquid so that there is delivered to the refiner a stock of higher consistency which on account of its more dense character is refined more effectively and with a lower consumption of power. Additionally, because of the positive and uniform rate of feed a more uniform end product results from the action of the refiner.

The rate of extent of drainage is subject to regulation in various ways, as by a predetermined sizing of the drainage slots in the section 45 as well as by the selection of a predetermined compression ratio of the screws 48- 49.- Also, and in the absence of the feed means 62 in section 42, the helical press as defined by the feed screws 48-49 and associated parts may be operated at varying speeds to provide regulation of drainage. With the feed means 62, however, a simplified more infinitely variable regulation means is provided since by changing the speed of rotation of the feed screw means 62 the back pressure exerted upon the drainage section may be altered at will with a consequent direct change upon the pressures exerted in the screen section 45. Through the use of the feed means 62 in section 42 the resistance to movement of the stock out of the press or screen section 45 may be varied from zero to relatively high pressures in the magnitude of several hundred pounds.

The discharge of the refined solids from the housing may be directly to a storage chest or place of use. In the event of continuing process treatment, or in the event it should be desirable for any other reason, the liquid drained from the supply duct 26'may be recombined with the output of the refiner by extending the drainagek connection 47 in the manner indicated by the arrow to communicate with the discharge side of refiner outlet 22 as indicated by a joining of the arrows 23 and 65.

From the above description it will be apparent that there is thus provided a device of the character described possessing the particular features of advantage before enumerated as desirable, but which obviously is susceptible of modification in its form, proportions, detail construction and arrangement of parts without departing from the principle involved or sacrificing any of its advantages.

While in order to comply with the statute the invention has been described in language more or less specific as to structural features, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the specific features shown, but that the means and construction herein disclosed comprise but one of several modes of putting the invention into effect, and the invention is therefore claimed in any of its forms or modifications within the legitimate and valid scope of the appended claims.

Having thus described our invention, we claim:

1. A refiner, including a pair of relatively rotatable discs in face to face relation, means defining an inlet to the space between said discs, a continuous duct delivering to said inlet stock in the form of a mixture of a liquid and solids, said duct including a screen section, an enclosed section beyond said screen section and a relatively reduced diameter intermediate adapter section, helical press means in said screen section accomplishing a predetermined thickening of the stock and advancing it into said adapter section, said helical press means including a pair of counter rotating shafts and feed screw contiguration on said shafts overlapping so that mating portions of the screws cooperate to compress material carried thereby, feed screw means in said adapter section advancing the thickened stock into said enclosed section, and additional feed means in said enclosed section, said last named means including drive shafts having means in connection therewith for drive thereof independently of said counter-rotating shafts and being operable thereby to control the rate of stock feed to the space between said discs and to simultaneously produce a selective back pressure on the stock in said screen section.

2. A refiner for fibrous material including, a housing, an inlet and outlet for flow of fibrous stock therethrough, relatively rotatable refiner means in said housing between which said stock must pass in fiow therethrough, continuous duct means one end of which connects to said inlet in a closing relation thereto, means defining an inlet for introducing stock having the form of a mixture of liquids and solids of fibrous character in the other end of said duct means, a screen providing a first portion of said duct means, helical press means in at least a portion of said duct means in communication with said screen, said helical press means being arranged to receive stock from said duct inlet and convey the stock in the direction of said housing inlet with a compressing action thereon to express liquid therefrom to exit through said screen, the portion of said duct means beyond said first portion being formed to provide a closed passage for movement of stock therethrough to said housing inlet under the inuence of said helical press means and rotatable feed means in a portion of said duct means beyond said first portion having means in connection therewith for operation thereof independently of said helical press means to simultaneously control the rate of stock feed thereto and outwardly therefrom to said housing inlet.

3. Ina refiner having a housing and relatively rotatable discs in spaced apart relation therein, an inlet to the space between said discs, an outlet therefrom, a stock preparation and control unit connected to said inlet including a stock thickener portion in which excess liquid trol portion incorporating stock feed means having means in connection therewith rendering it operable to control the rate of stock feed to said inlet and, simultaneously, to produce a variable back pressure in said stock thickener portion to influence the amount of liquid removed from the stock prior to passage thereof through said inlet, the construction and arrangement being such that the stock intermediate the relatively rotatable discs is controlled both as to consistency and quantity by said stock preparation and control unit.

4. A refiner, including a pair of relatively rotatable discs in face to face relation, means defining an inlet to the space between said discs, a duct delivering to said inlet stock in the form of a mixture of a liquid and solids, said duct having a screen section, an enclosed section beyond said screen section and a relatively reduced diameter intermediate adapter section, helical press means in said screen section accomplishing a predetermined thickening of the stock and advancing it into said adapter section, said helical press means including a pair of counter rotating shafts and feed screw configurations on said shafts overlapping so that mating portions of the screws cooperate to compress material carried thereby, and feed screw means in said adapter section advancing the thickened stock into said enclosed section, said last named means including shafts having the form of extensions of said counter rotating shafts and feed screw coniigurations thereon, said enclosed section communicating directly with said inlet, and positive feed means in said enclosed section operable independently of the operation of said helical press means to produce a back pressure on the stock in said duct whereby to control the degree of compressing action thereon.

5. A refiner, including a refiner housing having an outlet, material refining means in said housing, a fitting constructed as an inlet for admitting material for refining into said housing, enclosed duct means extending to and communicating at its one end with the interior of said housing through said fitting, rotary feed screw means in said duct means, an adapter housing segment connected to and opening into said duct means near its other end, feed screw means in said adapter housing segment, other duct means connected to and leading to said adapter housing segment, said other duct means being gravity drained and having an inlet to receive a mixture of liquid and material for refining, the hydraulic head of the contained liquid forcing a part thereof to pass directly from said duct means, helical press means in said other duct means advancing material for refining into said adapter housing segment while expressing remaining liquid therefrom, said helical press means being in rotary driving relation to the feed screw means in said adapter housing segment, and independent means for rotating said rotary feed screw means in the first said duct means.

6. A refiner, including a refiner housing having an outlet, material refining means in said housing, a fitting constructed as an inlet Ifor admitting material for refining into said housing, said fitting having an upwardly and outwardly facing opening defining said inlet, enclosed duct means extending upwardly and outwardly from said fitting as an extension of said inlet, other duct means extending to and communicating with the first said duct means and having an inlet to receive a mixture of liquid and material for refining, a portion of said other duct means beneath said inlet thereto being constructed as a screen, the hydraulic head of contained liquid forcing a part thereof to pass directly through said screen, and rotary feed means in said other duct means advancing material for refining into said first duct means while expressing liquid therefrom, the material reaching said first duct means being free to drop therethrough by gravity to the interior of said housing containing said refining means.

7. A rener according to claim 6, characterized by other rotary feed means in the first said duct means effecting a forced feeding of material for refining to said housing, the two said rotary feed means being subject to independent operation.

8. A refiner, including a refiner housing having an outlet, material refining means in said housing, a fitting constructed as an inlet for admitting material for refining into said housing, said fitting having an upwardly and outwardly facing opening defining said inlet, enclosed duct means extending upwardly and outwardly from said fitting as an extension of said inlet, one end of said duct means communicating with the interior of said housing through said fitting, an adapter housing segment connected to an opening into said duct means near its other end, twin feed screws disposed in said adapter housing segment to advance material for refining into said enclosed duct means, said feed screws being disposed in a plane common to the axis of each which is in a transverse angular relation to the axis of said enclosed duct means, and means for continuously supplying said feed screws with material for refining, the material reaching said enclosed duct means from said twin screws being free to drop therethrough by gravity to the interior of said housing containing said refining means.

9. A refiner according to claim 8, characterized by other rotary feed screw means located in said enclosed duct means in the axis thereof -for effecting a forced feeding of material for refining to said housing while exerting a variable back pressure upon the movement of such material into said enclosed duct means by said twin feed screws.

10. A refiner according to claim 8, characterized by other duct means enclosing said last named means and having an inlet to receive a mixture of liquid and material for refining, a portion of said other duct means beneath said inlet thereto being constructed as a screen, the hydraulic head of contained liquid forcing a part thereof to pass directly through said screen.

11. A refiner, including a pair of relatively rotatable discs in face to face relation, means defining an inlet to the space between said discs, a duct delivering to said inlet stock in the form of a mixture of a liquid and solids, said duct having a screen section, an enclosed section beyond said screen section and a relatively reduced diameter intermediate adapter section, helical press means in said screen section accomplishing a predetermined thickening of the stock and advancing it into said adapter section, said helical press means including a pair of counterrotating shafts and feed screw configurations on said shafts overlapping so that mating portions of the screws cooperate to compress material carried thereby, and feed screw means in said adapter section advancing the thickened stock into said enclosed section, said last-named means including shafts having the form of extensions of said counter-rotating shafts and feed screw configurations thereon, said enclosed section communicating directly with said inlet, means in said enclosed section operable independently of the operation of said helical press means to produce a back pressure on the stock in said duct whereby to control the degree of compressing action thereon, said duct being characterized by a stock inlet overlying said screen section, the hydraulic head of the contained liquid in the delivered stock forcing a part thereof to pass directly through said screen section.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 332,718 12/85 Lafferty 241-101 1,689,932 11/28 Randecker 241-46 3,021,782 2/62 Ginaven 100-146 3,070,005 12/ 62 Kemp 100-146 3,076,610 2/63 Rosenfeld et al. 241-246 X 3,092,338 6/ 63 Reinhall 241-28 X I, SPENCER OVERHOLSER, Primary Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US332718 *Dec 22, 1885 lafferty
US1689932 *Feb 10, 1927Oct 30, 1928Hammermill Paper CoPulp beater
US3021782 *Mar 27, 1959Feb 20, 1962Baur Bros CoDewatering device and pressure feeder
US3070005 *Aug 11, 1960Dec 25, 1962Bauer Bros CoThickener and washer
US3076610 *Jul 10, 1961Feb 5, 1963Escher Wyss GmbhProcess for the preparation of fibre suspensions
US3092338 *Apr 15, 1960Jun 4, 1963Defibrator AbPulp refining apparatus
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3266738 *Jun 25, 1964Aug 16, 1966Draiswerke GmbhMachine for the preparation of plasticized material
US3325106 *May 6, 1965Jun 13, 1967Deere & CoMaterial reducing machine
US3417931 *Jan 20, 1966Dec 24, 1968John F Renshaw & Company LtdPlant for processing semi-liquid substances or granular substances in a liquid carrier
US3467323 *Sep 22, 1965Sep 16, 1969Defibrator AbGrinding apparatus
US4283252 *Jun 17, 1980Aug 11, 1981Reinhall Rolf BertilMethod and apparatus for producing fiber pulp from fibrous lignocellulose containing material
US4422579 *Nov 23, 1981Dec 27, 1983Jouko NiemiFeeding device for a jet mill
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US4784340 *Jul 2, 1987Nov 15, 1988Taurus Gumiipari VallalatApparatus for communition of organic matters
US5333556 *Mar 31, 1992Aug 2, 1994Director Of National Food Research Institute, Ministry Of Agriculture, Forestry And FisheriesDouble press screw
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US6043175 *Dec 8, 1993Mar 28, 2000Vkvs Worldwide CorporationMethod and apparatus for producing a silicon based binding composition and product prepared therefrom
US7958820 *Jan 7, 2008Jun 14, 2011Duperon Innovation, Inc.Compactor construction
US20080105141 *Jan 7, 2008May 8, 2008Duperon Terry LCompactor construction
USRE31862 *Mar 22, 1983Apr 9, 1985Sunds Defibrator, Inc.Apparatus for the treatment of lignocellulosic material
Classifications
U.S. Classification241/247, 241/101.2, 100/146, 241/81, 241/251
International ClassificationD21D1/30, D21B1/00, D21B1/22, D21D1/00
Cooperative ClassificationD21D1/30, D21B1/22
European ClassificationD21D1/30, D21B1/22