US 3216163 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
H. J. CAREW 3,216,163
INTEGRATED BUILDING FRAMING AND FLOOR THEREFOR Nov. 9, 1965 2 Sheets-Sheet 1.
Filed March 21, 1963 INVENTOR HOWARD J. CAREW vw/z d ATTORNEYS H. J. CAREW 3,216,163
INTEGRATED BUILDING FRAMING AND FLOOR THEREFOR Nov. 9, 1965 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed March 21, 1963 NEE %W .M. Rm aw Pllllllllllllll R O T w M HOWARD J. CAREW ATTORNEY United States Patent Office 3,216,163 Patented Nov. 9, 1965 3,216,163 INTEGRATED BUILDING FRAMING AND FLOOR THEREFOR Howard J. Carew, York, Pa. Filed Mar. 21, 1963, Ser. No. 266,908 2 Claims. (Cl. 52-251) This invention relates to building constructions, and more particularly to a novel assembly of building components by virtue of which there is provided an integrated building framing of great strength and one effecting economies in its erection far beyond any building construction heretofore proposed.
The proposed construction and its advantages will be best understood by reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein:
FIGURE 1 is a diagrammatic view showing one corner of a building, constructed in accordance with the invention, with the vertical columns thereof in horizontal section;
FIG. 2 is a vertical sectional view through one of said columns and its underground support, on line 22 of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a horizontal sectional view through one of the columns, illustrating a form, hereinafter described,
FIG. 4 is a fragmentary perspective view showing the base of one of the columns and its associated members.
FIG. 5 is a vertical sectional view like FIG. 2, but showing the floor level much above the level of the outside grade.
FIG. 6 is an enlarged transverse section showing more clearly the tongue and groove engagement between two of the panels.
FIG. 7 is a horizontal sectional view through one of the columns, illustrating a clip construction for securing the concrete panels to the face flange of the column, and
FIG. 8 is a horizontal section showing a corner detail of a clip for securing the corners of two of the panels to one of the columns.
Like numerals designate corresponding parts in all of the figures of the drawing.
The column shown in the drawing is of the conventional, I-beam type, comprising the central web 5 and flanges 6. However, the invention is not limited to any particular shape of column, or material. The term column is to be broadly construed to include round columns, or those of any polygonal form in cross section.
The lower end of each of the columns comprises a foot plate 7, which rests upon a leveling plate 8. All of the foregoing elements are supported upon a concrete footer 9. The reinforcing rods 9, stools and anchor bolts 10 may be a prefabricated assembly which will be imbedded in the concrete footer, the upper ends of which bolts are threaded for the reception of nuts 11. The footers may or may not be formed and if not formed may be created by merely digging holes in the ground at the points of column location, placing a prefabricated reinforcing assembly, consisting of rods 9 and stools 9 and anchor bolts 10 in said holes, and pouring concrete there around. In either case, the upper ends of the bolts pass through the leveling plates 8 and foot plates 7, the tightening of nuts 11 binding all of these parts together.
An essential and very important feature of the invention resides in making the leveling plates 8 of such amplitude as to provide a shelf-like ledge 12, which projects forwardly beyond the front flanges 6 of the column. This ledge 12 is of such width as to receive and support elongated wall panels 13. Any necessary number of such panels are superimposed upon each other to constitute the outer wall of the building to any desired height and the end portions of the lowermost panels abut at the column locations and are there supported on ledges 12 of the respective leveling plates which are brought to a level position by the application of grouting 14 at the top face of the footers 9.
The panels 13 are of a novel type, in that while they are preferably formed of concrete, they are cast with highly prestressed cables 15 embedded therein and extending from end to end thereof. The panels are cast around the cables while said cables are under very high longitudinal tension.
These concrete panels are fire and weatherproof; they lend themselves to the production of ornamental effects, and the presence of the highly pre-stressed cables therein renders them of sufi'icient strength to withstand wind pressure and suction acting in either direction as well as to withstand abuse as encountered in industrial buildings.
Any suitable way may be employed for aligning the panels and securing them to the outer faces of the columns. At 16 it is indicated that the horizontal edges of the panels may be of tongue and groove construction and if desired, tape sealing strips or caulking 17 may be applied along these tongue and groove surfaces. Also, as shown in FIG. 3 which illustrates one of several attachment methods, strips of T shape may be placed at the confronting ends of the panels, the flanges 18 of the strips lying outside of and overlapping the panels, and shank portions 19 of the T-shaped strips extending inwardly of and between the confronting ends of the panels.
Highly adhesive and strong mastic may be applied behind the head portions 18 against the outer faces of the panels, or elsewhere, as the judgment of the mechanic may dictate. It is common to use mastic in the manner described in the mounting of heavy plate glass and the like. Also, thin wedges (not shown) may be inserted at 20 between the outer faces of the columns and the panels, to tighten the panels when desired.
The result of mounting the various elements as described is to completely integrate them, but at the same time permit movement due to varying coefficients of expansion. The described construction is a most economical one. A building constructed with the elements described may be completed in much less time than by any means known to me. After the columns are erected, the wall goes into place very rapidly because of the large area covered by each panel, but requires excavations only at the points of column placement and no preforming for concrete. The completed framework is completely fireproof, very strong and rigid, and supports panels which present so pleasing an appearance as to avoid zoning objections so frequently encountered in modern urban development.
In FIG. 2 the level of the building floor 22 is shown as being but slightly above the top grade of the outside earth 23 and a sheet metal form casing 24 extends from a point about level with the underside of the floor slab 22 down to a footer 9. The form casing 24 embraces the lower portion of a column and its edges extend forwardly to and terminate at the inner face of the front wall panels 13 (see FIG. 1). The space Within the form casing is filled with a body of concrete 25 which is integral with the concrete of floor slab 22. Floor slab 22 may be the finished floor or it may be a sub floor for the reception of some other type of flooring.
FIG. 5 is similar to the structure of FIG. 2 except that the floor 22 is disposed considerably above the outside grade level 23 and panels 13 which may be like the front wall panels, extend upwardly from the top of a form casing 24 corresponding to form casing 24 to a point at about the floor level, the lowermost form-forming panel 13, is supported upon an angle plate 26 that is carried upon the inner flange 6, of the column.
Thus a space is formed between the front wall panels, 13 and the form forming panels 13, above the form- 3 forming casing, 24 which space is filled with concrete 27, up to the floor level where it merges with and constitutes a support for the floor slab 22 FIG. 7 illustrates a type of clip which may be employed to bind the concrete front wall panels 13 to the front flanges of the vertical columns or to bind the form-forming panel 13, to the rear flanges 6 of the columns. When the panels 13 are emloyed they are put in place before the front wall panels are put in place. In FIG. 7 clips 26 are secured by bolts 27 to the wall panels and these clips overlap the flanges of the columns and are tightened by bolts 27, which engage in the panels.
FIG. 8 illustrates one form of corner securing means which may be employed. Here two of the wall forming panels are brought together at a corner forming column, one of said panels 13 lying flat against the outer flanges 6 of the column. The other panel 13 lies at right angles to panel 13 Its end is embraced by a U-shaped portion 28 of a metal clip which clip includes an out turned member 28*, which engages beneath flange 6 of the column. An angle strip 29 binds the corners of the panels together, said angle strip being held in place by strong mastic applied to the inner face of the strip and to the wall panels.
It is understood that the invention is not limited to the particular construction shown, but that it includes within its purview whatever changes fairly fall within either the terms or the spirit of the appended claims.
The structure shown and described in this application relates to foundation features adapted to constitute a part of a highly integrated building capable of quick erection at minimum cost.
Other features of such a building constitute separate inventions and are therefore not included in this application.
1. In a building construction, a plurality of footers disposed in a row at spaced intervals, a vertical column upstanding from and supported from each of said footers, said columns being of such shape in cross section as to present flanges at the front sides of the columns, a plurality of Wall panels lying against the front flanges of the columns and extending from column to column to constitute a front wall of the building, means supporting the lowermost of said panels from the footers, and through which supporting means the combined weight of the panels is distributed to the footers, forms embracing and spaced from the side and rear portions of the said columns, a floor slab above the forms and a filling of concrete within each form and around the lower portions of the several columns, which concrete extends from the footers to and forms an integral part of the floor slab thereby constituting concrete piers at the outer edge of the floor slab within which piers the lower portions of the columns are embedded.
2. A building construction comprising a plurality of aligned and spaced footings, each of said footings carrying embedded, upwardly extending anchor elements, a leveled plate supported upon each of said footings, columns, the lower ends of which are united with the leveled plates by the upstanding anchor elements, and the lower ends of which columns are supported along with the leveling plates from said footings, said leveled plates comprising portions which project forwardly beyond the front faces of the columns, form casings extending around and spaced from the side and rear faces of the columns, fill ings of concrete within the form casings, which concrete fillings extend above the tops of the form casings and constitute parts of laterally extending integral floor slabs, and wall panels having theirlower edges resting and being supported upon the forwardly projecting portions of said leveled plates.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,764,001 6/30 Blanchard 52--206 1,781,794 11/30 Tappan 52-489 2,177,264 10/39 Relihan 52432 2,282,452 5/42 Brown 52742 2,850,892 9/58 Stump 52223 FOREIGN PATENTS 950,296 10/56 Germany. 136,682 12/19 Great Britain.
OTHER REFERENCES Architectural Forum, August 1943, p. 98. American Builder, December 1957, pp. 162, 163.
FRANK L. ABBOTT, Primary Examiner.
JACOB L. NACKENOFF, Examiner.