US 321644 A
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0. SGHLEMMER. HEAD PROTBGTOR.
NG. 321,644. Patented July 7, 1885l NI/'ENTOR f4 TTORZVE Y um um. mwumxmmm, wwwrun, ma
Nrrnn Starts Armar @trice OLIVER SOHLEMMER, OF CINCINNATI, OHIO.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No, 321,644, elated July '7, 1835.
To all whom, it may concern.
Beit known that L OLIVER Scannnnna, a resident of Cincinnati,in the county ofHamilton and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Head-Pro toeters, (\Vr:ips,) of which the following is a specification.
My invention is a new article of wearingapparel intended to protect certain parts of the head, and also the ears and neck, from cold. The typical shapes of the article and its application are well represented in the accompanying drawings.
The several features of my invention, and the advantages resulting from their use, con- `jointly or otherwise, will be apparent from the following description.
Figure l shows in perspective a human bust and a preferred form of my invention applied to the head and neck, and illustrating how the head, ears, and neck are covered thereby. Fig. 2 is an inside view ofone of my protectors when it is stretched out dat. Fig. shows a modification of the method of fitting the article at the back of the neck. Fig. Lshows the changes in shape necessary to adapt the article to ladies use. Figs. 5, 6, and S (diminished scale) show modifications of the means for holding the protector to the head.
Fig. 7 (diminished scale) shows a mode of rendering the head-band adjustable for the better enabling the protector to be adjusted to heads of different sizes.
The general shape of the article is that of two irregularly triangular pieces, A A, continuous with the connecting piece or band B. The two halves are symmetrical. The lower corners, a, are preferably prolonged somewhat beyond the general triangular contour, so that they may overlap under the chin. The upper corners, b Z1, are connected together bythe elastic baud C.
In cases where it is desired to make the protector adjustable to heads of different diameters and necks of varying thicknesses, thus enabling one size of protector to t heads and necks of various sizes, an elastic cord, D, is set in the piece B in such manner as to shirr the goods in this part. y
Instead of shirring the goods here a V- shapcd piece may be out out, as shown at m in Fig. 3, or a section cut out as shown at in in Fig. 7, in which case the fitting will be made by the elastic cord D drawing the edges of the opening.
For ladies use the part B is preferably made much narrower than for mens use. This change is illustratedvin Fig. 4.
In use the article is wrapped about the head so that the part B lies at the back of the neck, the triangular pieces Alie over the ears, corners a overlap under the chin,and are there held by a button or hook or other appropri ate fastening device, and the band C, stretching over the top of the head, draws the corners Z) up and keeps the front edge snug and firm against the ear and face.
Any fabric or fabrics may be used in the manufacture, preferably wool or silk, and it is desirable to have a soft lining or padding.
I sometimes put wire loops in the pieces A to fit over the ears, and steel springs eXtending upwardly'from these loops into the corners b torkeep the latter in place, as shown in Fig. 5, and to dispense with the band C. XVhen desired, pieces, as d, may extend upwardly, as in Fig. S, from the corners and fitted over the sides of the head, be covered by the hat, and thereby be held firmly in position.
Another mode of making the bandB adjustable in length to suit the different sizes of heads is to form the band in two pieces, B' B2, (see Fig. 7 and provide one piece with abutton and the other piece witha series of buttonholes, in any one of which the button can be placed, according as the band needs to be shortened or lengthened.
Instead of a spring or attachment, as C, a spring may be placed combined with the protector, as shown at p, Fig. 5, and hold the portions A and B closely against the head of the wearer.
What I claim as new and of my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. The garment consisting of the triangular parts A A and connecting-piece B, and having projecting corners Z b, the upper portion of said garment being out away at the rear,so as not to interfere with the hair, substantially as and for the purposes described.
2. The garment consisting of the triangular consisting of the triangular parts A A, connecting-piece B, having projecting corners a a, and I) b, and having the shirring-cord D and the connecting-cord C, substantially as and for the purposes described.
O. M. HILL, JNO. W'. STREHLL