Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3216744 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 9, 1965
Filing dateOct 9, 1961
Priority dateOct 9, 1961
Publication numberUS 3216744 A, US 3216744A, US-A-3216744, US3216744 A, US3216744A
InventorsElbogen James S, Millar James S
Original AssigneeParker Hannifin Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Fuel nozzle
US 3216744 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov' 9,1965 J. s. ELBoGE-:N ETAL 3,216,744

FUEL NOZZLE Filed Oct. 9, 1961 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 NOV- 9,- 1965 J. s. ELBOGEN ETAL 3,215,744

FUEL NOZZLE 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Oct. 9. 1961 A rw wm m mN Nm uw mw ,v m mm m im ON` NN 0m Om mm m .0W

INVENTORS JAMES S. ELr-socfem @JAMES 5. MILL/ML MHH www, fom, MQW-,0mm

NOV- 9; 1965 J. s, ELBOGEN ETAL 3,215,744

FUEL NO Z ZLE 'Filed Oct. 9. 1961 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 INVENTORS 62 AMES S. ELeoG-EM @Am/uis, MILLNZ @5 ATTORNEYS United States Patent Ofi .Lice

3,216,744 Patented Nov. 1965 3,216,744 FUEL NOZZLE James S. Elbogen, Encino, and .lames S. Millar, Los Angeles, Calif., assignors to Parker-Hannifin Corporation, Cleveland, Ohio, a corporation of @hin Filed Oct. 9, 1961, Ser. No. 143,625 9 Claims. (Cl. 285-16) The invention relates to new and useful improvements in filler nozzles commonly in use in the fueling of storage tanks in airplanes, although adaptable to other tank lillinguses, and it primarily seeks to provide a novel arrangement of a readily mountable and replaceable wear plate means in such nozzle structures. f

Filler nozzles of the character stated are known and are mounted by bringing the fuel outlet end of the nozzle into cooperative relation with the tank inlet and securing means of the bayonet slot type thereon, and turning the nozzle end or a part thereof to effect a secure coupling of the nozzle to the tank inlet. This relative turning of parts, repeated many times, results in considerable wear. While this nozzle and coupler part rubbing and wearing presents little problem in many uses, the nozzles sometimes are in use in sandy locations or places Where abrasive dust accumulations may be encountered, and in such instances the problems of wear are accentuated and part replacements often are diicult and expensive.

Therefore, it is an object of the invention to provide a novel nozzle part arrangement wherein are included wear plate means effective to receive the Wear to which reference has been made and which are subject to convenient replacement at minimum expense.

Another object of the invention is to provide a novel filler nozzlestructure wherein are included an inner sleeve or body subject to being coupled to the tank to be serviced and which carries the wear plate means, and a shell surroundingV and turnable about the sleeve or |body and effective to couple the nozzle to the tank, the shellbeing composed of matching half sections so as to adapt the same for assembly with and removal from the sleeve or body with great facility.

Another object of the invention is to provide in a nozzle of the character stated a thin wear plate means in the form of a split ring subject to being quickly and easily applied to the sleeve or body by twisting apart of the split ends of the ring to receive the. sleeve or body therebetween.

A further object of the invention is to provide a nozzle structure of the character stated wherein the parts are so cooperatively arranged that the split wear plate is engaged by a split ange on the shell and yet the split `of the flange is placed so that it will not pass over and interfere with the wear plate split during turning of the shell in the mounting and dismounting of the nozzle.

A still further object of the invention is to provide a nozzle structure of the character stated wherein a novel key plate arrangement is included, said key plate being spring pressed and displaceable by locking sleeve engagement incidental to the coupler attachment, means being included for holding the key plate against rotative movey'ment relative to the body at all times.

-With the above and other objects in view thatwill hereinafter appear, the nature of the invention will be more Vclearly understood by reference to the following detailed description, the appended claims and the several views illustrated in the accompanying drawings.

In the drawings:

FIGURE 1 is a side elevation illustrating the improved nozzle structure.

FIGURE 2 is a plan view, the off position being shown in full lines and the on position in dot and dash lines.

FIGURE 3 is a vertical cross section taken on the line 3-3 on FIGURE 2.

FIGURE 4 is a part side elevation and part vertical cross section, the section being taken on the line 4-4 on FIGURE 1.

FIGURE 5 is an enlarged fragmentary vertical cross section showing the upper portion of lthe nozzle of FIG- URE 3, the poppet valve being shown in its projected position and the nozzle outlet connected with an adaptor.

FIGURE 6 is a plan view of the wear plate, and FIG- URE 7 an edge view of said plate.

FIGURE 8 is a plan View of the key plate, and FIG- URE 9 an edge view of said plate. A

FIGURE 10 is a fragmentary horizontal sectional view showing the engagement of one of the key plate lugs in one of the receiving recesses.

Referring in detail to the drawings, a tank to which the improved nozzle attachment is connected is shown as provided with a tank housing 5 which is preferably `secured to the bottom wall of the tank. The housing has a liange 7 which may be secured to the tank wall by bolts or other means (not shown), a sealing gasket 8 being interposed for sealing the connection as illustrated in FIGURE 5.

The housing 5 has an inwardly projecting portion 9 having an opening 10 therethrough, and attached to the underside of the portion 9 is an Vannular member 11 having a passage 12 therethrough. The passage 12 is surrounded at its upper extremity by a ared face providing an inclined valve seat 13. The annular member 11 also has a depending sleeve portion 14 carrying readily outwardly projecting bayonet lugs 15 to which the ller nozzle forming the subject ofthe present invention is attachable in a manner to be described hereinafter. The annular member 11 is secured to the housing portion9 by securing means 16, and a vsealing means is interposed at 17.

The passage 12 of the annular member 11 serves as an inlet passage through which fuel may be supplied to the tank, and said pasage is controlled by a valve 1 8 which is spring seated at 19 in a manner well known in the art.

The improved nozzle structure includes an inner housing body or sleeve generally designated 2,0 and 'having provision at 21 for attachment to a delivery line or hose (not shown). The inner sleeve is surrounded by an outer shell which is rotatable thereon and generally designated 22. See FIGURE 3.

The inner sleeve or .body is equipped withbearing 'bosses 23 in which a cross shaft 24 is rockable in the manner clearly illustrated in FIGURES 3 and 4 of the drawings. An actuator crank 25 having a at `abutment portion 26 (FIGURE l) is secured on the outer end of the shaft, and a crank 27 is secured on the shaft Within the sleeve or body 20. The crank 27 is link connected at 28 to a thrust rod 29 on which is mounted 4a valve head 3 0, the same being secured in position asindicated at 31. The valve head 30 is receivable in the cylindrical end portion 32 of the sleeve 20 inwardly of its receiving are 33. The valve 30 carriesl a sealing ring 34 secured thereon `by the cap plate 35, and when the nozzle is mounted in the manner illustrated in FIGURE 5 andthe annular member 11 is slotted at equidistantly spaced points as at 40 for reasons to be described hereinafter.

The valve carrying rod 29 is slide guided as at 41 so that it will partake of movement along the axis of the sleeve 20 in projecting and retracting the valve head 30-35 in the manner previously described.

The inner sleeve or body 20 is provided with an outwardly projecting ange 42 to the surface of which a wear plate 43 is secured in the manner illustrated in FIGURE 5, by equidistantly spaced screws 44. It will be apparent by reference to FIGURES 6 and 7 of the drawings that the wear plate is radially split at 45 and is equipped with angular clearances 46 inwardly of the split. The wear plate preferably is thin and formed of hard anodized aluminum, and by reason of the provision of the radial split 45 and the clearances 46 projecting angularly and inwardly therefrom, it is possible to readily twist Hex the wear plate in mounting `the same about the body or sleeve 20 beneath the outwardly projecting flange 42 thereof.

The screws 44 which secure the wear plate 43 against the underface of the shell flange 42 are provided with upwardly projecting end extensions 47 which are engageable in the downwardly opening slots 40 provided in the sleeve 14 depending from the annular member 11, thereby to hold the sleeve 20 against rotation relative to said annular member when the nozzle structure has been mounted in the manner illustrated in FIGURE 5. The flange 42 is equipped with a plurality of equidistantly spaced pockets 48. It will be apparent by reference to FIGURE that the pockets 48 overlie the wear plate 43, and each pocket carries a compression spring 49, the purpose of which will become apparent as this description progresses.

The outer shell generally designated 22 is composed of matching half sections 50, as best shown in FIGURES 1 to 2. The shell half sections are equipped with half pockets 51 in which to receive angularly disposed handles 52 when the half sections are secured together as indicated at 53; One half section 50 is provided with a radial lug projection disposed to overlie the at portion of the actuator handle 25 when the nozzle has been applied to the tank as indicated in FIGURE 5 but not turned to fully mounted position. The lug 54 is so placed with relation to the handle 25 that it will prevent turning of the handle and projection and opening of the valve means 30-35 until the nozzle structure has been turned to its fully and securely applied position illustrated in FIG- URE 5.

At its top end extremity, the shell 22 comprising the assembled half sections 50 presents an outwardly directed radial annular flange 55 which engages with the undersurface of the wear plate 43 in the manner illustrated in FIGURE 5. A mounting ring 56 is secured at 57 on the flange 55 and projects upwardly therefrom, said ring terminating upwardly in a well rounded outwardly turned portion 58. The ring 56 includes an inwardly directed securing flange portion 59 which is notched at equidistantly spaced points, as at 60, to receive the lugs on the sleeve 14. The ring 56 also is notched or recessed at 61 to receive radially projecting, equidistantly spaced lugs 62 provided on a key plate 63 which overlies the compression springs 49 in the manner illustrated in FIG- URE 5. The key plate is illustrated in detail in FIG- URES 8, 9 and 10 and includes inwardly opening, equidistantly spaced edge notches 64 disposed to receive the upward projections 47 on the wear plate securing screws 44 for at al1 times locking the rotary position of key plate 63 with respect to sleeve 20. It will be apparent that the springs 49 normally project the key plate 63 upwardly so that in the uncoupled condition of the nozzle it will engage under the ring flange 59 with its lugs 62 engaging in the recesses 61 to lock the outer sleeve 22 in its rotary position on sleeve 20. Handle cannot be moved to open the nozzle with outer sleeve 22 in this locked condition while the nozzle is uncoupled from tank housing sleeve 14.

It will be apparent by reference to FIGURE 5 that when the nozzle is to be mounted the valve carrying end thereof is brought into cooperative relation with the tank housing 5 and the upper end extremity of the body or sleeve 20 is inserted into the sleeve 14 depending from the annular member 11, the sealing ring 36 coming into sealing contact with the seating shoulder 39 as shown in FIGURE 5. During this insertion of the upper end extremity of the sleeve 20, the lug projections 15 carried by the depending sleeve 14 will be passed through the receiving notches 6) and the handles 52 will be utilized to turn the shell 22 in the making of the bayonet slot connection well known in the art. In the making of this connection, the key plate 63 will be depressed against the action of the springs 49.

Depressing of key plate 63 removes lugs 62 from recesses 61, thus unlocking outer shell 22 kso that it may be rotated with respect to inner shell 20. Such rotation causes bayonet lugs 15 `to pass under ange 59 out of register with slots 60 whereby the nozzle will be secured to member 11. Rotation of key plate 63 with respect to outer shell 22 continues to be prevented at this time by engagement of pins 47 with notches 64. Rotation of the outer shell 22 upon inner sleeve 20 for coupling the nozzle to the tank housing 5 is limited by engagement of key plate lugs 62 with shoulders 65 before the split line 66 of the shell halves 22, 'which follow the line of projection of the handles as shown in FIG. 2, can pass over the split of the wear plate. Thus at no time during coupling or uncoupling of the nozzle do these split lines cross or pass over each other.

In the particular arrangement shown, principal Wear will be occasioned at the shell flange or shoulder portion 55 because of the fact that hard anodized aluminum is employed in the making of the wear plates 43. When the wear plates become worn they may be removed by removing the shell halves and screws 44 and twisting apart v the free ends of the wear ring. Clearances 46 in the wear A plate facilitate passing the wear plate over flange 42 when twisting the same .for this purpose when mounting or removing the wear plates.

While preferred example disclosures of wear plate and other part arrangement is made herein, it is to be understood that variations in such part structures and arrangements may be made without departing from the scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.

We claim:

1. A filler nozzle structure of the character described comprising a tubular housing body having a delivery end subjected to sealed connection with a fluid receiving means and a receiving end attached to a supply line, a shell surrounding and turnable about said body and having provision for connection with the uid receiving means, handle means on said shell for turning the same in effecting attachment and detachment of the shell and nozzle structure with and from the fluid receiving means, said shell and body having opposing ange means presented for relative rotative movement during attachment and detachment of the nozzle, the shell flange being more closely adjacent the receiving end of the body than the body ange for imparting thrust to the body for moving the same into sealed connection with the fluid receiving means, Va replaceable wear plate between said ange means and in rubbing contact therewith for transmitting said thrust, said wear plate being disposed wholly beneath said body ange means, said wear plate being of a one-piece construction and including means for permitting the application of said wear plate to the position thereof between said ange means and about said body by movement of the wear plate in a generally radially inward direction.

2. A filler nozzle structure of the character described comprising a tubular housing body having a delivery end subject to sealed connection with a fluid receiving means and a receiving end attachable to a supply line, a shell surrounding and turnable about said body and having provision for connection with the `iiuid receiving means, handle means on said shell for turning the same in eiecting attachment and detachment of the shell and nozzle `structure with and from the tluid receiving means, said shell and body having opposing flange means presented for relative rotative movement during attachment and detachment of the nozzle, the shell flange being more closely adjacent the receiving end yof the body than the body ange for imparting thrust to the body for moving the same into sealed connection with the tiuid receiving means, a replaceable wear plate between said ilange means and in rubbing contact therewith for transmitting said thrust, said body having an enlargement spaced from said body flange means and of larger radial dimension than the radially inner portion -of the shell flange means, and said wear plate having a radial split permitting mounting of the wear plate about the body intermediate the body ange means and the enlargement by a twist ilex separation of the wear plate at the split.

3. Nozzle structure as defined in claim 1 wherein said shell is composed of separable half sections readily brought together for assembly about said body with the shell ange means between the body ange means and said enlargement.

4. Nozzle structure as defined in claim 2 wherein said shell is composed of separable sections whereby the shell iiange means may be interposted between the body flange means and the enlargement.

5. Nozzle structure as defined in claim 4 wherein the lines of separation of the shell sections pass through the shell ange means and are placed relative to the wear ring split so that no line of shell separation will pass over and interfere with the wear ring split during turning of the shell incidental to an attachment -or detachment of the nozzle.

6. A iiller nozzle structure of the character described comprising a tubular housing body having a delivery end subject to sealed connection with a uid receiving means and a receiving end attachable to a supply line, a shell surrounding and turnable about said body and having provision for connection with the uid receiving means, handle means on said shell for turning the same in effecting attachment and detachment of the shell and nozzle structure with and from the uid receiving means, said shell and body having opposing flange means presented for relative rotative movement during attachment and detachment of the nozzle, the shell flange being more closely adjacent the receiving end of the body than the body flange for imparting thrust to the body for moving the same into sealed connection with the fluid receiving means, a replaceable wear plate between said flange means and in rubbing contact therewith for transmitting said thrust, and the wear plate is secured to the body flange means by screw means, said screw means being projected for interlocking engagement with the fluid receiving means for holding the body stationary as the shell is turned thereabout.

7. A filler nozzle structure of the character described comprising a tubular housing body having a delivery end subject to sealed connection with a uid receiving means and a receiving end attachable to a supply line, a shell surrounding and turnable about said body and having provision for connection with the uid receiving means, handle means on said shell for turning the same in effecting attachment and detachment of the shell and nozzle structure with and from the uid receiving means, said shell and body having opposing ange means presented for relative rotative movement during attachment and detachment of the nozzle, the shell ange being more closely adjacent the receiving end of the body than the body ange for imparting thrust to the body for moving the same into sealed connection with the uid receiving means, a replaceable wear plate between said flange means and in rubbing contact therewith for transmitting said thrust, and said shell flange meansincludes amounting ring forming a part of the provision for connection with the iiuid receiving means and including an inwardly Adirected securingflange spaced above the body iiange means, an annular keyplate interposed ,between the Ibody tlange means and Athese'curinng ilan'ge and spring pressed toward said securing ange and being displaceable toward the body ange by engagement of the tluid receiving means during attachment of the nozzle, said key plate means having interlocking engagement with said body and said shell when adjacent said securing ange and being freed of said interlocking engagement with said shell when displaced toward the body flange to permit turning of the shell upon said body.

8. A filler nozzle structure of the character described comprising a tubular housing body having a delivery end subject to sealed connection with a fluid receiving means and a receiving end attachable to a supply line, a shell surrounding and turnable about said body and having provision for connection with the uid receiving means, handle means on said shell for turning the same in etecting attachment and detachment of the shell and nozzle structure with and from the iluid receiving means, said shell and body having opposing liange means presented for relative rotative movement during attachment and detachment of the nozzle, the shell flange being more closely adjacent the receiving end of the body than the body ange for imparting thrust to the body for moving the same into sealed connection with the uid receiving means, replaceable wear plate between said flange means and in rubbing contact therewith for transmitting said thrust, and said shell ange means including a mounting ring forming a part of the provision for connection with the iiuid receiving means and including an inwardly directed securing flange spaced above the body flange means, annular key plate means interposed between the body ange means and the securing flange and spring pressed toward the securing ilange and being displaceable toward the body ange by engagement of the iiuid receiving means during attachment of the nozzle, and means for preventing rotary displacement of the key plate means during turning of the shell, said last named means including interengaging lug and recess means carried by the securing ring and the key plate means, the wear plate means being secured to the body flange by screw means, said screw means being projected for interlocking engagement with the iuid receiving means for holding the body stationary as the shell is turned thereabout, and said screw means having interlocking engagement with the key plate means eective to prevent rotative displacement of the key plate means as it is displaced from its contact with the securing ring flange.

9. A filler nozzle `structure of the character described comprising a tubular housing body having a delivery end subject to sealed connection with a iluid receiving means and a receiving end attachable to a supply line, a shell surrounding and turnable about said body and having provision for connection with the fluid receiving means, handle means on said shell for turning the same is effecting attachment and detachment of the shell and nozzle structure with and from the tiuid receiving means, said shell and body having opposing ilange means presented for relative rotative movement during attachment and detachment of the nozzle, the shell ange being more closely adjacent the receiving end of the body than the body flange for imparting thrust to the body for moving the same into sealed connection with the uid receiving means, a replaceable wear plate between said ange means and in rubbing contact therewith for transmitting said thrust, and said wear plate includes angular clearances inwardly of the end portions thereof at said split to facilitate said twist ex separation mounting.

(References on following page) References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,611,567 12/26 Sonen 85-51 2,614,866 10/52 Ulrich 284-18 2,679,407 5/54 Badger 284-18 2,680,030 6/54 Hoelzer 284-18 8 2,737,401 3/56 Lindsay 284-18 2,777,716 1/57 Gray 285-276 3,045,721 7/62 Shepherd et a1. 251-895 XR M. CARY NELSON, Primary Examiner.

WALTER A. SCHEEL, Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1611567 *May 17, 1918Dec 21, 1926Square D CoRotatable bar and bearing and method of mounting same
US2614866 *Aug 10, 1950Oct 21, 1952Ulrich Foundation IncHydraulic coupler valve construction
US2679407 *Aug 10, 1950May 25, 1954Parker Appliance CoNozzle for filling and draining tanks
US2680030 *May 27, 1949Jun 1, 1954Milwaukee Valve CoNozzle
US2737401 *Jan 26, 1953Mar 6, 1956Buckeye Iron & Brass WorksFuel servicing nozzle
US2777716 *Oct 11, 1949Jan 15, 1957Grav Company IncSocket type hose coupler with reciprocating detent
US3045721 *Feb 4, 1960Jul 24, 1962Dover CorpUnder-wing fueling nozzle
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3330299 *Sep 9, 1964Jul 11, 1967Wheaton Brass WorksCoupling valve
US3472482 *Jun 10, 1966Oct 14, 1969Parker Hannifin CorpFueling nozzle
US4036257 *Mar 26, 1975Jul 19, 1977The Boeing CompanyLiquid cargo loading apparatus
US4271865 *May 14, 1979Jun 9, 1981Galloway Robert LDry break coupling valve
US4359066 *Jan 8, 1980Nov 16, 1982Kefco Precision Engineers (Peterlee) Ltd.Pipe coupling
US5405120 *May 7, 1993Apr 11, 1995Whittaker Controls, Inc.Aircraft fueling nozzle
US8302628Oct 19, 2009Nov 6, 2012Delaware Capital Formation, Inc.Handle shaft assemblies for bottom loading couplers
WO2010048134A1 *Oct 20, 2009Apr 29, 2010OPW Engineered SystemsHandle shaft assemblies for bottom loading couplers
Classifications
U.S. Classification285/16, 251/149.9, 251/232, 285/88, 251/89.5, 285/376, 285/38, 285/375
International ClassificationF16K27/07, F16K27/00
Cooperative ClassificationF16K27/07
European ClassificationF16K27/07