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Publication numberUS3217850 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 16, 1965
Filing dateNov 21, 1963
Priority dateNov 21, 1963
Publication numberUS 3217850 A, US 3217850A, US-A-3217850, US3217850 A, US3217850A
InventorsFrechette Leo P, Gaudet Harold D
Original AssigneeRoyal Typewriter Co Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Forward and back spacing mechanism
US 3217850 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

N 1965 L. P. FRECHETTE ETAL 3,217,850

FORWARD AND BACK SPACING MECHANISM Filed Nov. 21, 1963 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Fig-1 6&4. BY M; W$.


FORWARD AND BACK SPACI NG MECHANISM Filed NOV. 21, 1963 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTORS LEO F. FRECHETTE HAROLD D GAUDET ATTORNEYS United States Patent FORWARD AND BAQK SPACHN G MllfllrllANlfilt f Leo l Frechette, West Hartford, and Harold D. Gaudet,

En'field, Conn, assignors, by mesne assignments, to

Royal Typewriter Company, Inc, New York, N.Y., a

corporation of Delaware Filed Nov. 21, M63, Ser. No. 325,308 3 Claims. (Cl. 19782) This invention relates to an action characterized by a single power arm for powering a selected one of a plurality of function mechanisms, as for example the forward space and backspace mechanisms of an electric typewriter or the like; more particularly it relates to a single power arm action operable in response to depression of any of a plurality of function key levers to power function mechanism operating links associated with and se lected by the operated function key lever.

Electric typewriters commonly have separate and distinct power operated systems or actions for actuating conventional function mechanisms such as the function mechanism for forward spacing shown in Patent 2,567,722 the function mechanism that backspaces the carriage such as shown in Patent 2,577,467. Thus, in many instances, there is a multiplicity of parts that lends to complexities in assembly and maintenance and increases the cost of the machine. Also adjustment difficulties are often encountered, particularly in the field where down time of the typewriter is vexatious and costly.

It is accordingly among the objects of the invention to provide an action having a single power arm for powering a selected one of a plurality of function mechanisms that obviates such difliculties in a simple and practical manner. Other objects will be in part apparent and in part pointed out hereinafter.

In the drawing wherein we have shown a preferred embodiment of the invention and wherein similar reference characters refer to similar parts throughout the several views:

FIGURE 1 is a fragmentary side elevation of the action;

FIGURE 2 is an enlarged fragmentary elevation showing the wrapped spring clutch comprising an element of the action;

FIGURE 3 is an isometric view of the clutch control arm;

FIGURE 4 is an enlarged section taken along the line 4-4 of FIGURE 1 showing a lock-out device;

FIGURE 5 is an enlarged fragmentary side elevation of the space bar and back space levers and their relation to the clutch controlling arm;

FIGURE 6 is an enlarged side view of a bell crank comprising part of the action;

FIGURE 7 is a fragmentary isometric view of the action; and

FIGURE 8 is a fragmentary top plan View of the action.

As noted hereinbefore the single power arm is operable to power a selected one of a plurality of function mechanisms. These function mechanisms as described herein are those that effect forward spacing and backspacing movements of a carriage in response to depression of an associated space bar function key lever and a backspace function key lever respectively which are operable to selectively couple associated function mechanism drive links to the single power arm and to initiate the operation of the power arm. More particularly there is provided a space bar function key lever and a backspace function key lever pivotally carried by a cross shaft secured to the machine frame. These levers independently operate a clutch control arm that effects engagement and disengagement of a wrapped spring clutch mounted on a constantly rotating shaft. One end of the clutch is connected to a cam freely mounted on the shaft so that when the clutch is engaged the cam is driven through one revolution. A single power arm which takes the form of a bell crank is operative when driven to power function mechanism drive links. The bell crank is pivotally mounted on the frame adjacent the cam and has a follower arm positioned to engage and be rocked by the cam. The other arm of the bell crank has a pair of slots formed therein, each comprising a lost motion arcuate portion and a straight drive portion. A pair of function mechanism drive links extend through the slots respectively and are respectively connected to drive the function mechanism to effect carriage escapement and to drive the function mechanism to effect backspacing, each of which, as noted in said aforementioned patents, may be of conventional nature. The link ends that extend through the slots normally lie at rest in the arcuate portions thereof. When the space bar, for example, is depressed its lever does two things, namely, it operates the clutch control arm to cause engagement of the clutch and at the same time lifts the appropriate link so that its end lies in the straight driving portion of the slot. Thus as the bell crank is rocked by the cam the space bar link is driven to actuate the escapement. During this operation the end of the back space link merely rides up and down in the lost motion arcuate portion of its slot so that the back spacing mechanism is not affected. The back space portion of the action operates in exactly the same manner. Preferably a lock-out device is provided to preclude depression of the back space lever when the space bar lever is operated and vice versa.

More particularly and with reference to FIGURE 1, a space bar Ill is secured to the outer ends of a pair of levers 11 (only one being shown) rockably mounted on a cross shaft 13 carried by the typewriter frame (not shown). A back space lever 14 having a key 16 is also rockably mounted on cross shaft 13. Lever 11 includes a tail Ila between the ends of which a lug 11b is bent over to underlie a clutch control arm 15 pivotally mounted on cross shaft 13 (see also FIGURE 5). Lever 14 also includes a tail 14a between the ends of which a lug 14b is bent over to underlie clutch control arm 15 at a point spaced from lug 11b. It will now be evident that when space bar It), for example, is depressed its lever tail lug 11b pivots clutch control arm 15 counterclockwise to effect engagement of a clutch as will be described below. Thus the space lever 11 and the back space lever 14 are independently operable to rock a single clutch control arm.

Preferably a lock-out device generally indicated at 17 in FIGURE 4 is provided. This device comprises a leg 17:: having a hip 17b by which the leg pivotally depends from a stud shaft 18 secured to the machine frame. The bottom end of leg 17a has a pair of spaced feet 17d and 17a formed thereon which respectively underlie levers I1 and 14 with leg 17:: lying between the levers. It may now be seen that when lever 11, for example, is depressed it will engage foot 17d and rock cam leg 17a counterclockwise causing foot 17:: to move to the right to a position to lock lever 14 against depression. Simi larly depression of lever 14 locks out lever Ill and accordingly it is impossible to depress one lever while the other is depressed. Also the parts are so proportioned and positioned as to preclude simultaneous depression of both levers which would jam the carriage control mechanisms.

A .power driven constantly rotating shaft 2% is journaled in the machine frame and has a cam 21 freely mounted thereon. Shaft 20 also carries a wrapped spring clutch 22 (FIGURE 2) having a finger 22a connected to cam 21 and having a tail 22b by which engagement and disengagement of the clutch is accomplished. Clutch control arm 15 (FIGURES 1, 2 and 3) has a pair of n JP lugs 15a and 15b formed on its end, these lugs lying in spaced parallel planes to provide a horizontal gap 15c therebetween. When control arm 15 is in rest position (see FIGURE 2) its upper lug 15a is engaged by clutch tail 2212 which prevents the wrapped spring clutch 22 from gripping shaft 20. When control arm is rocked counterclockwise in the manner described above, lug 15a is lifted upwardly away from the clutch tail 22b allowing the clutch tail to slip down through gap 15c and behind lower lug 15b. This permits the wrapped spring clutch to contract in well known manner and grip shaft 20 so that cam 21 is rotated. If the lever 11 or 14 which was depressed to lift control arm 15 is held depressed, clutch tail 22b will engage lower control lug 15b causing the clutch to disengage and thus avoid repeat operation of the cam. If the depressed lever is released in time, the clutch tail will engage upper lug 15a after one revolution. Thus in either case but one revolution of cam 21 is effected.

As shown in FIGURE 1 the power arm comprises a bell crank 24 which is pivotally mounted on a shaft 19 carried by the machine frame. This bell crank includes a cam follower arm 25 adapted to be engaged by cam 21 to be rocked counterclockwise thereby on rotation thereof. The bell crank also includes a drive arm 26 (FIGURE 6) in which a pair of slots 27 and 28 are cut. Slot 27 comprises an arcuate portion 27a and a straight vertical portion 2%. Slot 2% similarly comprises an arcuate portion 28a and a straight vertical portion 28b. Slot 27 receives a pin 2% carried by a link 29 which is connected to a back spacing mechanism (not shown). Slot 28 receives a pin 31a carried by a link 31 which is connected to an escapement mechanism (not shown). When the action is at rest these link pins lie in their respective slots each at a point about where the arcuate slot portion joins the vertical slot portion. The end Me of lever tail 14a, when at rest, lies on the right hand side of bell crank drive arm 26 immediately below a bent over ear 2% of link 29 while the end 110 of lever tail 11a lies on the left hand side of the drive arm immediately below a bent over ear 31b of link 31, the lever tail ends thus being in position to engage the bent over link ears when either of levers 11 or 14 is actuated.

Operati n-Figures 1 and 7 It will now appear that when space bar lid, for example, is depressed, its lever 11 is rocked counterclockwise (FIGURE 1) so that lug 11b on lever tail 11a lifts clutch control arm causing the clutch to engage and drive cam 21 as described above. At the same time that lug 11b lifts arm 15, end 110 of lever tail 11a lifts bent over ear 31b of link 31 into the vertical drive portion 28b of bell crank arm slot 28. As cam 21 rocks bell crank 24 counterclockwise its drive arm by way of vertical slot portion 28b draws link 31 to the left to actuate the escapernent mechanism. At the same time link pin 29a merely rides in arcuate lost motion portion 27a of crank arm slot 27 leaving the back spacing mechanism undistributed. Similarly, depression of backspace lever 14 actuates the backspace mechanism by way of lever tail end 140, slot 27 and link 29 without disturbing the escapement mechanism.

If desired, repeat operation of either the escapement or backspacing mechanism or both can be attained by provision of a so-called double dip mechanism such as shown, for example, in the copending application of Frechette and Slabinski, Serial No. 286,372, filed June 7, 1963.

It will now appear that We have provided an action for controlling forward and backspacing of a typewriter carriage that attains the several objects set forth above in a thoroughly practical and efficient manner.

As other embodiments of the invention are possible and as modifications of the one disclosed may be made, all Without departing from the scope of the invention it is to be understood that the foregoing should be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.

We claim:

1. An action for controlling the forward spacing and backspacing mechanism of an electric typewriter, in combination,

forward spacing and backspacing mechanism actuating links,

a cross shaft,

space bar and backspace levers pivotally mounted on said shaft,

a sec-0nd cross shaft,

a single power arm pivotally mounted on said second shaft operable to drive an actuating link selectively operatively connected thereto,

a power shaft,

a drive cam freely mounted on said power shaft,

clutch means engageable to connect said cam to said power shaft whereby said cam is driven, said power arm being positioned to be engaged and driven by said cam when the latter is driven,

a member operable to effect engagement of said clutch,

and means associated with said space bar and back space levers to selectively connect associated actuating links to said power arm and to operate said member when either the space bar or backspace lever is manipulated.

2. An action for controlling a pair of function mechanisms in an electric typewriter comprising in combination,

a pair of actuating links adapted when individually driven to actuate the corresponding one of said function mechanisms,

a continuously driven power shaft,

2. single power arm operable when coupled to said power shaft to drive an actuating link selectively operatively connected thereto,

a pair of manipulatable function key levers adapted when manipulated to operatively connect a corresponding one of said pair of actuating links to said power arm,

control means operable to couple said power arm with said power shaft,

and means responsive to manipulation of either one of said function key levers for effecting operation of said control means.

3. An action for controlling a pair of function mechanisms in an electric typewriter comprising in combination,

a pair of actuating links adapted when individually driven to actuate a corresponding one of said function mechanisms,

a continuously driven power shaft,

a cam freely mounted on said power shaft,

a wrap spring wound about said shaft and connected to said cam, said spring having a normal interference fit with said shaft,

control means for maintaining said spring disengaged from said shaft and operative to effect engagement of said spring and shaft thereby coupling said shaft and cam,

a single power arm operatively engaging and adapted to be driven by said cam,

a pair of drive slots formed in said power arm one associated with each of said links,

a pair of function key levers adapted when depressed to move a corresponding link into its corresponding power arm drive siot whereby when said arm is powered by said cam said link is actuated,

and means associated with each of said key levers to render said control means operative.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS Mez 197-84 X Hart 197--91 Carlstrorn et a1 19791 X Norton et a1. 197-84 X Schremp et a1 197--17 Toeppen 197--17 Kupper 197-82 Kennedy 19717 Palmer et a1 197-16 Ascol'i et a1. 19717 Templeton et a1 197-17 Palmer 19716 Palmer 19782 ROBERT E. PULFREY, Primary Examiner.

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3338368 *Jul 26, 1965Aug 29, 1967Olivetti & Co SpaFunction operating device for an electric typewriter
US3349886 *Dec 2, 1965Oct 31, 1967Royal Typewriter Co IncMechanism for locking the keyboard of electric typewriters or like machines
US3358805 *Jul 26, 1965Dec 19, 1967Olivetti & Co SpaExpress margin setting device for typewriters
US3432019 *Sep 29, 1966Mar 11, 1969Litton Business Systems IncAutomatically disabled backspace mechanism
US3482671 *Jan 3, 1968Dec 9, 1969Scm CorpBack space mechanism for typewriters and like machines
US3949855 *Jan 6, 1975Apr 13, 1976Litton Business Systems, Inc.Typewriter carriage jam precluding and action jam release mechanisms
US4469461 *Aug 24, 1982Sep 4, 1984Savin CorporationLow profile keyboard actuator
US5143462 *Apr 14, 1989Sep 1, 1992Keyboard Advances, Inc.Ergonomically effective backspacing method
WO1990012693A1 *Apr 10, 1990Nov 1, 1990Klauber Robert DErgonomically effective backspacing method
U.S. Classification400/186, 400/377, 400/187, 400/496, 400/325, 400/666, 400/321, 400/308
International ClassificationB41J25/04, B41J25/00, B41J25/12
Cooperative ClassificationB41J25/04, B41J25/12
European ClassificationB41J25/04, B41J25/12