|Publication number||US3218944 A|
|Publication date||Nov 23, 1965|
|Filing date||Dec 21, 1962|
|Priority date||Dec 21, 1962|
|Publication number||US 3218944 A, US 3218944A, US-A-3218944, US3218944 A, US3218944A|
|Inventors||Larsen Bernard J, Larsen Burnham L|
|Original Assignee||Curbmaster Of America Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (10), Referenced by (4), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
B. L. LARSEN ETAL CURB AND GUTTER MOLDING MACHINE Nov. 23, 1965 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Dec. 21, 1962 INVENTORS Burn[m 1. [47 .5672 BYB rvmrd .Ilmuen ,1 'I'ORNEYS Nov. 23, 1965 B. L. LARSEN ETAL CURB AND GU'I'TER MOLDING MACHINE 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Dec. 21, 1962 R m m S O 5 5 Y Trr E N a a N W R W m 3 M Mm ww Z is V4M e I m United States Patent 3,218,944 CURB AND GUTTER MOLDING MACHINE Burnham L. Larsen and Bernard J. Larsen, Cedar Falls, Iowa, assignors to Curbmaster of America, Inc., Cedar Falls, Iowa, a corporation of Iowa Filed Dec. 21, 1962, Ser. No. 246,484 4 Claims. (Cl. 94-46) This invention relates to an improved machine for building concrete curbs andgutters, and which can be used for widening and other related operations.
. More particularly, the invention pertains to an improved machine designed to completely build curb and gutter, widening and similar constructions in one pass.
Heretofore, a problem has existed in such operations in that air entrained in the top material has been locked in during the finishing procedure, in the form of bubbles, so that the resultant surface was not as long-lasting as would otherwise be the case. The present invention overcomes this problem by means of a screed construction utilizing front and rear pan portions such as to define an opening therebetween which affords release of the entrained air, thereby permitting a better finish on the concrete.
Further in accordance with the invention, a stainless steel trowel is provided at the rear of the machine for producing a final finish in cooperation with the novel screed construction described.
Another advantage of the invention resides in the facility with which widening operations can be obtained, since previously it had been necessary to replace power shafts for widening purposes. The present invention utilizes a clip joint power shaft construction wherein a square shaft on one side of the machine interfits within a square on the other side, the shafts thus fitting inside each other to transmit power from one side of the machine to the other. Accordingly, the need for utilizing a longer shaft for widening, with the previous shafts having joints connected together, has been eliminated.
It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide a finishing and shaping apparatus as described which is unusually effective in forming a good finish on concrete or other material.
Another object of the invention is to provide a machine as described which can be utilized in varying widths with minimal difficulty.
Another object of the invention is to provide a full length curb mule or finishing structure which can be changed in minutes.
Another object is to provide a gutter pan which may be used on various cross-sections.
Another object of the invention is to provide a rubber wheel traction for the machine wherein the wheels have steel flanges removable for traveling on adjacent slabs.
Another object of the invention is to provide a vibratory front screed for striking off concrete and vibrating it in one operation, to afford one pass production with minimal eflfort required.
Another object of the invention is to provide a machine as described which can be operated by a single operator, and which can be readily loaded and controlled as desired.
Other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent as the description proceeds in accordance with the drawings in which:
FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of a machine according to the present invention;
FIGURE 2 is another perspective view of the machine of the invention; and
FIGURE 3 is a view of a shaft structure for use in the machine of the invention.
Referring now to the drawings, a machine 10 is shown according to the present invention which may be utilized in building curb and gutter in a single pass. The machine includes rubber wheels 11 at front and rear, riding with good traction on forms 12 which provide rails, the wheels having flanges of steel or the like which are removable for traveling on adjacent slabs. Guards 13 are secured in support portions 14 which journal the wheels. The machine 10 is characterized by a strong tubular construction mounting the supports 14 and which enables the machine to be extended for any curb width or for any width widening, with or without curb. Thus the frame includes a pair of tubular, longitudinally extending frame members 15 and 16 slidable in rear tubular members 17 and 18 for adjustment by bolts 19. It will be seen that the tubular member 15 is extended beyond the tubular member 16 in the form shown so that the head portion of the device can support an electric vibrating screed 20 which strikes off concrete and vibrates it in one operation. A vibrator 21 is secured to the screed 20 for this purpose, the screed 20 having a channel-shaped or U-shaped construction with beveled ends and receiving the vibrator 21 therein. The rear tubular members 17 and 18 likewise are connected to the supports 14 as shown. Interconnecting the longitudinal members thus described is a transverse frame construction including outer tubular members 22 and 23 telescopically receiving an inner tubular member 24 to be secured by bolts 25, or the like.
Behind the vibrating screed 20 is a molding form or mule 26 which is supplied cement from a hopper 27.
Thus the mule 26 is mounted on a screed structure 26a according to the invention and as hereinafter described, the mule being a full length :curb structure which can be' changed in minutes as a result of its simple mounting and placement.
In accordance with the invention, the drive arrangement for the machine 10 includes rear and forward cross power shafts 28 and 29. The rear shaft supports a raised rear wheel suitably driven by a chain (not shown) and a chain 30 is driven by the rear shaft 28 to drive the lower rear wheel 11, suitable sprockets being provided for the chains.
The cross shaft 29 at the front end of the machine supports the front wheel 11 shown in FIGURE 2 and drives a chain 31 to drive the opposite front wheel 11. The rear and forward cross shafts 28 and 29 are driven by suitable chains (not shown) powered by an electric motor 32 which affords smooth and even power. The
. construction thus provided is such that the machine 10 The motor 32 receives electrical power from a motor-.
generator shown generally at 35, mounted on the rear of the machine and which also provides electrical energy for vibrating the screed 20 and for operating a vibrator 36 for the cement hopper 27.
Also mounted on the cross shaft 29 is a winch drum 37 which normally may idle on the shaft but which can be shifted over a dog (not shown) so that the drum will be driven. The drum can carry a cable which may be secured to an anchor at the top of an incline, for steep inclines wherein the wheels might slip on the tracks, but it is again noted that the rubber construction of the wheels afford a high degree of traction. The cable is normally wound so as to be taken off the drum from the bottom and a guide rod 38 is provided to keep the cable at a desired elevation. The rod has side flanges 39 and 40 and is removably mounted on the ends of the frame tubes 15 and 16 by sleeves 41 and 42.
In accordance with the invention, and as shown in FIGURE 3, the shafts 28 and 29 include sections 43 and 44 with the sections 43 having reduced square portions 45 telescoping in a square bore 46 of the sections 44 to be adjustably engaged by a set screw (not shown) threaded into a radial bore 47 perpendicular to one of the sides of the square bore 46. Whereas previously it has been necessary to replace shafts in widening, the present invention, wherein a square shaft on one side fits into a square bore on the other side, affords a clip joint power shaft which obviates this requirement, the interfitting shafts transmitting power from one side of the machine to the other. This represents a marked saving in time for adjustment as well as in the elimination of the need for variously dimensioned replacement shafts as previously necessary.
The vibrating screed 20 is supported by attachment brackets 48 and 49 on vertical rods 50 and 51 which can be raised to lift the screed. A sleeve 52 is slid over the outwardly extending tubular member 15 and locked thereon; and for supporting and lifting the screed, a plate 53 is secured to the sleeve 52 and has a guide housing 54 for the rod 50. correspondingly, supports 55 and 56 are mounted on sleeves 57 and 58 on the tubes 15 and 16 and carry a plate 59 mounting a housing 60 for the rod 51. It will be appreciated that the width of the structures 55, 56 and 59 may be variable. The operating height of the screed 20 is controlled by height adjusting nuts or the like 61 and 62 turned on the rods 50 and 60, which are threaded at their upper ends. The nuts 61 and 62 press against the upper ends of the guide housings and associated structure.
For raising the screed 20, the upper ends of the rods 50 and 60 are secured to bearing sleeves such as 63 journaled on the ends of a lift shaft 64. The lift shaft 64 has lift cams 65 and 66 at its ends and when the shaft is turned, by an arm 67, the cams 65 and 66 will bear down on the plates 53 and 59 and thereby lift the screed to a non-operating or other position, as desired.
The screed 20 has a shaped end 68 to conform to the shape of the curb to be formed. Rubber mounting elements may be provided in the screed support means to reduce vibration to the machine, and the screed strikes off concrete and vibrates it in one operation, the excess gutter concrete being moved into the curb mule.
The screed structure 26a on which the curb mule is releasably mounted provides a particular advantage in affording an improved finish for air-entrained concrete. To this end, it comprises two pan sections 69 and 70 which are longitudinally separated by a space or opening 71 of sufficient dimension to release bubbles entrained on the top surface, which otherwise would be locked in. The front screed 69 thus gives an initial finish and the rear screed 70 gives substantially a final finish. The screeds 69 and 70 may have side flanges 72 and 72a and front and rear flanges of substantial height, 73, 74 an 7 T y may be mounted on the machine by suitable vertical supports such as indicated at 77, 78 and 7 9 or the like.
Further in accordance with the invention, a stainless steel trowel 80 is mounted at the rear of the machine which is effective to provide a final finish. This structure may be connected to the machine, as to the supports 14 at the rear thereof, by turn buckle shafts 81 affording adjustment of the inclination of the trowel.
It will thus be seen that I have provided a machine which is exceptionally efficient and effective in affording a better finish than has been available previously, and is readily adjustable as to width to this end.
Although I have herein set forth and described my invention with respect to certain specific principles and details thereof, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that these may be varied without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as set forth in the hereunto appended claims.
We claim as our invention:
1. A slab and curb finishing machine comprising an elongated frame having a curb side and a slab side opposite said curb side and having wheels for riding on forms for concrete or the like, a finishing pan structure for forming and finishing a slab mounted on and extending transversely across said frame and comprising a forward finishing pan portion and a rear finishing pan portion spaced longitudinally from said forward finishing pan portion a substantial distance such as to permit release of air entrained in concrete finished thereby, a continuous curb mold for forming and finishing a curb along one side of the slab mounted on said machine and extending longitudinally along one side of said finishing pan structure, and an angled screed mounted on the front of the frame and inclined backwardly toward said curb mold.
2. A curb and gutter molding machine comprising in combination:
a main frame having front and rear supports on a curb side and front and rear supports on a gutter side with supporting wheels adapted to ride on side concrete form rails,
a horizontal vibratory screed mounted on the frame and extending laterally across the front of the machine at a predetermined angle with the end on the gutter side of the machine ahead of the trailing end on the curb side of the machine so that excess gutter concrete is moved toward the curb side as the machine advances,
said screed having a lower horizontal planar leveling surface with the curb end having a raised shaped downwardly concave recess,
a curb molding form having a downwardly facing concave surface and shaped to conform to and mounted in the recess in the curb end of said screed for formin g and smoothing a concrete curb,
protruding frame portions mounted on said frame supporting the screed in its predetermined angled position relative to the longitudinal axis of the machine and accommodating vibration thereof, said screed having vertically adjustable means mounting it on said frame portions, said means being longitudinally positionable on the frame portions Without changlng said predetermined angle of said screed, a vibratory drive means and vibrator attached to the screed,
and pan means mounted on the frame on the gutter side of the machine having a lower horizontal surface extending rearwardly from the molding form for providing a finishing operation on the gutter behind the horizontal surface of the screed.
3. curb and gutter machine as claimed in claim 2 wherein said pan means comprises a first pan and a second pan secured at their inner edges to the curb form and being free of attachment to each other so that a space is formed therebetween.
4. A curb and gutter machine as claimed in claim 3;
wherein said pan means includes first and second adjustment means between the main frame and said first and second pans for independent vertical adjustment of the pans.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 3/1928 Valerio 9/ 1936 McCrery 94-45 CHARLES E. OCONNELL, Primary Examiner.
2 09 699 10 1937 Shaw 94 45 1 JACOB L. NACKENOFF, Examiner.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1662257 *||Mar 16, 1927||Mar 13, 1928||Francesco Valerio||Adjustable widening attachment for concrete-road finishers|
|US2054263 *||Dec 22, 1933||Sep 15, 1936||Blaw Knox Co||Pavement finishing machine|
|US2096699 *||Dec 1, 1934||Oct 19, 1937||Cabot Godfrey L Inc||Building concrete roadways|
|US2185645 *||Mar 21, 1938||Jan 2, 1940||Jaeger Machine Co||Road-building apparatus|
|US2187080 *||Nov 21, 1935||Jan 16, 1940||Heltzel John N||Road building machine|
|US2203529 *||May 5, 1938||Jun 4, 1940||Blaw Knox Co||Striping machine|
|US2226466 *||Nov 19, 1937||Dec 24, 1940||William Heltzel Joseph||Concrete deaerating and dehydrating machine|
|US2244297 *||Nov 9, 1936||Jun 3, 1941||Heltzel John N||Vacuum screed|
|US2297978 *||Mar 26, 1940||Oct 6, 1942||Oswald Bros||Means for forming curbs|
|US2881683 *||Nov 26, 1954||Apr 14, 1959||Konway Robert J||Curb and pavement finishing machine|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3864858 *||Jun 8, 1973||Feb 11, 1975||Kerbit Pty Ltd||Pavement, curb and gutter concrete laying machine|
|US4077732 *||Jan 11, 1977||Mar 7, 1978||Inno-Cept Corporation||Insertion of compressible sheets in concrete|
|US4789266 *||Nov 27, 1987||Dec 6, 1988||Power Curbers, Inc.||Self-propelled construction apparatus|
|US5165819 *||Aug 14, 1991||Nov 24, 1992||Bowman Harold M||Manhole cover support with flange borne on its own base|
|U.S. Classification||404/98, 404/114|
|International Classification||E01C19/00, E01C19/48|