|Publication number||US3223274 A|
|Publication date||Dec 14, 1965|
|Filing date||Nov 26, 1962|
|Priority date||Nov 26, 1962|
|Publication number||US 3223274 A, US 3223274A, US-A-3223274, US3223274 A, US3223274A|
|Original Assignee||Mifalei Matehet Negev Ltd|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (6), Classifications (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Dec. 14, 1965 D. TOLNAI GOLLAPSIBLE CONTAINER Filed Nov. 26, 1962 INVENTOR. DRMEL TOL/VAI W QZW W0 1 United States Patent 3,223,274 COLLAPSIBLE (IONTAINER Daniel Tolnai, Beersheva, israel, assignor of one-half to Mifalei Matehet Negev Ltd, Beersheva, Israel, a limited liability company of Israel Filed Nov. 26, 1%2, Ser. No. 239,918 4 Claims. (Cl. 2207) This invention relates to the transport of poultry and fowl, hereinafter called poultry, or other articles, and in particular to collapsible containers for such transport.
It is the object of the invention to provide a container or cage which in the erected position may be used for the transport of poultry or other articles, and which may be easily collapsed to take up a minimum space which fact reduces the return transport costs considerably.
The invention provides a container which may be collapsed and erected in a very simple and quick manner. It comprises an upper horizontal wall serving as the top wall when the container is in its erect position, and a pair of opposed vertical side walls each pivotably mounted at its upper and lower end to the upper and lower ends of the container, respectively. Each of the pair of side walls is divided into two sections. Means are provided hinging the two sections together permitting them to fold along a horizontal longitudinal line. Further, the container includes a pair of opposed vertical end walls each pivotably mounted at its upper end to the upper portion of the container and free at its lower end. The container further includes a lower horizontal wall. Means are provided for mounting the lower horizontal wall so that it is supported in position spaced below the upper horizontal wall and in engagement with the side and end walls when the container is erect, but is unsupported when the container is inverted. The lastmentioned mounting means permit the pivoting of the side and end walls so that only the lower horizontal wall, when positioned as mentioned above, locks the side and end walls against collapse. Inverting the container causes the lower horizontal wall to drop on top of the upper horizontal wall by gravity, and thereby automatically frees the side and end walls to collapse thereon also by gravity. Thus, inverting the container frees all the walls for collapse, dropping the container in the inverted position being normally sufficient to effect the collapse.
To erect the container, it is only necessary to restore it to its normal position and to pull up on the top wall until the side and end walls are locked in position by the lower horizontal wall. All this will be more fully explained below.
In the preferred embodiment of the invention as described, there is further included a bottom wall, the lower horizontal wall mentioned above constituting an intermediate wall between the top and the bottom walls.
Various mounting means may be used for supporting the intermediate wall. In one described embodiment, the intermediate wall rests on abutments, and in another described embodiment it is suspended by means of chains.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the corners of the bottom and top frame are reinforced by pyramid shaped cap-like reinforcements in which the hinged connections for the walls are disposed.
In the accompanying drawings one embodiment of the invention is illustrated, together with a modification thereof by way of example only.
FIG. 1 shows in a perspective view the cage according to the invention in the erected state.
FIGS. 2-4 show in schematical perspective views the cage in three different stages of its being collapsed.
FIG. shows a modification of the cage in a fractional view.
Referring to the drawings, the container or cage according to the invention is shown in FIG. 1 in the erected state and comprises a top frame 1 made of angle irons to which frame the top wall 2 of wire netting or the like material is fixedly attached. The corners of frame 1 are reinforced by pyramid shaped cap-like metal reinforcements 3 which have a downwardly extending section 3. The bottom frame 4 of the cage is constructed in the same way as the top frame 1 and has the bottom wall 5 of Wire netting fixedly attached to it, metal reinforcements 6 having an upwardly extending section 6 being provided at the corners. To the top frame 1 a pair of walls, namely the end walls 7 and 8 are, hingedly attached at 9. Another pair of walls, namely the front and rear side walls, 10 and 11, respectively, of the cage, are each composed of two substantially equal sections hinged to one another at the ends of their horizontal longitudinal median lines 10, 11, both sections 10 each having an opening 10a to be covered by a door (not shown) for the insertion and removal of the poultry into or from the cage as known per se. The height of the side walls 10, 11, respectively, is substantially equal to or less than the width of the cage, i.e. the Width of the top and bottom frames.
Each section of the side walls 10, 11, respectively, is reinforced along its vertical edges by an angle iron 10b, 1111, respectively. The side walls 10, 11, are hingedly attached at the ends of their bottom edges at 6a to upstanding extensions 6' of reinforcements 6 of the bottom frame 4 and at the ends of their top edges 3a to the ex tensions 3' of reinforcements 3 of the top frame 1, the hinged connections 6a, 3a being spaced slightly from the bottom 5 and top 2, respectively, for a purpose which will become clear hereinafter. Internal abutments in the form of narrow short ledges 10c, are provided at the angle iron reinforcements 10b, 11b at the top of the lower sections 10, 11, respectively. A lower horizontal or intermediate. wall 12 sits loosely on said abutments, constituting the mounting elements for the wall, and thus divides the cage into an upper and a lower chamber. Hooks 13 and cooperating studs 14 are attached on two opposite sides of frame 1, the book 13 turning about a pivot and thus being adapted to engage, or be disengaged from, the stud 14.
A modification of the manner in which the intermediate wall 12 is supported, is shown in FIG. 5. Here the said wall 12 is suspended from the mounting elements consisting of four chains 15 (one of which is seen in the fractional view of FIG. 5). Each chain is fixed at 16 to the top wall 2 at the corners thereof.
In order to collapse the cage, it is turned upside-down (FIG. 2) which causes the intermediate wall 12 to droponto top wall 2. Thereafter end walls 7 and 8 .are folded inwardly. Now walls 10 and 11 (FIG. 3) are folded around hinges 10', 11', respectively and, simultaneously, around hinged connections 6a, 3a so that the bottom frame 4 is lowered onto top frame 1. Owing to the connections 6a, 3a being spaced slightly from the bottom and top frames, respectively, space is provided for the intermediate floor and the end walls to lie fiat and to permit the sections of the side walls likewise to lie substantially flat. After the entire cage has been collapsed as described, the hooks 13, if included, are turned (FIG. 4) to engage the stud 14 and thus constitute secure means to hold the collapsed cage together.
It is thus seen that the means for mounting intermediate wall 12, whether they be the abutments 10c and 11c of FIG. 1 or the chains 15 of FIG. 5, do not interfere with the pivoting of the side and end walls, and that only the intermediate wall 12 locks these walls against pivoting, and collapse. This lock against collapse is automatically removed by merely inverting the container,
which causes the intermediate wall to drop on top of the top wall S'by gravity. The side and end walls are thus free to collapse, and usually their collapse is automatically started when the container is inverted and the intermediate wall is dropped on top of the top wall. That is to say that when this occurs, there is usually enough sideways shaking or movement of the container and the pivot points of the side and end walls to start their collapse, and once it starts, it continues by gravity automatically. In those relatively rare instances where merely dropping the container is insufiicient to start the collapse, a gentle sideways kick of the container would normally be sufiicient.
Thus, the container normally automatically collapses by its own weight upon merely dropping it in the inverted position.
The collapsed container may also be erected in a very simple manner. All that is necessary is to turn over the collapsed inverted container to its original position and to pull up on the top wall 5. This causes the side end and end walls 10, 11 and 7, 8, respectively, to pivot open, and also the intermediate wall 12 to move into position where it locks the side and end walls when they assume their fully erect positons.
1. An easily collapsible and erectable container having an upper and a lower end, comprising: an upper horizontal wall serving as the top wall of the container when the container is in its erect position; a pair of opposed vertical side walls each having an upper and a lower end; each of said side walls being pivotably mounted at its upper and lower ends to the upper and lower ends of the container, respectively; each of said pair of side walls being divided into two sections; means hinging the two sections together permitting them to fold along a horizontal longitudinal line; a pair of opposed vertical end Walls each having an upper and a lower end; each of said end walls being pivotally mounted at its upper end to the upper end of the container and free at its lower end; a lower horizontal wall; and means for mounting said lower horizontal wall; said latter means consisting of mounting elements which mount the lower horizontal wall so that it is supported in position spaced below the upper horizontal wall and in engagement with the side and end walls when the container is erect but is unsupported when the container is inverted, and which permit the pivoting of the side and end walls so that only said lower horizontal wall when so positioned locks said side and end walls against collapse, whereby merely inverting the container causes the lower horizontal wall to drop on top of the upper horizontal wall by gravity, and thereby frees the side and end walls to collapse thereon also by gravity, the container being erectable by merely re-inverting it and pulling up on the top wall until the lower horizontal wall locks the side and end walls in position.
2. A container as defined in claim 1, further including a bottom wall, said lower horizontal wall constituting an intermediate wall between said top and bottom walls.
3. A container as defined in claim 1, wherein said lower horizontal wall mounting means consists of abutments upon which said lower horizontal wall rests while the container is erect.
4. A container as defined in claim 1, wherein said lower horizontal wall mounting means consists of chains suspending said lower horizontal wall while the container is erect.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 562,031 6/ 1896 Rosenberger 21747 627,535 6/1899 Schichtl 11919 X 894,765 7/ 1908 Weeks 1199 1,111,407 9/1914 Schluembach 2l7 15 2,759,622 8/1956 Simmons et a1. 1l919 X FOREIGN PATENTS 484,699 10/ 1929 Germany.
ANTONIO F. GUIDA, Acting Primary Examiner.
ARNOLD RUEGG, T. GRAHAM CRAVER,
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US562031 *||Jun 16, 1896||Folding poultry-crate|
|US627535 *||Dec 19, 1898||Jun 27, 1899||Joseph Schichtl||Folding stock or poultry rack.|
|US894765 *||Oct 21, 1907||Jul 28, 1908||Charles Weeks||Combined trap-nest and poultry-coop.|
|US1111407 *||Jul 8, 1912||Sep 22, 1914||Adolph Von Schluembach||Folding crate or box.|
|US2759622 *||Mar 9, 1953||Aug 21, 1956||Hunter Farrow Equipment Inc||Animal cage|
|DE484699C *||Apr 12, 1929||Oct 18, 1929||Clarence Arnold Fell||Korb zum Transportieren von lebenden Voegeln o. dgl.|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3525451 *||Apr 8, 1968||Aug 25, 1970||Algenthia Ag Ges Fur Entwicklu||Container|
|US4214669 *||Jan 15, 1979||Jul 29, 1980||Mcquiston William W||Cargo container|
|US4235345 *||Jul 27, 1979||Nov 25, 1980||Cole Edward J||Foldable packaging case|
|US4684034 *||Jan 10, 1985||Aug 4, 1987||Nisso Sangyo Co., Ltd.||Folding container|
|US8998011 *||Jul 9, 2014||Apr 7, 2015||IP Power Holding Limited||Collapsible rack|
|US20150014265 *||Jul 9, 2014||Jan 15, 2015||Ip Power Holdings Limited||Collapsible rack|