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Publication numberUS3223278 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 14, 1965
Filing dateJan 24, 1963
Priority dateJan 24, 1963
Publication numberUS 3223278 A, US 3223278A, US-A-3223278, US3223278 A, US3223278A
InventorsAllen Richard C
Original AssigneeContinental Can Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Snap ring closure seal for plastic containers
US 3223278 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 14, 1965 R. c. ALLEN SNAP RING CLOSURE SEAL FOR PLASTIC CONTAINERS Filed Jan. 24, 1963 INVENTOR EIcHABD CHLLEH United States Patent 3,223,278 SNAP RING CLOSURE SEAL FOR PLASTIC CONTAINERS Richard C. Allen, Glen Ellyn, 11L, assignor to Continental Can Company, Inc., New York, N.Y., a corporation of New York Filed Jan. 24, 1963, Ser. No. 253,570 1 Claim. (Cl. 22060) This invention relates to a novel snap ring closure of the type particularly adapted for sealing large mouth containers to provide an air tight seal between a closure and the container when the container is being transported to a customer or in storage.

An object of this invention is to provide a novel snap ring closure for sealing large mouth containers, the snap ring closure having a depending skirt spaced from a coaxial annular wall, the space between the skirt and the annular wall corresponding generally to the thickness of a container neck which is adapted to be inserted into the space, the skirt having a peripheral locking lug directed radially toward the annular wall for snap sealing engagement with a peripheral locking slot in an external wall of the container neck, and a locking ring overlying the skirt where-between the skirt and the annnluar wall of the closure is securely sealed therein with the annnular wall providing internal support against the tendency of the locking ring to deform the skirt and the container neck radially inwardly.

A further object of this invention is the provision of a novel snap ring closure of the type having an end wall, a skirt depending peripherally from the end wall, the skirt being provided with an inwardly directed peripheral locking lug opposed and spaced from a depending annular wall and a locking ring overlying the depending skirt, and in addition, to provide the annular wall with a plurality of circumferentially spaced radial reinforcing ribs to provide additional internal support against the tendency of the locking ring to deform the skirt and the container neck radially inwardly.

Still another object of this invention is to provide a novel snap ring closure of the type immediately above described wherein the annular wall has an axial length at least equal to the distance between the peripheral locking lug and the end wall of the closure whereby the annular wall overlies and is spaced from the peripheral locking lug along the entire circumferential extent thereof.

A further object of this invention is the provision of a novel snap ring closure of the type particularly adapted for sealing large mouth containers having an upstanding neck including a peripheral locking slot in an external wail of the container neck, the snap ring closure including a recessed closure end wall terminating in an integral upwardly directed annular wall, the annular wall being joined to a depending skirt, the skirt having a peripheral locking lug directed radially toward the annular wall and a locking ring overlying the annular wall and the depending skirt, the junction between the recessed end wall and the annular wall being substantially radially adjacent the peripheral locking lug of the skirt thereby providing maximum internal support against the tendency of the locking ring to deform the skirt and the container neck radially inwardly.

With the above, and other objects in view that will hereinafter appear, the nature of the invention will be more clearly understood by reference to the following detailed description, the appended claim and the several views illustrated in the accompanying drawings.

in the drawings:

FIGURE 1 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view of of a snap ring closure constructed in accordance with this 3,223,273 Patented Dec. 14, 1965 invention, and illustrates a closure having a recessed end wall and a depending peripheral skirt snap sealed upon the neck of a large mouth container, and a locking ring retaining the closure upon the neck of the container.

FIGURE 2 is a fragmentary vertical sectional View of another snap ring closure constructed in accordance with this invention, and shows a closure having a depending peripheral skirt and a coaxial annular wall sealingly seated upon a neck of a container and lockingly retained thereon by a locking ring overlying a peripheral portion of the closure.

FIGURE 3 is a fragmentary transverse sectional view taken along line 33 of FIGURE 2, and shows a plurality of radial reinforcing ribs of the closure.

Referring to the drawing in detail, FIGURE 1 illustrates a container or bottle 3 having an integral upstanding neck 4 forming a large open mouth 5. The container 3 is particularly adapted for holding paint, but may also be used with other liquids. The container 3 is preferably constructed from a durable plastic material, such as polyethylene, or may be readily fabricated from metal.

The neck 4 of the container 3 includes a peripheral wall 6 having an inner peripheral surface 7 and an outer peripheral surface 8. A peripheral locking slot 10 is formed in the outer peripheral surface 8 of the container neck 4. The peripheral locking slot 10 is semi-circular in transverse section and is substantially one-third the depth of the thickness of the wall 6 between the peripheral surfaces 7 and 8 thereof.

A snap ring closure 11 includes a closure 12 and a locking ring 13. The closure 12 is preferably constructed from plastic material while the locking ring 13 is preferably made from an integral piece of metal. However, the closure 12 may also be constructed from a resilient piece of metal.

The closure 12 includes a recessed end Wall 14 received within the wide mouth 5 of the container or bottle 3. The recessed end wall 14 of the closure 12 terminates in an upwardly directed annular wall 15 having an inner peripheral surface 16 in intimate engagement with the inner peripheral surface 7 of the neck 4. The annular wall 15 of the closure 12 is joined to and spaced from a depending peripheral skirt 17 by a peripheral connecting portion 18.

The depending skirt 17 includes an inn-er peripheral surface 20 in intimate engagement with the outer peripheral surface 8 of the neck 4, and an outer peripheral surface 21. The depending skirt 17 terminates in a rounded peripheral edge 22. The depending skirt 17 has an integral peripheral locking lug 23 directed radially inwardly toward the annular wall 15 of the closure 12. The peripheral locking lug 23 is semi-circular in transverse section and complements the semicircular transverse section of the peripheral locking slot 10 in the wall 6 of the neck 4. The peripheral locking lug 23 is substantially radially adjacent the junction between the recessed end wall 14 and the annular wall 15 of the closure 12 for a purpose to he described fully hereafter.

The locking ring 13 is preferably constructed from metal and includes an inner peripheral wall 24, a pcripheral end wall 25 and an integral depending peripheral outer wall 26. A free peripheral edge 27 of the periph eral inner wall 24 is flared slightly radially inwardly, while a free peripheral edge 28 of the outer peripheral wall 26 is flared slightly radially outwardly. The flared peripheral edges 27 and 28 of the locking ring 13 permit the locking ring 13 to be easily secured to the closure 12 and rapidly removed therefrom.

The locking ring 13 is preferably of the type which may be replaced on the closure 12 to reclose the container 3 after the closure 12 has at least once been removed. However, the locking ring 13 may be of the type which when once removed from the closure 12 cannot be reapplied thereto.

Irrespective of the type of locking ring 13 employed, it is important to note that the locking ring 13 is applied to the closure 12 to assure that the peripheral locking lug 23 remains in sealing engagement with the peripheral locking slot 18 of the neck 4. The locking ring 13 is press forced in place upon the closure 12 in the position shown in FIGURE 1. As the locking ring 13 is press forced upon the closure 12, the annular wall 15 and the recessed end wall 14 of the closure 12 provide internal support against the tendency of the locking ring 13 to radially deform the depending skirt 17 and the upstanding wall 6 of the neck 4. That is, as the locking ring 13 is forced upon the closure 12, in the absence of some portion of the closure 12 in the mouth of the neck 4, the neck 4 and the skirt 17 would deform radially inwardly from the forces applied during the insertion of the locking ring 13 upon the closure 12. However, the presence of the annular wall 15 and the end wall 14 within the open mouth 5 of the container or bottle 3 precludes radial inward deformation of the depending skirt 17 and the neck 4. Because no radial deformation can occur, the seal between the peripheral locking lug 23 and the peripheral locking slot is maintained air tight.

Another snap ring closure constructed in accordance with this invention is illustrated in FIGURE 2 of the drawings and is generally designated by the reference numeral 31. The snap ring closure 31 includes a closure 32 and a locking ring 33.

The closure 32 includes an end Wall 34 having an annular wall 35 depending downwardly therefrom into the mouth 5 of the neck 4. An inner peripheral surface 36 of the annular wall 35 intimately engages the inner peripheral surface 7 of the upstanding wall 6 of the neck 4. The annular wall 35 terminates in a peripheral edge 37. An integral peripheral connecting portion 38 of the end wall 34 joins and spaces a peripheral depending skirt 39 to the annular wall 35.' The peripheral skirt 39 includes an inner peripheral surface 40 in intimate engagement with the outer peripheral surface 8 of the container neck 4. An outer peripheral surface 41 of the depending skirt 39 terminates at a lowermost portion thereof in a rounded peripheral edge portion 42. An integral peripheral locking lug 43 is formed in the depending skirt 39, and is radially inwardly directed toward the depending annular wall 35. The peripheral locking lug 43 is of a semi-circular transverse section and is in complementary engagement with the peripheral locking slot 10 in the neck 4 of the container 3.

The locking ring 33 is preferably constructed of metal and overlies the outer peripheral surface 41 of the depending skirt 39. The locking ring 33 has an inwardly directed flange 44 overlying an uppermost portion of the closure 32 and an integral depending peripheral side wall 45 in intimate engagement with the depending skirt 39 of the closure 32. The peripheral side wall 45 of the locking ring 33 terminates in an outwardly flared peripheral edge portion 36 which enables the locking ring 33 to be more easily inserted upon and removed from the closure 32.

The depending annular wall 35 of the closure 32 provides internal support against radially directed forces of the locking ring 35 tending to deform the depending skirt 35 and the container neck 4, in a manner similar to that heretofore discussed with reference to FIGURE 1. However, a distinction between the internal support afforded by the depending annular wall 35 of FIGURE 2 and the annular wall of FIGURE 1 should be apparent from a brief comparison of the respective figures. For example, the depending annular wall 35 is not supported internally of the container mouth 5 by the end wall 34 as is the annular wall 15 of the closure 12.

To provide additional internal support against the force of the locking ring 33, the closure 32 is provided with a plurality of integral circumferentially spaced radially extending reinforcing ribs 30 which are best shown in FIGURE 3. The reinforcing ribs 3% are integrally joined at the axis of the closure 32 to assure non-deformation of the depending skirt 39 and the upstanding wall 6 of the container 3 against radially inwardly directed forces created by the insertion of the locking ring 35 upon the closure 32. Thus, effective sealing between the peripheral locking lug 43 and the peripheral locking slot 10 is provided.

While specific embodiments of snap ring closures have been disclosed herein, it is to be understood that various modifications of the above-mentioned structures may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of this invention as defined in the appended claim.

Iclaim:

The combination of a wide mouth plastic container having an upstanding neck provided with a peripheral locking slot in an external portion thereof, said locking slot defining a peripherally weakened area of said neck having a thickness less than the thickness of the major portion of said neck, a removable snap ring closure secured upon said neck, said snap ring closure including a plastic closure having a depending peripheral skirt and an integral coaxial annular wall spaced from said peripheral skirt, said neck being sealingly received in the space between said skirt and said annular wall, said skirt including an integral peripheral radially inwardly directed locking lug received in sealing engagement in the peripheral locking slot of the container neck, the annular wall terminating internally of the neck in a planar end panel lying in a plane common to a plane through the locking slot and locking lug, said peripheral skirt terminating in a terminal edge axially spaced from both said peripheral locking lug and the end panel, a bight portion integrally joining the annular wall to the peripheral skirt, said peripheral skirt, bight portion and annular wall defining a generally inverted U-shaped portion of the plastic closure, a removable locking ring press forced upon said closure tending to deform the skirt and the neck of the container radially inwardly at the peripherally weakened area of the neck, said locking ring being formed of metallic material and being of a generally inverted U-shaped configuration in transverse section, and leg and bight portions of said locking ring overlyingly engaging the respective peripheral skirt, annular wall, and bight portion of said closure.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,746,807 2/ 1930 Westerbeck 220--60 2,303,733 12/ 1942 Freeman. 2,644,978 7/ 1953 Becker. 2,669,369 2/1954 Towns 215--9S 2,787,397 4/1957 Radford 2151.5 2,893,456 7/1959 Wallace -5 2,990,998 7/1961 Barclay 150-5 FOREIGN PATENTS 1,098,217 3/1955 France. 1,175,373 11/1958 France.

431,372 7/1935 Great Britain.

725,882 3/ 1955 Great Britain.

510,691 1/1955 Italy.

THERON E. CONDON, Primary Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1746807 *Jul 2, 1926Feb 11, 1930Frederick WesterbeckCan
US2303733 *Nov 12, 1941Dec 1, 1942Simon Freeman WilliamStopper for bottles and like containers
US2644978 *Jun 9, 1950Jul 14, 1953United Carr Fastener CorpClosure member for tube ends
US2669369 *Nov 2, 1949Feb 16, 1954Bryant W GriffinBottle cap
US2787397 *Jul 16, 1953Apr 2, 1957Walter A RadfordSelf-sealing pressurized reinforced plastics container
US2893436 *Oct 12, 1954Jul 7, 1959Ephraim H RodenHorizontal corrugated paper tube and method of making the same
US2990998 *Oct 30, 1958Jul 4, 1961Dairypak Butler IncContainer structure
FR1098217A * Title not available
FR1175373A * Title not available
GB431372A * Title not available
GB725882A * Title not available
IT510691B * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3342316 *Mar 23, 1966Sep 19, 1967Standard Change Makers IncCarrying case
US3380621 *Feb 9, 1967Apr 30, 1968Eastman Kodak CoHermetically sealed container
US3604740 *Feb 4, 1969Sep 14, 1971Rieke CorpContainer closure combination
US3696962 *Dec 10, 1970Oct 10, 1972Leer U K Ltd VanLiquid sealed container
US3815777 *Feb 3, 1972Jun 11, 1974Vulcan Plastics IncReusable plastic closure with ring seal
US3913774 *Mar 12, 1973Oct 21, 1975Vajtay LeslieEnd caps for containers
US3995396 *Nov 17, 1975Dec 7, 1976Applied Research Commodities Industries, Inc.Inflatable terrarium assembly with replaceable domes
US4166553 *Jun 7, 1977Sep 4, 1979Fraterrigo Salvatore GDisposable dispensing-proportioning container for semi-fluid pasty products in general, and cosmetics products in particular
US4214797 *Mar 20, 1978Jul 29, 1980A/S ModulexCase structure
US4290346 *Apr 30, 1979Sep 22, 1981Abbott LaboratoriesIntravenous pump chamber
US4741453 *Jun 22, 1987May 3, 1988International Precision Components CorporationContainer and closure with fastening means
US4805798 *Apr 29, 1988Feb 21, 1989International Precision Components CorporationContainer and closure having fastening means
US5097977 *Feb 27, 1991Mar 24, 1992Roy StraubClosure assembly for container
US5125530 *Sep 9, 1991Jun 30, 1992Packaging Accessories CorporationClosure assembly for container
US6964348Oct 23, 2002Nov 15, 2005Kw PlasticsPlastic paint can
US8720736 *Aug 1, 2005May 13, 2014Helen Jane BolandStorage box
US8783485Nov 17, 2008Jul 22, 2014Clariant Production (France) S.A.S.Container
US8800809Oct 7, 2008Aug 12, 2014Clariant Production (France) S.A.S.Canister for desiccants and other material
US20100140279 *Feb 15, 2010Jun 10, 2010Sea To Summit Pty., Ltd.Collapsible Container
US20130140306 *Aug 16, 2011Jun 6, 2013Abzac Canada Inc.Recyclable composite container
EP0226380A2 *Dec 2, 1986Jun 24, 1987Poltec-Tecnolgia De Transformacao De Polimeros, LdaSealing system for containers
WO2009047243A1Oct 7, 2008Apr 16, 2009Airsec SasCanister for desiccants and other material
WO2014053793A1 *Oct 7, 2013Apr 10, 2014QualipacMethod for assembling a packaging device
Classifications
U.S. Classification220/320
International ClassificationB65D43/02, B65D55/02, B65D55/08, B65D45/32, B65D45/00
Cooperative ClassificationB65D2543/00092, B65D2543/0062, B65D2543/00296, B65D45/322, B65D2543/00537, B65D55/0872, B65D2543/00796, B65D2543/00555, B65D2543/00407, B65D2543/0074, B65D2543/00685, B65D2543/00509, B65D43/0212, B65D2543/00518
European ClassificationB65D43/02S3E, B65D45/32A, B65D55/08D