US 322388 A
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(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 1` HS. LORD.
WATER GL'OSBT SUPPLY VALVE.
No. 322,388 PatentedJuly 14, 1885.`
lf//(wl/l 2 lSheets--Sheet 2.
WATER GLOSET SUPPLY VALVE.
(N o Model.)
No. 322g388. Patented July 14, 1885.
- Nirre TQFAFFS BESTIAVAiLAFL `cdc/)PifV i l PATFNT OFFICE.
nnffnr e, Lone, oF HARTFORD, CGNNECTICUT.
remcf'rrol'femmg pm 'er Lener :meer No. 322,388. dazed .my 14, 188s.
Appia@ non met February s, 1885. i no man.)
To all whom i may; carac/,Erm-
-Be it known that l, Hennig Lone, of Hartford, inthe county of Hertferd end State of Connecticut, here invent/ed a 'rien' Improvement in Waterlleect Snppiyfelves; and ido hereby declare the following, 'when teken in connection with accompanying drawings and the letters'of refer-enne merke-d 'thereon9 to-he a full, clear7 and exact description ofthe same, and which said drawings constitute part of this specification, end represent, in i Figure 17 e longitudinal section of the cylinder, showing outside View ot the velve shell creasing; Fig. 2, a longitudinal central sect-ion through the-valvecaeing, showing the inlets ond outletsFig. 3, n side View ofthe etirmp on the 'valve-rod M g Fig. 9i, sectional View -showing modification adapting the valve to automatiooperationa.
- Thin invention relates to an ilnprovemeiitn' valve arrangement fer the supply of witter to wash-basins, closets, Sac., :and is an improvement on theinvent-ion ina-de hy ine,':tnd for which l iiledapplicfi-tion for Lettere Patent, Serial No. 140,807.
The obje-et of that invention was en apparatus whereby only a certain quantity of water would be permitted to throiwh the inne-et Withoutsonie personel attendance.
lefore proceeding to define my present in volition, l will briefly deeerihe the opper-etais ne set forth in my ssi-id previene npgilication.
A represente the cylinder--ite ende closed hy heads B C. .in the heed il is.; :in openings (t, and in the head C e epening' Around each of the openinge c and e nding into the cylinder is zt tnlfnler provi .,lon, respectively7 d e. f
D is,v a, piston, fitted to more freely in the cylinder from end to end. Centrally on one side ofthepiston is a, ensiiionjgf, of any tierihle or elaetie material. Qn. the reverse eide sind in the center is e' like cushion, g. These cushions stand in line with the tubular extensions d ein the respective lbende el' the cylinder. Around the respective Acushions is :i tnhnlar projection, h, the internal diameter of which is larger than tlre'ternel dia-meter of izl'ie tiibnlnr extensions c, and also somewhat shorter than the said extensions d c.
rit some convenient point neer (he cylinder avalve is. arranged, represented in Fig. 1 as at E. This vaivenes lu'oviilcd with a fourwey plug. A pipe, G, lends to the valve from one end of the cjtliinler, und from the opposite ende like pipe, Il, leeds to the other side of the valve, the valve being provided with :in inlet end outlet i'or the imv' of Waiter. By turning the plug in one. direction the inlet opens to one end of the cylinder and the oui.-
let opens from tire other. and so that water Sewing into 'one end will drive' the pieton toward the opposite end. Arriving at that end the pieton will seat upon the projection 1i and close the outlet, the cylinder then being full upon the reverse side ofthe cylinder. Trning the valve in the opposite direction the inflow will be changed in itsilirection to the reverse side of the cylinder and turn the outlet from' the side which iyas before the inlet and so that the piston wiilfretnin toward the opposite end of the cylinder and force tnennter ont through, any, the pipe H, and, so continuing', the piston works first to one end and then to the opposite end, according as the plug is turned.
zypresent invention relates specially to the onstrnctionof the vnl-ve by which the flow is mede te and from the cylinder; and it consists' cglinder n like pipe leads to the opposite end of the vnlvecasii g.
F is the inlet and l the outlet, here repreeented as opposite each other and at rightanglee to the axis of the casing. I
Through the valve-chamber two parallel rods', L M, are errengml inguides within the shell, as shown, and so as to be upported in their parallel position, hut permitted longitrb dinal increment. The two rods are connected by a. ber7 N, se that a. movement ot' one will be imparted tothe other.
vWithin the mein `relvez-chamber is an auxiliar'y inletchnmber, l eonstructed with :in openinegz', :it one end and Z :it 'the opposite end. The inlet F openedircetly into this chomcorresponding outlot-Yalro is tcl-(mud.
chamber on the. rod a double-ended valve, ll,`is
fixed, so that, setting at one end 0l' the cham her, it closes the one opening, I, as seen in Fio 2, 0r, moved to the opposituend, it u lloses that i oponing,t`, as indicated in hrolten lines, Fig;
BEST AVAILABLE copy through the valve-seat m to discharge. Thef iirmly seated and until it shall he turned from its seat hy the movement of the arm T, as hethe casingoi'the valve, the said (fh-.unhor oponf ing at, l for disifharge.
structed with'a 'valve-seat, m, at oneI end, und a like. valve-seat, li, at. the opposite und. loth the volvo-seats m n `are oi' uonienl shape, opening outward from thuehamher S. The valve rod M r inseentrall through these valve-openings and tho chamber S, and carries a valve, r, corresponding' to the valve-Seat 1n, and a like, valve,t,correspoiuling to the seat. n, each vulve adapted to close its respective opening when sety therein.
The relative arrangement ot't'hey vulves R and t r/is such (an` seen in Fig. 2) that when the. inlet- Yalve clones the opening l at one end ofthe inlet-chamlnzi` P the. valve t. ntv thel same end ot' tho outlotz-haniherstands open, and in this i valve R will at, oncethrow the Valve-,to ils oppoonditiou the"\ful\e-seat i is opened and the. In the, outlet-chamber a Iereror arm, T, is arranged upon a Shaft, U. through thoshell, is]u' \'iile l with a handle,\\', by which thel shufitmay he turned.
The. said shaft, extendingr The valve-rod 3l iu tho chamber S is con- E struc-tud with astirrup. 2, into which ine. arm Textends. llnmpeningA in thestirrnp is oon- Sider-ably longer than the. width oi the arm, as
i. Space on the reverse side, ot' theI arm permits seen in Fig:
To illustrate the operation of the. valve, suppose. thel parts to stand as secu in Fig. 2- that. is, the iiilet-\'al\'o closing the seat I, lea\'- ing a free passage, through tho sont i.
saint: time the valve. r closes thoseut in. Water now ilowing through the. inletli, thence.'
through the seat. i, passes dirmztly to'iln pipe. ll Il, thence to the 'oyliudor A at the right hand oi" the piston l), :nul under tho pressure ofthe closed, and the opposite outlot-w'ulve neat, m, i
will he opened. The. inflow now will be turned to the left, and the wuter, passing through the valve-seat l, will flow through the pipe G to the loft hand oi` the pieton. Applying the pressure oi' the.
-water the piston will movetoward theopposite.
wziior thereto will t'oroe the pistou to travel towurd the opposite, end, it, being permit-tod No to do, as tho water upon the opposite. side. oi' the.
piston is non' per,4
lnitted to pass out through the pipo. Il, lhoinco. g'
fore described. v
In order that theA valves may not he forcihlv held all in an opencoinlition, and thc-rohr permit u continuons low of water withoutrou'arll to .the eyiindor A, thel stirrnp L is nonstrueiod with its openings of greater length than'the, width of the arm T, and so thut the. arm 'l is only used to start the valves in their movement, the movement being oompletel'l by the ilow ol' the water.
'l`o illustrate: Suppose the parts lQtand in thepositionseeninFignfB. ThcarmTihturned, as indicated in hrolcon linen, until it come# against` sn \',the right-inruil end of' thev Stirlup. The turningY of tho arm, continuing, will start the valves to ther-ight, and after thm nro so started the reaction produced hy the intimiot` water oominlt,r upon tho reverse sido o! tho site seat, cnrr \'ing with it the oul.let\:ii\` s, the one away from and the other toits seat. This throw or moven'nnt of the valve is permitted independent oi' the arm T, heouusn oi" thc freedom which the stirrup has about the arm, as, when the Valves uro Sosial-tml, tinarni-is only hearing upon the istirrup toward the desired movement ol` the, valve, und no soon as that, movement; is started the npr-.n
the'valfc to be thrown by the action ot' tlm water, so that; the arm annothold the valve-f` ut any intermediate point between their opor: and closed condition, which it. might do were the connection between the rod and tht nrni made close. The, result oi' this tuition ol' the valvon is to at once place the vulves on thc one :side wide open and closed upon this op posit@ side, or vieu versa, an intermodiute or partly-ripeti position hein;r iiuposxihle.
The operation ot the vz'liemny oe made automat.io--that is, muy he priinluceil h5.' iinl pist0n-us, i'or illustration, suppose a lever` Il, hungat one end ol" theoylinder, and z: likolorer, -1-, attho opposite eud,one armot'eaoh lever tended through, its respective end oi the, cylinder and 'so tht theralvc as ity approachcs tho end ot' tl'i'o' oglg'linder muy strike that arm :and tluirehlu-tl'irn thelevrfr, tho otlni anni oi' tho lever having n.iiexteli,sion into the vulve-Shell so as to hear against ono, und ot' one nl" the. valve-rods, say L,as seen iirig, lient-fe, :u: the piston approaches oneondp th. wives will he reversed to throw tho llow to thni ond and open the outliow from thegopposiln end. Thr-rr' must., however, he the sumo freedom of' toe. vulves between the action of the respeoiiw arms ol` lhe levers, :is shlfwn, so thaiu nimo ment ot thev valves will he. lQiniplj.' ntai'wl hy SOG chamber P, the double'ended -valve R, ar-
.independent of the levers.
'that a movement imparted to the one will be the levers, but completed by the ilow of Water in the two chambers being in parallel planes, the valve-rod L, extending through the inletranged on said valve-red L, adapted to close either of said seats i l, the valve-rod M, extending through the outlet chamber S, carrying valves r t, corresponding, respectively, to the valvevscats 'm n in the outlet-chamber and adapted to alternately close their respective seats, the said two valverods connected se imparted to the other, and whereby the flow of" water to and from thc cylinder may be alternately clnniged to 'or from the opposite sides of' the piston, substantially as described.
The combination of' the cylinder A, han v ing nn opening, n., at one end 'and b at the l opposite end, the piston l), arranged in said l cylinder. free to travel from end4 to end, the4 valve-shellE, tubes or pipes connecting the respective ends of the cylinder with the cor- BEST AVAILABLE COPY responding ends of the saidshell, the said valve-shell constructed with an inlet-chamber, P, having valve seats i of the said chamber, and also constructed with the outlet-cliamber S, having valve-seats m n at the opposite ends of that chamber, 'the valveseats in the two chambers being in parallel planes, the valve-rod L, extending through the inlet-chamber P, the double-ended valve R, arranged on said valve-rod L,
adapted to close either of said seats i l, the
extending through the outletvalve-rod M, chamber S, carrying valves a: t, correspond ing, respectively, to the valve-seatsmnin the outlet-chamber4 and adapted to alternately close their respective seats, the said tyvo valve-rods connected so. that a movement imparted to the one will he imparted to the other, the valve-rod M constructed with a stirrup, 2, a shaft, U, carrying the arm T, the said arm extending into the vsaid stirrup, the opening in the stirrup being greater than the width of the arm, the said shaft adapted to be turned to th row the said valves toward and from their respective seats, substantially as described.
HENRY S. LORD.
Witnesses z JOHN C. Armor, i-lnNnr E. lIAsrING.
-l at the opposite ends