US 3226901 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Jan. 4, 1966 s. c. HARTER 3,226,901
' BUILDING SIDING STRUCTURE Filed Oct. 123, 1961 I 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 20m 22 rw INVENTOR. F I I SAMUEL CHESTER HARTER BY W4 M ATTORNEY Jan. 4, 1966 s. c. HARTER 3,226,901
BUILDING SIDING STRUCTURE Filed Oct. 13, 1961 s Sheets- Sheet 2 FIG. 2 FIG. 3
SAMUEL CHESTER HARTER BY ma 7% ATTORNEY Jan. 4, 1966 s. C. HARTER 3,226,901
BUILDING SIDING STRUCTURE Filed oct. 13. 1961 s Sheets-Sheet s FIG. 7
5 AM U E L CHESTER HARTER BY W- a 2% AT TORN E Y States Patent 3,226,901 BUILDING SIDING STRUCTURE Samuel Chester Harter, Mentone, Ind. Panel-Craft, Inc., Plymouth, Ind.) Filed Oct. 13, I961, Ser. Nan-144,892 "2 Claims. (Cl. 52-520) The present invention relates to a building structure and more particularly to a siding or wall structure for buildings. a
Conventional metal siding is usually applied to the "sheeting of the external wall of a building by driving nailsat spaced intervals through the siding along a nailing strip into the sheeting. This method, though widely used, has a number of inherent disadvantages in that the metal siding is often dented by the nail or hammer, and the siding strip or sheet is often distorted by being made to conform to uneven sheet surfaces. While holes may .be.provided for receiving the nails and thus minimize the amount of distortion from the nail piercing the metal,
Ithese holes frequently do not occur at the place along or ,on the sheeting best suited for receiving the nails. Further,holding the strips ofsheeting in place while starting and. driving the nails is often difficult and time consuming, and sometimes results in poor joints and irregularities. between the sheets or strips. tthe principal objects of the present invention to provide .a siding strip and fixture combination which can be easily secured to irregular surfaces without the sheet or strip .being distorted, and whichcan readily be secured to a supporting structure having irregularly spaced supporting It is therefore one of members.
Another object of the invention is to provide a fixture for applying siding to a wall structure which can easily be attached to the siding by merely snapping it onto an edge of the strip, either in the. plant before shipment or on the construction site, and which can thereafter be readily shifted along the siding edge to the required position for attachment to the supporting structure.
Still another object of the present invention is to provide a flexible fixture or hanger for metal siding for buildings, which allows the siding to be mounted on warped or uneven walls without causing the siding panel to follow the contour of the 'wall, and which is not damaged by stray blows of the hammer during the mounting of the siding panel. on the wall surface.
Afurther object is to provide a fixture of the above type which slides along the length of the panel, and which allows the worker applying the paneling to slide the panel along its length to the proper position after it is secured in place by the fixtures of the panel beneath it, and both before and after its own fixtures are nailed to the wall.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a lock-up type fixture for siding paneling which will fit several different designs of metal siding panels, and which may be readily applied to the paneling at the building site without special tools or other apparatus.
Another object of the invention is to provide a fixture or hanger for siding which is not damaged by weathering or aging, and which is simple, easily manufactured and applied, and readily replaced without special tools.
Additional objects and advantages of the invention will become clear from the following description and accompanying drawings, wherein:
FIGURE 1 is a fragmentary front elevational view of the side of a building with siding panels being supported thereon by the present fixture;
FIGURE 2 is an enlarged fragmentary front elevational view of portions of two siding panels with a fixture supporting one of them shown in broken lines;
FIGURE 3 is a vertical cross section taken on line 3-3 of FIGURE 2;
FIGURE 4 is a front elevational view of the present fixture;
FIGURE 5 is a side elevational view of the fixture;
FIGURE 6 is a bottom view of the fixture; and
FIGURE 7 is a rear elevational view of the fixture.
Referring more specifically to the drawings, and to FIGURES 1 and 3 in particular, 10 designates a portion of a lower siding panel supported by a fixture 12 on wall 14, the fixture being held to wall 14 by a nail 16 or by other suitable means. An upper siding panel 18 is supported in interlocked relation by fixture 12 andcarries fixtures 20 and 22 in preparation forattachment to the wall. The details in construction of siding panels 10 and 18 are best shown in FIGURES 1 and 3, and consist of an upper inverted U-shaped portion 24 formed by the upper edge of the panel and a downwardly extending marginal edge 26 joined to the upper edge of the panel by a curved portion 28. The lower edge of margin 26 is rolled to form a bead 30 extending the full length of the panel. It is noted from FIGURE 3 that margin 26 is spaced from the edge portion 24 to form a groove 29 for receiving the lower edge of the panel thereabove. The lower portion of the panel or strip consists of a bottom 32 having an upturned inner edge 34 extending upwardly into groove 29. In order to form a tight joint between the structure defining groove 29 and upturned portion 34,
the portion preferably contains a curved area 36 near the edge thereof extending the full length of the panel. The siding structure shown in these drawings is one of several possible forms that may be used with the present fixture, the-fixture requiring only slight modification to be utilized with other siding panels in common use.
Referring specifically to the fixture shown in detail in FIGURES 4 through 7; the fixture consists of a generally rectangularly shaped body portion 40 having a hole 42 through the center portion thereof, and a downwardly extending clip 44 having a generally hook-like configuration for snapping beneath flange 26 around bead 30. The clip consists of two downwardly extending arms 50 and 52 connected adjacent their lower ends by a cross bar 54, the lower end of each arm and the cross bar being turned upwardly to form the hook-like portion. The upper portion of clip 44 contains a downwardly extending projection 56 and a curved inner portion 58,, following generally the contour of the curved portion 28 at the upper edge of the panel siding. Projection 56 extends downwardly over the rear side of the panel to the end in conjunction with the upturned edge of anms 50 and 52, and cross member 54 forms a clamp for embracing the upper marginal edge of the panel.
While any suitable material may be used in producing the present fixture, it is preferably formed of flexible but relatively rigid material, such as nylon, so that it can be distorted or flexed, both during the assembling operation in which the fixture is secured to margin 26 and during the installing operation in. which body 40 is secured to the wall sheeting or other supporting structure. The body around hole 42 is preferably reinforced by an annular ring 60 to eliminate any possibility of the fixture tearing or fracturing during installation.
The fixture fits suificiently snugly onto margin or flange 26 so that it can be assembled on the panel in the plant and will remain in assembled position throughout the shipping and handling preparatory to the installation operation. Arms 5%) and 52, while relatively rigid, will flex sufficiently to permit the lower end thereof and cross member 54 to snap beneath flange 26 and projection 56 behind the upper edge of the panel as best illustrated in FIGURE 3. In order to facilitate a snug fit between clip portion 44- and flange 26, two ribs 62 and 64 are formed on the inner surface of the two arms, as shown in FIGURES 5 and 7,
and are adapted to engage the upper edge of flange 26 and the outer surface of head 30.
One of the particular advantages of the present clip is the ease With which the panel can be installed on the supporting structure without any distortion of the panel and without any difliculty in retaining the panel in place while it is being installed. As previously mentioned, the fixtures are preferably assembled on a strip of paneling before it is shipped from the plant, the panel preferably containing from two to possibly six clips spaced along the upper margin thereof, depending upon the length of the panel. When the panel is to be installed, the clips are slid longitudinally along flange 26 to the desired location, and the panel is then placed in proper interlocking position with the panel therebelow and one fixture then securely nailed in place. The remaining fixtures are then slid to the desired positions as determined by the members of the supporting structure and thereafter securely nailed. If in the event the sheeting or other supporting structure is uneven or otherwise misaligned, the flexible fixture wil-l flex or distort sufiiciently to permit firm nailing thereof without causing any corresponding distortion in the paneling.
While only one specific form of the present fixture has been described in detail herein, various changes may be made to suit requirements. For example, a clip portion consisting of one solid downwardly extending member may be used in place of the two separate arms, and the hook portion may be modified to adapt it to various types of paneling structure. Likewise, the body portion 40 may be of other shapes and difierent lengths if desired.
1. In combination with a siding panel having along one edge a flange forming an inwardly facing groove on the front side of the panel and having a bead at its inner edge and along the opposite edge a flange on the rear side o the panel with a longitudinal rib thereon for seating into said groove and forming a joint with the adjacent panel: a fixture of nylon for securing a panel to a supporting structure, comprising a clip embracing said first mentioned flange and having two spaced parallel arms with inwardly curved ends, a cross bar connecting said curved ends, projections on the inner side of said arms engaging the first mentioned flange, a body portion integrally joined to said clip extending beyond the respective edge of the panel and having a hole therein for receiving a nail, and a member extending from said body inwardly toward the ends of said arms embracing the respective edge of the panel on the side thereof opposite said clip.
2. In combination with a panel having along one edge a flange forming an inwardly facing groove on the front side of the panel and along the opposite edge a flange on the rear side of the panel for seating into said groove and forming a joint with the adjacent panel: a fixture of nylon for securing a panel to a supporting structure, comprising a clip engaging said first mentioned flange and having two spaced parallel arms with inwardly curved ends, a cross bar connecting said curved ends, projections on the inner side of said arms engaging the first mentioned flange, a body portion integrally joined to said clip extending beyond the respective edge of the panel, and a member extending from said body inwardly toward the ends of said arms embracing the respective edge of the panel on the side thereof opposite said clip.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,039,401 9/1912 Hoffman 50229 1,504,802 8/1924 Wolf 24230.5 1,582,442 4/1926 White 813.46 2,126,676 8/1938 Thomas 50-245 X 2,320,003 5/1943 Madan. 2,513,256 6/1950 Sonnen'burg 24-2305 2,646,705 7/1953 Belpedio 81-3.46 2,740,166 4/1956 Siering 50-242 X 2,754,582 7/1956 Klok 813.46 2,766,861 10/1956 Abramson 50245 X 2,820,535 1/1958 Hutchinson 502l8 2,896,271 7/1959 Kloote et al. 50268 X FOREIGN PATENTS 16,190 1893 Great Britain.
EARL J. W ITMER, Primary Examiner.
WILLIAM I. MUSHAKE, Examiner.