US 3228378 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Jan. 11, 1966 A. ROHRMULLERY COMBINATION MANICURE DEVICE AND WRITING INSTRUMENT Filed July 6, 1964 United States atent 3,228,378 COMBINATION MANICURE DEVICE AND WRlTING INSTRUMENT August Rohrmuller, 198-40 32nd Ave., Bayside, N.Y. Filed July 6, 1964, Ser. No. 380,565 4 Claims. (Cl. 120-1) This invention relates to a combination manicure device and writing instrument and has specific relation to a combination fingernail file and writing member, such as a ball point pen cartridge or the like, contained within a housing constructed and arranged for convenient manipulation of the file and the writing instrument and adapted to be conveniently carried on the person.
In accordance with the invention there is provided an elongated housing formed in two principal sections that are in axial alignment and are joined in a manner which prevents them from moving longitudinally relative to each other but permits relative rotation about their common axis. Within this housing is mounted the fingernail file and the writing instrument and the housing is provided with a clip device for retention in a shirt pocket or similar place on the person. The assembly is of simple and therefore of economic construction with the housing preferably eing made of a suitable plastic and with the file and the Writing instrument being normally fully retracted into the housing when not in use but movable from their retracted position through relative rotation of the two housing sections. The arrangement is such that only one of these devices may be moved from its retracted to its operative position at a time and the writing instrument is spring biased to its retracted position and is moved to its operative position by means of the file, with the file engaging and thus moving the Writing instrument only after the file has been retracted fully into the housing. The file is spring mounted within the housing and is actuated through manipulation of this spring with the spring being helical and coaxial of the housing and secured to the housing section opposite to that within which the file is retained. With this arrangement the spring is rotated about the axis of the housing incident to relative rotation between the two housing sections. Rotation of the spring causes the file to move axially of the housing to and from its extreme positions. This spring mounting for the file prevents the use of the file as a weapon and also prevents serious injury or accident from use of the file in that when excessive force is applied to the file when it is extended from the housing the spring will be compressed and the file sheathed by being pushed into the housing.
Accordingly it is an object of the present invention to provide an improved combination manicure device and writing instrument.
It is a further object of the invention to provide such an improved combination which is of extremely simple and economic construction.
A still further object of the invention is to provide such an improved combination which is particularly adapted to be conveniently carried on the person with the file being spring mounted and with the writing instrument being moved from its retracted to its extended position through manipulation of the file.
Other and further objects of the invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art as the description proceeds.
With the aforementioned objects in view, the invention comprises an arrangement, construction and combination of the elements of the inventive organization in such a manner as to attain the results desired as hereinafter more particularly set forth in the following detailed description of an illustrative embodiment, said embodiment being shown by the accompanying drawings wherein:
FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of the novel combination or assembly of the invention;
FIGURE 2 is a longitudinal sectional view of the organization of FIGURE 1;
FIGURE 3 is a sectional view similar to that of FIG- URE 2 but taken degrees from the illustration of FIG- URE 2 with this FIGURE 3 showing as taken generally along line 3-3 of FIGURE 2, and;
FIGURE 4 is a transverse sectional view taken generally along line 44 of FIGURE 3.
Referring now to the drawings, wherein like reference characters are used throughout to designate like elements, the illustrative and preferred embodiment of the invention depicted therein comprises an elongated generally cylindrical housing 16 that is formed of two principal sections or portions 12 and 14 that are in axial alignment as disclosed. The housing portion 12 is provided with threads 16 at one end while the other or outer end is tapered as indicated at 18. Immediately inward of the threads or threaded region 16 there is provided on housing portion 12 an annular recess 20 from which extends a relatively short slot 22 and fitted within this recess and slot is the collar and shank respectively of clip 24 by means of which the combination file and writing instrument assembly may be clipped onto the shirt pocket or other desired location of the user or carrier.
There is provided within the housing portion 12, the cylindrical recess 26 which extends throughout this housing portion as viewed in FIG. 2, to a location adjacent the tapered end 18. At this end the slot 28 is formed which extends the length of the tapered end from the terminus of recess 26 to the end of the housing. This slot as viewed in FIGURES 2 and 3 has a width that is substantially greater than its thickness, with the width being shown in FIG. 3 while the thickness is shown in FIG. 2. This slot is adapted to snugly but slidably receive the file portion of the assembly so that it may move longitudinally of the housing portion 12 but may not rotate relative to the housing.
Received within the recess 26 of the housing portion 12 is the actuating spring 29 which is secured at one end to the housing portion 14, with this housing portion 14 having a reduced shank 36) received within the spring and fixedly secured to the spring. Housing portion 14 is provided with a radially outwardly extending flange 32 which seats against the end of the housing portion 12 as shown in FIGURES 2 and 3, and the two housing portions are retained in their proper relationship as thus illustrated by means of the collar 34 which is provided with threads matching the threads 16 and is thus threaded onto the end of the housing portion 12. The inner region of this collar 34 retains the clip 24 in its proper position within recess 20 and the outer region of the collar 34 is provided with an inwardly directed lip that engages the flange 32 and holds it against the end of the housing portion 12. The two housing portions 12 and 14 are thus prevented from moving axially with relation to each other but are permitted to rotate relative to each other about their common axis and since spring 29 is secured to the housing portion 14 this spring rotates with this housing portion but is prevented from moving axially with relation thereto.
Also mounted in the housing portion 12 is the file member 36 which is pointed and scored as shown and is provided with a partially relieved shank 38 for reception within the spring. This shank portion has laterally extending ears 40 that are received in the spring in such a manner that rotation of the spring moves the file axially of the housing, with the file, by means of these ears being prevented from having any substantially axial movement with relation to the spring other than by means of rotation of the spring. The file 36 is received in the slot 28 in such a manner that rotation of the file relative to the housing is prevented while it is permitted to move or slide freely in and out of the housing section 12. The file 36 is dimensioned so that when the pointed end of the file is within the housing portion 12 but is adjacent the outer end of slot 28 the other end of the file is spaced well from the inner extremity of housing section 14, i.e., the shank 30. Thus from this initial position where the file is fully retracted into the housing section 12 the file may be moved further inwardly into this housing section. It is this further inward movement that is utilized to manipulate the writing instrument or device contained within housing section 14.
As illustratively disclosed in the preferred embodiment this writing instrument is in the form of a ball point pen cartridge 42 disposed within the recess or passageway in the housing section 14. As is conventional the ballpoint cartridge includes spring 44 disposed about the cartridge tube with one end of the spring bearing against washer 46 which in turn bears against the enlarged section 48 of the cartridge tube. As illustratively disclosed the pen cartridge extends through the shank 30 of housing portion 14 and into the housing portion 12. Spring 44 is effective to bias this pen cartridge to the position shown in FIGURE 2 and the cartridge is moved from this fully retracted position within the housing of the combination manicure device and writing instrument to an operative position where the extremity of the pen cartridge extends from the right end of housing portion 14 through rotation of the housing portions 12 and 14 relative to each other to move the file 36 to the right from the position shown in FIGURE 2. The inner end of the file thus engages the inner end of the pen cartridge and moves the pen cartridge against the bias of spring 44 from its retracted to its operative position.
Housing portion 14 is made of two pieces to facilitate replacement of the pen cartridge and inward movement of the pen cartridge is limited by shoulder 49 when engaged by the enlarged section 48.
Thus with the organization of the present invention both the file and the pen cartridge are simultaneously retractable to a position where they are retained entirely within the housing with either of these instruments being movable from its retracted to its operative position and with manipulation of the file 36 effecting such movement of both of the devices.
When the file 36 is moved to its operative position where the pointed end extends from the slot 28 and outwardly of the housing portion 12, it is retained in this position by means of the spring 29. This spring has sufficent resilience so that the chances of serious injury through accident or misuse of the file is greatly reduced and the use of the file as a weapon is prevented, since when excessive pressure is exerted against the end of the file when it is thus extended the spring 24 will be compressed and the file thus pushed into the housing and accordingly withdrawn.
There is thus provided in accordance with the present invention an extremely simple and economic combination manicure device and writing instrument with there being few parts, most of which, including the housing and spring if desired may be made of relatively cheap material such as plastic although it is preferred that the spring, file, and clip, be made of suitable metal.
While I have illustrated and described a preferred embodiment of my invention it is to be understood that such is merely illustrative and not restrictive and that variations and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. I, therefore, do not wish to be limited to the precise details set forth but desire to avail myself of such changes as fall within the purview of my invention.
What is claimed is;
l. A ombination manic re devi e and Wri i g in trument comprising an elongated housing, a helical spring mounted in said housing and restrained from axial movement therewithin, means for rotating said spring generally about its axis, a file member slidably received within said housing and spring but prevented from rotating relative to said housing, said file member including means engaging said spring so that said file member moves axially thereof incident to rotation of the spring to and from a retracted position where it is retained entirely within the housing and a position where a portion thereof extends from one end of the housing, an elongated writing means mounted in the housing generally axially aligned with the file, said writing means being axially movable within said housing to and from a retracted position where it is retained entirely within the housing and an operative position where the outer end thereof extends from the other end of the housing, said writing means being biased to its retracted position, said file when fully retracted into the housing engaging said writing means and movable further into the housing to move said writing means from its retracted position to said operative position.
2. A combination manicure device and writing instrument including an elongated housing having coaxial first and second portions, means maintaining said portions in fixed longitudinal relation while permitting axial rotation therebetween, a helical spring secured to said second portion and extending into said first portion generally coaxial thereof, a file received within a conforming slot at the outer end of said first portion in a manner that permits movement thereof axially of said first portion but prevents rotation thereof relative thereto, said file including a portion extending within the helical spring and having laterally extending ears received intermediate flights of the spring whereby rotation of the spring moves the file axially within the housing to and from a position where it is contained entirely within the housing and a position where a substantial portion thereof extends from said outer end of said first portion, an elongated writing means in and coaxial of said second portion, spring means biasing said writing means to a position where it is retracted entirely within said housing with the inner end thereof then being positioned to be engaged by the inner end of the file after it has been retracted into the housing but before it reaches the extremity of its inward movement whereby through movement of the file the writing means is moved from its retracted position to a position where the outer end thereof projects from the outer end of said second portion.
3. The combination defined in claim 2 wherein said writing means comprises a cartridge type pen.
4. A combination manicure device and a writing instrument comprising an elongated housing having a first portion and a second portion in coaxial relation, said first portion provided with external threads at its inner end with a recess extending from said inner end toward the outer end and with a relatively narrow slot extending from the end of said recess to said outer end, said second portion having an outwardly extending flange in overlying relation with the inner end of said first portion with a cap threadedly received on said outer end and provided with an inwardly directed shoulder engaging said flange and retaining it against said inner end whereby said first and second portions are prevented from moving axially of each other but are permitted tov rotate relative to each other about their common axis, a helical spring secured to said second portion and extending into said recess, a file member having a reduced shank portion received with-- in said helical spring with oppositely extending laterally disposed ears disposed intermediate turns of said spring whereby rotation of said spring moves said file member in an axial direction, the outer end of said file conforming to and received in the slot in the outer end of said first portion, the inner end of said file being spaced from the inner end of said spring when the file is fully retracted into said housing, said second portion having axial passageway therethrough, a cartridge type pen disposed within said passageway and spring biased to a position where it is retracted into said housing, said pen being moved from its retracted position to a position Where the outer 5 end thereof extends from the outer end of said second portion through manipulation of said file, the innermost end of said file engaging the innermost end of said pen after the file has been fully retracted but prior to said file being moved inward to its extreme position.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 273,232 2/1883 Hoifrnan 120-1 850,189 4/1907 Stephenson 120-1 FOREIGN PATENTS 1,646 2/1883 Great Britain.
EUGENE R. CAPOZIO, Primary Examiner.