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Publication numberUS3228473 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 11, 1966
Filing dateNov 28, 1962
Priority dateNov 28, 1962
Publication numberUS 3228473 A, US 3228473A, US-A-3228473, US3228473 A, US3228473A
InventorsBaker Eugene E
Original AssigneeHalliburton Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Cementing collar and means for actuating same
US 3228473 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

E. E. BAKER 3,228,473

CEMENTING COLLAR AND MEANS FOR ACTUATING SAME Jan. 11, 1966 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Nov. 28, 1962 INVENTOR.

2 Sheebs-Sheei'l 2 INVENTOR.

Jan. 11, 1966 E. E. BAKER CEMENTING COLLAR AND MEANS FOR AGTUATING SAME Filed Nov. 28, 1962 United States Patent O 3,228,473 Y Y CEMENTIN G COLLAR AND MEANS FOR ACTUA'IING SAME Eugene E. Baker, Duncan, Okla., assignor to Halliburton Company, Duncan, Okla., a corporation of Delaware Filed Nov. 28, 1962, Ser. No. 240,485 11 Claims. (Cl. 166-154) This invention relates to a cementing collar for use in a string of well casing and actuating means for opening and closing ports in the collar. In particular, this invention is directed to such a collar for use in multiple stage cementing operations of oil wells with the actuating means adapted to be moved down the well casing after performing the actuating functions, thereby eliminating the need for subsequently drilling or milling through these means.

In the drilling and completion of oil or gas wells, it is often desirable to cement a well pipe or casing into the well bore and this is conventionally accomplished by pumping cement slurry down through the casing and out into the annular space between the well bore and the casing. The cement slurry is introduced into the annulus at or near the bottom of the casing, but if the casing is extremely long or the annulus is small the cement bond and lill at the upper or medium portions of the casing may not be entirely satisfactory. Moreover, occasionally it is highly desirable to obtain a particularly good cement ll and bond in the annulus at la selected upper or medium portion of the casing as well as near the bottom of the casing. Thus, it has become customary under these conditions and requirements to perform multiple stage cementing where cement slurry is introduced into the annulus between the casing and the well bore in successive stages at more than one location along the length of the casing.

There are a number of device known as cementers or cementing collars which may be used for introducing the cement slurry into the annulus from within the well casing at a particular intermediate location along a well casing. These cementing collars are interposed in the string of well casing and have normally closed ports which may be opened for permitting the discharge of cement slurry into the annulus and then permanently closed. These opening and closing steps are generally accomplished by dropping or pumping a pair of plugs, bombs, go-devils or other devices down the well casing to actuate components of the cementing collar. The first device engages a portion of the cementing collar and opens the ports and the second device engages another portion of the cementing collar and closes the ports. These devices are retained in conventional cementing collars and if it is subsequently desired to gain access to the casing below the cementing collar it is first necessary to drill through these retained devices. Since the particular operation which is to be performed below the cementing collar does not always permit the provision of a drill on the end of the string of pipe being lowered into the casing to perform such operation, this drilling must be conducted as a separate preliminary operation requiring a time-consuming round trip with a drill and string of pipe.

When pumping cement slurry down the casing for these cementing operations it is conventional and practical to drop a plug into the casing below the cement slurry and drop a second plug into the casing on top of the cement slurry; these plugs are commonly referred to as bottom and top plugs, respectively. When multiple stage cementing is carried on the cementing collar must have a large enough minimum internal diameter to permit the top and bottom plugs used in cementing stages carried on below that collar to pass through the collar without actuating the collar. It is highly desirable that the cementing collar have a minimum internal diameter approximately equal to the internal diameter of the casing both before and after the cementing stage is carried on through that collar so that other tools and devices may be lowered through the collar without the collar presenting any greater obstruction than the casing itself.

Accordingly, it is a principal object of this invention to provide a novel form of cementing collar and means for opening and closing same wherein the collar forms no internal obstruction to the string of casing and the actuating means may be released from the collar after completion of that stage of cementing.

Another object of this invention is to provide novel actuating means for use with a cementing collar wherein the actuating means may be released from the cementing collar by the mere application of fluid pressure for the actuating means to he urged through the cementing collar without requiring drilling.

A further object of this invention is to provide novel actuating means adapted to be carried down through a casing on a conventional top plug and be latched in a cementing collar to provide a seat for engaging subse-` quently used actuating means.

Still another object is to provide a cementing collar for use in a string of well casing wherein the minimum internal diameter of the collar is equal to or greater than the internal diameter of the casing and novel actuating devices are provided for appropriately latching in the cementing collar to accomplish the opening and closing of the ports, and those actuating devices are released from the cementing collar after the ports have been closed.

Other land more detailed objects and advantages of this invention will appear from the following description in the accompanying drawings.

In the drawings:

FIGURE l is a sectional elevation of the cementing collar of this invention connected in a string of casing with the ports of the cementing collar closed and a top cementing plug passing into the cementing collar;

FIGURE 2 is .a sectional elevation similar to FIGURE 1 with the opening seat of the actuating means latched in the cementing collar and released from the top plug illustrated in FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 3 is a sectional elevation similar to FIGURE 2 with an actuating device having served to open the ports of the cementing collar;

FIGURE 4 is a sectional elevation similar to FIGURE 3 with the other actuating device positioned in the cementing collar prior to closing of the ports;

FIGURE 5 is a sectional elevation view similar to FIGURE 4 with the ports of the cementing collar closed and all of the actuating means of this invention still supported in the cementing collar;

FIGURE 6 is a sectional elevation View similar to FIGURE 5 showing the actuating means of this invention immediately after release from the cementing collar and in the appropriate position for being urged down through the well casing.

Referring now to the drawings the cementing collar, generally designated 10, of this invention is threaded into a string of casing 11 in a conventional manner through upper and lower threaded connecting subs 12 and 13, respectively. The string of casing with the cementing collar 10 is lowered into the well bore 14 and positioned at the desired location. One or more cementing stages may be conducted below cementing collar 10 in a conventional manner wherein the cement slurry is pumped down through casing 11, past collar 10, and out through a cementing shoe or cementing collar therebelow. In each of these cementing stages carried on below cementing collar 10, conventional top and bottom plugs may be used above and below the stages of cement slurry and such plugs are adapted to pass through cementing collar without actuating any of the components thereof. However, the top plug used in the last cementing stage carried on below cementing collar 10, i.e., the last plug to pass through collar before the cementing stage using collar 10 is started, is of a special type and is generally designated as shown in FIGURE l. It is to be understood and will readily be apparent to those skilled in the art that a plurality of cementing stages can be carried out below cementing collar 10 by using various types of conventional cementing collars and devices, and cementing co1- lar 10 will remain unactuated in the condition shown in FIGURE l until a top plug similar to plug 15 is employed. This is at least in part due to the fact that cementing collar 10 does not have any component of a smaller internal diameter than the internal diameter of casing 11 and therefore conventional plugs or even actuating plugs for conventional types of cementing collars will pass through. cementing collar 10 without engaging and actuating same.

The cementing collar 10 is provided with a cylindrical housing 16 having the connecting sub 12 connected to the upper end and the connecting sub 13 connected to the lower end. Housing 16 is provided with a plurality of ports 17 through Which the cement slurry will be discharged into the annular space between the wall of the well bore 14 and the well casing 11 to accomplish this stage of cementing. An opening sleeve 18 is positioned inside and in the lower portion of housing 16 but spaced from connecting sub 13. Opening sleeve 18 is adapted to move longitudinally within housing 16 but is maintained in the position shown by threaded shear pins 19 connecting the opening sleeve 18 to the housing 16. When opening sleeve 18 is positioned with shear pins 19 in place the ports 17 are covered and annular grooves and O-rings 20 on the exterior of sleeve 18 completely seal ports 17 from the passage of fluid therethrough. Opening sleeve 18 has an annular internal groove 21 with a frustoconical internal surface 22 above groove 21. The smallest internal diameter of opening sleeve 18 is at surface 23 which is equal to or slightly larger than the internal diameter of casing 11.

The cementing collar 10 is also provided with a closing sleeve 24 positioned in the upper portion and inside of housing 16. Closing sleeve 24 is adapted to slide longitudinally within housing 16 and is maintained in the position shown by means of threaded shear pins 25 connecting the sleeve to the housing 16. Closing sleeve 24 is provided with external annular grooves and O-rings 26 adapted to seal with the internal surface of housing 16. The upper portion of closing sleeve 24 is provided with a wide external annular groove in which are positioned upper and lower lock rings 27 and 28, respectively, the function of which will be hereinafter described. Lock rings 27 and 28 are split rings that have been preformed to tend to expand to a diameter larger than the internal diameter of housing 16 and are confined in the positions shown by the internal surface of housing 16. The lower end of closing sleeve 24 is provided with a reduced diameter external cylindrical portion 29 adapted to closely fit within the upper internal cylindrical surface 30 of opening sleeve 18 for the purposes hereinafter described. Cylindrical portion 29`is provided with annular grooves and O-ring seals 31 for sealing with internal surface 30. Closing sleeve 24 has an internal cylindrical surface 32 having a diameter equal to or larger than the internal diameter of casing 11. Thus, it may be seen that the minimum internal diameter of any portion or component of cementing collar 10 is represented by cylindrical surfaces 23 and 32 both of which have equal or larger diameters than the internal diameter of casing 11.

Referring now more particularly to the construction of special top plug 15, the plug is broadly comprised of a conventional top plug having a plurality of resilient wiper members 33 mounted on a mandrel 34 with an opening seat assembly, generally designated 35, mounted on the upper end of mandrel 34 of the plug. The plug 15 may be of numerous conventional designs with the only modilication being that opening sea-t assembly 35 is connected to the upper end of the plug. Opening seat assembly 35 has an internal bore 36 fitting the external surface of mandrel 34 and is connected to mandrel 34 by means of threaded shear pins 37. The body 38 of assembly 35 is provided with a plurality of longitudinal external recesses in which a plurality of latching keys 39 are pivotally mounted at their upper ends by pins 40. Latching keys 39 have a substantial length and are biased outwardly by any convenient means such as coil compression springs 41 mounted in recesses within and behind the keys as shown in FIGURE 2.

The profile of the outer surface of latching keys 39 includes a block portion 42 on the lower end with a tapered surface 43 adjacent and above block portion 42. When the opening seat assembly 35 is positioned within the casing 11 as shown in FIGURE l, the latching keys 39 are constrained against outward pivoting beyond the position shown due to the internal surface of the casing 11. With keys 39 constrained to this position the block portion 42 does not engage the internal surface of the casing but rather the outermost portion of tapered surface 43v engages the casing. Thus, as the opening seat assembly 35 passes through a casing collar between two joints of casing, the latching keys 39 may pivot slightly outwardly but the tapered surface 43 will remain in engagement with the internal surface of the casing collar or casing such that the block portion 42 will not latch within the casing collar as might otherwise be possible.

When the top plug 15 reaches collar 10 and the latch keys 39 are adjacent the opening sleeve 18, the latch keys 39 will expand outwardly due to the compression springs 41. The configuration of the latch keys 39 and the opening sleeve 18 are such that the block portion 42 of the latch keys mates with and engages the annular groove 21 of the opening sleeve 18. The frustoconcal surface 22 and enlarged internal cylindrical surface 30 permits the latch keys 39 to expand outwardly and the tapered surface 43 to mate with or at least not interfere with surfaces 22 and 30.

In this manner the opening seat assembly 35 is therefore latched in the position shown in FIGURE 2 against movement in either direction with respect to opening sleeve 18. The fluid pressure in the casing 11 above cementing collar 10 is then increased and will result in a pressure on the end 44 of the mandrel 34 tending to urge the mandrel of the plug 15 downwardly relative to open seat assembly 35 thereby shearing pins 37 to release mandrel 34 from the opening seat assembly. This permits mandrel 34 and wiper means 33 of the plug 15 to proceed downwardly through the casing 11 and thereby complete the top cementing plug function of plug 15. The shear pins 19 securing the opening sleeve 18 to the housing 16 have a greater strength than the shear pins 37 securing opening seat assembly 35 to mandrel 34 of the plug 15. Therefore, pins 37 will shear, as heretofore described, before pins 19 can shear under the imposed uid pressure and thus opening sleeve 18 remains in its original position closing ports 17 after release of the opening seat assembly 35 from the plug 15, as shown in FIGURE 2.

When it is desired to conduct the cementing stage through the ports -of cementing collar 10, an actuating device such as bomb 45 is dropped into the casing 11 and is adapted to engage the opening seat assembly 35. Although a bomb 45 is illustrated and such device drops by gravity through the fluid within casing 11, it will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art that an appropriately modified conventional bottom plug could be substituted for bomb 45, spaced an appropriate distance from plug 15, and pumped down the casing 11 to engage opening seat assembly 35 at the same time that plug 15 reaches the bottommost position of travel within casing 11. Bomb 4S is provided with a reduced diameter bottom portion 46 and a tapered bottom end 47 to fit into the bore 36 of the opening seat assembly. A resilient sealing means 4S on bomb 45 is adapted to engage a tapered shoulder 49 in the upper end of body 38. A sealing means 50 is provided on the outside of the lower portion of body 38 for sealing engagement with cylindrical surface 23 of the opening sleeve 1S.

Thus, when bomb i5 engages the opening seat assembly 35 and uid pressure is applied in the casing 11 thereabove, the tluid pressure will tend to force the bomb 45, opening seat assembly 35, and opening sleeve 18 downwardly due to the interengagement of latch keys 39 with the opening sleeve. When suicient iiuid pressure has been applied, the pins 19 will be sheared and the bomb 45, seat 35, and sleeve 1S will move downwardly relative to housing 16 to thereby uncover ports 17 as shown in FIGURE 3. This downward movement will be terminated by sleeve 18 engaging connecting sub 13. It is to be noted that the fluid pressure required to shear pins 19 is greater than the previously applied fluid pressure employed in shearing pins 37. The cement slurry may then be introduced and discharged through ports 17 into the annular space between well bore 14 and the casing 11.

As is conventional in cementing operations, when the proper quantity of cement slurry has been introduced into casing 11 to accomplish the desired cement fill in the annulus, a top plug is dropped into the casing 11 on top of the cement slurry and pumped down the casing until the downward travel of the plug is arrested. Turning now to FEGURE 4, the top plug, generally designated 51, of this invention serves the normal top plug function but also serves additional functions in cementing collar 1), Top plug 51 is provided with the conventional wiper means 52 adapted to slidably and sealably engage the inside of the casing 11. Wiper means 52 are mounted on the body 53 of the plug. The lower end of body 53 is comprised of a cylindrical portion 54 adapted to loosely t over the upper end of bomb 45 and engage the upper end of the body 38 of the opening seat assembly 35.

Thus, it may be seen that the top plug 51 is supported on the opening seat assembly 35 which is latched to the opening sleeve 18 which is in turn supported from further downward movement by the connecting sub 13. The fluid pressure is then increased in the casing 11 above cementing collar 1t) and this pressure will bleed past some of the Wiper means 52 and be applied to the upper annular end 55 of the closing sleeve 24. The tluid pressure will be prevented from completely bypassing closing sleeve 24 by the lower of wiper means 52 such as the lowermost wiper means 52a. When the fluid pressure on end 55 tending to force closing sleeve 24 downwardly reaches a predetermined level the forces will be suicient to shear pins 25 thereby permitting sleeve 24 to move downwardly within housing 16. Upon suicient downward movement the reduced diameter portion 29 of sleeve 2d will enter the internal surface 30 of opening sleeve 18 and a seal will be established therebetween by O-rings 31 to thereby close ports 17,

When portions 29 first enters internal surface 30 iluid may become trapped between the closing sleeve 24, opening seat 35, bomb 45 and top plug 51. Ports 56 are provided in body 53 and a releasable plug or check valve 57 is provided in the `upper end of body 53 to permit this trapped uid to pass through the top of plug 51.

As the closing sleeve 24 moves downwardly in response to the pressure on the upper end 55 the sleeve will reach a location -as shown in FIGURE 5 lwhere the lower locking ring 28 on the exterior of the sleeve expands outwardly into an internal groove 58 in the housing 16.

Internal groove 5S has a downwardly facing shoulder 591 to engage the lock ring 28 and prevent upwardly movement thereof and thereby prevent upward movement of closing sleeve 24 with respect to housing 16. In this position the ports 17 are irreversibly closed since there can no longer be axial separation of the opening sleeve 18 and the closing sleeve 24. Also, in this position the lower end 60 of closing sleeve 24 has not yet engaged the llatch keys 39 nor is the downward travel of closing sleeve 24 terminated. Downward movement of closing sleeve 24 will continue even though wiper means 52 and particularly 52a have become disengaged from the internal surface 32 of the sleeve since the area of upper end 55 is greater than the area of lower end 60 thereby causinga hydraulic unbalancing tending to force the sleeve 24 downwardly.

Further, downward movement of sleeve 24 from the position shown in FIGURE 5 results in the lower end 69 engaging latch keys 39 to cam the latch keys inwardly thereby releasing the block portions 42 from the annular groove 21 in the opening sleeve 18. With the latch keys 39 thus released from the opening sleeve 18 the opening seat assembly 35, bomb 45, and top plug 51 are completely released from the cementing collar 10 and are therefore free to be urged downwardly through the cementing collar and casing 11 by the application of duid pressure thereabove or lowering tubing into the casing 11. When the closing sleeve 24 has nearly reached the lowermost point in its travel, the uppermost locking ring 27 will also expand into the annular groove 5S to assist in preventing the sleeve from thereafter moving upwardly relative to the housing 16.

Thus, it may be seen that by this invention there is provided a cementing collar that may be opened and closed by actuating devices and that these devices may be urged through the cement collar after completion of the opening and closing procedures without requiring drilling of the actuating devices. Moreover, it may be seen that the collar can have a minimum internal diameter equal to or greater than the internal diameter of the casing both before and after the cementing stage using this collar so that a collar forms no obstruction to the use of various types of tools and devices on the inside of thecasing. Furthermore, although a specific type of cementing collar has been described employing an opening sleeve and a closing sleeve which is generally known as a diterential valve cementer, it is to be understood and will readily appear to those skilled in the art that other types -and styles of cementing collars and cementers may be used without departing from this invention by making certain minor modifications.

Having fully described my invention it is to be understood that I do not wish to be limited to the details herein set forth nor to the details illustrated in the drawings, but my invention is of the full scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. For use with a ported cementing collar in a well pipe, the collar having an opening sleeve provided with an internal groove, the improvement comprising, in combination: an actuator device having a body member for passing through the Well pipe to the cementing collar, latch means mounted in said body member, said latch means movable outwardly relative to said body member for engaging the internal groove in the opening sleeve to latch said body member to said opening sleeve, and said latch means havmg means for preventing latching engagement with the well pipe.

2. For use with a ported cementing collar in a well pipe, the collar having an opening sleeve provided with an internal groove and having a closing sleeve, the improvement comprising, in combination: an actuator device having a body member for passing through the well pipe to the cementing collar, latch means pivotally mounted in said body member, said latch means movable outwardly relative to said body member for engaging the internal groove in the opening sleeve to latch said body member to said opening sleeve, and said latch means having a cam surface for being engaged by the closing sleeve to move said latch means inwardly for disengaging said body member from the opening sleeve.

3. F or use with a ported cementing collar in a well pipe, the collar having an `opening sleeve provided with an internal groove and having a closing sleeve, the improvement comprising, in combination: an actuator device having a body member for passing through the well pipe to the cementing collar, latch means pivotally mounted in said body member, said latch means movable outwardly relative to said body member for engaging the internal groove in the opening sleeve to latch said body member to said opening sleeve, said latch means having means for preventing latching engagement with the well pipe, and said latch means having a cam surface for being engaged by the closing sleeve to move said latch means inwardly for disengaging said body member from the opening sleeve.

4. For use with a ported cementing collar in a well pipe, the collar having an opening sleeve provided with an internal groove and having a closing sleeve, the improvement comprising, in combination: an actuator device having a body member for passing through the well pipe, a plurality of longitudinal recesses in the exterior of said body member, a latch key pivotally mounted in each said recess and spring biased outwardly, each said latch key having an outer prole with a portion for engaging the internal groove in the opening sleeve and a separate portion for preventing latching engagement of the key with the well pipe and each said latch key having a cam surface for being engaged by the closing sleeve to pivot said latch key-s inwardly out of engagement wit-h the opening sleeve to release said body member from the cementing collar.

5. In a cementing collar device for well pipe and means for actuating that device, comprising: a collar assembly having at least one port, an opening sleeve means rst positioned for covering said port and movable to a second position for opening said port, said opening sleeve means. having an annular internal groove, a closing sleeve meansI movable to a position for closing said port after said opening sleeve means has moved to said second position for opening said port, an opening seat means for passing through the well pipe to said collar assembly, said opening seat means having latch means movable outwardly for engaging the said internal groove in said opening sleeve means to latch said opening seat means to said opening sleeve means, means for establishing sealing relation between said opening sleeve means and said opening seat means for applying uid pressure to move said opening sleeve means to said second position thereof, means for moving said closing sleeve means to the position thereof closing said port, and said closing sleeve means having means for engaging said latch means upon movement to said position for closing said port for moving said latch means inwardly and out of engagement with said internal groove.

6. In a cementing collar device for well pipe and means for actuating that device, comprising: a collar assembly having at least one port, an opening sleeve means iirst positioned for covering said port and movable to a second position for opening said port, said opening sleeve means having an annular internal grove, a closing sleeve means movable to a inal position for closing said port after said opening sleeve means has moved to said second position for opening said port, an opening seat means for passing through the well pipe to said collar assembly, said opening seat means having latch means movable outwardly for engaging the said internal groove in said opening sleeve means to latch said opening seat means to said opening sleeve means, plug means for passing through the well pipe to said collar assembly and engaging said opening seat means to move said opening sleeve means to said second position thereof, means for movable outwardly for engaging the said internal groove thereof, and said closing sleeve means having means for engaging said latch means upon movement to said iinal position for moving said latch means inwardly and out of engagement with said internal groove.

7. In a cementing collar device for well pipe and means for actuating that device, comprising: a collar assembly having at least one port, an opening sleeve means iirst positioned for covering said port and movable to a second position for opening said port, said opening sleeve means having an annular internal groove, a closing sleeve means movable to a final position for closing said port after said opening sleeve means has moved to said second position for opening said port, an opening 1seat means for passing through the well pipe to said collar assembly, said opening seat means having latch means movable outwardly for engaging the said internal groove in said opening sleeve means to latch said opening seat means to said opening sleeve means, plug means for passing through the Well pipe to said collar assembly and engaging said opening seat means to move said opening sleeve means to said second position thereof, actuating means for passing through the well pipe to said collar assembly, said actuating means having means for sealing engagement with said closing sleeve means for moving said closing sleeve means to said final position thereof upon application of hydraulic pressure above said actuating means, and said closing sleeve means having means for engaging said latch means upon movement to said final position for moving said latch means inwardly and out of engagement with said internal groove for allowing said opening seat means, plug means and actuating means to pass through the collar assembly.

8. In a cementing collar device for well pipe and means for actuating that device, comprising: a collar assembly having at least one port, an opening sleeve means first positioned for covering said port and movable to a second position for opening said port, said opening sleeve means having an annular internal groove, a closing sleeve means movable to a final position for closing said port after said opening sleeve means has moved to said second position for opening said port, an opening seat means for passing through the well pipe to said collar assembly, said opening seat means having an annular body, latch means pivotally mounted on exterior of said body, said latch means resiliently biased outwardly relative to said body and having means for engaging the said internal groove in said opening sleeve means to latch said opening seat means to said opening sleeve means, plug means for passing through the Well pipe to said collar assembly and engaging said opening seat means to move said opening sleeve means to said second position thereof upon the application of hydraulic pressure, actuating means for passing through the well pipe to said collar asesmbly, said actuating means having means for sealing engagement with said closing sleeve means for moving said closing sleeve means to said final position thereof upon application of hydraulic pressure above said actuating means, and said closing sleeve means having means for engaging the exterior of said latch means upon movement to said final position for moving said latch means inwardly relative to said body and out of engagement With said internal groove for allowing said opening means, plug means and actuating means to pass through the collar assembly.

9. In a cementing coll-ar device for well pipe and means for actuating that device, comprising: a collar assembly having at least one port, an opening sleeve means first positioned for covering said port and movable to a second position for opening said port, said opening sleeve me-ans having an annular internal groove, a closing sleeve means lmovable to a final position for closing said port after said opening sleeve means has moved to said `second position for opening said port, an opening seat means for passing through the well pipe to said collar assembly, said opening seat means having an annular body with external longitudinal recesses, a latch key pivotally mounted in each said recess and spring biased outwardly, each said latch key having an outer proiile with a portion for engaging the internal groove in the opening sleeve and a separate portion for preventing latching engagement of the key with the well pipe, the engagement of said latch keys in said internal groove Serving to latch said opening seat means to said opening sleeve means, means for establishing sealing relation between said opening sleeve means and said opening seat means to move said opening sleeve means to said second position thereof upon application of iluid pressure there above, means for moving 4said closing sleeve means to said iinal position thereof upon applic-ation of hydraulic pressure thereabove and said closing sleeve means having means for engaging said latch keys upon movement to said final position for moving said latch means inwardly relative to said body and out of engagement with said internal groove.

1G. In a cementing collar device for well pipe and means for actuating that device, comprising: a collar assembly having a tubular housing with means for attachment to the well pipe, at least one port in said housing, an opening sleeve means iirst positioned in said housing for covering said port and movable to a second position for opening said port, said opening sleeve means having an annular internal groove, a closing sleeve means iirst positioned in said housing and then movable to a second position for closing said port after said opening sleeve means has moved to said second position for opening said port, said opening -sleeve means and said closing sleeve means each minimum internal dia-meters at least -as large as the internal diameter ot the well pipe, an opening seat means for passing through the well pipe to said collar assembly, said opening seat means having an annular body, latch means mounted in said body, said latch means movable outwardly relative to said body for engaging the said internal groove in said opening sleeve means to latch said opening seat means to said opening sleeve means, plug means for passing through the well pipe to said collar assembly and engaging said opening seat means to move said opening sleeve means to said second position thereof upon the application of hydraulic pressure, actuating means for passing through the well pipe to said collar assembly, said actuating means having means for sealing engagement with said closing sleeve means for moving said closing sleeve means to said second position thereof upon application of hydraulic pressure above said actuating means, vand said .closing sleeve means having means for engaging said latch means upon movement to said second position for moving said latch means inwardly relative to said body and out of engagement with said internal groove for allowing said opening seat me-ans, plug means and actuating means to pass through the collar assembly.

11. In a cementing collar device for well pipe and means for actuating that device, comprising: -a collar assembly having a tubular housing with means for attachment to the well pipe, at least one port in said housing, an opening sleeve means iirst positioned in said housing for covering said port and mov-able to a second position for opening .said port, said opening sleeve means having an annular internal groove, a closing sleeve means iirst positioned in said housing and then movable to a second position for closing said port after said opening sleeve means has moved to said second position for opening said port, said opening sleeve means and said closing sleeve means each minimum internal diameters at least a-s large as the internal diameter of the well pipe, frangile means maintaining said opening sleeve means in said rst position, separate frangible means maintaining said closing sleeve means in -said rst position: an opening seat means for passing through the well pipe to said collar assembly, said opening seat means having an annular body with external longitudinal recesses, a latch key pivotally mounted in each said recess and spring biased outwardly, each said latch key having an outer prole with a portion for engaging the internal groove in the opening sleeve and a separate portion for preventing latching engagement of the key with the well pipe, plug means for passing through the well pipe to said collar lassembly and engaging said opening seat means to break said frangible means and move said opening sleeve means to said second position thereof upon the application of hydraulic pressure thereabove, actuating means for passing through the well pipe to said collar assembly, said actuating means having means for sealing engagement with said closing sleeve means for breaking said separate frangible means and moving said closing sleeve means to said se-cond position thereof upon application of hydraulic pressure above said actuating means, and said closing sleeve means having means for engaging said latch means upon movement to said second position for moving said latch means inwardly relative to said body and out of engagement with said internal groove for allowing said opening seat means, plug means and actuating means to lpass through the collar assembly.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,435,016 1/1948 Pitts 166-154 2,925,865 'EZ/19,6() Oliver 166-154 2,928,470 3/1960 Baker 166-154 E, OCONNELL, Primary Examiner.

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3451476 *Nov 3, 1967Jun 24, 1969Dow Chemical CoMultiple stage cementing
US3464493 *Dec 26, 1967Sep 2, 1969Chancellor Forrest EPort collar for well casings and method for packing well bores
US3527297 *Feb 17, 1969Sep 8, 1970Jerry L PinkardStage cementer
US3768556 *May 10, 1972Oct 30, 1973Halliburton CoCementing tool
US3833755 *Aug 16, 1973Sep 3, 1974Gore & AssEasily strippable ribbon cables
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US4809776 *Sep 4, 1987Mar 7, 1989Halliburton CompanySub-surface release plug assembly
US4934452 *Nov 25, 1988Jun 19, 1990Halliburton CompanySub-surface release plug assembly
US4949788 *Nov 8, 1989Aug 21, 1990Halliburton CompanyWell completions using casing valves
US4991654 *Nov 8, 1989Feb 12, 1991Halliburton CompanyCasing valve
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US5109925 *Jan 17, 1991May 5, 1992Halliburton CompanyMultiple stage inflation packer with secondary opening rupture disc
US5137087 *Aug 7, 1991Aug 11, 1992Halliburton CompanyCasing cementer with torque-limiting rotating positioning tool
US5325917 *Jun 1, 1993Jul 5, 1994Halliburton CompanyShort stroke casing valve with positioning and jetting tools therefor
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Classifications
U.S. Classification166/154, 166/318
International ClassificationE21B33/14, E21B34/00, E21B33/13, E21B33/16, E21B34/14
Cooperative ClassificationE21B34/14, E21B33/16, E21B33/146
European ClassificationE21B33/16, E21B34/14, E21B33/14C