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Publication numberUS3229623 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 18, 1966
Filing dateJun 15, 1964
Priority dateJun 15, 1964
Publication numberUS 3229623 A, US 3229623A, US-A-3229623, US3229623 A, US3229623A
InventorsAndrew Nosty, Solomon Rubinstein
Original AssigneeGen Cable Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Marking metal sheathed cables
US 3229623 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

1966 s. RUBXNSTEIN .ETAL 3,229,623

MARKING METAL SHEATHED CABLES Original Filed Oct. 10, 1960 I VENTORS PIP/0R A I? T ATTORN E Y5 United States Patent 3,229,623 MARKING METAL SHEATHED CABLES Solomon Rubinstein, Fanwood, N.J., and Andrew Nosty,

Elmhurst, N.Y., assignors to General Cable Corporation, New York, N.Y., a corporation of New Jersey Continuation of application Ser. No. 61,621, Oct. 10,

1960. This application June 15, 1964, Ser. No. 375,170 3 Claims. (Cl. 101-32) This application is a continuation of our application Serial No. 61,621, filed October 10, 1960, now abandoned.

This invention relates to marking of tubes and, more particularly, to an improved marking and method of marking metallic tubes ensheathing -mineral-insulated electrical cable without adversely affecting the mechanical properties of such tubing.

Marking of the metallic sheath of mineral-insulated electrical cables with indicia, such as the manufacturers name and the type of cable, has been accomplished in several ways by the art.

The characters making up the marking indicia have been printed in ink directly upon the tubing. However, permanency of the ink is always questionable. In some types of sheathed cables, the sheath is annealed as a last step in the manufacturing process and the annealing temperature would destroy the imprinted marking.

Marking of the tubing by appending labels or tags thereto has been employed. In addition to the expense of the application of such tabs, the tags are unsightly, are likely to come off, and become a hindrance during installation.

Embossing of the tubing has been employed. For example, the sheath of electrical cable is indented with a wide, longitudinally-extending groove in which the char acters forming the indicia are raised. The wide groove which must be depressed in the sheath weakens the sheath, particularly with thin wall sheathing, and makes watertight terminations difficult.

A common method of marking has been to employ a marking wheel having raised characters of the desired indicia. The marking wheel is rolled over the sheath tubing to stamp the characters of the desired indicia in the sheath. Unfortunately, this method has the disadvantage of adversely alfecting the mechanical strength of the sheath, particularly the sheaths resistance to bending stresses, and the sheath often ruptures during installation.

It is, therefore, the primary object of this invention to provide an improved tubing marking and method of marking such tubing.

In accordance with a preferred embodiment of this invention, the characters forming the indicia on the tube are composed of a plurality of discontinuous indentations in the tube.

In accordance with the preferred method of practicing this invention, the tubing is marked by forming the characters on the tube wall from a plurality of closely-spaced but separated indentations.

This invention may be more clearly understood by reference to the following detailed description, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, of which:

FIGURE 1 is a plan view of character marking made in accordance With the prior art;

FIGURE 2 is a perspective view illustrating the method of forming characters on the tubular sheath of electric cable;

FIGURE 3 is a cross section view taken along lines 33 of FIGURE 2, and

FIGURE 4 is a plan view of the characters marked on the tubular sheath of electrical cable in accordance with this invention.

Referring to FIGURE 1, there is shown a length of tubing 10, such as the metallic sheath of electrical cable, on which is applied indicia consisting of characters 12 and 14. This marking is typical of the marking applied by the prior art in which the characters are stamped into the tubing. The continuous nature of the characters causes stress concentrations illustrated by stress lines 16 at the ends of each character. These stress concentrations adversely alfect the mechanical properties of the tube, particularly its resistance to rupture during bend ing of the tube.

The character marking and the method of marking in accordance with this invention may best be seen by reference to FIGURES 24, in which there is shown tubing 18 which might be the outer sheath of electrical cable having a central conductor 20 insulated fromthe sheath and maintained in concentric relationship thereto by denselypacked mineral insulation 22.

Cable is passed between a marking roller 24 and a backup roller 26 for application of the indicia characters to the tubing thereof. The marking roller carries the indicia characters, each in the form of a plurality of discontinuous, closely-spaced raised projections 30, which projections may have a circular, elliptical, or other convenient form. The projections indent the tubing in a plurality of closely-spaced indentations 32, which indentations form the characters of the marking indicia to be applied.

The stress distribution around the independent small indentations 32 is uniform and discontinuous from dot to dot as opposed to the localized stress concentrations at the terminii of solid indented characters of the form shown in FIGURE 1.

For comparison of the resistance of tubing to localized fracture under bending stress, unmarked tubing, tubing marked by the continuous indentations of FIGURE 1, and tubing marked with the discontinuous indentations of FIGURE 3, were subjected to identical tests. The samples used were lengths of production run, mineralinsulated, copper-sheathed cable. The marked and unmarked samples Were bent around a mandrel having a diameter of ten times the diameter of the cable (U.L. minimum bend diameter for installation purposes). Each sample was bent degrees around the mandrel and then bent 180 degrees in the opposite direction. The cycle was repeated until the sheath fractured. When testing marked samples, the marked portion was maintained in such position as to be under maximum stress. The test results are given in Table I.

TABLE I.NUMBER OF BENDS 'IO FRACTURE TUBULAR SHEATH Marked by coutin- Marked by discon- Test Unmarked cable uous characters tinuous characters (Fig. 1)

I Sheath fractured at characters. 2 Sheath fractured adjacent to marked characters. 3 Sheath fractured on opposite side of cable from marked characters.

What is claimed is:

1. The method of marking a legend on a metal sheath and protecting from bending fracture said metal sheath of a mineral-insulated electrical cable having a conductor therein surrounded by densely packed mineral insulation encased in the metal sheath, which method comprises forming several indentations in the outside surface of the sheath, spacing the indentations from one another along a row with the stress distribution along the row discontinuous at successive indentations, forming several other indentations in the metal sheath similar to the first indentations and spaced from one another along other rows, applying a legend to the sheath by locating the rows of indentations in positions to constitute letters that form the legend, and subsequently bending the cable.

2. The method described in claim 1 characterized by forming the indentation in an annealed copper sheath, and indentating the sheath to a depth that is less than the radial thickness of the sheath.

3. The method described in claim 1 characterized by forming the characters with some lines thereof each located in a plane transverse of the longitudinal axis of the cable and forming rowsof indentations along lines that are in planes at acute angles to the axis of the sheath so that the lines of indentations, when on the outside of a bend in the cable, are at an angle other than 90 degrees to the longitudinal axis of the cable.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,274,788 8/1918 Saunders 402.2 X 1,815,716 7/1931 Ker 10124 1,932,357 10/1933 Styri 101-28 1,956,951 5/1934 Hinsky.

ROBERT E. PULFREY, Primary Examiner.

WILLIAM B. PENN, Examiner.

NATHANIEL A. HUMPHRIES, Assistant Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1274788 *Aug 6, 1918Nat Tube CoMarking tubular articles.
US1815716 *Jul 27, 1929Jul 21, 1931Ormond Ker JohnMeat marker
US1932357 *Jul 18, 1933Oct 24, 1933Hess Bright Mfg CoFormation of characters for the stamping of bodies intended to be hardened by heat treatment
US1956951 *May 3, 1932May 1, 1934Pyro Products CorpCharacterized electric conductor and the like
Referenced by
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US4019043 *Dec 8, 1975Apr 19, 1977General Electric CompanyPhotoflash lamp array having shielded switching circuit
US4997994 *Sep 1, 1989Mar 5, 1991At&T Bell LaboratoriesArticle having marking thereon and methods of making
US5049721 *Jun 20, 1990Sep 17, 1991American Telephone And Telegraph CompanyLaser marking apparatus and method for providing markings of enhanced readability in an outer jacket of a moving cable
US5311814 *Jun 28, 1993May 17, 1994Jacob KiersonAssembly for embossing a pattern on surfaces of a slat used in a vertical blind assembly
US6114633 *Apr 30, 1998Sep 5, 2000Tecumseh Products CompanyHermetic terminal with conductor pin identifier
US7465878 *Aug 18, 2004Dec 16, 2008Wpfy, Inc.Indicia-marked electrical cable
US8278554Dec 10, 2008Oct 2, 2012Wpfy, Inc.Indicia-coded electrical cable
US8347533Oct 11, 2007Jan 8, 2013Southwire CompanyMachine applied labels to armored cable
US8540836Aug 29, 2011Sep 24, 2013Southwire CorporationMethod for applying coded labels to cable
US8579658Aug 19, 2011Nov 12, 2013Timothy L. YoutseyCoaxial cable connectors with washers for preventing separation of mated connectors
US8586135Jul 24, 2008Nov 19, 2013Yazaki CorporationMethod for manufacturing a colored electric wire
US8882520May 20, 2011Nov 11, 2014Pct International, Inc.Connector with a locking mechanism and a movable collet
US9028276Dec 6, 2012May 12, 2015Pct International, Inc.Coaxial cable continuity device
US9040825 *Jun 2, 2010May 26, 2015Southwire Company, LlcConductors and metal-covered cable with coded information and method of applying coded information
US9053841Apr 30, 2009Jun 9, 2015Southwire Company, LlcTraceable and theft deterrent reclaimable product
US9070308Sep 23, 2013Jun 30, 2015Southwire Company, LlcLabeled armored electrical cable
US20050016754 *Aug 18, 2004Jan 27, 2005Wpfy, Inc., A Delaware CorporationIndicia-marked electrical cable
US20090056852 *Jul 24, 2008Mar 5, 2009Yazaki CorporationMethod for manufacturing a colored electric wire
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US20090095398 *Oct 11, 2007Apr 16, 2009Hardin William KMethod and system for applying labels to armored cable and the like
US20090242232 *Apr 30, 2009Oct 1, 2009Southwire CompanyTraceable and Theft Deterrent Reclaimable Product
US20100264206 *Jun 2, 2010Oct 21, 2010Holcombe Charles LTraceable and Theft Deterrent Reclaimable Product
US20110011638 *Oct 26, 2009Jan 20, 2011Paul GemmeShielding tape with edge indicator
US20110011639 *Oct 26, 2009Jan 20, 2011Leonard VisserShielding tape with multiple foil layers
US20110220386 *Jun 2, 2010Sep 15, 2011Richard TembladorConductors and metal-covered cable with coded information and method of applying coded information
US20150162731 *Apr 30, 2013Jun 11, 2015Autonetworks Technologies, Ltd.Electric-wire protection pipe and wire harness
EP2034492A3 *Jul 22, 2008Jun 16, 2010Yazaki CorporationMethod for manufacturing a colored electric wire
U.S. Classification101/32, 101/6, 174/112
International ClassificationB41F17/08, B41F17/10
Cooperative ClassificationB41F17/10
European ClassificationB41F17/10