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Publication numberUS3229980 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 18, 1966
Filing dateNov 14, 1962
Priority dateNov 14, 1962
Publication numberUS 3229980 A, US 3229980A, US-A-3229980, US3229980 A, US3229980A
InventorsSilberman Jay L
Original AssigneeSilberman Jay L
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Practice golf club
US 3229980 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 18, 1966 slLBERMAN 3,229,980

PRACTICE GOLF CLUB Filed Nov. 14, 1962 United States Patent 3,229,980 PRACTICE GOLF CLUB Jay L. Silberman, 235 Elm Drive, Roslyn, N .Y. Filed Nov. 14, 1962, Ser. No. 237,516 1 Claim. (Cl. 273-186) This invention relates generally to golf club structures, and more particularly to an improved form of golf club training device which, by virtue of its operation, is useful in correcting an improper swing in the use of both woods and irons.

The problem of developing and maintaining a proper swing by the typical amateur golfer is proverbial, owing to the multitude of small details, the proper execution of which is necessary in the sum total of movements which constitute the execution of a proper stroke. One of the principal faults of the tyro, and a common fault even with relatively more experienced golfers, is the tendency to chop or hack. This fault arises from the natural tendency of the golfer to employ as much strength as possible in hitting the ball, with a view toward obtaining the utmost possible yardage, and in so doing there is a tendency to use the club somewhat in the manner of an axe (hence the term chopping). Such motion usually expends itself in ripping up the course, but seldom does it result in superior performance.

I have found that by constructing a training device resembling in most respects a conventional club, but in which the shaft is formed from completely flexible albeit inextensible material, the tendency to hack or chop may be eliminated through practice. This result is obtained by the fact that when using the device, the head of the club operates as a pendulum, and in order to swing the same in a definite arc, the user must time his swing with the normal harmonic motion executed by the head of the club, so that the flexible interconnection between the handle and the club head is held taut solely through the action of centrifugal force. By maintaining the effective mass of the head of the club at a level substantially less than a conventional club, and as the effort involved is much less than that involved in swinging a normal club, it is possible to practice the swing for extended periods without becoming unduly fatigued. Further, because of the harmonic period involved, repeated rapid hacking motions are impossible.

It is therefore among the principal objects of the present invention to provide an improved golf training device whereby a golfer may acquire the habits constituting a correct golf swing with a minimum of eifort.

Another object of the invention lies in the provision of an improved golf training device which resembles a conventional golf club to the extent that the golfer can feel the effect of a proper golf swing, and have a basis of comparison of such a proper swing with an improper swing.

A further object of the invention lies in the provision of an improved golf training device in which the handle and club head elements are interconnected by a completely flexible length of rope, whereby the same may be held rigid only through the effect of centrifugal force as the device is swung in a normal arc.

Yet another object of the invention lies in the provision of an improved golf training device of the class described in which the cost of fabrication may be of a reasonably low order, with consequent wide sale, distribution and use.

A feature of the invention lies in the fact that the device may take the form of any of the conventional woods and irons, and may be used in practicing any of the wellknown golf strokes with the exception of putting.

These objects and features, as well as other incidental ends and advantages, will more fully appear in the progress of the following disclosure, and be pointed out in the appended claim.

In the drawing, to which reference will be made in the specification, similar reference characters have been em played to designate corresponding parts throughout the several views.

FIGURE 1 is a view in elevation of an embodiment of the invention.

FIGURE 2 is a fragmentary view in perspective showing the device in use in striking a practice-type golf ball.

FIGURE 3 is a fragmentary enlarged central sectional view of the embodiment.

FIGURE 4 is a fragmentary angular plan view as seen from the plane 44 in FIGURE 3.

FIGURE 5 is a horizontal enlarged fragmentary sectional view as seen from the plane 55 in FIGURE 1.

FIGURE 6 is a transverse sectional view as seen from the plane 6-6 in FIGURE 1.

In accordance with the invention, the device, generally indicated by reference character 10, comprises broadly: a handle element 11, a club head element 12, and rope connecting means 13.

The handle element 11 may be conventional construction including a tapered metallic tubular member 16, having an upper end 17, a lower end 18, and an outer surface 19 provided with conventional cover means 20 of leather or synthetic resinous material. Extending between the upper end 17 and the lower end 18 is an axially disposed bore 21, communicating at an upper end thereof with a counterbored recess 22, the upper end 23 of which is threaded. A threaded cap member 24 is selectively engageable with the threaded upper end 23, whereby the handle element 11 may resemble a conventional golf club handle. As best seen in FIGURE 3, the cap member 24 includes a generally centrally disposed threaded shank 25, the diameter of which is substantially less than the main portion of the cap member.

At the lower end 18, the member 16 is castellated and threaded to accommodate a plurality of slits 26 defining individually flexible segments, the outer surface of which is threaded to accommodate a correspondingly threaded collet chuck or constricting member 27. The outer surface 28 of the member 27 may be knurled to permit manual tightening of the same. Again, as best seen in FIGURE 3, the lower end 29 of the member 27 is of rounded configuration to avoid presenting a sharp edge which might tend to cut the means 13 with continued use.

The club head element 12 is preferably for-med as a synthetic resinous blow molding to resemble a conventional club head, but having considerably lighter mass. As best seen in FIGURE 3, a hollow head member 33 includes an upper wall 34, a peripheral wall 35 which forms a ball-engaging club face, and a lower wall 36 having a selectively engageable threaded plug 37 communicating with a hollow interior 38. The rearward end 39 of the member 33 is tapered to a vertically disposed opening 40 into which a metallic tubular shank 41 is fitted, preferably at the time of molding the member 33. The shank 41 includes a hollow bore 42, the upper end 43 being castellated to accommodate a knurled constricting member 44 resembling the member 27.

The rope connecting means 13 is preferably formed of nylon rope, of a type widely used as sash cord, and includes a first knotted end 46 disposed Within the recess 22, a section 47 enclosed by the handle element 1 1, an exposed flexible portion 48, a lower second enclosed section 49, and a second knotted end 50 disposed within the hollow interior 38. The elfective length of the flexible section 48, and therefore the effective length of the device 10, is adjusted by simply removing the threaded cap member 24 and retying the knotted end 46 to include a 3 different total effective length of the means 13. This permits a single device to be used by golfers of varying height and arm length. In the alternative, the identical adjustment may be made at the lower knotted end 50 by removing the plug 37. Y

The device is assembled preferably by threading the means 13 through the bore 42 and out the opening 51 normally closed by the plug 37. After the end 50 has been knotted, the means 13 may then be pulled outwardly to engage the knot in the recess 52 in the shank 41, following which the constricting member 44 is tightened to securely engage the outer surface of the section 49. The threaded plug 37 may then be replaced. Next, the upper end 46 of the means 13 is threaded through the handle element 11, and when the proper length of the section 48 has been determined, the knot is tied on the end 46 and the section 48 pulled downwardly to locate the knot within the recess 22. The cap member 24 is then replaced, and the constricting member 27 tightened to effect a similar result upon the upper enclosed section 47. It will be observed that the knotted ends provide a reaction for the centrifugal force developed during use of the club, the constricting means 27 and 44 serving to prevent twisting of the means 13 within the elements 11 and 12 so that the club head element 12 will remain in proper orientation during the swing of the club.

During use, as may be seen in FIGURE 2 of the drawing, the club is swung in a manner resembling that employed in using a conventional club. Owing to the complete flexibility of the means 13, the club head element will swing in a manner resembling a pendulum, and, as has been mentioned, since the mass of the club head element is relatively light, the handle element may be swung at normal speed, wherein centrifugal force developed Will maintain the flexible section 48 in relatively stiff condition.

Any attempt to hack or chop produces a result immediately visible to the user, which manifests itself in an inability to make the club head follow a normal are. This results from the fact that the hacking or chopping motion is not a uniform swing as is required to create the pendulum effect in the club head element.

Where desired, the effective mass of the club head element may be altered by placing small weights Within the hollow interior 38, preferably associated with the knotted end 50, so as to maintain the mass center close to the axis of the shank 41.

It may thus be seen that I have invented novel and highly useful improvements in a golf training device, in which there is provided a means resembling a convenadjusted for different club lengths by those possessingonly ordinary skill, and without resort to tools. Because of the nature of the device, it may be successfully employed in the absence of a coach or instructor, and the swing acquired is a natural effortless one of the type displayed by professional golfers.

I wish it to be understood that I do not consider the invention limited to the precise details of structure shown and set forth in this specification, for obvious modifications will occur to those skilled in the art to which the invention pertains.

I claim:

A device for self-teaching a correct golf swing, comprising: an elongated hollow tubular handle element, a club head element of hollow configuration and having a hollow shank extending outwardly therefrom and com municating with the hollow interior of said head element, and flexible interconnecting means extending through said handle element and said shank to flexibly interconnect.

the same; said handle element including a recess at a free end thereof, said flexible means including a rope having a knot on a free end thereof disposed within said recess to prevent relative movement between said rope and said handle element in a direction toward said club element;

said rope having a second end thereof having a knot thereon disposed within said club head element to prevent withdrawal therefrom; and axially arranged collet chuck means on the lower end of said handle element and the upper end of said shank element engaging the outer surface of said rope to prevent twisting thereof.

References Cited by the Examiner DELBERT B. LOWE, Primary Examiner.

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US1876657 *Aug 12, 1929Sep 13, 1932Frederick L FoxImpact indicating apparatus
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3428325 *Jan 13, 1966Feb 18, 1969Atkinson Garland PGolf swing training device
US4165879 *Aug 26, 1976Aug 28, 1979Zabel William P JrGolf game
US4343473 *Jul 11, 1980Aug 10, 1982Laursen Paul DGolf swing trainer
US4479653 *Jun 7, 1983Oct 30, 1984Woodson Leland BGolf swing trainer
US4614627 *Sep 7, 1983Sep 30, 1986Dunlop LimitedMethod of injection molding a thermoplastic hollow or hollow foam filled one piece head of a golf club
US4664388 *Feb 21, 1986May 12, 1987Correct Swing Corp. Of AmericaGolf club swing training device
US4854585 *Jan 21, 1988Aug 8, 1989Koch Alfred EGolf swing training device
US4878673 *Jan 19, 1988Nov 7, 1989Objective Golf, Inc.Golf club swing training method
US4982963 *Feb 17, 1989Jan 8, 1991Swing Maker, IncorporatedGolf club swing training device
US5190291 *Mar 20, 1992Mar 2, 1993Melvin John NGolf club which provides sensory information during a swing
US5249803 *Jun 24, 1992Oct 5, 1993Bernard GiffinGolf training club
US5259617 *Jan 17, 1992Nov 9, 1993Soong Tsai CGolf club having swivel facilitating means
US5454568 *Jan 18, 1994Oct 3, 1995Richardson; David G.One way breaking golf swing training club
US6007341 *Jan 29, 1998Dec 28, 1999Koch; Robert C.Golf swing training device
US6257989May 5, 1999Jul 10, 2001Dennco, Inc.Method and apparatus for estimating practice golf shot distance and accuracy
US7625295Jan 23, 2007Dec 1, 2009Ernesto GutierrezWeighted trainer golf club
US8172696 *Sep 2, 2011May 8, 2012Calgolf LlcSports training device
US9387382 *Oct 6, 2014Jul 12, 2016Gary LongRope bat
US20020177487 *May 14, 2002Nov 28, 2002Gang-Yeun JungGolf practice putter
US20080176667 *Jan 23, 2007Jul 24, 2008Ernesto GutierrezWeighted trainer golf club
US20150119172 *Oct 6, 2014Apr 30, 2015Gary LongRope bat
U.S. Classification473/232
International ClassificationA63B69/36, A63B59/00
Cooperative ClassificationA63B69/3632, A63B2059/0081
European ClassificationA63B69/36D2