|Publication number||US3233239 A|
|Publication date||Feb 1, 1966|
|Filing date||Jul 17, 1961|
|Priority date||Jul 17, 1961|
|Publication number||US 3233239 A, US 3233239A, US-A-3233239, US3233239 A, US3233239A|
|Inventors||Robert P Crow, Walter A Kelley|
|Original Assignee||Motorola Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (5), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Feb. 1, 1966 RJP. CROW ETAL INDUCTION FIELD TRANSMITTER Filed July 17, 1961 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 wil INVENTOR. Walter A. Kelley Robert I? Crow Feb. 1, 1966 R. P. CROW ETAL 3,233,239
INDUCTION FIELD TRANSMITTER Filed July 17, 1961 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 IIIIIMHIHIIIIIIIIMHII *w H F E INVENTOR. Walter A. Kelley y Robert P. Crow United States Patent G 3,233,239 INDUCTION FIELD TRANSMITTER Robert P. (Jrow, Los Angeles, Calif., and Walter A. Kelley, Glenview, Ill., assignors to Motorola, Inc.,
Chicago, ill, a corporation of Illinois Filed duly 17, 1961, Ser. No. 124,596
3 Claims. (Cl. 343-425) This invention relates in general to remote control devices and, more particularly, to a transistorized remote induction control system including portable and/ or mobile transmitters and a fixed receiver which may be used to control a mechanism such as a garage door.
Many types of remote control systems are presently known, ranging from relatively simple devices incorporating a sensing unit which responds as a vehicle passes a fixed point, e.g., an electric eye, to the more elaborate systems which incorporate special coding arrangements included Within radio transmitting and receiving apparatus. The former offers little or no security of operation and is relatively inflexible and inconvenient. The latter, while providing adequate versatility and a certain measure of security in operation, has the disadvantages of circuit complexity, substantial expense, and usually requires an FCC operating license. Still other types of systems require the installation of special loop .antennas, such as an antenna of considerable size to be installed beneath the driveway in a garage door control systern. The majority of those remote control systems employing the medium of radiant energy fields do not afford sufiicient protection from false operation on spurious signals and/ or random noise.
Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide an improved remote control system operating at a relatively low frequency within an inductive field such that operation is permitted without a license.
Another object of the invention is to provide a new and improved remote control system for general use which requires minimum standby and operating power, and which is highly reliable in operation being insensitive to spurious signals and random noise.
A further object of the present invention is to provide a remote control system including a light weight, compact and completely self-contained portable transmitter unit that can be installed within a vehicle or hand carried by an individual.
Still another object of the present invention is to provide a remote control system including a mobile transmitter unit with a self-contained inductive loop antenna which can be readily installed on an automobile or like vehicle, and which is compatible with any plus or minus ground, 6 or 12 volt vehicular electrical system.
A feature of the present invention is the provision of a transistorized remote control system including a receiver having a reflex action circuit including a differential detector network for developing a direct current control voltage in response to a received alternating current signal, and which is of the correct polarity and level only if the received signal is within certain predescribecl frequency limits. The D.-C. control voltage is fed back to the input of the rewiver to control the amplification of the receiver signal by automatic gain control action. The D.-C. control voltage is amplified by reflex action in the transistor stages to supply the operating current for actuating a relay of the controlled device.
Another feature of the present invention is the provision of a remote control receiver including a diode limiting circuit for limiting the amplitude of on-frequency signals to a predetermined level of strength to prevent distortion from tripping-out the actuating relay. Distortion developed on excessively strong signals may appear as harmonics and therefore as off-frequency signals.
3,233,239 Patented Feb. 1, 1966 ice Without such limiting action, the actuating relay may trip-out on such distortion under certain conditions.
A further feature of the present invention is the provision of a mobile transmitter unit including a transistor oscillator which is insulated from ground allowing operation from either ground polarity. Further a transformer is included having a winding with taps for connecting different numbers of turns whereby the same relative inductance, and thereby the same operating frequency, may be maintained on either six or twelve volt vehicular electrical systems.
The invention is illustrated in the drawings in which: FIG. 1 illustrates the remote induct-ion control system lncluding a transmitter installed on an automobile, a hand held transmitter, and a receiver for operating a garage door operator mechanism;
FIG. 2 is a view partly broken away showing the mobile transmitter unit of the system of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a cross section view along the lines 33 of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 shows the port-able transmitter;
FIG. 5 is a circuit diagram for the mobile transmitter unit of FIG. 2;
FIGS. 5a, 5b and 50 show alternate connections for the connecting plug of the transmitter of FIG. 5, and
FIG. 6 is a circuit diagram for the portable transmitter unit of FIG. 4.
The invention consists of a remote induction control system including a mobile transmitter unit which may be conveniently mounted in an automobile, truck, or like vehicle and is compatible with any vehicular electrical system whether plus or minus ground, six or twelve volts. A portable transmitter may also be used which can be either hand-carried or installed on or adjacent to the dashboard of a vehicle, and which operates from a selfcontained battery. The components of the transmitter are mounted within a housing and are encapsulated in a molded composition which provides effective protection from tampering and against the effects of shock and vibration, and/or adverse weather conditions. Upon actuation of the transmitter an inductive field is generated which, if within operating range, is induced in the receiver antenna to initiate the operation of a remotely controlled mechanism such as a garage door operator. The receiver circuit may include three stages of A.-C. amplification coupled in cascade and connected to a differential detector network which is frequency selective and produces a control voltage when the received signal is within predetermined frequency limits. The control voltage is applied to the first two stages by a reflex connection and is amplified therein and applied from the second stage to an operating relay which actuates the door operator mechanism to open or close the garage door. The control voltage developed in the differential detector will be of the correct polarity to provide the required D.-C. current output at the second stage to operate the actuating relay when a signal of the predetermined frequency is received. The desired signal may vary over a wide range of ampli tudes and still result in the actuation of the relay. This control voltage further determines the overall amplification of the receiver stages by automatic gain control action thereby providing stability over a wide range of amplitudes of the received signal. This control voltage provides increased gain within a predetermined bandwidth and reduced gain outside of the desired bandwidth. The receiver includes a limiting circuit which reduces excessively strong on-frequency signals to prevent trippingout of the actuating relay due to excessive distortion in the form of harmonics.
FIG. 1 illustrates the remote induction control system wherein a mobile transmitter 11 is mounted on an automobile 10 and a receiver 20 and inductive loop antenna 21 are provided in a garage 30. The receiver 20 controls the motor 27 of a door operator mechanism 28 to open or close the door 29 in response to signals from the transmitter 11. A hand transmitter 19, held by a person 18, is also shown in FIG. 1 and ilustrates the fact that a plurality of transmitters may be used in a system having a single receiver.
The transmitter 11 is mounted on the automobile in a relatively unobstructed location, preferably under the splash pan 17 between the radiator and the bumper. The transmitter is connected by an electrical lead 13 through the dashboard mounted switch 12 to the batterygenerator voltage source 14 of the automobile. A ground connection is provided to the frame of the automobile, and adequate fusing is provided for protection against wiring shorts.
The receiver may be mounted on a ceiling joist in the garage, and is connected by a lead 23 to a power supply receptacle in the door operator mechanism 28. The starting circuit for the motor 27 of the operator mechanism is connected to the receiver 20 by lead 24. The receiver 20 is provided with an inductive loop antenna unit 21. This antenna may be mounted on a vertical joist such as 26, or at any other convenient location. The antenna 21 is connected to the receiver 26 by the lead 22. The details of the construction of the door operator mechanism are believed to be unimportant to the invention and thus are not described herein. Operator mechanisms of various construction are available and may be used with the system of the present invention.
Transmitter Construction of the mobile transmitter unit 11 is shown in greater detail in FIGS. 2 and 3. The transmitter is provided with a metal mounting base 39 which has flanges 38 with apertures for receiving mounting bolts or screws. Mounting base 39 is received in a housing 31. Attached to the mounting base is a metal supporting frame 40 consisting of a center plate 41 and end plates 42 and 43. The various components of the transmitter are attached to this frame. The frame 40 and mounting base 39 may also provide a ground return for the transmitter circuit, or a ground lead extending to the outside of a unit may be provided. Frame 40 and the attached components are completely encapsulated in a shock resistant casing of a tough and durable molded material such as filled polyester rosin. The antenna in transmitter 11 consists of a single core rod 36', preferably of ferrite, on which coils 34' and 35 are wound. The desired frequency is obtained by physically spacing coils 34 and 35 with respect to one another on the core rod 36 before encapsulation.
A circuit diagram for the transmitter unit 11 of FIG. 2 is shown in FIG. 5. Transmitter 11 includes a transistor 32 coupled to the antenna core 36 by coils 34 and 35. Capacitors 47 and 4-8 :are connected across the coils 34 and 35, which are connected in series to form a tank circuit 49 whose resonant frequency may be in the frequency range of 17 to 30 kilo'cycles. Power is applied through switch 12, and terminal 3 on socket 51 and plug 52 to transistor 32. Resistors and 46form a voltage divider arrangement which biases the base negatively with respect to the emitter, and biases the collector negatively with respect to the base. Capacitor 44 bypasses signal frequencies.
When the switch 12 is closed, oscillations occur in tank circuit 4?,- which is in resonance and results in a resonant rise in current. Compatibility of the mobile transmitter with either plus or minus, 6 or 12 volt vehicular electrical systems is provided in the arrangement whereby a portion of coil 35, identified .as numeral 50, is not used in twelve volt operation, to maintain the same relative inductance, and thereby the same operating frequency as produced in six volt operation with the coil portion remaining in series with coil 35. This adding or omitting of coil part St is accomplished by the manner in which the connector 52 of complementary connectors 5152 is connected to the vehicular electrical system.
Connectors 51 and 52 are shown in FIG. 5 with suitable jumpers for compatibility with a positive grounded :six volt vehicular electrical system. FIG. 5a shows the proper connections for negative ground 6 volt operation. FIG. 5b shows the proper connections for negative ground, 12 volt operation, and FIG. 50 shows the connections for positive ground, 12 volt operation.
The plus or minus ground compatibility is further accomplished by the insertion of a mica washer between the transistor 32 and the mounting frame 4-0 which effectively isolates the transistor from true ground but allows suflicient heat conduction therethrough for reliable operation.
A circuit diagram for the portable transmitter 19 is shown in FIG. 6. With the exception that it operates from a self-contained battery 54, the portable transmitter is identical in electrical operation to the mobile transmitter 11, and it is therefore considered unnecessary to describe this circuit in detail herein. The same reference numbers are used as in the circuit of FIG. 5. Since the circuit operates from a single battery voltage, it is not necessary to provide a tap on coil Eda as on coil 59 of FIG. 5.
Thus it can be seen that a simple but highly reliable remote control system is provided consisting of a fixed receiver and one or more mobile transmitters operating within a closed induction field for optimum protection from false operation on spurious signals and random noise as well as on excessively strong on-frequency sig nals. Further, the transmitters may be provided as convenient hand-carried units operating from a self-contained battery source or as units for installation in :1 vehicle and adaptable for operation from its electrical system, whether positive or negative ground polarity, six or twelve volt power level.
I. A transmitter for generating an induction field including in combination; antenna means including a coil wound on a core of ferromagnetic material, capacitor means coupled to said coil and forming a resonant circuit therewith, transistor means coupled to said resonant circuit to form an oscillator, said oscillator producing an alternating current signal having a frequency dependent upon the inductance of said coil, direct current voltage supply means capable of having different voltages coupled to said coil and said transistor means to furnish energy to said oscillator, said difierent voltages applied to said coil causing the inductance of said coil to change, said coil having a plurality of taps thereon for selective connection to said supply means, said taps being located on said coil so that the inductance of the connected portion of said coil has substantially the same effective value with difierent supply voltages applied thereto, whereby the frequency of said oscillator means is maintained at a predetermined frequency.
2. A transmitter for generating an induction field including in combination; antenna means including coil means wound on a core of ferromagnetic material, capacitor means coupled to said coil means and forming a resonant circuit therewith, transistor means coupled to said resonant circuit to form an oscillator, said oscillator producing an alternating current signal having a frequency dependent upon the inductance of said coil means, direct current voltage supply means adapted to provide different voltages coupled to said coil means and said transistor means to furnish energy to said oscillator, said different voltages applied to said coil means causing the effective inductance of said coil means to change, said coil means having a plurality of sections with terminals thereon for selective connection to said supply means, said terminals being located on said coil means so that the inductance of the connected portion of said coil means has stubstantially the same effective value with different supply voltages applied thereto, whereby the frequency of said oscillator means is maintained substantially at a predetermined frequency.
3. A transmitter for generating an induction field including in combination; antenna means including coil means having a plurality of Winding sections wound on a core of ferromagnetic material, capacitor means coupled to said coil means and forming a resonant circuit therewith, transistor means coupled to said resonant circuit to form an oscillator, said oscillator producing an alternating current signal having a frequency dependent upon the inductance of said coil means, connector means having 'a first portion With conductors connected to said winding sections and to said transistor and a second portion having conductors adapted to engage said conductors of said first portion and apply a direct current operating potential thereto, said sections of said coil means being connected through said connector means in accordance with the supply potential applied thereto, so that the inductance of the connected portion of said coil means has substantially the same effective value with different supply voltages applied thereto, whereby the frequency of said oscillator means is maintained substantially at a predetermined frequency.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,122,748 7/ 1938 Mayer.
2,293,166 8/ 1942 Olson 340345 2,930,955 3/ 1960 'Bourget et al.
2,948,888 8/ 1960 Bourget 340345 3,039,081 6/1962 Smith 317148 X 3,041,507 6/1962 Rose et al 317149.1 3,050,661 8/1962 Jenkins 317--147 NEIL C. READ, Primary Examiner.
SAMUEL BERSTEIN, Examiner.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2122748 *||Feb 12, 1936||Jul 5, 1938||Siemens Ag||Four-pole device containing nonlinear resistors|
|US2293166 *||Jan 31, 1939||Aug 18, 1942||Rca Corp||Radio remote control system|
|US2930955 *||Mar 18, 1957||Mar 29, 1960||Avco Mfg Corp||Remote control system for a television receiver|
|US2948888 *||Mar 15, 1957||Aug 9, 1960||Avco Mfg Corp||Magnetic energy transmitter for a remote control system for a television receiver|
|US3039081 *||Mar 12, 1959||Jun 12, 1962||Motorola Inc||Frequency selective signalling system|
|US3041507 *||Jul 28, 1958||Jun 26, 1962||Motorola Inc||Mobile door control|
|US3050661 *||Oct 3, 1958||Aug 21, 1962||Gen Motors Corp||Transistorized receiver for door operator|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3315263 *||Nov 15, 1963||Apr 18, 1967||Charbonnages De France||Remote-control device|
|US3364427 *||Oct 23, 1965||Jan 16, 1968||Alliance Mfg Company||Apparatus for maintaining the effective signal strength of a transmitter|
|US3996591 *||Oct 2, 1975||Dec 7, 1976||Frank Harold Hayward||Security device for garage doors|
|US4684943 *||Jan 27, 1986||Aug 4, 1987||Nippon Soken, Inc.||Unlocking device for a vehicle lid|
|USRE37986||Feb 15, 2000||Feb 11, 2003||The Chamberlain Group, Inc.||Coding system for multiple transmitters and a single receiver|
|U.S. Classification||340/13.23, 331/117.00R, 331/185|
|Cooperative Classification||E05Y2400/66, E05F15/2076, E05Y2800/00|