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Publication numberUS3234704 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 15, 1966
Filing dateMar 12, 1962
Priority dateMar 12, 1962
Publication numberUS 3234704 A, US 3234704A, US-A-3234704, US3234704 A, US3234704A
InventorsBurgess Leonard G, Wroblewski Richard E
Original AssigneeEquipment Mfg Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Roll formed sheet metal beam construction
US 3234704 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

1966 G. BURGESS ETAL 3,234,704

ROLL FORMED SHEET METAL BEAM CONSTRUCTION Filed March 12, 1962 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 EQLQ Feb. 15, 1966 L. G. BURGESS ETAL 3,234,704

ROLL FORMED SHEET METAL BEAM CONSTRUCTION Filed March 12, 1962 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Zeb-1.5%? a INVENTORS MON/9R0 6. eves-4's:

RIC/{4R0 WROEAA'WJAI 1965 G. BURGESS ETAL 3,

ROLL FORMED SHEET METAL BEAM CONSTRUCTION Filed March 12, 1962 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 60 mlfi g United States Patent 3,234,704 ROLL FORMED SHEET METAL BEAM CONSTRUCTION Leonard G. Burgess, New Baltimore, and Richard E.

Wroblewski, Roseville, Mich, assignors to Equipment Manufacturing, Inc., Warren, Mich., a corporation of Michigan Filed Mar. 12, 1962, Ser. No. 179,088 9 Claims. (Cl. 52-731) This invention relates to a structural beam or rail construction and more particularly to a box section rail having unequal upper and lower Widths fabricated from sheet metal which is roll formed to provide substantially uniform strength in the upper and lower extremities.

In the construction of beam sections suitable for shelving units such as load supporting rails for storage racks, it may be desirable to provide a ledge integrally formed at the top of the rail to receive and support the marginal perimeter of shelving, and when a box rail construction is employed, the width of the upper extremity is substantially reduced in comparison with the lower width so that when formed of uniform gauge sheet metal, as is conventionally the practice, the upper wall of the box section becomes more highly stressed forming a limiting factor on the load capacity of the rail.

The present invention is directed to provide a roll formed sheet metal construction wherein the upper and lower main load bearing Walls are provided respectively with three and two layers of sheet metal to enhance and substantially equalize the strength characteristics as well as to provide an extremely economical construction from a material and fabricating cost standpoint.

These and other objects of the invention can best be understood by reference to drawings illustrating a preferred embodiment of the finished product and the roll 'forming apparatus utilized in fabrication wherein:

FIG. 1 is an isometric fragmentary sectional view of the finished roll formed sheet metal rail;

FIG. 2 is a schematic side elevation of the roll form stands employed identifying the location of the various roll passes illustrated in the remaining views;

FIGS. 3, 4, 6, 8, 9, 11 and 12-18 are transverse sec tional views of the various roll passes operating in the horizontal plane with transverse axis rolls as schematically identified in FIG. 2; and

FIGS. 5, 7 and are similar sectional views of guide rolls operating in a vertical plane with rolls having vertical axes as schematically indicated in FIG. 2.

Referring to FIG. 1, the finished box beam or rail comprises two sheet metal elements 200 and 201), each being formed to inter-engage in a composite box section which in this view is oriented to correspond to its position as formed on the roll stands of FIG. 2. When the beam is used as a load supporting member it would be turned 90 so that the single thickness side walls extend vertically and the multiple thickness side walls are horizontal, the narrower multiple thickness wall ordinarily being uppermost. A ledge 21 is formed in the inner sheet metal element 20b, having a vertical wall 22 terminating in a relatively narrow doubled-over upper flange 23 retained by the overlapping opposed flange 24 of the element 20a crimped at the end 25 and side 26 to form a solidly locked three-ply upper box wall. At their lower ends the respective sheet metal elements are formed similarly with over-lapping flanges, the lowermost 27 being crimped over the inner flange 28 at the end 29 and side 30 to form a tightly locked double-ply lower rail wall. Since the ledge 21 occupies approximately one-third of the width of the rail, the extra ply at the top provides approximately equal cross-sectional area with the double-ply bottom section re- 3,234,704 Patented Feb. 15, 1966 sulting in substantially equal load stresses at the top and bottom extremities.

Starting with two fiat sheet metal strips, the composite ledged box rail is entirely formed and the two sheet metal elements joined by roll forming operations illustrated in the remaining figures. With reference to FIG. 2 the inner ledged element 20b is completely formed in a first series of roll passes the progressive forming stages of which are illustrated in FIGS. 3-l2. The outer sheet metal element 20a rides above this first series of rolls on a group of idler rolls 31 at the end of which it is caused to converge as shown at 32 into a second series of roll stands where the forming of element 201: including attachment to element 20b is effected progressively in the stages illustrated in FIGS. 1318.

At the first roll stand illustrated in FIG. 3, contoured matching upper and lower rolls 33 and 34 impart five initial bends to the surface of the flat sheet metal element 20b corresponding to the five main corners of such element in the finished rail. The forming rolls of the stands illustrated in FIGS. 4-9 progressively increase the angle of such bends, while intermediate guide rolls 35 and 36 (as illustrated in FIG. 5) and rolls 37 and 38 (as illustrated in FIG. 7) on vertical axes serve as lateral guides for maintaining proper orientation through the forming rolls. The vertical axis rolls 39 and 40 illustrated in FIG. 10 serve to completely close the reverse bend 41 as well as to laterally guide the formed element, the rolls 42 and 43 illustrated in FIG. 11 add retaining recesses 44 and 45, While rolls 46 and 47 shown in FIG. 12 complete the forming of the element 20b.

With reference to FIG. 13 the outer sheet metal element 20a which passes in fiat strip condition on idler rolls 31 over the forming stands for element 20b, is initially formed by rolls 48 and 49 with retaining recesses 50 and 51 and with initial bends 52 and 53 at the ends. Corner bends 54 and 55 are initiated in the next pass illustrated in FIG. 14 and thereafter progressively increased as illustrated in FIGS. 15 and 16. The last two passes, which are substantially identical and therefore illustrated in a common FIGS. 17 and 18, serve to complete the corner bends and crimp the ends 25 and 29 over the adjacent corners of the inner box element 20b into the respective recesses 45 and 44 formed therein, thereby securely locking the flanges 23 and 28 of the inner element within the corresponding flanges 24 and 27 of the outer element 20a.

In this second series of roll stands of FIGS. 13-18, the previously formed element 20b is gradually shifted from a pocket in the lower roll 49 (FIG. 13) to a pocket in the upper roll 60 (FIG. 17) and portions of the element 20b are employed as forming die or roll surfaces for defining the configuration of element 200. After leaving the last roll forming stage the completed rail is cut to desired length by a flying shear (not illustrated) in accordance with conventional practice.

As compared with prior practice in which a uniform thickness ledged box rail, roll formed from a sheet metal strip, has abutting edges welded after final roll forming, the present construction provides a number of advantages. In addition to elimination of the welding operation, the respective three and two thickness construction of the upper and lower extremities provides a substantially equalized multiple strength factor where beam stresses are at a maximum, permitting the use of substantially lighter gauge sheet metal for rails of equal strength and thereby providing a substantial material saving. Also, forming of such lighter gauge material without a welding operation can take place at a substantially higher rolling rate with greater roll life thereby further reducing fabrication costs.

While a particular preferred ledged box section rail and roll forming apparatus for fabricating same have been illustrated and described above in detail it will be understood that numerous modifications might be resorted to without departing from the scope of this invention as defined in the following claims.

We claim:

1. A composite sheet metal box section rail characterized by two individual sheet metal component elements each having a side wall portion and transversely extending upper and lower flanges, both flanges of one of said elements lying inside the corresponding flanges of the other element, the edges of the inner flanges terminating at the side wall of the outer flanged element, and means for interlocking said sheet metal elements together with the flanges thereof in overlapping abutting relation comprising inwardly directed recesses in the side wall portion of the outer flanged element which overlap and engage the said edges of the inner flanges, and similarly directed recesses in .the side wall portion of the inner flanged element, the edges 'of the outer flanges each being formed into interlocking engagement with one of said similar recesses.

2. Abox section rail as set forth in claim 1 wherein said sheet metal elements are eachformed with a corresponding one of their upper and lower flanges substantially narrower than the other of said flanges, said narrower flange of one of the sheet metal elements being doubled over to form two plys resulting in a three ply section thickness at the narrower flange and a two ply section thickness at the wider flange.

3. A box section'rail as set forth in claim l'wherein one of said sheet metal elements is provided with a step forming a ledge in its upper side wall, the upper flange of said element being substantially narrower than the lower flange.

'4. A box section rail as set forth in claim 3 wherein one of the upper flanges is doubled over to form two plys resulting in athree-ply section thickness at the top of said rail.

5. A box section rail as set forth in claim 4 wherein the element containing said ledge also has said doubledover flange.

6. A box section rail as set forth in claim 5 wherein the element containing said ledge comprises the inner flanged element.

7. A composite sheet metal box section rail comprising two individual sheet metal component elements each having transversely extending upper and lower flanges, corresponding flanges of the respective sheet metal elements lying in adjacent overlapping opposed relationship, both flangesof one of said elements lying inside the corresponding flanges of the other element, the edges of the inner flanges terminating at the side Wall of the outer flanged element, the outer flanges extending around the side wall corners of the inner flanged element to hold the respective elements in assembled relation, and said sheet metal elements each being formed with a corresponding one of their upper and lower flanges substantially narrower than the other of said flanges, said narrower flange of one of the sheet metal elements being doubled over to form at least two plys whereby said box section rail is provided with a greater sectional thickness at the narrow flange thereof than at the Wider flange and the strength characteristics of the upper and lower flanges of said rail are substantially equalized.

8. A ledged box section rail comprising two inter-locked sheet metal elements, one of said elements having a side wall with laterally extending upper and lower flanges, the other said elements having a ledge-stepped side wall with laterally extending upper and lower flanges directed 0ppositely to the flanges of said first element and lying in adjacent internal relationship relative thereto, the upper flange of said other element being doubled over to pr0- vide a two-ply metal thickness, the combined upper and lower flanges of said sheet metal elements respectively forming a three-ply and a two-ply metal thickness whereby the strength characteristics of the upper and lower flanges of said rail are substantially equalized, and the edges of said outer flanges being formed around the corners where the inner flanges extend from the ledged side wall to hold the respective elements in assembled relation.

'9. A ledged box section rail as set forth in claim 8 wherein the side walls of the respective elements .are recessed inwardly .at the top and bottom, the recesses in the side wall of the outer flanged element inter-engaging with the edges of the inner flanges to lock the same against separation from the outer flanges, and the edges of the outer flanges being formed to inter-engage with the recesses of the inner flanged element to lock said edges against separation from the inner flanges.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 190,987 5/1877 Starr 113-58 1,457,303 6/1923 Higgins 189-37 1,997,876 4/1935 Sheldon 189-37 2,091,474 8/1937 Elliott 113-58 2,185,475 1/1940 Rafter 189-37 2,762,398 9/1956 Adam 138-163 2,975,874 3/1961 Pagan 189-37 FRANK L. ABBOTT, Primary Examiner.

RICHARD W. COOKE, JR., JACOB L. NACKENOFF,

Examiners.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US190987 *Mar 21, 1877May 22, 1877 Improvement in sheet-metal-seaming machines
US1457303 *Feb 18, 1922Jun 5, 1923Thomas HigginsStructural shape
US1997876 *Aug 20, 1930Apr 16, 1935Sheldon William OMetal lumber
US2091474 *Nov 25, 1936Aug 31, 1937Int Harvester CoEdge clinching mechanism
US2185475 *Nov 16, 1938Jan 2, 1940Rafter Machine CompanyStud and rafter
US2762398 *Jan 24, 1952Sep 11, 1956Frank Adam Electric CoWire duct
US2975874 *Mar 25, 1959Mar 21, 1961Alberto PaganGirder made up of structural members
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3735547 *Sep 21, 1970May 29, 1973Unarco IndustriesHollow beam
US3783498 *Apr 11, 1973Jan 8, 1974Unarco IndustriesMethod of constructing a hollow beam
US4760682 *May 5, 1987Aug 2, 1988S & K Enterprises Inc.Tubular rack beam and method of making same
US4947671 *Jul 13, 1989Aug 14, 1990Lindstroem Wictor Carl OlofDevice for manufacturing conical poles
US5014487 *Nov 1, 1989May 14, 1991S&K Enterprises, Inc.Rack beams and method of making same
US5657590 *Jan 24, 1996Aug 19, 1997Quanex CorporationMuntin bar assembly
US6189930Aug 3, 1999Feb 20, 2001Dana CorporationJoint between side rail and cross member in a vehicle frame assembly
US6796444 *Feb 1, 2001Sep 28, 2004Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki KaishaFront rail in sub-rack
US8505258 *Feb 8, 2008Aug 13, 2013Industrial Origami, Inc.Load-bearing three-dimensional structure
US8936164Jul 6, 2012Jan 20, 2015Industrial Origami, Inc.Solar panel rack
US20080187427 *Feb 8, 2008Aug 7, 2008Industrial Origami, Inc.Load-bearing three-dimensional structure
US20150090680 *Dec 8, 2014Apr 2, 2015Industrial Origami, Inc.Solar panel rack
EP1210998A2 *Nov 30, 2001Jun 5, 2002Dreistern-Werk Maschinenbau GmbH & co. KGProcess and device for manufacturing a metallic profile
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/839, D25/126
International ClassificationE04C3/04, B21D5/08, B21D5/06, B21C37/10, E04C3/07, B21C37/06
Cooperative ClassificationE04C2003/0465, B21D5/086, E04C2003/0413, E04C3/07, B21C37/104, E04C2003/043
European ClassificationB21C37/10E, B21D5/08C, E04C3/07