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Publication numberUS3237977 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 1, 1966
Filing dateMay 15, 1963
Priority dateMay 15, 1963
Publication numberUS 3237977 A, US 3237977A, US-A-3237977, US3237977 A, US3237977A
InventorsBatchelder John H
Original AssigneeTechnical Operations Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Connector
US 3237977 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 1, 1966 J. H. BATCHELDER 3,237,977

CONNECTOR Filed May 15, 1963 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 I N VEN TOR JOHN H. BATCHELDER ATTORNEYS March 1966 J. H. BATCHELDER 3,237,977

CONNECTOR Filed May 15, 1965 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 ll 0 I42 l4 l3 J W F l G. 2

INVENTOR. JOHN H. BATCHELDER BY F G 5 'Rms SM.

ATTORNEYS United States Patent 3,237,977 CGNNECTQR John H. iiatchelder, Marblehead, Mass., assignor to Technical Uperations, incorporated, Burlington, Mass, a corporation of Delaware Filed May 15, 1963, Ser. No. 2%,533 2 Claims. ((Il. 287119) The present invention relates in general to mechanical connectors for detachably fastening two parts to each other, and more particularly to connector means for joining together two elongate members.

Connectors according to the present invention are particularly suitable for use in radiographic apparatus, as described, for example, in US. Patents Nos. 2,916,628 and 2,976,423. Such apparatus is of the type which employs an encapsulated source of radioactive energy, a shielding storage unit, an exposure unit, and the combination of flexible tubes and flexible cables for moving (e.g., pushing and/ or pulling) the source between the storage unit and the exposure unit.

It is an object of the present invention to provide new and improved mechanical connectors for detachably fastening two elongate flexible members to each other. It is another object of the invention to provide such a connector which may be used to transmit pushing as well as pulling motion from one of said members to the other. General objects are to provide such connectors which are rugged, flexible, simple in design and positive in action, and which particularly will be suitable for use in the handling of radioactive material for radiographic purposes.

In general according to the invention there is provided connector means for joining together two elongate members comprising an elongated receptacle member having an axial bore therein opening at least through one end thereof and an internal converging shoulder at said one end reducing the size of said bore at said one end, an opening into said bore through the side of said receptacle member and said shoulder extending from said one end a distance toward the other end and being enlarged toward said other end, a slide member telescopically fitted within said receptacle member and axially slidable in said bore, said slide member being too large to pass through the part of said bore of reduced size defined by said shoulder, said slide member having a recess in the end thereof confronting said shoulder and opening substantially in register with said reduced-size part of said bore, said recess being of greater cross-section than said reduced-size part of said bore, the wall of said slide member bounding said recess substantially blocking the enlarged portion of said opening when said slide member substantialy abuts said shoulder, resilient means in said bore yieldingly urging said slide member toward said shoulder, means to move said slide member away from said shoulder against said resilient means to unblock said enlarged portion of said first opening, a plug member having a stem and an enlarged end, said stem being smaller in cross-section and said enlarged end being larger in cross-section than the reduced-size part of said bore, said stem being dimensioned to pass through said opening, and said enlarged end being dimensioned to pass through only the enlarged portion of said opening, and said recess in said slide member being dimensioned to receive said enlarged end, whereby said receptacle member and said plug member may be manipulated for engagement or disengagement through said first opening by moving said slide member away "ice from said shoulder, and will be retained in engagement by said slide member abutting said shoulder.

The invention will now be described in connection with the embodiment illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein:

FIG. 1 is an axial section showing the receptacle member and the plug member connected together;

FIG. 2 diagrammatically shows a partial side view and an end View of the receptacle member in a first, or closed condition;

FIG. 3 diagrammatically shows similar views of the receptacle member in a second or open condition in which it is ready to receive or release the plug member;

FIG. 4 diagrammatically shows a side view of the receptacle member in the open condition and the plug member disposed to be engaged therewith; and

FIG. 5 is partly in sections and diagrammatically shows the two members joined as used.

Referring to FIG. 1, the receptacle member has an axial bore 11 through it. The bore is reduced :at a first end 12 to provide an internal converging shoulder 13. As shown in FIG. 2, there is a first opening 14 into the bore through the side of the receptacle member and through the shoulder 13, extending from the first end 12 a distance toward the second end 15. This opening has a narrow portion 14.1 opening to the first end 12 and passing through the shoulder 13, and an enlarged portion 14.2 toward the second end 15 of the receptacle member. A sec-0nd opening 16 into the bore 11 is provided through U 1 the side of the receptacle member; this opening is elongated in the long or axial direction of the receptacle member and is closed at both ends.

A slide member 20 is telescopically fitted within the receptacle member 16 an is axially slidable in the bore 11. The slide member 2a is so dimensioned that it is too large to pass through the part of the bore of reduced size at the first end 12, defined by the shoulder 13. The slide member 2h has a first recess 21 in the end thereof confronting the shoulder 13 and opening substantially in register with the reduced-size part of the bore Ill. The first recess 21 is of greater crosssection than the reduced-size part of the bore 11. The slide member 20 has a second recess 22 in the other end thereof, and the two recesses 21 and 22 are separated by a barrier part 23 of the slide member. An operator pin 24 is mounted in the barrier part and extends through the second opening 16 through the side of the receptacle member, terminating substantially flush with the outer periphery of the side of the receptacle member. A first cable member 25 is mounted in the bore 11 through the second end 15 of the receptacle member. A resilient coil spring 26 bears at one end on the inner end of the cable and at the other end on the bottom of the second recess 22 in the slide member 20. The spring 26 pushes the end of the slide member 26 bounding the first recess 21 toward the shoulder 13; in this position (which is diagrammatically shown in FIG. 2) the wall of the slide member 29 bounding the first recess 21 substantially blocks the enlarged portion 14.2 of the first opening 14.

By means of the operator pin 24, the slide member 2% may be forced back against the action of the spring 26 to open the enlarged portion 14.2 of the first opening 14-, as is diagrammatically illustrated in FIG. 3.

The plug member 30 comprises a body portion 31 having a bore 32 in it opening through a first end 33 to receive a second cable member 34. A stem 35 is mounted on the second end 36 of the body portion 31, projecting axially therefrom. An enlarged end 37 is mounted on the stem; this end is generally spherical, but is flattened at the remote end 38. The stem 35 is dimensioned to pass through the narrow portion 14.1 of the first opening 14 into the bore 11 of the receptacle member 1%; the enlarged end 37 can, however, pass only through the enlarged portion 14.2 of this opening. The first recess 21 in the slide member 25) is dimensioned to receive the enlarged portion 37 of the plug member, and when the enlarged portion 37 is located in this recess, the flattened end 38 rests on the bottom of the recess while the enlarged portion 37 bears on the shoulder 13, as is shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 5.

Referring to FIG. 1 or FIG. 5, if a pushing force tending to compress the spring 26 is imposed on the connector, the second end 36 of the body portion 31 of the plug member will act as a plug shoulder and will bear on the first end 12 of the receptacle member it). Thus, the connector is resiliently compressible under pushing action between the cable members 25 and 34. Under pulling action, the plug member enlarged end 37 engages the shoulder 13. Shock loading is prevented by virtue of the fact that the spring 26 continuously urges these two parts together.

The connector parts 10 and are freely relatively axially rotatable. They are held in positive engagement and, due to the axially-symmetrical shape of the enlarged end 37 of the plug member, and the relative sizes and configurations of the stem and the reduced-size part of the bore 11, a degree of axial flexibility is imparted to the connector. The two connector parts can normally be separated only by positive manipulative steps, namely, the retraction of the slide member 20 to open the enlarged portion 14.2 of the first opening 14, and the movement of the plug member 30 sidewise relative to the axis of the receptacle member 10.

The embodiments of the invention which have been illustrated and described herein are but a few illustrations of the invention. Other embodiments and modifications will occur to those skilled in the art. No attempt has been made to illustrate all possible embodiments of the invention, but rather only to illustrate its principles and the best manner presently known to practice it. There" fore, while certain specific embodiments have been described as illustrative of the invention, such other forms as would occur to one skilled in this art on a reading of the foregoing specification are also within the spirit and scope of the invention, and it is intended that this invention includes all modifications and equivalents which fall Within the scope of the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. Connector means for joining together two elongate members comprising:

an elongated cylindrical receptacle member having an axial bore therein opening at least through one end thereof and an integral converging shoulder at said one end reducing the size of said bore at said one end;

a first opening into said bore through the side of said receptacle member and said shoulder extending from said one end a distance toward the other end and being slot-shaped at said one end and enlarged to a round shape toward said other end;

a second opening into said bore through the side of said receptacle member, said second opening being elongated in the axial direction of said receptacle member and closed at both ends;

a cylindrical slide member telescopically fitted within said receptacle member and axially slidable in said bore, said slide member being too large to pass through the part of said bore of reduced size defined by said shoulder;

said slide member having a substantially cylindrical recess in the end thereof confronting said shoulder and opening substantially in register with said reduced-size part of said bore;

said recess being of greater cross-section than said reduced-size part of said bore;

the wall of said slide member bounding said recess blocking the enlarged portion of said first opening with said slide member abutting said shoulder;

resilient means in said bore yieldingly urging said slide member toward said shoulder;

operator means extending from said slide member through said second opening whereby said slide member may be moved away from said shoulder against said resilient means to unblock said enlarged portion of said first opening;

a plug member having a body portion, a cylindrical stem and a ball-shaped enlarged end, said stem being smaller in cross section and said body portion and said enlarged end being larger in cross section than the reduced-size part of said bore with said ball-shaped enlarged end located in and contacting the bottom of said recess;

said stem being dimensioned to pass through said slot-shaped part of said first opening, and said enlarged end being dimensioned to pass through only the round enlarged portion of said first opening; and

said recess in said slide member being dimensioned to receive said enlarged end; whereby said receptacle member and said plug member may be manipulated for engagement or disengagement through said first opening by moving said slide member away from said shoulder, will be retained in engagement by said slide member abutting said shoulder under force from said resilient means and will be resisted in movement against said slide member first yieldingly against the resilience of said resilient member and then unyieldingly by contact between said body portion and said reduced-size part of said bore.

2. Connector means for joining together two elongate members comprising:

an elongated cylindrical receptacle member having an axial bore therein opening at least through one end thereof and an internal converging shoulder at said one end reducing the size of said bore at said one end;

a first opening into said bore through the side of said receptacle member and said shoulder extending from said one end a distance toward the other end and being slot-shaped at said one end enlarged to a round shape toward said other end;

a second opening into said bore through the side of said receptacle member, said second opening being elongated in the axial direction of said receptacle member and closed at both ends;

a cylindrical slide member telescopically fitted within said receptacle member and axially slidable in said bore, said slide member being too large to pass through the part of said bore of reduced size defined by said shoulder;

said slide member having a substantially cylindrical recess in the end thereof confronting said shoulder and opening substantially in register with said reduced-size part of said bore;

said recess being of greater cross-section than said reduced-size part of said bore;

the wall of said slide member bounding said recess blocking the enlarged portion of said first opening with said slide member abutting said shoulder;

resilient means in said bore yieldingly urging said slide member toward said shoulder;

operator means extending from said slide member through said second opening whereby said slide member may be moved away from said shoulder against resilient means to unblock said enlarged portion of sai fi t pening;

plug member having a body portion, a cylindrical stem and a ball-shaped enlarged end, said stem being smaller in cross section and said body portion and said enlarged end being larger in cross section than the reduced-size part of said bore;

compress until said body portion comes to bear against said reduced-size part of said bore, as well as pulling, during which said resilient means tends to maintain said enlarged end firmly against said reduced-size part of said bore.

said ball-shaped enlarged end having a flattened surface confronting the bottom of said recess and in contact therewith;

said stem being dimensioned to pass through said slot- References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS shaped part of said first opening, and said enlarged 1O 1O83416 2 Sorensgn 287 119 end being dimensioned to pass through only the 1190491 7/191 Watts f n round enlarged portion of said first opening; and, 2100O69 11/1937 i g' said recess in said slide member being dimensioned to 2296124 9/1942 Tampler' receive Said enlarged end; 2,449,167 9/1948 Hopewell. whereby said receptacle member and said plug member 15 3,141,215 7/1964 Turona' may b; manlipulalteid for engagebment or disezligzigce- O IGN PATENTS mentt roug sai rst opening y moving sai si e memger away from said shoulder, and will be rexgf tained in resiliently firm engagement by said slide member holding said ball-shaped enlarged end abut- 2O E ting said shoulder, and in contact with said bottom of CARL TOMLIN Primal), xaml ner said recess, such that said connector may be used for V- KUNDRAT, Assistant Examiner pushing, during which said resilient means tends to

Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3343858 *Oct 21, 1966Sep 26, 1967Caterpillar Tractor CoResilient link construction
US3513719 *Jun 24, 1968May 26, 1970Teleflex IncMotion transmitting remote control assemblies
US3852982 *Dec 4, 1972Dec 10, 1974Twisty IncResilient ring fastener
US4050327 *Mar 21, 1975Sep 27, 1977Samuel Moore And CompanyFast-make connection for a push-pull control cable assembly
US4274181 *Aug 8, 1979Jun 23, 1981Schaller Helmut F KPivotal and releasable strap coupling
US4850140 *Aug 25, 1988Jul 25, 1989General Motors CorporationReleasable connector for closure operating mechanism
US5381706 *Sep 22, 1993Jan 17, 1995Teleflex IncorporatedConnector for remote valve actuating assemblies
US5619875 *Mar 7, 1995Apr 15, 1997Lahaussois; PierreFlexible ring device
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US5794993 *Feb 18, 1997Aug 18, 1998Key Systems, Inc.Tamper-evident ring
US5983745 *Apr 22, 1998Nov 16, 1999Petrak; Gregory H.Park brake cable system including connector clip and associated method of tensioning
US6604882Nov 1, 2001Aug 12, 2003Triumph Brands, Inc.Cable joining device with breakaway nut
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US8632060 *Feb 24, 2009Jan 21, 2014Hong Fu Jin Precision Industry (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd.Bumper for manipulator
US9144897Apr 25, 2013Sep 29, 2015Innovative System Solutions, IncApparatus, system and method for tensioning an emergency brake system
US20030075001 *Sep 23, 2002Apr 24, 2003Petrak Gregory H.Method and apparatus for tensioning an emergency brake system on a vehicle
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Classifications
U.S. Classification403/331, 976/DIG.372, 24/656, 74/502, 280/513, 74/470
International ClassificationG21F7/06, G21F7/00, F16B3/00, F16B7/04
Cooperative ClassificationF16B7/0406, G21F7/066, F16B3/00
European ClassificationG21F7/06F, F16B7/04B