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Publication numberUS3238738 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 8, 1966
Filing dateFeb 12, 1964
Priority dateFeb 12, 1964
Publication numberUS 3238738 A, US 3238738A, US-A-3238738, US3238738 A, US3238738A
InventorsRobert C Webber
Original AssigneeRobert C Webber
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Two-stage refrigeration system with by-pass means
US 3238738 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 8, 1966 R. c. WEBBER 3,238,738

TWO-STAGE REFRIGERATION SYSTEM WITH BY-PASS MEANS Filed Feb. l2, 1964 I llll l l /NN Nww 1w lm l lll l l N\ United States Patent 3,238,738 TWO-STAGE REFRIGERATIGN SYSTEM WITH BY-PASS MEANS Robert C. Webber, P.0. Box' 217, Indianapolis, Ind. 46206 Filed Feb. 12, 1964, Ser. No. 344,479 4 Claims. (Cl. 62-196) The present invention relates to a two-stage refrigeration system and is particularly concerned with improving the capacity and operation of such a system while simplifying it and rendering its construction less expensive and less liable to malfunction. The primary object of the invention is to provide such a system in which the temperature of a chamber dominated by evaporator means may be very quickly reduced to a desired value and may be held effectively within a minimum range of variation from that value, by eliminating cycling of the low stage compressor within the system.

A further object of the invention is to provide, in such a system, an arrangement under which humidity conditions within a chamber dominated by one or more evaporators may be held more accurately than has been feasible heretofore with known two-stage systems.

Further objects of the invention will appear as the description proceeds.

To the accomplishment of the above and related objects, my invention may be embodied in the form illustrated in the accompanying drawing, attention being called to the fact, however, that change may be made in the specific construction illustrated and described, so long as the scope of the appended claims is not violated.

The single figure is a somewhat diagrammatic illustration of a refrigeration system embodying my present invention.

In the past, a two-stage refrigeration system generally of the character with which the present invention is concerned has comprised an evaporator, a first compressor having an input and an output, conduit means connecting the input of the first compressor to receive refrigerant from the evaporator, a second compressor, usually of lower power rating than that of the first compressor, having an input and an output, conduit means connecting the input of the second compressor to receive refrigerant from the output of the rst compressor, a condenser, conduit means connecting the condenser to receive refrigerant from the output of the second compressor and conduit means connecting the evaporator to receive refrigerant from the condenser. A low pressure switch responsive to pressure conditions in the conduit means between the two compressors controlled operation of the first compressor, and a thermostatic switch responsive to temperature conditions at the evaporator or in the chamber to he refrigerated controlled operation of the second compressor. In such a system, the two compresors operated in series during pull-down condition, the rst compressor cycling at rather frequent intervals; with the consequence that neither temperature nor humidity conditions could be very closely controlled within the chamber dominated by the evaporator or evaporators, and the compressors and their driving means were subjected to heavy wear and load variations.

I have discovered that, if a suction pressure regulator valve is installed in the conduit means between the two compressors, and if a check-valve-controlled by-pass is installed to connect a point between the irst compressor and the suction pressure regulator valve with a point in the conduit means between the second compressor and the condenser, a much more rapid pull-down can be achieved, cycling of the low-stage, higher powered compressor will be eliminated, the higher powered compressor can be shut down completely once pull-down has been effected and the system as a whole will operate more efficiently than has heretofore been possible.

Referring more particularly to the drawing, it will be seen that I have illustrated an evaporator 10 which may be installed to dominate conditions in a chamber (not shown). Conduit means 11 connects the input 12 of a high powered, low-stage compressor 13 to receive refrigerant from the evaporator 10. A second conduit means 14 connects the input 15 of a lower-powered, high-stage second compressor 16 to receive refrigerant from the output 17 of the compressor 13 through a suction pressure regulator valve 18. A third conduit means 19 leads from the output 20 of the compressor 16 to and through an oil separator 21 and thence conduit means 22 leads to the input of a condenser 23. A conduit 24 carries refrigerant from the condenser 23 to and through a receiver 25 whence conduit means 26 leads through an expansion valve 27, preferably dominated by a sensing element 28 responsive to conditions in the conduit means 11, to the evaporator 10. The conduit means 26 may preferably lead through a sight glass 29 and a suitable drier 30.

A by-pass 31 is connected to the conduit means 14 at a point between the output 17 of the compressor 13 and the suction pressure regulator valve 18, and extends to a point 33 in the conduit means 19 at a point between the output 20 of the compressor 16 and, for instance, the oil separator 21. A check valve 34 is installed in the bypass 31 to prevent back flow of refrigerant from the conduit means 19 toward the conduit means 14.

During pull-down operation of the system, compressed refrigerant from the compressor 13 will be kfed to the input 15 of the compressor 16 always `at a predetermined intake pressure, maintained substantially constant by the suction presure regulator 18. In the absence of the bypass 31, of course, the compressor 13 would have to be cut out periodically in order to avoid over-load of the compressor 16. In the disclosed system, however, the compressor 13 may operate continuously during pulldown, feeding `compressed refrigerant to the conduit means 19 through the by-pass 31 to supplement the iiow of refrigerant delivered by the compressor 16. As a consequence, the optimum temperature in the chamber dominated by the evaporator 10 will be reached more quickly, and with less strain upon the system than has heretofore been possible.

Once the optimum temperature has been attained, the compressor 13 may be thrown completely out of operation so long as the load upon the evaporator does not exceed the capacity of the compressor 16. The two compressor will conventionally be driven be separate electric motors 35 and 36 dominated, respectively, by separate switches 37 and 33 either or both of which may be automatic or manually manipulable.

I claim as my invention:

1. In a plural-stage refrigeration system, an evaporator, a first compressor having an intake and an output, rst conduit means connecting the intake of said rst compressor to receive refrigerant from said evaporator, a second compressor having an intake and an output, a suction pressure regulator valve, second conduit means connecting the intake of said second compressor to receive refrigerant from the output of said first compressor through said suction pressure regulator valve, a condenser, third conduit means connecting said condenser to receive refrigerant from the output of said second compressor, a by-pass connecting said second conduit means, at a point between said first compressor output and said suction pressure regulator valve, with said third conduit means, a check valve in said by-pass preventing refrigerant flow from said third conduit means toward said second conduit Patented Mar. 8, 1966 t means, and fourth conduit means connecting said evaporator to receive refrigerant from said condenser.

2. The system of claim l including a separate driving means for each of said compressors, and separate control means for each driving means, said control means being operable to render either of said compressors inactive While the other of said compressors continues to operate.

3. The system of claim 1 in which the power rating of said second compressor is less than that of said rst cornpresser.

4. The system of claim 1 in which said compressors are electrically driven and control means for said compresfor said second compressor.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 2/1886 Rinman 230-40 X 12/1948 Cooper 62-335 MEYER PERLIN, Primary Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US335386 *Nov 9, 1885Feb 2, 1886 Ice-machine
US2456386 *May 7, 1946Dec 14, 1948Howell C CooperCascade refrigeration unit with controls therefor
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3581519 *Jul 18, 1969Jun 1, 1971Emhart CorpOil equalization system
US4044562 *May 2, 1974Aug 30, 1977Will Clarke EnglandMultirotary energy conversion valve
US4108198 *Jan 29, 1976Aug 22, 1978Will Clarke EnglandMultirotary energy conversion valve
US4268291 *Oct 25, 1979May 19, 1981Carrier CorporationSeries compressor refrigeration circuit with liquid quench and compressor by-pass
US4306420 *Nov 26, 1980Dec 22, 1981Carrier CorporationSeries compressor refrigeration circuit with liquid quench and compressor by-pass
US4324105 *Nov 26, 1980Apr 13, 1982Carrier CorporationSeries compressor refrigeration circuit with liquid quench and compressor by-pass
US4362030 *Sep 2, 1981Dec 7, 1982Carrier CorporationRefrigeration circuit
US6045338 *Feb 13, 1998Apr 4, 2000Unisia Jecs CorporationCompound gear pumps and engine hydraulic circuits using same
US8826691 *Jan 30, 2008Sep 9, 2014Lg Electronics Inc.Air conditioner
US9022747 *Nov 12, 2010May 5, 2015Rolls-Royce PlcGas compression
US9217590 *Jan 4, 2011Dec 22, 2015United Technologies CorporationEjector cycle
US20070095083 *Oct 24, 2006May 3, 2007Lg Electronics Inc.Method and apparatus for removing partial overload in an air conditioner
US20090107169 *Jan 30, 2008Apr 30, 2009Pil Hyun YoonAir conditioner
US20120011866 *Apr 6, 2010Jan 19, 2012Carrier CorporationRefrigerant vapor compression system with hot gas bypass
US20120167601 *Jan 4, 2011Jul 5, 2012Carrier CorporationEjector Cycle
US20120230840 *Nov 12, 2010Sep 13, 2012Rolls-Royce PlcGas compression
Classifications
U.S. Classification62/196.2, 62/510, 417/253, 417/251
International ClassificationF25B1/10
Cooperative ClassificationF25B2400/0401, F25B1/10
European ClassificationF25B1/10