|Publication number||US3238937 A|
|Publication date||Mar 8, 1966|
|Filing date||Apr 1, 1963|
|Priority date||Apr 1, 1963|
|Publication number||US 3238937 A, US 3238937A, US-A-3238937, US3238937 A, US3238937A|
|Inventors||Stein Robert J|
|Original Assignee||Stein Robert J|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (59), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
March 8, 1966 R. J. STEIN 3,238,937
BUST DEVELOPER Filed April 1, 1965 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR. w
A TTOR/VE Y3 March 8, 1966 R. J. STEIN 3,238,937
BUST DEVELOPER Filed April 1, 1963 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 MICRO SWITCH r INVENTOR. Mom? w /24 26 BY p A T TORNEYS United States Patent 3,238,937 BUST DEVELOPER Robert J. Stein, 5466 Waring Road, San Diego, Calif. Filed Apr. 1, 1963, Ser. No. 269,553 4 Claims. 01. 12s 40) The present invention relates to a bust developer for women, and more particularly of the type employing a cup for each breast, and in which a partial vacuum is intermittently created in the cups, and preferably intera mittently created alternately in the cups.
The apparatus of the present invention includes a cup adapted to encircle and cover the breasts of a woman. This cup is connected by a conduit with a pump which creates a partial vacuum. In the broad aspect of the invention, means is provided for intermittently varying the degree of partial vacuum in the cup, which means include mechanism for controlling the flow of air through the conduit.
More specifically, the cup is adapted to be connected with the pump through a main conduit, and is adapted to be connected with atmosphere through an auxiliary conduit. An air restrictor is disposed in the auxiliary conduit. When the cup is connected to the pump through the main conduit, a lower pressure is created within the cup. A valve is provided for intermittently and alternately connecting the cup through the main conduit, whereby pulsations are created in the cup.
The main conduit is provided with a vent between the cup and the aforementioned valve, whereby air is admitted to the cup during the periods when the cup is not connected with the pump, and, a valve is provided for regulating the size of this vent.
In general practice, two cups are provided, one for each breast, and the main valve is constructed and arranged so that the phase of pulsation in the cups is at 180 degrees.
Further features and the advantages will be apparent from the following description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings wherein a preferred embodiment of the invention is illustrated.
In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the apparatus.
FIG. 2 is a top plan view of the apparatus with the top cover removed.
FIG. 3 is a front view of the top part of the apparatus, looking in the direction of arrows 33 of FIG. 2.
FIG. 4 is a simplified view in section, showing the neutral position of the main control valve.
FIG. 5 is a view similar to FIG. 4, but showing the valve in one of its extreme positions.
FIG. 6 is a diagrammatic view of the pneumatic and electrical system, and
FIG. 7 is a cross sectional view of one of the manually actuated control valves.
Referring more in detail to the drawings, the apparatus is shown at 20 in the form of a cabinet 22, which is carried by casters 24. The lower compartment 26 is provided with sliding doors 28. This lower cabinet houses some of the paraphernalia when it is not in use, as for example, the two cups 30 and 32, which are connected with tubes 34 and 36 respectively. The top of the cabinet is provided with a cover 38, which when in place, houses some of the mechanism employed, including a partial vacuum pump 44), employing an oil separator 42, a pulsation absorbing chamber 44, a main valve 46, and a motor 48 for actuating same.
Referring more in detail to FIGS. 4 and 5, it will be seen that the main valve 46 includes a cylinder 50 and a spool-type valve 52. This spool-type valve is recipro-i cated by a link 54, which has one end hinged to the valve 3,238,937 Patented Mar. 8, 1966 "Ice by pin 56. The other end of the link 54 is connected to a wrist pin 58 of a wheel 60. This wheel 68 is driven by a shaft 62, which in turn is driven by the motor 48 through the reduction gearing contained in housing 64. The spool-type valve is provided with four lands 66, 68, 70 and 72. Land 68 is separated from land 66 by a shank 74; land 70 is separated from land 68 by a shank '76, and land 72 is separated from land 70 by a shank 80. The cylinder is provided with five ports 82, 84, 86, 88 and 90.
When the valve 52 is in the neutral position, as shown in FIG. 4, land 68 closes port 84, and land 70 closes port 88. When the valve 52 is in the extreme right position, as shown in FIG. 5, land 68 is moved from its closing position of port 84, to provide intercommunication between port 82 and port 84, and when in this position, intercommunication between ports 84 and 86 is blocked by land 68; also when in this position intercommunication is established between port 86 and port 88; in this position intercommunication is blocked between ports 88 and 90 by land 707 When the valve is in its extreme left position, intercommunication is established between ports 86 and 84, and intercommunication is established between ports 90 and 88. However, intercommunication between ports 82 and 84 is blocked by land 68, and intercommunciation between port 86 and port 88 is blocked by land 70.
It will be seen that when the valve 52 is in the right position, as shown in FIG. 5, the right cup 32 is connected to the source of low pressure, namely, the pulsation eliminator 48, through conduit 36, vacuum gauge 92, conduit 94, vent regulator valve 96, conduit 98, which leads to port 88, the area about shank 76, through port 88 to conduit 102, regulating valve 184, conduit 106 to pulsation eliminating chamber 44. Thus, the pressure is reduced in cup 36. Also, when the valve is in 'this position, the left cup 30 is connected to a conduit, including conduit 34, vacuum gauge 110, conduit 112, a vent regulating valve 116, conduit 118, which is connected with port 84 of the main valve 46, the area about shank 74, port 82, conduit 122, vent regulating valve 124, conduit 126, which is connected to the port 90 in valve 46, and which port is connected to the area 128 about shank 80. Air can enter into this conduit through the vent regulating valves 124 and 116, however, these valves are adjusted so that a partial vacuum is maintained in the cup 34. In this manner, atmospheric air on the outside of the cup will hold the cup in position against the breast.
When the spool-type valve 52 is in its other extreme position, the left cup 30 will be connected with the pump by conduit 34, vacuum gauge 118, conduit 112, vent regulating valve 116, conduit 118, port 84, spool area 100, port 86, vent regulating valve 184, conduit 186, and pulsation eliminating chamber 44. Simultaneously, air is admitted to the right cup 32 through the vent regulating valves 124 and 96, since at this time the right cup is connected to a conduit, including conduit 36, vacuum gauge 92, conduit 94, vent regulating valve 96, conduit 98, port 88, area 128, port 90, conduit 126, vent regulating valve 124, conduit 122, port 82 and the area 120. The air entering valves 124 and 96 is limited so that a partial vacuum is maintained in the cup 32, whereby the external air pressure thereon will hold the same in position on the breast.
From the foregoing it will be apparent that as the spool valve 52 reciprocates, the pulsating phase in the cups 30 and 32 will be at degrees with respect to one another, the air pressure gradually increasing in one cup while it is decreasing in the other, yet the air pressure at the highest, is slightly below atmospheric pressure, whereby the atmospheric pressure on the outside of the cups hold the same in position.
One of the vent regulating valves is shown in FIG. 7. It comprises a main valve body 132 which is connected, for example, to conduits 122 and 126. The valve body is provided with a vent 134 which leads to atmosphere. The size of this vent is controlled by a valve 136, the shank 138 of which is threaded into the body. The outer end of this shank carries a nob 140 for turning the same.
The main vent regulating valve 104 is adjusted to limit the extreme low pressure of the system. Valves 96 and 116 can be adjusted independently of one another, whereby the degree of vacuum in cups 30 and 32 can be maintained at desired values. The valve 124 is adjusted to regulate the maximum pressures within the cups 30 and 32, which maximum pressures will be slightly below atmospheric for the reason previously set forth.
The electrical circuits for the apparatus are shown in FIG. 6. A rheostat 142 is provided for adjusting the speed of the motor 48. The duration of operation of the apparatus can be regulated by an automatic timer 144.
It has been found in actual practice, that by utilizing the present invention, the breasts are massaged and this particular type of massaging increases the blood circulation through the breasts and also builds up the tissues whereby the breasts are developed to a desired size and shape.
While the form of embodiment herein shown and described constitutes preferred form, it is to be understood that other forms may be adopted falling within the scope of the claims that follow.
1. A pneumatic pulsator apparatus, comprising in combination:
(B) a pump for creating a partial vacuum;
(C) a main conduit connecting the cup with the pump,
said conduit having a constantly open vent;
(D) a valve in the main conduit for controlling the vent;
(E) an auxiliary conduit connecting the cup with atmosphere, said second mentioned conduit having a constantly open vent;
(F) a valve in the auxiliary conduit for controlling the vent in the second mentioned conduit;
(G) a third valve intermediate the first and second mentioned valves, said third valve being movable to one position in which position the cup is connected with the pump through the main conduit and in which position the cup is disconnected from the auxiliary conduit, said third valve being movable to a second position, in which second position the cup is disconnected from the pump and is connected with the auxiliary conduit;
(H) and means for cyclically shifting the third valve to and from said positions.
2. An apparatus as defined in claim 1, including means whereby the second mentioned valve is adjustable to restrict the flow of air into the auxiliary conduit to a degree in which a partial vacuum is maintained in the cup at the end of the phase when the third valve is in the second mentioned position.
3. A pneumatic pulsator apparatus, comprising in combination:
(A) two cups;
(B) a pump for creating a partial vacuum;
(C) a conduit connecting one of the cups with the pump,
said conduit having a constantly open vent;
(D) a valve in said conduit for controlling the vent;
(E) a conduit connecting the other of the cups with the pump, said second conduit having a constantly open vent;
(F) a valve in the second mentioned conduit for controlling the vent in the second mentioned conduit;
(G) an auxiliary conduit connecting the first mentioned cup with atmosphere;
(H) an auxiliary conduit connecting the second mentioned cup with atmosphere;
(I) constantly open valve means in the auxiliary conduits;
(J) a cyclically shiftable valve disposed between the valve means and the first and second mentioned valves, said shiftable valve being movable to one position in which position one of the cups is connected with the pump through the first mentioned conduit, and in which position the cup is disconnected from the first mentioned auxiliary conduit, and in which position the other cup is disconnected from the pump and is connected with the second mentioned auxiliary circuit, said shiftable valve being movable to a second position in which second position the said one cup is disconnected from the pump and is connected with the first mentioned auxiliary conduit and in which second position the said other cup is connected with the pump through the second mentioned conduit and disconnected from the second mentioned auxiliary conduit;
(K) and means for cyclically shifting the shiftable valve to and from said positions.
4. An apparatus as defined in claim 3, characterized in that the valve means includes means adjustable to restrict the flow of air into the auxiliary conduits to a degree in which partial vacuum is maintained in the said one cup at the end of the phase when the shiftable valve is in the second mentioned position and partial vacuum is maintained in the said other cup at the end of the phase when the shiftable valve is in the first mentioned position.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,354,666 10/1920 Lane 119-1429 1,355,839 10/1920 Mehring 11914.27 1,847,658 3/ 1932 Lasker 128281 2,098,272 11/1937 Benson 12838 2,626,601 1/1953 Riley 12838 2,646,038 7/1953 Iwan 12840 RICHARD A. GAUDET, Primary Examiner.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1354666 *||Sep 12, 1917||Oct 5, 1920||D H Burrell & Co||Milking-machine|
|US1355839 *||Feb 17, 1915||Oct 19, 1920||mehringr|
|US1847658 *||Jan 26, 1925||Mar 1, 1932||Edward Lasker||Breast pump|
|US2098272 *||Mar 25, 1935||Nov 9, 1937||Simon Benson||Therapeutic apparatus|
|US2626601 *||Jul 28, 1950||Jan 27, 1953||Riley John P||Vacuum pulsating exercising apparatus|
|US2646038 *||Jul 21, 1950||Jul 21, 1953||Iwan Lillian V||Passive vascular exerciser|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5571084 *||Dec 12, 1994||Nov 5, 1996||Spread Spectrum Inc.||Microprocessor-controlled vested lactation system|
|US5810772 *||May 28, 1996||Sep 22, 1998||Trimed Ag||Mother's milk pump|
|US5954690 *||Apr 11, 1997||Sep 21, 1999||Medela Holding Ag||Alternating suction breastpump assembly and method|
|US6045529 *||Oct 2, 1998||Apr 4, 2000||Nuesch Logistik||Drive unit for a breastpump|
|US6139521 *||Jun 2, 1997||Oct 31, 2000||Medela Holding Ag||Breastpump having particular application as a small motorized pump capable of double-breast pumping|
|US6257847||Apr 3, 1998||Jul 10, 2001||Medela, Inc.||Diaphragm pump and pump for double-breast pumping|
|US6481986||Sep 29, 2000||Nov 19, 2002||Medela Holding Ag||Vacuum adjustment mechanism particularly adapted for a breastpump|
|US6676631||Dec 30, 1999||Jan 13, 2004||Medela Holding Ag||Vacuum and rate control for a breastpump|
|US6840918||Jul 18, 2001||Jan 11, 2005||The First Years Inc.||Pumping breast milk|
|US6997897||Jun 12, 2000||Feb 14, 2006||Medela Holding Ag||Diaphragm pump and pump for double-breast pumping|
|US7128735||Dec 30, 2004||Oct 31, 2006||Richard Scott Weston||Reduced pressure wound treatment appliance|
|US7255681||Jun 12, 2000||Aug 14, 2007||Medela Holding Ag||Diaphragm pump and pump for double-breast pumping|
|US7396339||Apr 30, 2004||Jul 8, 2008||The First Years Inc.||Pumping breast milk|
|US7569031 *||Jun 22, 2004||Aug 4, 2009||The First Years Inc.||Breast pump|
|US7708724||Apr 4, 2005||May 4, 2010||Blue Sky Medical Group Incorporated||Reduced pressure wound cupping treatment system|
|US7776028||Mar 31, 2005||Aug 17, 2010||Bluesky Medical Group Incorporated||Adjustable overlay reduced pressure wound treatment system|
|US7846141||Aug 28, 2003||Dec 7, 2010||Bluesky Medical Group Incorporated||Reduced pressure treatment system|
|US7909805||Mar 22, 2011||Bluesky Medical Group Incorporated||Flexible reduced pressure treatment appliance|
|US7998125||May 19, 2005||Aug 16, 2011||Bluesky Medical Group Incorporated||Hypobaric chamber treatment system|
|US8062272||Feb 24, 2005||Nov 22, 2011||Bluesky Medical Group Incorporated||Flexible reduced pressure treatment appliance|
|US8062273||Dec 6, 2010||Nov 22, 2011||Bluesky Medical Group Incorporated||Reduced pressure treatment system|
|US8079975||Jun 12, 2008||Dec 20, 2011||The First Years Inc.||Pump apparatus|
|US8100887||Mar 8, 2005||Jan 24, 2012||Bluesky Medical Group Incorporated||Enclosure-based reduced pressure treatment system|
|US8398584||Jan 18, 2010||Mar 19, 2013||Learning Curve Brands, Inc.||Breast pump and method of use|
|US8398614||Apr 1, 2009||Mar 19, 2013||Smith & Nephew Plc||Apparatus for aspirating, irrigating and cleansing wounds|
|US8449509||May 28, 2013||Bluesky Medical Group Incorporated||Flexible reduced pressure treatment appliance|
|US8540699||Aug 13, 2010||Sep 24, 2013||Bluesky Medical Group Incorporated||Reduced pressure wound treatment system|
|US8545464||Apr 23, 2012||Oct 1, 2013||Bluesky Medical Group Incorporated||Reduced pressure treatment system|
|US8569566||Nov 22, 2011||Oct 29, 2013||Smith & Nephew, Plc||Wound cleansing apparatus in-situ|
|US8591458||Jun 11, 2004||Nov 26, 2013||Tomy International, Inc.||Pumping breast milk|
|US8628505||Nov 22, 2011||Jan 14, 2014||Bluesky Medical Group Incorporated||Reduced pressure treatment system|
|US8708998||Apr 7, 2009||Apr 29, 2014||Bluesky Medical Group, Inc.||Enclosure-based reduced pressure treatment system|
|US8834451||Jan 31, 2012||Sep 16, 2014||Smith & Nephew Plc||In-situ wound cleansing apparatus|
|US8900182||Dec 7, 2012||Dec 2, 2014||Tomy International, Inc.||Breast pump and method of use|
|US8926592||Jul 7, 2010||Jan 6, 2015||Smith & Nephew Plc||Wound cleansing apparatus with heat|
|US9198801||May 24, 2013||Dec 1, 2015||Bluesky Medical Group, Inc.||Flexible reduced pressure treatment appliance|
|US9205001||Sep 12, 2014||Dec 8, 2015||Smith & Nephew Plc||Apparatus for aspirating, irrigating and cleansing wounds|
|US9211365||Dec 27, 2013||Dec 15, 2015||Bluesky Medical Group, Inc.||Reduced pressure treatment system|
|US20030176817 *||Mar 10, 2003||Sep 18, 2003||Shun-Yi Chang||Electrical multi-functional fitness and body slimming massage device|
|US20040073151 *||Aug 28, 2003||Apr 15, 2004||Weston Richard Scott||Reduced pressure treatment system|
|US20040249340 *||Jun 11, 2004||Dec 9, 2004||The First Years Inc.||Pumping breast milk|
|US20050148913 *||Dec 30, 2004||Jul 7, 2005||Weston Richard S.||Reduced pressure wound treatment appliance|
|US20050203452 *||Mar 8, 2005||Sep 15, 2005||Weston Richard S.||Enclosure-based reduced pressure treatment system|
|US20050222528 *||Apr 4, 2005||Oct 6, 2005||Weston Richard S||Reduced pressure wound cupping treatment system|
|US20050222544 *||Apr 4, 2005||Oct 6, 2005||Weston Richard S||Flexible reduced pressure treatment appliance|
|US20050245860 *||Apr 30, 2004||Nov 3, 2005||Britto James J||Pump apparatus|
|US20050261615 *||May 19, 2005||Nov 24, 2005||Richard Scott Weston||Hypobaric chamber treatment system|
|US20050261642 *||Feb 24, 2005||Nov 24, 2005||Weston Richard S||Flexible reduced pressure treatment appliance|
|US20050283112 *||Jun 22, 2004||Dec 22, 2005||Britto James J||Breast pump|
|US20080243061 *||Jun 12, 2008||Oct 2, 2008||Britto James J||Pump apparatus|
|US20090254054 *||Apr 1, 2009||Oct 8, 2009||Smith & Nephew Plc||Apparatus for aspirating, irrigating and cleansing wounds|
|US20100274207 *||Jul 7, 2010||Oct 28, 2010||Blue Sky Medical Group Inc.||Flexible reduced pressure treatment appliance|
|US20100305549 *||Dec 2, 2010||Bluesky Medical Group Incorporated||Reduced pressure wound treatment system|
|US20110077604 *||Mar 31, 2011||Bluesky Medical Group, Inc.||Reduced pressure treatment system|
|US20110087176 *||Apr 1, 2009||Apr 14, 2011||Smith & Nephew Plc||Apparatus for aspirating, irrigating and cleansing wounds|
|DE2949001A1 *||Dec 5, 1979||May 14, 1981||Walkner & Co Ohg Dr H & A||Vacuum medical or remedial massage appts. - has housing with two or more suction bells connected alternately to vacuum source (AT 15.8.80)|
|EP0744180A2 *||Apr 29, 1996||Nov 27, 1996||Trimed Ag||Breast pump|
|EP0990445A2 *||Jun 3, 1997||Apr 5, 2000||Medela Holding AG||Breastpump capable of double-breast pumping|
|WO1997046269A1 *||Jun 3, 1997||Dec 11, 1997||Medela Holding Ag||Breastpump capable of double-breast pumping|
|U.S. Classification||601/14, 604/74, 601/11|
|Cooperative Classification||A61H9/005, A61H2205/082|