|Publication number||US3240402 A|
|Publication date||Mar 15, 1966|
|Filing date||Dec 2, 1964|
|Priority date||Dec 2, 1964|
|Publication number||US 3240402 A, US 3240402A, US-A-3240402, US3240402 A, US3240402A|
|Inventors||Russell Linus E|
|Original Assignee||Peters & Russell Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (1), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
March 15, 1966 L. E. RUSSELL 3,240,402
Filed Dec. 2, 1964 la n Bag INVENTOR a mwm United States Patent 3,240,402 FAUCET Linus E. Russell, Springfield, Ohio, assignor to Peters 8: Russell, Inc., Springfield, Ohio, a corporation of Ohio Filed Dec. 2, 1964, Ser. No. 415,352 6 Claims. (Cl. 222-383) This invention relates to faucets and particularly to a combination pump-faucet device. Although not so limited, the device of the invention has especial utility in the water distribution systems of boats, house trailers and the like having a self-containing store of fresh water.
The object of the invention is to simplify the construction as well as the means and mode of operation faucets, whereby such faucets may not only be economically manufactured, but will be more eflicient and satisfactory in use, adaptable to a wide variety of application, and be unlikely to get out of order.
A further object of the invention is to provide a pumpfaucet device adapted for mounting on a sink top to draw water from a remote source.
Another object of the invention is to provide a device as described constructed with a spout inclining in a conventional manner over a sink recess and incorporating means accessible from the front thereof to pump water to a discharge outlet.
A further object of the invention is to provide a device of the kind described characterized by simplicity of con struction and ease of operation.
A further object of the invention is to provide a faucet possessing the advantageous structural features, the inherent meritorious characteristics and the mode of operation herein mentioned.
With the above and other incidental objects in view as will more fully appear in the specification, the invention intended to be protected by Letters Patent consists of the features of construction, the parts and combinations thereof, and the mode of operation as hereinafter described or illustrated in the accompanying drawings, or their equivalents.
Referring to the accompanying drawing wherein is shown one but obviously not necessarily the only form of embodiment of the invention:
FIG. 1 is a top plan view of a pump-faucet device in accordance with the illustrated form of the invention mounted to a sink top; and
FIG. 2 is a view in longitudinal section taken substantially along the line 22 of FIG. 1.
Like parts are indicated by similar characters of reference throughout the several views.
The pump-faucet device of the invention has general utility in liquid handling and distributing systems. It is in the illustrated instance disclosed in an embodiment adapted for marine use and the like.
Referring to the drawings, a pump-faucet device in accordance with the illustrated embodiment of the invention comprises a spout 10 the major portion of which is defined by a cylindrical body portion 11. At what may be considered the inner end thereof the spout 10 is bent angularly, the opening from said inner end being disposed in an axis from which the axis of body portion 11 inclines obtusely. At the described inner end of the spout is a flange 12 adapted to seat upon a flat supporting surface 13 here representing a sink top. The flange 12 rests flushly upon the surface 13 in a manner to dispose the described axis of the inner spout end perpendicular to the mounting surface. As a result the body 11 of the spout extends in inclined fashion in generally overlying relation to the surface 13 in the manner of a projecting faucet. Screws 14 hold the flange 12 to the surface 13.
At what may be considered its outer end the spout 10 is open and has installed therein a bushing or bearing sleeve 15. The sleeve 15 has a threaded connection in body 11 and is formed with a through bore 16 in which is recessed a packing 17. A rod 18 is slidably mounted in the bearing sleeve 15 and occupies a coaxial position in body 11. One end of the rod 18 is within the spout and has connected thereto a piston 19 to the bottom of which is fastened a cup member 21. The sides of cup member 21 extend upward in surrounding relation to the piston 19 and terminate in a substantially feather edge 22 tending to contact the interior wall of body 11. The cup member is made of a flexible, deformable material and in a generally known manner is adapted to allow a fluid flow around the piston in one direction while denying reverse flow. In the present instance piston 19 is disposed intermediate the inner end of the spout 10 and a discharge outlet 23 formed in the body 11 on the underside thereof and adjacent to the outer end of the spout. Cup member 21 is in a facing relation to the outer end of the spout. Accordingly liquid may flow from the inner end of the spout to the interior of body 11 and from there to discharge outlet 23 but flow in a reverse direction, as from outlet 23 to the inner end of the spout, is denied.
The opposite or outer end of rod 18 projects through and beyond the bearing sleeve 15 outside the spout 10. There it is received in a threaded connection in an internal boss of a knob 25 serving as a handle for the manual reciprocation of rod 18 and attached piston 19. A peripheral skirt portion 26 of the knob 25 is in relatively projecting relation to the internal boss 24 and is adapted to achieve a telescopic closing relation to the outer end of the spout 10 in an inwardly thrust position of the knob and connected parts.
The inner end of the spout 10 is formed with a counterbored recess 27. Seated in such recess is a flanged end 28 of a fitting 29. The latter has a threaded exterior and terminates in a hose connection 31 at its end opposite flange 28. A through bore 32 is formed in the fitting 25 and communicates at its inner end with the open inner end of the spout 10. The fitting 29, when seated in the counter bored recess 27 occupies a position coaxial of the bent inner end of spout 10. It is adapted to be received in an opening in the sink top surface 13. Suitable fastening means, such as a nut and washer assembly 33, is mounted on the threaded exterior of the fitting 29 and is engageable with the underside of the sink top to hold the fitting securely in a mounted position as illustrated. The screws 14 pass through the flange 28 and connect the spout and fitting 29 in a unitary relationship.
A plate 34, foraminous-like in construction is disposed across the inner end of spout 10 and has its periphery clamped between the bottom of counter bored recess 27 and flange 28, the spout and fitting 29 having appropriate facing recesses in which the peripheral edge of the plate is received. A flexible, deformable, flapper type valve 35 overlies the plate 34, normally closing the openings therein. A rivet 36 anchors the deformable member 35 at its mid point. The plate 34 and resilient deformable member 35 comprise a one way valve device functioning, as will be understood, to admit liquid from the fitting 29 to the spout 10 while precluding reverse flow.
The assembly as described is suitably installed on a sink top with the body portion of the spout extending in a generally overlying relation to the sink top surface and with the discharge outlet 23 in a position to discharge into a sink recess. Through a hose connection, attached to the fitting 29 at portion 31, the faucet assembly is connected to a source of water as may be carried for example in a nearby storage tank. The projecting inclined attitude of the spout presents the handle or knob 25 for the convenient grasp of a person standing at the sink and it may thus be readily gripped and moved outward and inward in reciprocating pump-like strokes. In response to such movement the piston 19 is reciprocated in the body 11 of the spout 10. An outward stroke of the piston, moving it toward bearing sleeve 15 and discharge outlet 23, creates a low pressure chamber beyond the piston or between the piston and the inner end of the spout. Atmospheric pressure, acting on the water in the storage tank, compels a flow of water through the hose connection to and throughthe fitting.29v and past theone-way valve assembly 34-35 to the described chamber in the spout created by a retracting piston-19. On the subsequent inward movement of the pistonthe water so intro duced into the spout transfers around the cup member 21 to the interior of the .spout in back of thepiston .19. On the next following outward or retracting movement of the piston, therefore, this .water is forced out of the spout by way of outlet 23 .while at the same time a further charge of water is being admitted to thespout in front of the piston. The result is a combination pump and faucet device wherein a faucet arranged in .a convenient manner to discharge int-o a sink recess incorporates withinitself a means to draw on a remote source of water and to direct it in an intermittent stream into the sink recess.
From the above description it will .be apparent that there is thus provided a device of the character described possessing the particular features of advantage before enumerated as desirable, but which obviously is susceptible of modification inits form, proportions,.detail' construction and arrangement of parts without departing from the principle involved or sacrificing any .of its advantages.
While in order to comply with the statute the invention has beendescribed in language more or less specific as to structural features, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the specific features shown, but that the means and construction herein disclosed comprise but one of several modes of putting the invention into effect, and the invention is therefore-claimed inany of its forms or modifications within the legitimate and valid scope of the appended claims.
Having thus described my invention, I claim:
1. A combination pump-faucet for marine and like use, including a spout having, inner and outer ends and a discharge outlet in the side thereof adjacent to said outer end, a bearing sleeve installed in said outer end of said spout, a rod reciprocable in said sleeve and having inner and outer ends respectively inside and outside said spout, a handle attached to said outer end of saidrod, a piston on the inner end thereof within said spout constructed for drawing liquid to said outlet upon outward movement thereof and to by-pass liquid therearoundfrom the inner end of said spout upon inward movement thereof, oneway valve means installed in the said inner end of'said spout to admit liquid flow into said spout through said inner end but to deny reverse flow, and means cooperatively engaged with the inner end of said spout for mounting said spout in a sink top or the like and for admitting 4 liquid thereto, said last-named means and the inner end of said spout being aligned in a common axis with the main body of said spout inclining obtusely from said axis.
2. A combination pump-faucet according to claim 1, characterized in that said handle attached to said rod is knob-shaped and is recessed on an underside thereof in a manner to receive the outer end of said spout therein at the end of the inward movement of said piston.
3. A combination pump-faucet for marine and like use, including a base for installation in a sink top, said base being disposed with its axis perpendicular to the sink top, an open spout extending as a continuation of said base and in inclined relation to the axis thereof to occupy a generally overlying relation to the sink top, said spout havingon its underside near its outer end a discharge opening, said base being open for admission of liquid thereto through the bottom thereof and for delivery of such liquid to said spout, a bushing received in and closing said outer end of'said spout, a piston rod reciprocable in said bushing, piston means on the inner end-of said rod in said spout adapted to by-pass liquid therearound upon inward thrust of said rod, handle means on the outer end of said rod outside said spout, and one-way valve means installed in said base to admit flow therethrough to said spout while denying reverse flow, said valve means being disposed coaxially of said base.
4. A combination pump-faucet according to claim 3, characterized in that-said base and said spout are unitarily formed, said base having in the bottom thereof a counterbore seating said one-way valve.
5. A combination pump-faucet according to claim 3, characterized in that the'hand le'means on the outer end of said rod achieves in an innermost position of saidpiston means a surrounding telescoping relation to the other end of said spout, said discharge opening being defined by a boss on said spout approached by-said handle in thrusting said piston means to said innermost position.
6. A combination pump-faucet according to claim 3, characterized by a mounting fitting having a flanged end received in said base and a tubular body extension coaxially disposed relative to said base to be received in the sink top, said flanged end'confiningsaid one-way valve in said base.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 251,004 12/1881 Trump l03178 313,669 3/1885 Holrnberg 103-178 923,447 6/1909 Schmidt 222-.383 X 1,396,469 11/1921 Steele 222-380 X 1,615,380 1/1927 Hill 222383 X 2,360,085 10/1944 Thompson 103-178 X 2,371,940 11/1945 Woodford 103178 LOUIS J. DEMBO, Primary Examiner, HADD N g Examiner,
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US251004 *||Mar 31, 1881||Dec 13, 1881||Abeaham van trump|
|US313669 *||Mar 10, 1885||P One||Half to andeew chaeles and gael e|
|US923447 *||Aug 15, 1908||Jun 1, 1909||George A Schmidt||Toilet-soap-dispensing attachment for washstands.|
|US1396469 *||Jul 26, 1920||Nov 8, 1921||Steele Mary J||Dispensing-container|
|US1615380 *||Jul 23, 1926||Jan 25, 1927||Hill Donald A||Combined force-feed pump and faucet|
|US2360085 *||Aug 14, 1943||Oct 10, 1944||Alden Speare S Sons Co||Pump|
|US2371940 *||Apr 15, 1944||Mar 20, 1945||Wood John Mfg Co Inc||Pump|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4953758 *||Oct 24, 1988||Sep 4, 1990||Mark-O Industries||Valve construction|
|U.S. Classification||222/383.1, 417/555.1|
|International Classification||F04B9/00, F04B9/14, E03C1/04|
|Cooperative Classification||E03C2001/0416, F04B9/14, E03C1/0404|
|European Classification||F04B9/14, E03C1/04D|