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Publication numberUS3241234 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 22, 1966
Filing dateMar 10, 1964
Priority dateMar 10, 1964
Publication numberUS 3241234 A, US 3241234A, US-A-3241234, US3241234 A, US3241234A
InventorsJoseph M Kiefer, Keith E Webb
Original AssigneeMonsanto Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Yarn aspirator with severing means
US 3241234 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 22, 1966 J. M. KIEFER ETAL YARN ASPIRATOR WITH SEVERING MEANS Filed March 10, 1964 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTORS J. M. KIE FER K. E. WEBB AGENT March 22 1966 J. M. KIEFER ETAL 3,241,234

YARN ASPIRATOR WITH SEVERING' MEANS 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed March 10, 1964 Vl/lll III/Illa? 67/4 FIG.6.

INVENTORS J. M. K/E F E R K. E WEBB United States Patent 3,241,234 YARN ASPIRATGR WITH SEVERING MEANS Joseph M. Kiefer, Pensacola, Fla, and Keith E. Webb, Greeneville, Tenn, assignors to Monsanto Company, a corporation of Delaware Filed Mar. 10, 1964, Ser. No. 350,994 7 Claims. ((31. 30-433) This invention relates to textile devices for handling, collecting, and stringing or lacing yarns onto textile machines, and more particularly relates to an aspirator device provided with severing means for selectably cutting a continuous yarn norm-ally being propelled through the aspirator device.

'In textile practice, a typical portable yarn aspirator of the type generally referred to as a sucker gun is designed as a hand tool to be manually handled and manipulated by an operator. The aspirator is connected to a source of air under pressure which is employed to create a rarefied pressure atmosphere for producing an intake or draft of air into a nozzle on the aspirator. Control over a continuous moving threadline or yarn end is readily obtained by bringing the aspirator within close proximity of and aiming the nozzle at the yarn end. I The yarn end is pulled into the aspirator, carried therethrough, and deposited in a receptacle or bag. The yarn end is thus maintained under tension and the operator by manipulating the aspirator at will can wind the yarn around godets, guides, drums, bobbins and the like.

Conventional aspirators, however, do not incorporate suitable means for severing the yarn end once control is effected. Consequently, upon completing a string up of the yarn, the yarn must be cut or broken away from the aspirator by separate operation. The use of scissors and other cutting implements presents a safety hazard. Inconvenience, loss of time and unsafe working circumstances result.

It is the object of this invention to provide a novel yarn aspirator adapted to sever a yarn moving through the aspirator.

Another object of the invention is to provide a portable pneumatic sucker gun with selectably operable severing means for efficiently, safely, and expeditiously handling and severing yarns.

Accordingly, a yarn aspirator constructed to accomplish the above objects is provided. The yarn aspirator embodying the invention comprises a housing shaped to be gripped manually as a gun and provided with inlet means normally connected to a source of air under pressure. Air under pressure flows through passage means in the housing and thence to tubular suction means therein adapted to create a rarefied air condition for effecting a constant intake of ambient air into a nozzle mounted on the housing. By bringing the aspirator within close range and aiming the nozzle at the yarn, the yarn is pulled into the nozzle, propelled through perforated cutter means in the housing, through the tubular suction means and deposited into a receptaclie which is attached to the aspirator. When desired, the yarn being drawn through the aspirator is cut by pulling on a pivotal trigger means positioned on the housing. The trigger means when fired operates valve means in the housing that acts to cut off the flow of pressurized air to the tubular suction means and diverts the pressurized air to flow to actuator means connected to the cutter means. The actuator means acts resp-onsively to air under pressure to rapidly move or ram the perforated cutter means telescopingly into a bushing member for shearing the yarn end normally being aspirated through the perforated cutter means.

A better understanding of the yarn aspirator embodying the invention will be obtained by reference to the following more detailed description and to the accompanying drawings.

In the drawings:

FIGURE 1 is a plan view of the novel yarn aspirator;

FIGURE 2 is a section view taken through 2-2 of FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 3 is a section view taken along 3-3 of FIG- URE 1;

FIGURE 4 is an elevation view of the housing of the novel aspirator;

FIGURE 5 is a section view taken through 5--5 of FIGURE 4;

FIGURE 6 is a section view taken through 6--6 of FIGURE 4;

FIGURE 7 is a side view of the housing as viewed in the direction of 77 of FIGURE 4; and

FIGURE 8 is a plan view of the housing shown in FIGURE 4.

Referring to the drawings, FIGS. 1-8, the textile aspirator 1 embodying the invention comprises a housing 2 having a bore 3 extending therethrough. Bore 3 is threaded adjacent one end thereof and has a counterbore 4 formed adjacent the opposite end thereof. Counterbore 4 is threaded at its outer end thereof. A nozzle 5 is se'alingly and screw-threadingly connected to the threaded end of bore 3. A tube 6 is securely fitted in the end of bore 3 adjacent counterbore 4 and extends through counter-bore 4 and outwardly from housing 2.

A hollow fitting 7 is screw-threadingly and sealingly connected to counterbore 4. Fitting 7 has a bore 8 de fined therethrough and the wall of bore 8 concentrically and spacially surrounds the end of tube 6. A yarn receiving receptacle or bag 9 is mounted at its open end on fitting 7. An annular chamber 10 is defined at the inner end of counterbore 4 and is open to an annular space 11 formed between tube 6 and bore 8 of fitting 7. Annular space 1.1 is open to the receptacle 9.

Housing 2 is provided with a threaded inlet port 12 open to a bore 13 defined in housing 2. A passage 14 in housing 2 connects annular chamber 10 to bore 13-. A line or pipe 14a is screw-threadingly and sealingly connected to port 12 and is normally charged with pressurized air from a suitable source thereof. The air delivered to the inlet port 12 flows to annular chamber 10 via bore 13 and passage 14 and flows restrictedly through annular space 11 before venting into the receptacle 9. The pressure of the air is decreased as it passes through annular space 11 creating a subatmospheric condition or suction adjacent the end of tube 6. The low pressure condition created causes air to be drawn into nozzle 5 and to flow through bore 3 in the direction of the low pressure region thus providing a medium for transporting or propelling yarn brought into close range of nozzle 5 into the waste bag 9.

A reciprocable yarn shearing pin 15 having a transverse opening 16 extending therethrough serves to cut the yarn normally being drawn through the aspirator 1. The shearing pin 15 is sliclably operable in a bore 17 that intersects bore 3 between nozzle 5 and tube 6. A bushing 18 having a bore coaxially aligned with bore 17 is retained within housing 2 by a hollow clamping cap 19 suitably secured to housing 2. As viewed in FIG. 2, that portion of pin 15 having opening 16 therein is adapted to move slidin'gly and telescopingly in and out of the bore 17 of bushing 18. A spring 20 is disposed in hollow cap 19 and acts 'at one end against the wall of the cap 19 and against the end of pin 15 at its opposite end. Preferably, spring 20 is secured to pin 15 by seating the end of the spring 20 within a groove formed on pin 15.

Pin is connected at its lower end to and is actuated by a bellows actuator 21 operable in a bore 22 aligned with and open to bore 17 in housing 2. The bellows actuator 21 has a tube 23 connected at its lower end thereof for delivering air under pressure thereto. A retainer ring 24 suitably secures the bellows actuator 21 within bore 22 and the latter is dimensioned to allow expansion and contraction of the bellows actuator 21 therein.

Shearing pin 15 is arranged such that when the bellows actautor 21 is not pressurized, spring will bias pin 15 in a downward position so that the opening 16 therein is axially aligned with bore 3 to permit yarn to travel unrestrictedly through opening 16 when the yarn is being propelled through the aspirator.

To selectably control cutting of the yarn a pair of valve assemblies which are disposed in bore 13 and a trigger lever control are provided as will now be explained.

Bore 13 is threaded at its lower end thereof as viewed in FIG. 3, and has a pair of coaxially arranged spaced valve seats, 25 and 26, formed therein. A hollow valve fitting 27 is screW-threadingly connected to the threaded end of bore 13, and tube 23 which is connected at one end thereof to the bellows actuator 21 is connected at its opposite end to the valve fitting 27. A valve spring 28 disposed in fitting 27 normally acts against a ball valve 29 and biases the ball valve 29 into seating engagement with valve seat 26 for closing off flow of air to the bellows actuator 21 from inlet port 12.

A slide valve 30 is slidingly operable in bore 13 and is in opposed arrangement to ball valve 29. Slide valve 30 is provided with an O-ring seal 31 intermediate its ends thereof and has a plunger 32 at its inner end thereof that fits slidably Within valve seat 25. A stem 33 projects from plunger 32 and serves to unseat ball valve 29 from its seated position when plunger 32 is operatively seated in its corresponding valve seat 25 as will be explained in the description of the operation of the aspirator.

Housing 2 has a slot 34 that extends along the side thereof and intersects with bore 13. A trigger lever 35 is positioned in slot 34 and is fulcrumed at one end thereof about a pin 36 provided on housing 2. Trigger lever 35 extends over the end of bore 13 and slide valve 30 is normally biased into engagement with the trigger lever 35 by the pressure of air acting against the slide valve 30. The trigger lever 35 is thus pivoted into contact with the wall of slot 34 and positioned in a cocked position.

Passage 14 opens into bore 13 at a point above the valve seat 25, and the inlet port 12 opens into bore 13 at a point between the valve seats 25 and 26 so that air flowing from the inlet port normally flows past valve seat 25 and plunger 32 and into passage 14. The seal on slide valve 30 and the close fit of the valve in bore 13 prevent the air from escaping from bore 13.

The exterior of housing 2 is formed to permit manual gripping and handling in the manner of a pistol.

In operation, aspirator 1 is charged with air under pressure from an established source thereof connected to the inlet port 12 via pipe 14a. The pressurized air delivered to the aspirator 1 flows from port 12 to bore 13 and acts against the plunger 32 of slide valve 30 causing the slide valve 30 to unseat from a seated position on seat 25 and to be biased upwardly into engagement with trigger lever 35. Trigger lever 35 is moved to a cocked position as defined by the lever engaging the upper wall of slot 34, FIG. 3. The air then flows past valve seat 25 and flows into passage 14 and thence to annular chamber 10. From annular chamber 10 the air flows restrictedly to annular space 11 and exhausts into receptacle 9. A suction is produced around the end of tube 6 and air is drawn through nozzle 5, opening 16 of shearing pin 15, and tube 6. The aspirator 1 can now be manipulated within close range of and aimed at a moving continuous yarn end. The yarn end will be drawn into nozzle 5, propelled through opening 16 and tube 6 and deposited into receptacle 9 An operator having now gained positive hold of a yarn end can direct or wind the moving yarn threadline around rolls, pins, guides and the like and lace the yarn onto textile apparatus such as drawtwisters and draw-Winders. Upon completing a string-up of yarn, the yarn is separated from the aspirator at the will of the operator by pulling on the trigger lever 35 in the manner of firing a pistol. When trigger lever 35 is pulled or fired and thus rocked in a counterclockwise direction, as viewed in FIG. 3, the trigger lever 35 pushes the slide valve 30 downwardly to cause plunger 32 to seat within valve seat 25 thereby cutting off flow of air to passage 14 and simultaneously to cause stem 33 to contact ball valve 29 and to unseat the latter against the force of spring 28. Air under pressure then fiows past valve seat 26, through hollow valve fitting 27, through tube 23 and into bellows actuator 21. Air under pressure supplied to the bellows actuator 21 causes rapid expansion of the latter and consequent rapid upward actuation of shearing pin 15. Shearing pin 15 slides upwardly into the bore of bushing 18. The yarn passing through opening 16 of pin 15 is carried upwardly into contact with bushing 18 and is sheared or severed by the yarn being caught between the telescoping walls of the shearing pin 15 and bushing 18. Upon release of trigger lever 35, air under pressure supplied to bore 12 and bore 13 will bias slide valve 30 upwardly away from its seated position on valve seat 25 and opening inlet 12 to passage 14. Stem 33 of valve 30 will also be carried away from ball valve 29. Before ball valve 29 returns to its seated position, spring 20 acts against pin 15 to operatively cause bellows 21 to contract thus forcing the air therein to flow back or to be swept into bore 13 past valve seat 26 so as to vent the bellows 21. When slide valve 30 is biased into contact with trigger lever 35 and moves the latter into a cocked position, then stem 33 of slide valve 30 will have disengaged from ball valve 29 permitting the latter to be seated against valve seat 26. The aspirator 1 is now in condition to receive another yarn end.

It is thus seen that string-up and cutting of a yarn is expeditiously and easily accomplished with the use of the aspirator 1 of the invention. It is an outstanding feature of the aspirator 1 embodying the invention that heavy denier or so-called giant denier yarns of a gauge of 8000 denier and above are readily severed. Ordinarily it is a problem to sever such giant denier yarns by scissor or blade means particularly when the yarn is traveling.

It will be understood that modifications and variations of the illustrated construction of the invention are contemplated within the spirit thereof and that limitations are to be governed by the scope of the following claims.

We claim:

1. A yarn aspirator comprising,

(a) a housing including,

(b) an inlet adapted to be connected to a source of air under pressure,

(c) means defining a bore extending therethrough,

(d) a nozzle open to one end of said bore,

(e) suction means open to the opposite end of said bore,

(f) a passage open to said suction means and to said inlet to flow air under pressure to said suction means for creating a rarefied atmosphere and establishing a flow of air through said nozzle and said bore,

(g) yarn severing means reciproca-bly operable to intersect said bore,

(11) fluid pressure actuator means connected to said yarn severing means,

(i) conduit means connected to said inlet and said fluid pressure actuator means,

(i) valve means controllable, alternately; to supply air under pressure from said inlet to said fluid pressure actuator means for responsively actuating said yarn severing means to a severing position for cutting the yarn normally extending through said bore while concurrently cutting off flow of air under pressure to said suction means from said inlet means; and to cut off flow of air under pressure from said inlet to said fluid pressure actuator means while permitting air under pressure to flow from said inlet to said suction means, and

(k) selectably operable control means for selectably controlling said valve means.

2. A yarn aspirator comprising,

(a) a housing including,

(b) an inlet adapted to be connected to a source of air under pressure,

(c) means defining a bore extending therethrough,

(d) a nozzle open to one end of said bore,

(e) suction means open to the opposite end of said bore,

(f) a passage open to said suction means and to said inlet to flow air under pressure to said suction means for creating a rarefied atmosphere and establishing a flow of air through said nozzle and said bore,

(g) yarn severing means including a reciprocable perforated member intersecting said bore,

(h) fluid pressure actuator means connected to said reciprocable perforated member,

(i) conduit means connected to said inlet and said fluid pressure actuator means,

(j) valve means controllable, alternately; to supply air under pressure from said inlet to said fluid pressure actuator means for responsively actuating said reciprocable perforated member to a severing position for cutting the yarn normally extending therethrough while concurrently cutting oft flow of air under pressure to said suction means from said inlet means; and to cut off flow of air under pressure from said inlet to said fluid pressure actuator means while permitting air under pressure to flow from said inlet to said suction means, and

(k) selectably operable control means for selectably controlling said valve means.

3. A yarn aspirator as in claim 2, wherein said yarn severing means further includes a bushing member having slideable telescoping engagement with said reciprocable perforated member of said yarn severing means, and spring means for biasing said reciprocable perforated member to a position where the perforation in said latter member is aligned with said bore.

4. A yarn aspirator as in claim 2, wherein said fluid pressure actuator means comprises a bellows actuator.

5. A yarn aspirator as in claim 2, wherein said valve means comprises a pair of valves adapted to operate in apposition.

6. A yarn aspirator as in claim 2, wherein said selectably operable control means comprises a pivotal trigger lever.

7. A yarn aspirator comprising,

(a) a housing formed to be hand gripped,

(b) means defining a valve bore threaded at one end thereof and opening exteriorly of said housing at its other end thereof,

(-0) a pair of spaced valve seats provided in said valve bore,

(d) a slide valve positioned in said valve bore and normally biased into one position away from one of said valve seats,

(e) a ball valve normally seated on said other of said valve seats in said valve bore,

(f) a hollow fitting connected to the threaded end of said valve bore,

(g) bias means in said fitting normally biasing said ball valve into a seated position on the other of said valve seats in said valve bore,

(h) an inlet in said housing open to said valve bore and normally connected to a source of fluid under pressure,

(i) means defining a yarn bore in said housing having a counterbore at one end thereof,

(j) a passage in said housing open at one end to said valve bore and open at its opposite end to said counterbore of said yarn bore,

(k) a nozzle projecting from said housing and open to said yarn bore, opposite said counterbore end thereof,

(l) a tube mounted in said yarn bore and extending into said counterbore,

(m) a tubular fitting secured to said housing and concentrically surrounding said tube in spaced relation,

(11) means defining a cutter bore intersecting said yarn bore,

(0) a cutter pin having an opening extending therethrough and being slideably operable in said cutter bore,

(p) an annular bushing in said housing axially aligned with said cutter pin,

(q) a hollow clamp secured to said housing for clamping said annular bushing,

(r) a resilient member disposed between and engaging said hollow clamp and said cutter pin for biasing the latter in one direction,

(s) means defining an actuator bore opening at one end to said cutter bore and opening outwardly of said housing at its opposite end thereof,

(t) an expansible bellows actuator disposed in said actuator bore, said expansible bellows being connected to said cutter pin for actuating said cutter pin slideably into said annular bushing against the force of said spring,

(u) a conduit connected at one end to said expansible bellows and connected at its opposite end to said hollow fitting,

(v) trigger means pivotally mounted on said housing and normally engaging said biased slide valve and being selectably operable to move said slide valve into a second seated position on said one valve seat for cutting off flow of air from said inlet to said passage and to simultaneously unseat said ball valve from said other valve seat for permitting air to flow from said inlet to said bellows actuator for actuating said cutter pin into said annular bushing thereby cutting a yarn normally being aspirated through the opening therein.

References Cited by the Examiner 1 UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,634,491 4/ 1953 McDermott 30-133 X 2,667,964 2/1954 Miller 5734.5 X 3,175,290 3/1965 Bunting et a1. 30-228 WILLIAM FELDMAN, Primary Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2634491 *Jun 9, 1949Apr 14, 1953American Viscose CorpStrand-catching device
US2667964 *Apr 21, 1949Feb 2, 1954Du PontYarn handling device
US3175290 *Aug 22, 1962Mar 30, 1965Du PontYarn handling apparatus
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3285114 *Jun 21, 1965Nov 15, 1966Fiber Industries IncDoffing device with trigger actuated cutter means
US3333407 *Apr 26, 1965Aug 1, 1967Algemene Kunslzijde UnieMethod and apparatus for the doffing of yarn packages
US3373551 *Nov 26, 1965Mar 19, 1968Matteo GillonoAutomatic apparatus for binding broken yarns on spinning machines
US3452626 *Jul 22, 1966Jul 1, 1969Ici LtdDevice for entraining and cutting a moving threadline
US3678579 *Mar 2, 1971Jul 25, 1972Heberlein & Co AgYarn control apparatus
US3679114 *Jul 15, 1970Jul 25, 1972Akzona IncMulti-stage injector for thread withdrawal
US3922938 *Dec 13, 1974Dec 2, 1975Rhone Poulenc TextileApparatus for the cutting of a yarn travelling in a tube by means of a fluid
US3942312 *Feb 3, 1975Mar 9, 1976Chavanoz S.A.Machine for treating a textile thread by false twist
US3946546 *Feb 3, 1975Mar 30, 1976Chavanoz S. A.False twist texturing apparatus
US4024698 *Jul 16, 1976May 24, 1977Allied Chemical CorporationAspirator muffler
US4188720 *Jun 22, 1978Feb 19, 1980Anahid KorfStylist hair clipper
US4393736 *Apr 10, 1981Jul 19, 1983E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And CompanyCutter for a moving strand
US4638955 *Mar 25, 1985Jan 27, 1987Barmag Barmer Maschinenfabrik AgYarn handling apparatus for winding machine
US4667864 *Sep 15, 1986May 26, 1987Burlington Industries, Inc.Low noise and high efficiency doffing gun
US5086679 *Aug 6, 1990Feb 11, 1992Basf Fibres Inc.Process for apparatus for collecting continuous supplied yarn to waste
US5426929 *May 12, 1994Jun 27, 1995W. Schlafhorst Ag & Co.Method and apparatus for forming a yarn reserve on a cross-wound bobbin
EP0156306A1 *Mar 21, 1985Oct 2, 1985B a r m a g AGWinding machine
EP0659673A1 *Dec 20, 1994Jun 28, 1995MENEGATTO S.r.l.Yarn suction device in textile machines
Classifications
U.S. Classification30/133, 226/97.4, 57/305, 83/402, 83/100
International ClassificationB65H54/88
Cooperative ClassificationB65H54/88, B65H2701/31
European ClassificationB65H54/88