|Publication number||US3241727 A|
|Publication date||Mar 22, 1966|
|Filing date||Oct 26, 1964|
|Priority date||Oct 26, 1964|
|Publication number||US 3241727 A, US 3241727A, US-A-3241727, US3241727 A, US3241727A|
|Inventors||Heckman Thomas P|
|Original Assignee||Heckman Thomas P|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (19), Classifications (13)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
March 1956 T. P. HECKMAN SELFVENTING DISPENSER 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Oct. 26, 1964 Inventor Thomas P. fieckman. 3 3%, W aK ie March 22, 1966 T. P. HECKMAN SELF-VENTING DISPENSER 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Oct. 26, 1964 lnventar Thomas P. fieckman 3 551m. @Mlflfufil United States Patent 3,241,727 SELF-VENTING DISPENSER Thomas P. Heckman, 533 Edgewood Road, Flowerfield, Lombard, Ill.
Filed Oct. 26, 1964, Ser. No. 406,225 17 Claims. (Cl. 222213) The present invention relates generally to devices for dispensing liquids, such as liquid foods, detergents, medicines, sauces, glues, adhesives, and the like. This application is a continuation-in-part of application Serial No. 223,425, filed September 13, 1962, entitled Liquid Dispenser now Patent No. 3,154,222.
FIGURE 1 of the inventors Patent No. 3,154,222 discloses a squeezable liquid dispenser which uses a pliant cylindrical wall mounted on a base at one end and on a bellows region capable of expanding axially at the other end. The base has an opening provided with a conical seat, and a pin with a conical end engages the conical opening and is mounted at its end opposite the opening on the bellows region. The contents of the container may be dispensed by applying presure to the pliant cylindrical wall to increase the pressure of the entrapped air within the container, thus forcing extension of the bellows region and retraction of the pin from the conical seat. When the distorting force is removed from the cylindrical wall, the pressure of the entrapped air within the container falls below that of the atmospheric pressure, since a portion of the contents of the container has been removed, hence shortening the bellows and forcing the pin into firm engagement with the conical seat of the opening. If the seal between the pin and the conical seat is truly air tight, the wall of the container will be prevented from returning to its cylindrical configuration due to the fact that the pressure of the entrapped air within the container is less than atmospheric. Periodically, this condition must be remedied by manually releasing the seal between the base and the container.
An object of the present invention is to provide a liquid dispenser which responds to distorsion of a pliant wall and which automatically vents the interior of the container to the atmosphere to limit the pressure differential between the entrapped air within the container and the atmosphere.
It is also an object of the present invention to provide a squeeze-type dispenser with an improved valve mechanism responsive to distortion of the container, particularly a valve mechanism which remains operable when dispensing sticky materials, cements, adhesives, and the like.
These and further objects of the present invention will become readily apparent to those skilled in the art from a further consideration of the specification, particularly when viewed in light of the drawings, in which:
FIGURE 1 is a vertical sectional view of a self-venting combination container and dispenser constructed according to the teachings of the present invention and illustrated in the storage condition;
FIGURE 2 is a vertical sectional view of the container and dispenser of FIGURE 1 illustrated in the discharge condition;
FIGURE 3 is a vertical sectional view of the container and dispenser of FIGURE 1 and FIGURE 2 in the venting condition;
FIGURE 4 is a vertical sectional view of another embodiment of a combination container and dispenser provided with an automatic venting device;
FIGURE 5 is a vertical sectional View of the container and dispenser FIGURE 4 illustrating the venting device in the open condition;
FIGURE 6 is a plan view of the container and dispenser of FIGURES 4 and 5;
FIGURE 7 is a plan view of the spring utilized in the vent of the container and dispenser of FIGURES 4 through 6;
FIGURE 8 is a fragmentary sectional view of a modified form of venting device for the container and dispenser of FIGURES 4 through 7;
FIGURE 9 is a vertical sectional view of still another embodiment of a self-venting container and dispensing device constructed according to the teachings of the present invention;
FIGURE 10 is a vertical sectional view of a selfventing container and dispensing device which constitutes still another embodiment of the present invention; and
FIGURE 11 is a vertical sectional view of a selfventing container and dispensing device which constitutes another embodiment of the present invention.
FIGURES 1 through 3 are vertical sectional views taken along the same plane showing one embodiment of the present invention in the storage condition, discharge condition, and venting condition, respectively. This embodiment of the present invention has a container 8 constructed of pliant material, such as polyethylene plastic, polyurethane plastic, or hard rubber. The particular construction of the embodiment illustrated has a cylindrical wall'10, although it is to be understood that other geometrical configurations may also be used for the wall 10 providing that distorting or squeezing of the wall 10 results in a change in the volume of the container in order to provide a difference in pressure within the container from atmospheric pressure responsive to distortion of the geometric shape of the container. The cylindrical body It} extends from a mouth 12 at one end which is provided with a threaded neck 14 for receiving a cap 16. The cap 16 has a threaded recess 18 which engages the threads of the neck 14 of the container and forms a seal. The cap 16 is also provided with a cup-shaped flange 20 which is adapted to mount the container in a vertical position on a flat surface, the flange 20 extending circularly about the recess 18 and depending therefrom. The cap 16 also has an axial opening 22 with a cylindrical bore extending from the recess 18 along the axis of the cylindrical wall 10 of the container 8. The opening 22 is utilized to discharge contents from the container 8.
The end of the container 8 opposite the mouth 12 thereof has a flat disc-shaped portion 24 which is circular in shape and the disc-shaped portion 24 is mounted on the end of the cylindrical wall 10 opposite the mouth 12 by a bellows region 26. The bellows region 26 is formed by a plurality of grooves 28 which extend coaxially about the axis of the container 8 at spaced intervals. The grooves 28 are disposed in planes normal to the axis of the container and equally spaced from each other.
A pin 30 is disposed on the axis of the container 8 and the pin has an expanded end 32 which is snugly and slightly disposed within the cylindrical opening 22 of the cap 16. The end of the pin 30 opposite the opening 22 is mounted on the disc portion 24 of the container 8.
The disc portion 24 is sufliciently rigidly mounted on the container 8 .to maintain the pin 30 in alignment with the axis of the cylindrical wall 10. FIGURES 1 through 3 also indicate a body 36 of liquid which is to be dispensed from the container and which partially fills the interior of the container 8. When the cylindrical walls 10 of the container '8 are depressed to assume the position illustrated in FIGURE 2, the entrapped air within the container 8 is compressed forcing the bellows region 126 to extend, thus moving the disc portion 24 of the con-.
tainer 8 to a position more remote from the neck 14 of the container. Since the pin 30 is mounted on the disc portion 24, the pin is translated away from the opening 22, as indicated in FIGURE 2. As a result, the liquid body 36 within the container 8 may flow downwardly through the opening 22, as indicated by the arrows in FIGURE 2. Further, the pressure generated by squeezing or compressing the container 8 is also exerted upon the body of liquid 36 within the container, thereby causing the liquid to be expelled under pressure.
It will be recognized that the operation of the dispenser of FIGURES 1 through 3 is to this point substantially the same as the operation of the dispensers disclosed in applicants prior patent, particularly the embodiment of FIGURE 1 of that patent. However, upon release of the force distorting the shape of the wall of the container 8, the dispenser of FIGURES 1 through 3 of the present application operates in a difierent and improved mode over that of the dispenser disclosed in applicants prior patent.
From FIGURE 2, it is Iaparent that depressing the walls 10 of the container 8 to discharge a portion of the body 36 of liquid within the container, results in extension of the bellows region 26 and translation of the protruded end 32 of the pin 30 into the interior of the container 8, thus opening the cylindrical opening 22 for the passage of a portion of the contents 36. However, when the force maintaining distortion of the wall 10 of the container is removed, the wall 10 immediately assumes its cylindrical shape, as illustrated in FIGURE 3. At this instant, the quantity of liquid in the body 36 is smaller than it was before discharge, but the number of atoms of air within the container 8 is the same as it was before discharge. Hence, the pressure of the air entrapped within the container 10 immediately after discharge and release of the distorting pressure from the wall 10 will fall below atmospheric pressure, and atmospheric pressure will force the bellows region 26 to partially collapse in order to restore equilibrium between the entrapped air within the container 8 and the atmospheric pressure. As a result, the pin 30 is translated toward the neck 14 of the container 8, and the protruding end 32 is translated toward the exterior mouth, designated 38, of the cylindrical opening 22. As indicated in FIGURE 3, the protruding end 32 must be translated to break the seal between the cylindrical opening 22 and the protruding end 32, thus permitting air to enter the mouth 22, as indicated by the bubbles 39. The air entering the mouth 22 continues as long as the pressure of the entrapped air within the container 8 is less than atmospheric pressure. Were it not for the fact that the bellows region 26 continuously seeks to resume its unstressed or rest position, the entrapped air within the container 8 would be at atmospheric pressure and a rest position would be achieved with the protruding end 32 of the pin 30 outside of the mouth 38 of the opening 22, as indicated in FIGURE 3, but the dispenser is constructed with the bellows region 26 in rest position with the protruding end 32 position centrally of the bore 22, that is, in the position indicated in FIG- URE 1. Hence, the pressure of the entrapped air within the container 8 is reduced below atmospheric pressure as a result of the spring force of the bellows region 26 attempting to restore the bellows region 26 to its equilibrium position, and thus expanding the bellows region 26 against atmospheric pressure. When sufficient air from the atmosphere enters through the opening 22, the bellows region 26 will be able to expand against atmospheric pressure a sufficient distance to pull the protruding end 32 into the channel 22 and form a seal therewith terminating the venting action of the dispenser. The dispenser will thus have reached its rest position, and the pressure of the entrapped air with-in the container 8 will approach atmospheric pressure. It is to be noted that the pressure of the entrapped air within the container may be less than atmospheric pressure under the rest conditions due to the restoring force of the bellows region 26, and that this fact aids in avoiding leakage of the body of liquid 36 from the container 8.
In the embodiment of FIGURES 1 through 3, the protruding end 32 is circular in cross section normal to the axis of the pin 30, and the opening 22 is cylindrical. The diameter of the protruding portion 32 in the plane normal to the axis of the pin 30 exceeds the diameter of the opening 22 to provide an interference fit so that a seal is formed between the protruding portion 32 and the surface of the opening 22. Either the protruding portion 32 of the pin or cap 16 forming the opening 22, or both, must be pliable to permit translation of the pin. Also, the protruding portion 32 may be spherical or irregular in shape. In the embodiments of FIGURES 1 through 3 the protruding portion is modified from a sphere to increase the dimension along the axis of the pin 30 in order to facilitate alignment of the pin 30 with the opening 22 at the moment of release of the distorting force from the wall 10 of the container 8.
FIGURES 4 through 8 illustrate a self-venting dispenser which constitutes another embodiment of the present invention. Since many of the elements of this dispenser are identical to those described in the embodiment of FIGURES 1 through 3, identical reference numerals will be used for identical parts. In the embodiment of FIGURES 4 through 8, a modified container 8A is employed which has a bellows region 26 disposed adjacent to the neck 14 of the container and an end 40 sealed to the end of the cylindrical wall 10 and remote from the bellows regions 26. The end 40 has a circular orifice 42 centered on the axis of the cylindrical wall 10.
A cap 16A has a threaded recess 18 which engages the threads of the neck 14 of the container 8A and forms a seal therewith. The cap 16A is also provided with a cu -shaped flange 20 which extends circularly about the recess 18. The cap 16A has an axial opening 22A with a bore tapering conically from the recess 18.
A pin 30A is disposed on the axis of the cylindrical wall 10, and the pin 30A has a conical end 44 which matches the seat formed by the conical opening 22A to form a seal therewith. The end of the pin 30A remote from the end 44 extends through the orifice 42 in the end 40 of the container 8A and terminates in a circular protrusion 46 on the exterior of the container 8A. The protrusion 46 has a circular cross section normal to the axis of the pin 30A with a diameter greater than the diameter of the orifice 42. Further, the protrusion 46 has a conical surface 48 confronting the orifice 42 and adapted to abut the end of the container 40 about the orifice 42 to form a fluid-tight seal therewith.
The pin 30A has a circular groove 50 disposed in the interior of the container 8A adjacent to the end 40 and a spring 52 is mounted in the groove 50 by means of a central aperture 54 in the spring 52. The spring 52 is in the form of a generally rectangular fiat plate, as indicated in FIGURE 7, and the plate is serrated about the aperture 54 to permit the plate to engage the groove 50. The ends of the plate 56 and 58 are bent in to a U-shape to abut the end 40 of the container 8A.
In the storage position, which is indicated in FIGURE 4, the bellows region 26 exerts a force on the pin 30A through the spring 52 to maintain a sealing pressure between the conical end 44 of the pin 30A and the conical seat formed by the opening 22A. The spring 52 in the storage position exerts a force on the end 40 greater than the force exerted by the bellows region 26 to form a sealing force for maintaining the end 40 in rigid abutment with the conical surface 48 of the protrusion 46.,
When the cylindrical wall is distorted to reduce the volume of the container 8A, the pressure of the en-. trapped air within the container 8A exceeds the pressure of the atmospheric air, thereby permitting the bellows;
region 26 to elongate and translating the pin 30A to,
separate the conical end 44 from the seat 22A and permit the discharge of the body of liquid 36 within the container 8A. FIGURE 4 illustrates in dash lines this condition of operation.
It will be noted that the wall has been distorted inwardly at 60 in FIGURE 4, but that when this inward distortion is removed following discharge of a portion of the contents of container 8A, the wall 10 resumes its cylindrical shape, as illustrate-d in the venting condition of FIGURE 5. At the instant the distorting force which produced the identation 60 of FIGURE 4 is removed and the wall 10 resumes its cylindrical configuration of FIGURE 5, the pressure on the interior of the container 8A is substantially below atmospheric pressure. As a result, atmospheric pressure tends to shorten the bellows region 26, and this force operates against the force of the spring 52 and must exceed the force of the spring 52 to permit the end 40 of the container 8A to be displaced toward the cap 16A, thus translating the surface 48 of the protrusion 46 from the opening 42 in the end 40 and permitting ambient atmosphere air to enter the interior of the container 8A. This venting action continues until the difference in pressure between the interior entrapped air of the container 8A and the atmospheric air exterior of the container 8A falls to permit the bellows region 26 to expand and exert a smaller force on the end 40 of the container 8A than the spring 52, thus permitting the spring 52 to drive the end 40 against the conical surface 48 of the protrusion 46 and sealing the interior of the container 8A from the ambient atmosphere.
FIGURE 8 illustrates a modified form of spring for use in the embodiment of FIGURES 4 through 7. The spring of FIGURE 8 is constructed integral with the pin 3013, which is otherwise identical to the pin 30A illustrated in FIGURES 4 through 6. The spring in the construction of FIGURE 8 employs a sheet portion 62 which forms a segment of a cylinder and extends from the pin 30B immediately below the protrusion 46 thereof. The segment formed by the sheet portion 62 is symmetrically disposed relative to the axis of the pin 30B, leaving a gap on the axis of the pin 30B. The protrusion 46 is of sufiiciently small diameter to permit it to be forced through the orifice 42 in the end 40 of the container 8A, thereby further bending the portions of the sheet portion 62 on opposite sides of the axis of the pin 30B and providing the requisite spring action to maintain the protrusion 46 in abutment with the end 40in the storage condition.
The stem 3013 may be fabricated from the enumerated plastic materials utilized for the container 8A. It is generally preferable, however, to utilize a material with greater'resiliency for the pin 30B than utilized for the container 8A itself.
FIGURE 9 illustrates a further embodiment of the present invention which is particularly suitable and desirable for use in dispensing sticky or adhesive type contents, such as Elmers glue, cement, and other types of materials which tend to dry permanently sealing a dispenser from further use. In the embodiment of FIG- URE 9, a container 8B is employed which has a cylindrical central section 10 and a pair of bellows regions 26A and 26B disposed at opposite ends of the cylindrical wall 10. The container 83 has an end cap 24 which seals the end of the bellows region 26A opposite the cylindrical wall 10, and the end of the bellows region 26B remote from the cylindrical wall 10 has a neck 14 identical to the necks bearing the same reference numeral in previously described embodiments.
A cap 16B has a threaded recess 18 which engages the neck 14 of the container 83 and is provided with a circular fiat groove 64 which extends inwardly from the end of the recess 18 on a plane normal to the central axis of the cylindrical wall 10 of the container 8B. The cap 16B also has an outwardly extending flange 66 from the side of the groove 64 remote from the recess 18 which is also disposed in a plane parallel to the groove 64 and forms a circular aperture 68 of smaller diameter than the recess 18. A soft pliant nipple 70 extends through the aperture 68 and has an outwardly extending circular flat flange 72 which is disposed Within the groove 64 and securely clamped in place between the neck 14 of the container 8B and the inwardly extending flange 66 of the cap 16B. The nipple 70 has a circular aperture 74 disposed on the axis of the cylindrical wall 10. A pin 38C is mounted at one end on the end 24 of the container 8B, and in the storage position has its other end 76 disposed within the aperture 74 of the nipple 7 0.
As illustrated in FIGURE 9, the end 76 of the pin 38C has approximately the same diameter as the central portions of the pin, and a relief portion 78 is disposed immediately adjacent to the end portion 76. Also, the end portion 76 has a generally cylindrical exterior surface with an axis on the axis of the pin 30C, and the diameter of this cylindrical end 76 is slightly larger than the diameter of the circular aperture 74 of the nipple 70 so that the end 76 will seal within the aperture 74 of the nipple but may be translated relative thereto.
Operation of the container of FIGURE 9 is similar to that described for the container of FIGURES 1 through 3 in that distorting the cylindrical wall 10 of the container 8B elongates the container 8B drawing the pin 38C inwardly of the container 8B and tending to translate the end 76 of the pin 30C inwardly from the aperture 74 of the nipple 70. However, when glue or other sticky products are disposed within the container 8B, these will form a mechanical attachment between the nipple 70 and the portion of the end 76 of the pin 30C which is in communication with the ambient atmosphere. It is this mechanical attachment which prevents the free dispensing of glues and other adhesive substances from most containers. In the embodiment of the present invention illustrated in FIGURE 9, however, the mechanical attachment between the end 76 and the nipple 70 results in the nipple 70 being distorted in the manner indicated by the dashed lines at 88 in FIGURE 9, thus rolling the end of the nipple carrying the aperture 74 thereof against the end 76 of the pin. This rolling action of the nipple 70 against the pin 30C results in a breaking of the mechanical attachment between the nipple 70 and the end 76 of the pin 30C so that the nipple will assume the solid line configuration illustrated in FIG- URE 9, thus positioning the end 76 completely within the container 8B and exposing the aperture 74 to the contents or body 36 of the materials to be dispensed. Liquid glues and cements or adhesives will then flow through the aperture 74 until the distorted cylindrical wall 10 is permitted to return to its cylindrical configuration.
At the moment the wall 10 returns to its cylindrical configuration, the operation of the dispenser of FIG- URE 9 conforms to that described for the dispenser of FIGURES 1 through 3. The pressure of the entrapped air within the container 8B being lower at this instant than the atmospheric pressure, the bellows 26A and 26B are shortened, thus forcing the pin 30C through the aperture 74 of the nipple 70 and positioning the relieved portion 78 thereof in the aperture 74 to permit air from the ambient atmoshpere to enter into the container 8B. As the pressure within the container 8B approaches atmospheric pressure, the bellows regions 26A and 26B elongate to return the end '76 of the pin 30C to a position within the aperture 74 of the nipple 70.
FIGURE 11 illustrates still another embodiment of the present invention. In this embodiment of the invention, a container 8D is employed which utilizes a cylindrical wall 10 of pliant material. The container has a base or bottom end 82 which is adapted to rest upon a flat surface, and a bellows region is disposed between the base 82 and the cylindrical wall 10. The container 8D has a neck 14 at the end of the wall 10 opposite the bellows regions 26. A cap 84 has a threaded recess 13 which threadedly engages the neck 14 and is sealed thereto. A body 36 of liquid which is to be dispensed is disposed within the container 8D.
The cap 84 has a cylindrical recess 86 disposed on the axis of the cylindrical wall 10. A hollow stem 88 is also disposed on the axis of the cylindrical wall 10 and has one open end 90 mounted On a plate 92 which curves upwardly from the base end 82 and is provided with apertures 94 to permit the liquid body 36 to communicate with the region between the plate 92 and the base 82 of the container 8D, and hence have access to the interior of the stem 88. The stem 88 is also opened at its opposite end 96, and the end 96 has a protruding cylindrical portion 98 with a diameter slightly less than the diameter of the recess 88 of the cap 84. The cylindrical portion 98 is translatably disposed within the recess 86, but fits sufiiciently snug to form a fluid seal. The cap 84 is also provided with a channel 100 which extends from the exterior thereof to confront the cylindrical portion 98 of the stem 88.
If the cylindrical wall 10 is distorted to reduce the volume of the interior of the container 8D, the pressure of the entrapped air within the container forces the bellows region 26 to extend, thereby translating the cap 84 upwardly. Extension of the bellows 26 translate the cap 84 a sufficient distance to position the mouth of the channel 100 beyond the end 96 of the stem 88. At the same time, the pressure differential between the interior of the container 8D and the ambient atmosphere causes the liquid body 36 within the container 8D to flow through the apertures 94 in the plate 92, up the stem 88, into the recess 86, and through the channel 100, thus dispensing the contents of the container 8D. When the distorting force is removed from the cylindrical wall 10 and the wall 10 resumes its cylindrical configuration, the pressure of the entrapped air within the container 8D will be less than atmospheric pressure as a result of discharge of part of the contents of the container. Hence, the bellows region 26 will be shortened as a result of this pressure differential. The cylindrical portion 98 of the stem 88 will be translated further into the recess 86 of the cap 84-, thus positioning the mouth of the channel 100 below the cylindrical portion 98 and confronting the portion of the stem 88 of smaller diameter than the cylindrical portion 98. Air from the ambient atmosphere will then flow through the channel 100 and into the container 8D to cause the pressure within the container 8D to approach atmoshperic pressure. This action results in elongation of the bellows region 26 and restoring the rest or storage conditions.
FIGURE 10 illustrates a self-venting dispenser which is adapted to be positioned vertically on a table or the like, and which discharges from the side. In this embodiment of the invention, a container 8B is employed with a cylindrical pliant wall 10 and a bellows 26 mounted at one end of the container. The bellows 26 is sealed to a cap 28 of relatively rigid material. The end of the container remote from the bellows region 26 has a downwardly tapering bottom 102 provided with a circular central opening 104. A cylindrical sleeve 106 extends downwardly from the container and is sealed about the opening 104. An aperture 108 is disposed in the sleeve 106 adjacent to the opening 104, and the end of the sleeve 106 remote from the opening 104 is provided with a fluidtight enclosure 110.
A rigid pin 30D extends along the axis of the cylindrical wall 10 and is mounted at one end of the cap 28. The other end of the pin 30D is provided with a spherical expanded portion 114 which is disposed within the sleeve 106. The expanded portion 114 is snugly disposed within 8 the sleeve forming a fluid-tight seal therewith. In the storage position, the expanded portion 114 is disposed within the opening 104.
When the wall 10 of the container 8B is distorted, the pressure of the entrapped air within the container exceeds atmospheric pressure forcing the bellows region 26 to extend. As a result, the expanded portion 114 which forms a seal in the rest position with the opening 104 is drawn upwardly into the container, thus permitting the contents or the container to be forced out through the sleeve 106 at its aperture 108. The pressure of the entrapped air within the container 8E causes the contents 36 of the container to be expelled under pressure. When the distorting force is removed from the pliant wall 10, the pressure of the entrapped air within the container falls below atmospheric pressure, thus retracting the bellows 26 and causing the pin 30D to translate the expanded sphere 114 down the sleeve 106 and past the opening 108. In this condition, air from the atmosphere may enter the container to tend t equalize the pressure of the entrapped air within the container and the ambient atmosphere. As this pressure differential diminishes, the expanded portion 114 of the pin 30D is moved upwardly by the extension of the bellows region 26 until it seals in the opening 104 of the bottom 102.
From the foregoing specification, those skilled in the art will readily devise modifications of the structures here disclosed and many applications for the present invention beyond those here set forth. It is therefore intended that the scope of the present invention be not limited by the foregoing specification, but rather only by the appended claims.
The invention claimed is:
1. A dispenser comprising a container adapted to be partially filled with the material to be dispensed and containing entrapped air, said container having a first region with a particular shape confined within a pliant wall, distortion of the shape of the first region decreasing the volume of the region, said container having a second region with a volume responsive to the ratio of the pressure of the entrapped air in the container to atmospheric pressure, said container having an opening adapted to discharge the contents from within the container, and a pin mechanically coupled to the second region of the container having a region translatably disposed within the opening of the container, said pin being translatable relative to the opening responsive to the volume of the second portion of the container, said region of the pin disposed within the opening having a protruding first portion with a cross section of similar shape to the opening and approximating the opening in size and a second portion disposed adjacent t the first portion and between the first portion and the second region of the container of smaller cross section than the first portion, the first portion being disposed in the opening when the ratio of pressures approximates unity, and being translatable out of the opening responsive to increases and decreases of the ratio.
2. A dispenser comprising the combination of claim 1 wherein the opening in the container is formed by a cylindrical channel and the first portion of the region of the pin within the opening has a curved cross section in the planes of the axis of the channel to form a contact with the channel approaching a line contact when disposed in the channel.
3. A dispenser comprising the combination of claim 1 wherein the first port-ion of the pin is cylindrical and the central axis thereof is disposed normal to the plane of the opening, and the container has a thickness at the opening smaller than the length of the first portion of the pin.
4. A dispenser comprising the combination of claim 3 wherein the container is provided with a nipple defining the opening of greater pliance than the pin.
5. A dispenser comprising a container having a central axis provided with a pliant wall disposed symmetrically about the central axis, at least one bellows region disposed symmetricallyabout the central axis, .and means defining an opening on the central axis of the container, a pin disposed on the central axis of the container having a protruding portion adapted to be slidably disposed in the opening and form a fluid-tight seal therewith, means extending between the pin and a portion of the bellows region remote from the opening mounting the pin on the container with the protruding portion of the pin disposed in the opening when the pressure within the container equals atmospheric pressure, said protruding portion being translatably into the container responsive to an increase in the pressure Within the container and translatably out of the container responsive to a decrease in pressure in the container.
6. A dispenser comprising the combination of claim wherein the container is provided with two bellows regions, one bellows region being disposed on each of the ends of the pliant wall.
7. A dispenser comprising the combination of claim 5 wherein the opening is disposed in a relatively rigid bottom of the container, and said container is provided with a sleeve having a cross section at least equal to that of the opening sealed about the opening and extending outwardly from the container about the central axis thereof, said sleeve having an aperture adjacent to the opening and being sealed remote from the opening, and the protruding portion of the pin being translatable in the sleeve.
8. A dispenser comprising the combination of claim 7 wherein the opening and sleeve have circular cross sections and the same diameters.
9. A dispenser comprising the combination of claim 8 wherein the protruding portion of the pin is generally spherical.
10. A dispenser comprising the combination of claim 5 wherein the pin is provided with a duct extending along the axis thereof and communicating at the end remote from the opening with the interior of the container, said pin having an expanded portion symmetrically disposed about the axis of the pin at its end adjacent to the opening and the duct opening to the container at the end adjacent the opening, said container having means defining a recess for translatably accommodating the expanded portion of the pin and the opening of the container being disposed in the surface of the recess confronting the expanded portion of the pin when the pressure within the container equals atmospheric pressure.
11. A dispenser comprising the combination of claim 10 wherein the recess of the housing has a cylindrical Wall and the expanded portion of the pin has a cylindrical outer surface.
12. A dispenser comprising a container having a pliant exterior wall and an end provided with an aperture therein, the cross sectional area of said container in the region of the pliant wall changing with distortion of the shape of the pliant wall of the container, a pin disposed within the container aligned with the aperture and adapted to seal the container against fluid seepage through the aperture when disposed within the aperture, and actuating means having a second wall disposed between the interior of the container and the ambient atmosphere, said second wall being mechanically connected to the pin and movable responsive to pressure differences between the interior of the container and the ambient atmosphere, whereby inward deflection of the pliant Wall of the container moves the second wall to translate the pin away from the aperture, and a valve disposed between the interior of the container and the ambient atmosphere, said valve being normally closed and opening responsive to a pressure within the container less than atmospheric pressure.
13. A dispenser comprising the combination of claim 12 wherein the valve is formed by the pin and aperture in the container, the aperture being an elongated cylindrical channel and the pin having a protruding portion slidably disposed within the channel and adapted to be translated exterior of the channel responsive to a pressure within the container less than atmospheric pressure.
14. A dispenser comprising the combination of claim 12 wherein the container has an orifice disposed on the central axis of the container opposite the opening, the pin being translatably disposed within the orifice, and the valve comprising a protuberance disposed on the pin exterior of the container and adapted to seal the orifice, and means operatively associated with the pin and container for spring biasing the pin to force the protuberance into abutment with the edges of the orifice, the spring bias asserted by said means between the pin and container being less than the force exerted by the ambient atmosphere for pressures within the container less than atmospheric pressures.
15. A dispenser comprising the combination of claim 14 wherein the spring bias means comprises a normally flat plate of resilient material mounted on the pin within the container and provided with curved ends abutting the end of the container remote from the opening.
16. A dispenser comprising the combination of claim 14 wherein the spring bias means comprises an integral part-cylindrical resilient segment extending from the pin having equal portions on opposite sides of the pin, the edges of the segment being in abutment with the end of the container remote from the opening.
17. A dispenser comprising the combination of claim 16 wherein the aperture of the container has a diameter smaller than the diameter of the pin confronting said aperture.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 936,186 10/1909 Tellerson 222-213 1,794,086 2/ 1931 Miller 222-2 13 2,857,080 10/ 1958 Elias 222213 3,087,656 4/ 1963 Dougherty 2225 18 LOUIS J. DEMBO, Primary Examiner.
CHARLES R. CARTER, Examiner.
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|US4955514 *||Sep 19, 1989||Sep 11, 1990||Loctite Corporation||Sealless dispensing mechanism|
|US5044529 *||Jul 29, 1989||Sep 3, 1991||Campbell Phillip J||Liquid dispensing bottle cap with integral value and actuator|
|US5277342 *||Dec 11, 1992||Jan 11, 1994||Loctite Corporation||Sealless dispensing apparatus|
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|US6874658 *||May 7, 2003||Apr 5, 2005||Ralph H. Thomas||Design and method for producing a sealing and shut-off valve system on a plural chamber dispensing tube|
|US8281959||Aug 6, 2010||Oct 9, 2012||Mettler-Toledo Ag||Dosage-dispensing device for powders and pastes|
|US20030209561 *||May 7, 2003||Nov 13, 2003||Thomas Ralph H.||Design and method for producing a sealing and shut-off valve system on a plural chamber dispensing tube|
|US20110036870 *||Aug 6, 2010||Feb 17, 2011||Mettler-Toledo Ag||Dosage-dispensing device for powders and pastes|
|CN101946164B||Oct 3, 2008||Jun 27, 2012||梅特勒-托利多公开股份有限公司||Metering device for metered material in powder or paste form|
|EP0615916A1 *||Mar 15, 1993||Sep 21, 1994||H & N ENTERPRISES, INC.||Container having a dispensing valve|
|EP0937652A1 *||Feb 24, 1999||Aug 25, 1999||Quattron B.V.||Container,in particular container for engine oil|
|EP2508437A1 *||Apr 17, 2009||Oct 10, 2012||Tai-Her Yang||Press-open type storage device with prestressed to open closure|
|WO2009100782A1 *||Oct 3, 2008||Aug 20, 2009||Mettler-Toledo Ag||Dosing device for a powdery or paste-type product to be dosed|
|U.S. Classification||222/213, 222/484, 401/153, 222/518, 401/186|
|International Classification||B65D1/00, B65D1/32, B65D47/20, B65D47/04|
|Cooperative Classification||B65D47/2062, B65D1/32|
|European Classification||B65D1/32, B65D47/20E4A|