US 3241737 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
March 22, 1966 F. c. STEINBOCK DISPLAY, DISPENSING AND SHIPPING CONTAINER Filed July 22, 1964 5 Sheets-Sheet l B 9 QM a I NVEN TOR.
March 22, 1966 Q sTElNBOCK 3,241,737
DISPLAY, DISPENSING AND SHIPPING CONTAINER Filed July 22, 1964 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR.
March 22, 1966 F. c. STEINBOCK DISPLAY, DISPENSING AND SHIPPING CONTAINER Filed July 22, 1964 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 Q9/1264 gQZfifid BY 9W United States Patent 3,241,737 DISPLAY, DISPENSING AND SHIPPING CONTAINER Fred C. Steinbeck, Chicago, Ill., assignor to The Kendall Company, Boston, Mass, a corporation of Massachusetts Filed .Inly 22, 1964, Ser. No. 384,360 10 Claims. (Cl. 22917) This invention is concerned with substantially flatsided containers of the type made from die-cut and foldscored or otherwise hingedly-connected sheets of paperboard, corrugated board or plastic which are glued, sealed or otherwise fastened to form four-sided sleeves which fold flat for compact shipping and storage. When containers of this type are needed, the sleeves may be opened and containers may be readily assembled by interlocking or tucking in the end panels.
This invention is particularly concerned with such containers which are useful for displaying or serving a multiplicity of individual similar or dissimilar items and which additionally may be used to store or ship the items.
There has been a need for some time for a versatile container in which individual items sold by weight or by numerical count might be contained, displayed, served and shipped in the same container. Sales and/or dispensing of such items as individually wrapped candies, toothbrushes, and toothpicks, loose hardware items such as nuts, bolts, screws, hooks and the like, button and snap cards, etc, may be facilitated when packages of this invention are used.
It is an object of this invention to provide an economical, easily assembled container which may be used for shipping, displaying and serving small individual items.
Referring to the drawings:
FIGURE 1 illustrates in perspective a container of this invention partially opened.
FIGURE 2 illustrates in perspective the container of FIGURE 1 in the fully opened condition.
FIGURE 3 illustrates in perspective a partial view of the container of FIGURE 1 showing an alternative bin locking device.
FIGURE 4 illustrates in perspective a partial view of the container of FIGURE 1 showing another alternative bin locking device.
FIGURE 5 shows in cross section the locking device of FIGURE 4.
FIGURE 6 illustrates the blank of the container of FIGURE 1.
FIGURE 7 illustrates in perspective a container of the invention with the panels rearranged and suitable for items extending the full width of the container.
FIGURE 8 illustrates the blank of the container of FIGURE 7.
The containers of this invention are preferably made of corrugated board. Double-faced corrugated in the range of 125 to 275 pounds per square inch bursting strength by the Mullens test and in A, B, C and E flutes is preferred. E flute corrugated makes an excellent cont ainer of the invention particularly when white facings are used. Paperboard is also suitable in proper thickness of about 20-36 points (.020-.036 inch). All grades of paperboard such as lusterboard, clay-coated news, patentcoated, bleached manila and chipboard are suitable. Fairly rigid plastics are also suitable and 10 to 20 mil sheets of polypropylene make very attractive containers.
Referring once more to the drawings:
In FIGURES 1, 2 and 6, the container 10 of this embodiment is seen to consist of seven main panels 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 17 and 19, wing brace panels 20 and 21, protective flap 18, bottom panels 22, 23, 24 and 25 which 3,241,737 Patented Mar. 22, 1966 form a snap bottom, lock strip 16 and tuck-in flap 31. Of the main panels, panels 11, 12, 13 and 15 form the container sides while panel 17 forms the cover and panel 14 overlaps and is fastened in superimposed position to panel 15 prefer-ably by gluing or sealing. Lock strip 16 also is similarly fastened to panel 15. The panels 22, 23, 24 and 25 form the true container bottom but for purposes of display and dispensing, the container rests on panel 11.
Panels 11, 12, 13 and 15 are hingedly-connected in sequence, that is, panel 12 is connected to 11 and 13 and panel 15 is connected to 11 and 13 to form a collapsible four-sided sleeve.
As shown in FIGURES 1 and 2, the flap 31 which normally tucks between panel 12 and wing brace panel 20 carries an opening tab 26 which permits the cover 17 to be raised. In FIGURE 1, it is clear that protective flap 18 and panel 19 form a dust protective covering along the side edges of the cover 17.
When the container rests on panel 11 and with flap 18 raised as in FIGURE 2, the panel 19 may be lowered to an inclined position. A finger notch 27 facilitates the initial movement. The protruding flap 32 on wing brace panel 21 catches in the notch 33 of lock strip 16 to provide a lock which retains the panel 19 in its inclined position. The individual contained items thus spill down in contact with panel 19 where they may be displayed as in a bin and from which they may be served. At any time the container may be placed back on its true bottom and the container closed. The particular embodiment depicted in FIGURES 1 and 2 might be suitable for in dividually wrapped candies and for loose small hardware items such as rivets, bolts, nuts, screws, fuses, ball bearings and the like. Where the items are larger such as needle envelopes, button cards and other items whose width approximates that of the container, a less elaborate and hence less expensive container 40 as illustrated in FIGURE 7 may be entirely adequate. The inclined panel 47 does not have wing brace panels on both sides to form a bin-shaped spillway. But with wide comparatively flat packages, it is unnecessary to have guards at the sides and wing brace panel 48 acts chiefly as a locking device.
In FIGURES 7 and 8 there are six main panels 41, 42, 43 and 44 forming the container sides, 46 being the container cover and 47 being the inclined spill panel. The panels 49, 50, 51 and 52 form the snap bottom. Their assembled relationship can be seen in FIGURE 7. These panels are similar to the bottom panels of FIG- URES 1, 2 and 6. In the embodiment illustrated in FIGURES 7 and 8, the lock strip 45 is slightly modified. The finger notches 57 and 58 are at the top of the container sides While each of the tuck-in flaps 53 and 54 have opening tabs 55 and 56 which are placed to fall each within its respective finger notch area when the flaps are tucked in.
In FIGURE 3, the container of FIGURES 1 and 2 is shown with modified panels 15a and 21a. These panels take the place of panels 15 and 21 of FIGURES 1 and 2. Panel 15a has a protruding flap 28 which catches the leading edge of panel 21a. Lock strip 16 has been eliminated from this modification as well as that shown in FIGURE 4.
In FIGURE 4, the container of FIGURES 1 and 2 is shown with modified panels 21b and 15b. Panel 15b has a slot 30 into which a short flap 29 in panel 21b fits. This is shown more clearly in FIGURE 5. In both FIG- URES 3 and 4, the modifications show alternative means of stopping the movement downward of spill panel 19. Obviously, other stop means may be substituted without departing from the invention.
The term hingedly-connected as used in the claims and specification of this invention to describe the relationship between two panels means that the flat panels are joined substantially along the line of their intersection in such a way that the angle between the panels may be varied, the hinging action occurring in the area of the connection. The two panels may be, and preferably are, integral, in which case where corrugated board or paperboard are the materials used, scoring and bending along the line of demarcation between panels will cause them to be hingedly-connected. On the other hand, some plastics may require heat scoring with actual thinning of the material along the score line so that the panels are hingedly-connected. But the term hingedly-connected also applies to a structure in which the panels are not integral but rather are joined by flexible material glued, sealed or otherwise fastened to join the slightly separated panel edges.
1. A display, dispensing and shipping container comprising sheet material assembled into a flat-sided box, said box including a snap bottom, four sides, an inner cover and an outer cover, said covers being respectively hingedly-connected to next adjacent sides of said box, means attached to said outer cover for detachably retaining it in closed position and at least one wing brace panel hingedly-connected to said inner cover, said wing brace panel projecting when said box is closed into said box parallel to the box sides adjacent that side to which said inner cover is connected and means including said wing brace panel supporting said inner cover in an inclined position when said box is open and resting on the box side to which said inner cover is connected.
2. The container of claim 1 wherein said means supporting said inner cover in an inclined position include interacting flap means which arrest further movement of said wing brace panel outwardly of said box when said wing brace panel is supporting said inner cover.
3. The container of claim 1 wherein means for retaining said outer cover in closed position is a tuck flap.
4. The container of claim 1 wherein the container is integral.
5. The container of claim 1 wherein the sheet material is first assembled into a four-sided, flat-folding sleeve.
6. The container of claim 1 wherein the sheet material is corrugated board.
7. The container of claim 1 wherein the sheet material is paperboard.
8. The container of claim 1 wherein the sheet material is a thermoplastic resin.
9. A display, dispensing and shipping container erectable from a collapsed, substantially flat four-sided sleeve, comprising a snap bottom formed of interlocking substantially flat panels, four side panels hingedly-connected in sequence and upstanding from said bottom when said container is resting thereon, each side panel hingedlyconnected to a panel of said bottom, a spill panel hingedly-connected to the top edge of one of said side panels and constituting an inner cover for said container, an outer cover panel for said container hingedly-connected to the top edge of a second side panel next adjacent said one side panel, a tuck-in flap for securing said outer cover in closed position hingedly-connected to the edge of said outer cover panel opposite its connection to said second side panel, a wing brace panel, vertical when said container is resting on said one side, hingedly-connected to the side edge next adjacent the edge of said spill panel connected to said one side panel, said wing brace panel being progressively exposed as said spill panel hinges from a position vertical to said one side panel to a position inclined thereto and interacting means arresting exposure of said wing brace panel, limiting the inclination of said s pill panel and supporting it in said inclined position.
10. The container of claim 9 wherein the interacting means are flap and notch means.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,561,568 7/1951 Falk 22917 2,570,982 10/1951 Read 22917 2,684,792 7/ 1954 Kraus 22917 3,092,299 6/1963 Hasselholf 22939 JOSEPH =R. LECLAIR, Primary Examiner.
FRANKLIN T. GARRETT, Examiner.