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Publication numberUS3243216 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 29, 1966
Filing dateApr 22, 1964
Priority dateApr 22, 1964
Publication numberUS 3243216 A, US 3243216A, US-A-3243216, US3243216 A, US3243216A
InventorsTheodore F Peters
Original AssigneeGen Motors Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Door locking system
US 3243216 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 29, 1966 T. F. PETERS DOOR LOCKING SYSTEM 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed April 22, 1964 I NVENTOR. fleoabre .7 @Zzrs ATTORNEY March 29, 1966 T. F, PETERS 3,243,216

I DOOR LOCKING SYSTEM Filed April 22, 1964 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 h INVENTOR. 6 .77reoaore Zm ATTORNEY United States Patent Ofilice Patented Mar. 29, 1956 3,243,216 DOOR LOCKING SYSTEM Theodore F. Peters, Utica, Mich., assignor to General Motors Corporation, Detroit, Mich., a corporation of Delaware Filed Apr. 22, 1964, Ser. No. 361,771 Claims. (Cl. 292201) This invention relates to vehicle body door locks, and more particularly to vehicle body door locking systems.

One feature of this invention is that it provides a neW and improved vehicle body door locking system. Another feature of this invention is that it provides in combination with a door latch for each of the various vehicle body doors power-operated means including a single small unidirectional electric motor for accomplishing power locking and unlocking of the latch. A further feature of this invention is that the power-operated means are provided in conjunction with manually operable locking means for the latch, together with means for automatically resetting the power-operated means into proper phase with the latch and the manually operable means should the latch be manually locked or unlocked independently of operation of the power-operated means. Certain other features of the invention reside in the arrangement of control circuit switch means for energizing and resetting the poweroperated means over half-cycle revolutions corresponding to the locked and unlocked condition of the latch.

These and other .features and advantages of the invention will be readily apparent from the following specification and drawings wherein:

FIGURE 1 is a fragmentary side elevational view of a vehicle body including a door locking system according to this invention;

FIGURE 2 is an enlarged elevational view of a portion of the system;

FIGURE 3 is an enlarged sectional view taken generally along the plane indicated by line 33 of FIGURE 2;

FIGURE 4 is an enlarged sectional view taken generally along the plane indicated by line 44 of FIGURE 2, showing parts in unlocked position;

FIGURE 5 is a view similar to FIGURE 4 showing the parts in locked position; and

FIGURE 6 is a schematic representation of a circuit for the system.

Referring now particularly to FIGURE 1 of the drawings, a vehicle body 10 includes front and rear doors 12 and 14 respectively hingedly mounted adjacent their forward edges on the body for swinging movement between open and closed positions. A door latch, designated generally as 16, is provided in each door 12 and 14 to hold the doors in closed position. Although the door locking system of this invention is equally well-adapted for use with many known types of door latches, the description will proceed with reference to a particular type of door latch as disclosed in Patent No. 2,852,296, issued September 16, 1958, to B. D. Priestman. Further, since the components and operation of the system are identical with respect to either door 12 or 14, this description will proceed with particular reference to front door 12 only.

As shown in FIGURE 2, and as particularly described in Priestman, a toothed bolt 18 rotatably mounted on the frame 19 of the latch is engageable with suitable striker means on the body 19 when door 12 is closed. A detent, not shown, normally prevents rotation of the bolt relative to the striker means in an opening direction to hold the door latched. The detent is adapted to be released through suitable linkage by an outside push button handle assembly 20, and by an inside handle, not shown. Assembly 26 is selectively prevented from releasing the detent by locking means, shown and described in Priestman and indicated at 22, which locking means are adapted to be placed in locked and unlocked condition by a locking lever 24 movable between a locked position, not shown, and an unlocked position as shown. Such movement of lever 24 is accomplished by manual shifting movement of a garnish locking rod 26 operating a bellcrank 27 or by operation of mechanism, indicated at 28, associated with a cylinder lock mounted on the outside of the door 12.

Referring now to FIGURES 2 through 5 of the drawings, power-operated means for selectively placing locking means 22 in either locked or unlocked condition includes a small unidirectional electric motor 30 mounted on a lateral flange 32 of latch frame 19. Motor 30 operates through suitable reduction gearing 34 to drive an output shaft 36 nonrotatably mounting one end of a cam rotor 38. A shiftable actuating rod 40 is slidably mounted in an extension 42 of the casing of the reduction gearing 34 and is connected at its upper end by a pin and slot connection 44 to bell-crank 27. Slidably mounted on rod 40 below extension 42 is a cam follower member 46 receiving the rod 41) through apertures in central upper and lower bent flanges 48 thereof, and having upper and lower bent cam follower flanges S0 and 52 which are respectively located to the left and to the right of rod 40, as shown in FIGURES 4 and 5. Member 46 is located on rod 40 by a locating shoulder 54 welded to the rod and by a relatively stifl compression spring 56 seated between a shoulder 58 on rod 40 and the lower central flange 48 of member 46.

As seen best in FIGURES 4 and 5, cam flanges and 52 are engageable upon clockwise rotation of rotor 38 by a cam roller 60 rotatably mounted on the free end of the rotor 38. Assuming now that locking lever 24 is located in unlocked position, rod 40, and member 46 through spring 56, are located in a corresponding unlocked position as shown in FIGURE 4, wherein cam flange 50 is located out of the path of rotation of roller 60, and cam flange 52 is located in such path. When motor 30 is energized, rotor 38 is rotated clockwise from a generally upward or unlocked position so as to engage the roller 60 thereof with cam flange 52 and move member 46 and rod 40 to a lowered or locked position, as shown in FIG- URE 5. Bell-crank 27 is thus rotated clockwise so as to move locking lever 24 to locked position to lock latch 16. After this locking of latch 16 is accomplished, motor 30 is deenergized so that the rotor 38 is located in a second generally downward or locked position, shown in FIGURE 5 whereupon, should it be desired that the latch 16 be unlocked, motor 30 may again be energized to rotate rotor 38 further clockwise toward its unlocked position to engage cam flange 50 and move member 46, rod 40, and locking lever 24 to their original unlocked positions.

It will be understood, that by virtue of a lack of interference by rotor 38 in the normal locked and unlocked positions thereof to independent movement of member 46, the locking and unlocking operation of locking lever 24 may be accomplished in a normal manner by manual movement of garnish locking rod 26 or by mechanism 28 independently of any operation of motor 30.

Referring now to FIGURES 4, 5 and 6 of the drawings, control circuit means for operating the motors 30 in both doors 12 and 14 will be described, again, having particular reference only to the latch 16 in front door 12. Motor 30 is preferably of the single-field-Winding or unidirectional D.C. type, and one side of the armature 62 thereof is connected to a battery power source 64 through brush means 66. The entire unit of motor 30 and reduction unit 34 is insulated by suitable means from the grounded latch frame 19 and from rod 40 by an insulative bushing 68. The other brush means for armature 62 is electrically connected through output shaft 36, which is insulated from brush 66, to a slide-contact 72 mounted on the inward face of rotor 38. A set of elongated arcuate contact bars 74, 76, 78 and 89 are mounted on an insulative board 73 secured to the casing of reduction gearing 34, and located so as to be engageable by contact 72 during rotation of rotor 38. As seen in FIGURE 6, contact bar 74 is adapted to be connected to ground across one side 82a of a double-throw switch 82. Contact bar 78 is adapted to be connected to ground across the other side 82b of switch S2. The switch may be located on the instrument panel of body for convenient operation by driver or passenger.

Referring now to FIGURE 4, should member 46 and rod 40 be initially located in unlocked position, contact 72 of rotor 33 is in engagement with contact bar '74. Switch 82 may then be thrown to 82a to connect contact bar 74 to ground and the motor 39 is energized, rotating rotor 38 into engagement with cam flange 52. Prior to such engagement, contact 72 leaves contact bar 74 and immediately engages contact bar 76 which is grounded to the vehicle body 10 through member 46 and rod 40 by a contact 86 on the cam flange S2 engaging a tangential extension 88 of contact bar 76. Contact bar 76 is thus grounded in all positions of cam flange 52 and motor is maintained energized until contact 72 disengages from contact bar 76, the latch 16 in the meantime having been placed in locked condition. The inertia of motor 3%) and reduction gearing 34 locates rotor 38 in the generally downward locked position thereof after motor 30 is deenergized, FIGURE 5.

With rotor 38 in locked position, contact 72 is in engagement with contact bar 7 8, and if it is desired to energize motor 30 to unlock latch 16, switch 82 is thrown to 8212 to connect contact bar 78 to ground. Motor 30 is thus energized to rotate contact 72 of rotor 38 over con-j tact bar 78 and then into engagement with contact bar 80, which is grounded by a contact 90 on cam flange 50 which operates similarly to contact 86 of cam flange 52. After contact 74 of rotor 38 disengages from contact bar 80, latch 16 has been unlocked, motor 30 is deencrgized and the rotor is located by inertia in the original unlocked position, ready for repeated locking operation by closing of contact bar 74 to ground through switch 82.

The door locking system of this invention includes means for automatically resetting rotor 38 into its proper locked or unlocked position should locking lever 24, and thus rod and member 46, be manually moved by locking rod 26 or mechanism 28 independently of operation of motor 30.

Referring again to FIGURES 4 and 5, and assuming that all parts are initially in unlocked position, should locking rod 26 be depressed to lock latch 16, rod 40 and member 46 are moved into locked position. Rotor 38 has in the meantime remained undisturbed, but contact 96 of cam flange St) has been located in engagement with contact bar 74 so that this contact bar is grounded to the body 10 through member 46 and rod 40 to energize motor 30 and rotate rotor 38 over contact bar 74 and grounded contact bar 76 to the locked position thereof. Motor 30 is then ready to be operated to unlock the latch upon closing of contact bar 78 to ground through switch 82. This same resetting sequence obtains should the locking rod 26 be used to move the parts from locked to unlocked position independently of energization of motor 30, in this case causing grounding of contact bar 78 through contact 86 of cam flange 52, to rotate rotor 38 over this contact bar and the grounded contact bar 80.

It is to be noted that spring 56 provides a safety feature in that should there be some interruption of power from battery 64 causing rotor 38 to be located in a position immediately above cam flange 52 when in the locked position thereof, and should locking rod 26 be used to manually move the parts into unlocked position, the consequent forced engagement of the cam flange 52 with roller 60 will not cause breakage of the parts, but rather spring 56 will yield sufliciently to prevent such breakage.

Although, as seen in FIGURE 1, switch 82 controls only the latches 16 for doors 12 and 14, it will be understood that the door locking system of this invention immediately adapts to a so-called fully coincidental door locking system wherein one double-throw-multi-pole switch, located preferably adjacent the drivers side of the vehicle body, is operative to control all of the various vehicle body door latches.

Thus a new and improved door locking system is provided.

I claim:

1. In a door locking system including a latch and locking means therefor movable between locked and unlocked positions, manually operable means for moving said locking means between said positions thereof, motor means movable between first and second positions corresponding respectively to said locked and unlocked positions of said locking means and associated therewith for moving said locking means between said positions thereof, a source of power, first selectively operable switch means for energizing said motor means by said source of power to move said locking means between said positions thereof, and second switch means responsive to manual movement of said locking means for energizing said motor means by said source of power to move said motor means to either of the said positions thereof corresponding to the manually located position of said locking means.

2. In a door locking system including a latch and locking means therefor movable between locked and unlocked positions, manually operable means for moving said locking means between said positions thereof, an electric m0- tor, a rotatable operating member driven by said motor between first and second positions corresponding respectively to said locked and unlocked positions of said locking means, said member being engageable with said locking means to move said locking means between said positions thereof, a source of power, first selectively operable switch means for energizing said motor by said source of power to move said locking means between said positions thereof, and second switch means responsive to manual movement of said locking means for energizing said motor by said source of power to move said member to either of the said positions thereof corresponding to the manually located position of said locking means.

3. In a door locking system including a latch and locking means therefor movable between locked and unlocked positions, a unidirectional electric motor, rotatable means driven by said motor between first and second positions corresponding respectively to the locked and unlocked positions, a unidirectional electric motor, rotatable means being engageable with said locking means to move said locking means between said positions thereof, a source of power, stationary contact means, and second contact means mounted on said rotatable means and engageable during said movement thereof with said stationary contact means, and manually controlled means for selectively connecting said stationary contact means to said source of power to energize said motor and move said locking means between said positions thereof.

4. In a door locking system including a latch and locking means therefor movable between locked and unlocked positions, manually operable means for moving said locking means between said positions thereof, a unidirectional electric motor, rotatable means driven by said motor and rotatable between first and second positions corresponding respectively to said locked and unlocked positions of said locking means, said rotatable means being engageable with said locking means to move said locking means between said positions thereof, a source of power, first and second stationary contact means, third contact means mounted on said rotatable means and engageable during said movement thereof with said first and said second stationary contact means, manually controlled means for selectively connecting said first stationary contact means to said source of power to energize said motor and move said locking means between said positions thereof, said second stationary contact means connecting said motor to said source of power upon manual movement of said locking means to energize said motor and move said rotatable means to either of the said positions thereof corresponding to the manually located position of said locking means.

5. In a door locking system including a latch and locking means therefor movable between locked and unlocked positions, manually operable means for moving said lock ing means between said positions thereof, a unidirectional electric motor, a rotatable member driven by said motor for rotation between first and second positions corresponding respectively to said locked and unlocked positions of said locking means, said rotatable member being engageable with said locking means during said movement thereof to move said locking means between said positions thereof, a source of power, first stationary contact means, second stationary contact means connected to said source of power, third contact means mounted on said rotatable member and engageable during said movement thereof with said first and second contact means, manually controlled means for selectively connecting said first contact means to said source of power, said third contact means engaging said first stationary contact means in either of said positions of said rotatable member so as to initially energize said motor upon operation of said manually controlled means, said third contact means engaging said second contact means upon initial movement of said rotatable member from either of said positions thereof to continue energization of said motor to move said rotatable member to the other of said positions thereof, and means responsive to manual movement of said locking means to engage said first, second and third contact means to energize said motor independently of operation of said manually controlled means to move said motor from either of said positions to the position thereof corresponding to the manually located position of said locking means.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,700,433 1/1929 Cox. 2,935,351 5/1960 Garvey et al. 292-201 X 3,030,794 4/1962 Dyer et al. 292-201 X FOREIGN PATENTS 116,683 3/194'3 Great Britain.

JOSEPH D. SEERS, Primary Examiner.

R. E. MOORE, Assistant Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1700433 *Sep 8, 1925Jan 29, 1929Cyril C CoxDoor-operating apparatus
US2935351 *Dec 17, 1957May 3, 1960Gen Motors CorpAutomobile door latching means
US3030794 *Sep 25, 1959Apr 24, 1962Gen Motors CorpCoincidental door locking apparatus for an automobile
GB116683A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3427060 *May 27, 1966Feb 11, 1969Eileen PennellRemote control device for motor vehicle door locks
US4093289 *Apr 5, 1977Jun 6, 1978Toyo Kogyo Co., Ltd.Electric/manual door lock operating mechanism
US4131306 *Jul 14, 1977Dec 26, 1978Essex Group, Inc.Door lock actuator with override mechanism
US4315649 *Oct 23, 1979Feb 16, 1982Fichtel & Sachs AgSecuring device for doors or the like in vehicles
US4451887 *May 29, 1981May 29, 1984Aisin Seiki Kabushiki KaishaSystem for controlling a door and driver's seat of vehicle
US4461501 *May 6, 1981Jul 24, 1984Fichtel & Sachs AgLock system for motor vehicles
US4674781 *Dec 16, 1985Jun 23, 1987United Technologies Electro Systems, Inc.Electric door lock actuator
US4876909 *Aug 1, 1987Oct 31, 1989Swf Auto-Electric GmbhVehicle door locking system
US4946211 *Apr 24, 1989Aug 7, 1990General Motors CorporationLatch control arrangement
US5732988 *Dec 6, 1996Mar 31, 1998Mitsui Kinzoku Kogyo Kabushiki KaishaVehicle door latch device with power door closing mechanism
US20030214137 *Apr 2, 2003Nov 20, 2003Veronique MejeanVehicle latch assembly having modular components
US20040154362 *Nov 25, 2003Aug 12, 2004Aisin Seiki Kabushiki KaishaVehicle door operating apparatus
DE2805009A1 *Feb 6, 1978Dec 20, 1979Vdo SchindlingEinrichtung zur elektromotorischen zentralverriegelung von tueren, insbesondere kraftfahrzeugtueren
DE2811990A1 *Mar 18, 1978Sep 27, 1979Huelsbeck & FuerstCentrally operated lock for motor vehicle - has free travel slot for local actuator and motor driven lock
DE2825355A1 *Jun 9, 1978Jan 10, 1980Vdo SchindlingEinrichtung zur elektromotorischen zentralverriegelung von kraftfahrzeugen
DE2827775A1 *Jun 24, 1978Jan 3, 1980Hermann WackerElectric motor driven car door locking mechanism - has draw lever turning to move lever at slot end, activating bolt
DE3017731A1 *May 9, 1980Nov 19, 1981Daimler Benz AgAutomobile door lock for pneumatic centralised locking system - allows operating servomotor to be manually overridden for both locking and unlocking
DE3120000A1 *May 20, 1981Dec 16, 1982Bosch Gmbh RobertDrive for adjusting a member, especially of a bolt element belonging to a motor vehicle
DE3247018A1 *Dec 18, 1982Jun 20, 1984Rau Swf AutozubehoerActuating device, especially for door-locking systems of motor vehicles
DE3408623A1 *Mar 9, 1984Sep 12, 1985Swf Auto Electric GmbhSetting device, especially for door locking on motor vehicles
DE3510642A1 *Mar 23, 1985Sep 25, 1986Swf Auto Electric GmbhStelleinrichtung, insbesondere zur tuerverriegelung bei kraftfahrzeugen
DE3523547A1 *Jul 2, 1985Jan 15, 1987Swf Auto Electric GmbhActuating device, especially for door locking in the case of motor vehicles
DE3540686A1 *Nov 16, 1985May 27, 1987Swf Auto Electric GmbhDevice for the locking of doors on motor vehicles
DE3627893A1 *Aug 16, 1986Feb 18, 1988Swf Auto Electric GmbhStelleinrichtung, insbesondere zur tuerverriegelung bei kraftfahrzeugen
DE3741496A1 *Dec 8, 1987Jun 22, 1989Swf Auto Electric GmbhSetting device, especially for door-locking in motor vehicles
EP0198509A1 *Apr 18, 1986Oct 22, 1986NeimanElectro-mechanical actuator with a 180 degrees electric-motor drive
EP0256401A1 *Aug 1, 1987Feb 24, 1988SWF Auto-Electric GmbHControl Device, Especially for Locking Motor Car Doors
WO1988001334A1 *Aug 1, 1987Feb 25, 1988Swf Auto-Electric GmbhAdjusting device, in particular for locking motor vehicle doors
Classifications
U.S. Classification292/201, 318/466
International ClassificationE05B65/12
Cooperative ClassificationE05B81/06
European ClassificationE05B81/06