Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3243321 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 29, 1966
Filing dateNov 2, 1962
Priority dateNov 2, 1962
Publication numberUS 3243321 A, US 3243321A, US-A-3243321, US3243321 A, US3243321A
InventorsRonald P Rowand
Original AssigneeAtlas Copco Ab
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method of teflon coating of metals
US 3243321 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 3,243,321 METHOD OF TEFLON COATING 0F METALS Ronald P. Rowand, Longmeadow, Mass., assignor to Atlas Corporation, New York, N.Y., a corporation of Delaware No Drawing. Filed Nov. 2, 1962, Ser. No. 235,126 2 Claims. (Cl. 148-627) This invention relates to the coating of metal surfaces 'with polytetrafluoroethylene, commonly known by the Du Pont Company trademark Teflon by which name it will be hereinafter referred to.

More particularly the invention is related to the Tefloncoating of aluminum blanks to be formed into cooking utensils such as fry pans, griddles, roasters, sauce pans,

cookie sheets, and the like, and a primary object is to provide an improved method of preparing the metal for the application of transparent Teflon coatings not only to insure good adhesion of the coating but also to impart an improved appearance to the finished utensil, the appearance being characterized by a bright and unusually light coloration.

Particular features of the method are the use of an iron grit for blasting the surface of the metal and increasing the surface area per square inch of the blank, a deoxidization cleaning step prior to coating, and the use of a nearly transparent, colorless Teflon.

The steps of the improved process and the objects and advantages thereof will appear from the following detailed description.

In this process the preparatory and coating operations are preferably, though not necessarily, accomplished on flat aluminum blanks after which the coated blanks are formed into the desired shape for the finished article. The steps are in the following sequence.

Two-stage power-spray wash and rinse The first wash is in a tWo stage spray washer, which removes all dirt and oils which might otherwise contaminate the grit supply of the blasting operation which is to follow. It has been found that a power-spray twostage wash coupled with a second step of clean rinsing by a fresh hot water hosing insures good adhesion of the Teflon coating and will prevent resistance to blistering during use of the articles for cooking purposes.

The first power spray is preferably with a standard mild alkaline cleaner solution, the spray nozzles being directed at the blanks at high velocity. A specific example of a commercially available mild alkaline spray concentrate is Wyandotte Companys Spray Altrex used in 160180 F. hot water. For the second stage, recirculated hot water is sprayed at high velocity in similar fashion at the face of the blanks, a constant make up and overflow being provided to reduce excessive contamination by cleaner.

Clean rinse and dry Immediately following the second power spray a fresh hot water supply is directed by hose nozzles to complete a final rinsing and the blanks are then air dried.

Other types of conventional washing and rinsing methods such as liquid solvent degreasing, vapor degreasing, or alkaline cleaner soaks have not been found to be dependable in imparting complete resistance to blistering when the other steps of the process are followed and accordingly the mild alkaline cleaner power spray wash as above described is preferred.

Grit blast The aluminum blanks after drying to eliminate uneven marking are next subjected to a grit blasting treatment. A standard commercial centrifugal thrower type of blasting machine is preferably used such as the Rotoblast Patented Mar. 29, 1966 Machine with rotating table as sold by the Pangborn Company. An angular grit of iron having hard, sharp edges is used. As is well known in the trade, this type of grit is made by crushing pieces of iron shot to impart hard, sharp angled surfaces. Conventionally it is used for preparing surfaces for galvanizing and like processes. As is also well known, angular grit comes in different standard size classifications and it has been found that a grit on the order of SAE size classification gives a roughened surface for excellent adhesion of the Teflon coating and without creating problems in obtaining a smooth outer surface of the Teflon coating. A larger size grit such as SAE #50 marks the surface to a greater degree and control of the coating to insure a smooth Teflon surface is diflicult, while a smaller grit such as SAE results in substantially less tenacious adhesion of the coating.

During grit blasting the supply of fresh grit must be regulated to maintain a level of 70-80% hard, sharp particles. To accomplish this, a standard air separator device may be used to remove smaller pieces of worn particles. Fresh grit is fed automatically into the machine supply to maintain the above percentage more or less constant.

As the blanks pass from the machine an air blast is then directed against them so as to remove most of the loose grit adhering to the blanks.

Second wash and clean rinse After the air blast the blanks are next passed through a second mild alkaline cleaner power spray treatment and rinse which is identical with the initial treatment outlined by the steps prior to grit blast. The blanks are thus cleaned and loose grit adhering to the blanks is further loosened.

Deoxidation cleaning As the blanks come from the second clean rinse some residual grit is still adhering to the surfaces. Such residual grit on the blanks at this stage causes them to be characterized by a greyish appearance. The deoxidation cleaning step next undertaken materially lightens and brightens the coloration of the aluminum surfaces.

The blanks are preferably soaked for a period of approximately eight minutes or more in a suitable aluminum deoxidizer solution such as the commercially available Wyandotte Company Cleaner #2487, the solution being made up by 14l8 ozs. deoxidation cleaner per gallon of water at room temperature. The deoxidizer contains acid sulfates, chromic acid, and other additive agents. After soaking the blanks may then be sponged to speed the de-oxidizing action and rinsed with a high velocity spray of hot water.

In this step all residual grit and dark scale of old oxide deposits are chemically attacked and removed. Re-oxidizing of the aluminum surfaces takes place almost instantaneously during the rinsing and thus a colorless oxide surface is re-formed on the metal. Longer soaking periods and harder sprays are equivalent to the preferred sponging and rinse but are more time consuming.

Drying and coating Following the deoxidation step, the blanks are preferably dried by any suitable method such as room drying so as to avoid dilution of the Teflon coating dispersion when it is applied.

The method of applying a coating to the aluminum metal surfaces may be any of the conventional methods such as flowing, spraying or brushing. However it is to be noted that in practising the present invention a transparent nearly colorless Teflon is used, Teflon #30 or #308 being the Du Pont Company designation of a clear pure Teflon. An aqueous dispersion is flow coated brightly finished article for cooking purposes.

with the blanks placed at an angle of about 25 from the vertical to allow suitable drainage. The coatingis then air dried and thus takes on a white appearance of the normal unsintered Teflon. A standard sintering operation is then performed in a suitable oven at a temperature of 700-725 F. By coating as described a smooth surfaced Teflon layer of transparent nature will adhere tenaciously to the aluminum blanks and result in a clear If increased thickness is desired, a second coating may be applied.

The result of the above described process is an unusually light color of the coated metal, the Teflon being colorless and almost entirely transparent. Insofar as is known the use of hard and sharp jagged grit of cast iron and a deoxidation cleaning step has not been heretofore suggested in the Teflon coating of aluminum blanks, the most conventional prior methods being the coating of blanks with a pigmented primer before the application of the Teflon. In the present method the deoxidizer chemically attacks and removes any residual iron grit and other dark metallic scale Without harming or etching the aluminum surfaces. The result is a clean colorless new oxide re-formation on the blank to preserve and maintain a bright aluminum finish beneath the transparent Teflon.

What is claimed as novel and desired to be obtained by Letters Patent of the United States is:

1. The method of coating aluminum metal surfaces with polytetrafluoroethylene which comprises the steps of washing the surfaces with a mild alkaline cleaner by means of a high velocity spray and completely rinsing and drying; grit blasting the surfaces with an angular grit of cast iron having hard, sharp, jagged edges, the grit size being on the order of SAE classification #80 while constantly replenishing the g it to maintain a seventy to eighty perwashing and rinsing steps; then soaking the surfaces in an aluminum deoxidation solution and spraying to remove residual grit and scale and thereby re-oxidize the surfaces with a clean, colorless oxide coating; then applying a coating of an aqueous dispersion of pure colorless polytetrafluoroethylene and drying and sintering the same.

2. In the method of preparing aluminum surfaces for coating with polytetrafluoroethylene which includes grit blasting said surfaces preceded and followed by mild alkaline solution spray cleaning and rinsing treatments, the improvement 'which consists in blasting the surfaces with an angular iron grit having hard, sharp edges and of a size on the order of SAE classification #80, and after said second cleaning and rinsing treatment, soaking the surfaces in an aluminum deoxidizing bath and thereafter thoroughly rinsing the same and re-oxidizing the metal surfaces to impact an appearance characterized by the bright and light aluminum coloration.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,404,816 7/ 1946 Snyder 117--49 2,562,117 7/1951 Osdal 117-132 2,647,079 7/1953 Burnham 117-49 2,817,562 12/1957 Fleming et a1 117132 X 2,883,331 4/1959 Halpert 1486.27 X 3,008,601 11/1961 Cahne 117132 X OTHER REFERENCES The Iron Age, June 4, 1959, p. 136, T5200 18.

RICHARD D. NEVIUS, Primary Examiner.


R. S. KENDALL, Assistant Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2404816 *Jan 8, 1945Jul 30, 1946Thompson Prod IncSeal surface
US2562117 *Jul 8, 1949Jul 24, 1951Du PontPolytetrafluoroethylene coating compositions
US2647079 *Jun 3, 1948Jul 28, 1953Sprague Electric CoProduction of insulated condenser electrodes
US2817562 *Jul 1, 1953Dec 24, 1957Gen Motors CorpCoated piston
US2883331 *Jul 23, 1956Apr 21, 1959Robert O BoltInhibited reactor coolants and use thereof
US3008601 *Dec 8, 1955Nov 14, 1961Collette GregoirePolytetrafluoroethylene coated cooking utensils
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3489589 *Oct 14, 1966Jan 13, 1970Gillette CoRazor blade coating method and apparatus
US3511690 *Jun 5, 1967May 12, 1970Nat Presto IndProduction of polytetrafluoroethylene-containing coatings on metallic bases
US3900658 *Jul 12, 1973Aug 19, 1975Daikin Ind LtdPolyfluorocarbon article and method for making the same
US5067912 *Nov 3, 1987Nov 26, 1991M/A-Com Adams-Russell, Inc.Subassembly for a microwave connector and method for making it
US5097109 *Feb 20, 1990Mar 17, 1992General Motors CorporationInsulated aluminum weld fixture and a method of making same
US5213739 *Jun 26, 1991May 25, 1993The United States Of America As Represented By The Administrator Of The National Aeronautics And Space AdministrationProcess for bonding elastomers to metals
US5338572 *Nov 23, 1993Aug 16, 1994Alluflon- S.P.A.Industrial procedure for the application of a P.T.F.E. film on aluminum surfaces
US6511479 *Feb 27, 2001Jan 28, 2003Conmed CorporationElectrosurgical blade having directly adhered uniform coating of silicone release material and method of manufacturing same
US7761970Jan 23, 2007Jul 27, 2010Marchese Sr Justin WMethod of manufacturing of electrosurgical implements
US7898643 *Jul 22, 2005Mar 1, 2011Asml Holding N.V.Immersion photolithography system and method using inverted wafer-projection optics interface
US8111375Nov 17, 2006Feb 7, 2012Nikon CorporationExposure apparatus and method for manufacturing device
US8537331Jul 29, 2008Sep 17, 2013Nikon CorporationExposure apparatus and method for manufacturing device
US8547519Mar 26, 2009Oct 1, 2013Asml Netherlands B.V.Lithographic apparatus and device manufacturing method
US8634056Jul 20, 2011Jan 21, 2014Asml Netherlands B.V.Lithographic apparatus and device manufacturing method
US9134622Dec 16, 2013Sep 15, 2015Asml Netherlands B.V.Lithographic apparatus and device manufacturing method
US9134623Apr 30, 2014Sep 15, 2015Asml Netherlands B.V.Lithographic apparatus and device manufacturing method
US20050254031 *Jul 22, 2005Nov 17, 2005Asml Holding N.V.Immersion photolithography system and method using inverted wafer-projection optics interface
US20070064209 *Nov 17, 2006Mar 22, 2007Nikon CorporationExposure apparatus and method for manufacturing device
US20080291410 *Jul 29, 2008Nov 27, 2008Nikon CorporationExposure apparatus and method for manufacturing device
US20090207397 *Mar 26, 2009Aug 20, 2009Asml Netherlands B.V.Lithographic apparatus and device manufacturing method
US20110122380 *Jan 28, 2011May 26, 2011Asml Holding N.V.Immersion photolithography system and method using inverted wafer-projection optics interface
USRE42741Mar 11, 2008Sep 27, 2011Asml Netherlands B.V.Lithographic apparatus and device manufacturing method
DE102007040096A1 *Aug 24, 2007Apr 16, 2009Elringklinger AgBauteil
DE102007040096B4 *Aug 24, 2007May 12, 2016Elringklinger AgBauteil und Verfahren zur Herstellung
DE102009054532A1Dec 11, 2009Jul 1, 2010Basf SeContinuous preparation of polymer particles of water-soluble polymers in tube rector comprises producing a dispersion of liquid dispersed phase of monomers in e.g. liquid continuous phase and polymerizing monomers using radical initiators
DE102017205365A1Mar 29, 2017Oct 5, 2017Basf SeFlüssigkeitsabsorbierender Artikel
DE102017205367A1Mar 29, 2017Oct 5, 2017Basf SeFlüssigkeitabsorbierender Artikel
DE102017205368A1Mar 29, 2017Oct 5, 2017Basf SeUltradünner flüssigkeitabsorbierender Artikel
WO2011026876A1Sep 2, 2010Mar 10, 2011Basf SeWater-absorbent polymer particles
WO2011113728A1Mar 9, 2011Sep 22, 2011Basf SeA process for producing water-absorbent polymer particles by polymerizing droplets of a monomer solution
WO2011117187A1Mar 21, 2011Sep 29, 2011Basf SeUltrathin fluid-absorbent cores
WO2011117215A1Mar 22, 2011Sep 29, 2011Basf SeMethod for removing residual monomers from water-absorbent polymer particles
WO2011117263A1Mar 23, 2011Sep 29, 2011Basf SeA process for producing water-absorbent polymer particles by polymerizing droplets of a monomer solution
WO2013045163A1Aug 10, 2012Apr 4, 2013Basf SeA process for producing water-absorbent polymer particles by polymerizing droplets of a monomer solution
WO2014079694A1Nov 7, 2013May 30, 2014Basf SeA process for producing surface-postcrosslinked water-absorbent polymer particles
WO2014118025A1Jan 20, 2014Aug 7, 2014Basf SeMethod for removal of residual monomers from water-absorbing polymer particles
WO2015028158A1Mar 20, 2014Mar 5, 2015Basf SeFluid-absorbent article
U.S. Classification148/272, 427/327
International ClassificationB05D7/16, A21D8/08
Cooperative ClassificationA21D8/08, B05D7/16
European ClassificationB05D7/16, A21D8/08