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Publication numberUS3244332 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 5, 1966
Filing dateNov 18, 1964
Priority dateNov 18, 1964
Publication numberUS 3244332 A, US 3244332A, US-A-3244332, US3244332 A, US3244332A
InventorsRogers Howard L
Original AssigneeRogers Howard L
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Self-closing cap
US 3244332 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 1966 H. L. ROGERS 3,244,332

SELF-CLOSING CAP Filed NOV. 18, 1964 INVENTOR HOWARD L. ROGERS BY 2 z ATTORN EY United States Patent 3,244,332 SELF-CLOSING CAP Howard L. Rogers, 41 Maple Ave, Lincoln, R1. Filed Nov. 18, 1964, Ser. No. 412,133 12 Claims. (Cl. 222-213) My present invention relates to squeeze tube dispensers and bottles and more particularly to a self-closing cap device for the dispenser.

The principal object of the present invention is to provide a captive cap construction which operates on the squeeze principle and is self-closing after release.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a s'elfclosing cap device which eliminates the use of separate screw caps and provides for automatic closing of the container when the device is released.

A further object of the present invention is to provide a squeeze type closure device suitable for either liquid, viscous material or even powder.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a self-closing captive cap suitable for either a rigid or flexible container.

A further object of the present invention is to provide a self-closing captive cap which is simple in construction and easy and economical to manufacture and assemble.

With the above and other objects and advantageous features in view, my invention consists of a novel arrangement of parts, more fully disclosed in the detailed description following, in conjuction with the accompanyin'g drawings, and more particularly defined in the appended claims.

In the drawings,

FIG. 1 is a partial longitudinal section of a flexible container equipped with the self-closing cap of the present invention.

FIG. 2 is a view similar to FIG. 1 with the cap in open or dispensing position.

FIG, 3 is a view similar to FIG. 1 showing the device mounted on a rigid container.

FIG. 4 is a view of the device as shown in FIG. 3 in open position,

FIG. '5 is a view similar to FIG. 1 showing another form of my invention.

FIG. 6 is a view of the device as shown in FIG. in open position.

In my Patent No. 3,141,580 issued July 21, 1964 and entitled Measuring Pump Dispenser, I have illustrated a device particularly suitable for a squeeze type dispenser for dispensing measured quantities or dosages from a container. The present invention is designed to utilize some of the concepts disclosed in said patent to provide a captive cape for either a flexible or a rigid container and designed to open the container under pressure and to autor'hatically close the container opening upon release. Since no measuring is involved, the opening can be made of any size and the cap of the present invention can therefore be used on almost any type of material, liquid or dry powder.

Referring more particularly to the drawing, FIGS. 1 and 2 illustrate the invention as applied to a container having a flexible neck such as a plastic bottle or other squeeze type container. The container 10 is illustrated in FIG, 1 as having a plastic, flexible, collapsible neck portion 11 terminating adjacent its outer end with internal threads 12. The closure device shown therein is preferably molded in a single integral construction of a suitable plastic material with a memory. As in my patent above referred to, the preferred material is polypropylene. This material is now made with a high degree of resiliency or memory in a high durometer reading between 90 and 95. Such material is resistant to most all chemicals and is 3,244,332 Patented Apr. 5, 1966 "ice stable at a good temperature range above boiling which permits it to be sterilized.

The cap comprises a central elongated cylindrical portion having an outer cylindrical wall 14 which is tapered at the front end 15 to an opening 16. At the start of the tapered portion, the outer housing portion 14 is provided with shoulder 17 below which are outside threads 18 which mesh with the internal threads 12 of the container. The front end of the central cylindrical portion 13 is provided with a block closure member 19 which fits snugly into the opening 16 as shown in FIG. 1 and is provided at the rear end with a flange 20 which acts as a stop. Integrally connecting the central cylindrical portion 13 with the outer portion 14 are spaced parallelogram strips 21 and 22 adjacent the rear portion. It should be noted that in the form shown in FIG. 1 the parallelogram strips 21 and 22 extend at a slight angle from the central cylindrical portion 13 towards the front end. In this position the memory tendency or preload of the material tends to push the cylindrical portion 13 out of the container downwardly in FIG. 1 towards the opening 16 to close the opening.

In the illustrated form the device is shown as screwed into the container. However it may be joined to the containe-r by heat, glue or other materials. Now referring to FIG. 2, if it is desired to open the container and pour or shake the contents from the container, it is only necessary to bring pressure to bear on each side of the con tainer neck 11 to collapse the neck of the container and also the outer portion 14 of the cap, Inward movement of the cap portion 14 results in a collapse of the parallelogram portions 21 and 22 at an angle towards the central portion 13 as shown in FIG. 2. This moves the central portion 13 rearwardly so that its front end 19 moves away from the opening 16 to open the container. When the pressure is released from the container neck 11, the polypropylene parts will return to the form shown in FIG. 1 pulling the parallelogram strips 21 and 22 back into the position shown in FIG. 1 and forcing the central portion 13 forwardly so that its end 19 again enters the opening 16 to close the container. This motion is auto matic and is inherent with the memory of the material. Thus, release of the container results in the closure of the opening.

In the form illustrated, the portion 14 and the parallelogram portions 21 and 22 maybe in the form of wide strips, and if desired a plurality of parallelogram portions 21 and 22 may be placed around the central portion 13. Further, it is possible to make the portion 14 completely annular or cylindrical and the parallelogram portions 21 and 22 cylindrical too. However, in such form openings must be punched in the portions 21 and 22 to allow the material of the container to flow through the cap. Also, the size of the opening 16 may readily be varied to accommodate different types of materials. For example where powder is being dispensed the opening 16 may be made larger or a plurality of small openings may.

be used. If it is desired to dispense material in small drop lets the opening 16 may be made smaller.

In the form illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2, the container. neck itself must be flexible so that the pressure on the outside of the container neck will be transmitted to the parallelogram strips to operate the closure unit. However, where the container is rigid such as glass or metal, the dispenser may be positioned at the outside as illustrated in FIGS. 3 and. 4 and the opening pressure can be applied directly to the dispenser opener. In this form the container 23 is provided with a rigid neck portion 24 having external threads. The closure device comprises a cylindrical housing 25 having a rear internally threaded portion 26 for mounting on the threaded neck 24 of the container as shown in FIGS. 3 and 4. The housing 25 is made of the same material as the form shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 and is provided with integral parallel portions 27 and 28 extending slightly rearwardly and integrally joined to a central spindle or core 29. The front end of the cylindrical housing 25 tapers towards each other at 30 to a front opening 31 which is closed by the enlarged head 32 having a flange 33 at the front end of the member 29. As in the form shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, pressure on the housing 25 inwardly as shown in FIG. 4 will cause the parallel portions 27 and 28 to move the member 29 axially rearwardly thus pulling the head 32 out of the opening 31 to open the container. When the pressure is released the sides of the housing 25 returns to the position shown in FIG. 3 thus moving the parallel portions 27 and 28 outwardly and moving the member 29 axially forwardly so that the head 32 closes the container opening 31. Thus, operation of the form shown in FIGS. 3 and 4 is identical to that shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 except that the pressure is directly on the closure device whereas in the form shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 it is on the container which in turn presses the closure device.

In some cases it may be desirable to reverse the movement of the closure device so that in opening the container the central member with the closure head moves forwardly rather than rearwardly. This may be desirable where dry powder is being dispensed. Such a device is illustrated in FIGS. and 6 and mounted in a container such as that shown in FIGS. 1 and 2. However, it should be understood that the type of movement illustrated in FIGS. 5 and. 6 can also be applied to the type of construction shown in FIGS. 3 and 4. In this form the container neck 34 is of the same flexible material as the neck 11 in the form shown in FIG. 1. It is provided with internal threads at the end 35 and the outer cylindrical portion of the device 36 is provided with a threaded portion 37 for threadedly engaging the portion 35 in mounting the device in the container. At the rear, the portion 36 is provided with parallelogram strips 38 and 39 integrally joined to a central core 40 at a rearward angle from the center outwardly as opposed to the angle shown in the form shown in FIG. 1. The opening 41 is provided with tapered sides and the end of the central portion 40 is provided with a head 42 having tapered sides and behind the head 42 is a narrow portion 43 to assist in dispensing the contents of the container. Now pressure on the sides 34 of the container as shown in FIG. 6, will produce an inward movement of the walls 36 of the device and the pressure of the walls 36 will cause a flexing of the parallel portions 38 and 39 to move the central portion 40 axially forwardly out of the opening 41. This allows the contents of the container to move outwardly. Release of the pressure will result in the parts returning to the position shown in FIG. 5 wherein the portion 40 is withdrawn until the head 42 again closes the opening 41.

I have thus provided a closure device which can be readily molded in a single piece of plastic material and inserted in the neck of a container to provide in effect a captive cap. There are no parts to be unscrewed or unplugged. The container is opened to release its contents merely by pressure on the sides of the neck or on the sides of the device whichever the form that is used. Release of the pressure closes the container. The construction is simple and its assembly is rapid and easy. Other advantages of the present invention will be readily apparent to a person skilled in the art.

I claim:

1. A container having a dispensing neck open at the top, and closure means for said neck comprising a tubular housing of highly resilient material, the rear end of said housing opening into said neck, an outlet at the front end of said housing, an elongated closure member mounted for axial movement in said housing, the front end of said member having a closure head for said outlet, a plurality of resilient parallelogram strips integrally connecting said member with said housing, said strips normally urging said member and head into closed position in said outlet, said strips moving said closure member and head away from said outlet into open position when said housing is squeezed, and said strips moving said member and head to closed position in said outlet on release of said squeezing action.

2. A container having a dispensing neck open at the top, and closure means for said neck comprising a tubular housing of highly resilient material, the rear end of said housing opening into said neck, an outlet at the front end of said housing, an elongated closure member mounted for axial movement in said housing, the front end of said member having a closure head for said outlet, a plurality of resilient parallelogram strips integrally conmeeting said member with said housing, said strips normally urging said member and head into closed position in said outlet, said strips moving said closure member and head away from said outlet into open position when said housing is squeezed, and said strips moving said member and head to closed position in said outlet on release of said squeezing action, said strips slanting forwardly from said closure member to move said closure member rearwardly to open said outlet and forwardly to close said outlet.

3. A container having a dispensing neck open at the top, and closure means for said neck comprising a tubular housing of highly resilient material, the rear end of said housing opening into said neck, an outlet at the front end of said housing, an elongated closure member mounted for axial movement in said housing, the front end of said member having a closure head for said outlet, a plurality of resilient parallelogram strips integrally connecting said member with said housing, said strips normally urging said member and head into closed position in said outlet, said strips moving said closure member and head away from said outlet into open position when said housing is squeezed, and said strips moving said member and head to closed position in said outlet on release of said squeezing action, said strips slanting rearwardly from said closure member to move said closure member forwardly to open said outlet and rearwardly to close said outlet.

4. A container having av dispensing neck open at the top, and closure means for said neck comprising a tubular housing of highly resilient material, the rear end of said housing opening into said neck, an outlet at the front end of said housing, an elongated closure member mounted for axial movement in said housing, the front end of said member having a closure head for said outlet, a plurality of resilient parallelogram strips integrally connecting said member with said housing, said strips normally urging said member and head into closed position in said outlet, said strips moving said closure member and head away from said outlet into open position when said housing is squeezed, and said strips moving said member and head to closed position in said outlet on release of said squeezing action, said strips slanting forwardl from said said closure member to move said closure member rearwardly to open said outlet and forwardly to close said outlet, said closure head comprising a cylindrical plug adapted to nest in said outlet, and a flange at the rear of said plug for stopping forward movement of said head.

5. A container having a dispensing neck open at the top, and closure means for said neck comprising a tubular housing of highly resilient material, the rear end of said housing opening into said neck, an outlet at the front end of said housing, an elongated closure member mounted for axial movement in said housing, the front end of said member having a closure head for said outlet, a plurality of resilient parallelogram strips integrally connecting said member with said housing, said strips normally urging said member and head into closed position in said outlet, said strips moving said closure member and head away from said outlet into open position when said housing is squeezed, and said strips moving said member and head to closed position in said outlet on release of said squeezing action, said strips slanting rearwardly from said closure member to move said closure member forwardly to open said outlet and rearwardly to close said outlet, the wall of said outlet tapering outwardly, said head having an outwardly tapering wall nesting in said outlet in closed position, said closure member having a reduced diameter behind said head.

6. A container having a dispensing neck open at the top, and closure means for said neck comprising a tubular housing of highly resilient material, the rear end of said housing opening into said neck, an outlet at the front end of said housing, an elongated closure member mounted for axial movement in said housing, the front end of said member having a closure head for said outlet, a plurality of resilient parallelogram strips integrally connecting said member with said housing, said strips normally urging said member and head into closed position in said outlet, said strips moving said closure member and head away from said outlet into open position when said housing is squeezed, and said strips moving said member and head to closed position in said outlet on release of said squeezing action, said container neck being of resilient material and having internal threads, said closure housing having external threads adjacent its front end for threadedly mounting said closure housing in said neck, whereby squeezing of said neck will squeeze said housing.

7. A container having a dispensing neck open at the top, and closure means for said neck comprising a tubular housing of highly resilient material, the rear end of said housing opening into said neck, an outlet at the front end of said housing, an elongated closure member mounted for axial movement in said housing, the front end of said member having a closure head for said outlet, a plurality of resilient parallelogram strips integrally connecting said member with said housing, said strips normally urging said member and head into closed position in said outlet, said strips, moving said closure member and head away from said outlet into open position when said housing is squeezed, and said strips moving said member and head to closed position in said outlet on release of said squeezing action, said container neck having external threads adjacent its outer end, said housing being internally threaded at its rear end for threadedly mounting saidhousing on said neck.

8. A container having a dispensing neck open at the top, and closure means for said neck comprising a tubular housing of highly resilient material, the rear end of said housing opening into said neck, an outlet at the front end of said housing, an elongated closure member mounted for axial movement in said housing, the front end of said member having a closure head for said outlet, a plurality of resilient parallelogram strips integrally connecting said member with said housing, said strips normally urging said member and head into closed position in said outlet, said strips moving said closure member and head away from said outlet into open position when said housing is squeezed, and said strips moving said member and head to closed position in said outlet on release of said squeezing action, said strips slanting forwardly from said closure member to move said closure member rearwardly to open said outlet and forwardly to close said outlet, said container neck being of resilient material and having internal threads, said closure housing having external threads adjacent its front end for threadedly mounting said closure housing in said neck, whereby squeezing of said neck will squeeze said housing.

9. A container having a dispensing neck open at the top, and closure means for said neck comprising a tubular housing of highly resilientmaterial, the rear end of said housing opening into said neck, an outlet at the front end of said housing, an elongated closure member mounted for axial movement in said housing, the front end of said member having a closure head for said outlet, a plurality of resilient parallelogram strips integrally connecting said member with said housing, said strips normally urging said member and head into closed position in said outlet, said strips moving said closure member and head away from said outlet into open position when said housing is squeezed, and said strips moving said members and head to closed position in said outlet on release of said squeezing action, said strips slanting forwardly from said closure member to move said closure member rearwardly to open said outlet and forwardly to close said outlet, said closure head comprising a cylindrical plug adapted to nest in said outlet, and a flange at the rear of said plug for stopping forward movement of said head, said container neck being of resilient material and having internal threads, said closure housing having external threads adjacent its front end for threadedly mounting said closure housing in said neck, whereby squeezing of said neck will squeeze said housing.

10. A container having a dispensing neck open at the top, and closure means for said neck comprising a tubular housing of highly resilient material, the rear end of said housing opening into said neck, an outlet at the front end of said housing, an elongated closure member mounted for axial movement in said housing, the front end of said member having a closure head for said outlet, a plurality of resilient parallelogram strips integrally connecting said member with said housing, said strips normally urging said member and head into closed position in said outlet, said strips moving said closure member and head away from said outlet into open position when said housing is squeezed, and said strips moving said member and head to closed position in said outlet on release of said squeezing action, said strips slanting forwardly from said closure member to move said closure member rearwardly to open said outlet and forwardly to close said outlet, said container neck having external threads adjacent its outer end, said housing being internally threaded at its rear end for threadedly mounting said housing on said neck.

11. A container having a dispensing neck open at the top, and closure means for said neck comprising a tubular housing of highly resilient material, the rear end of said housing opening into said neck, an outlet at the front end of said housing, an elongated closure member mounted for axial movement in said housing, the front end of said member having a closure head for said outlet, a plurality of resilient parallelogram strips integrally connecting said member with said housing, said strips normally urging said member and head into closed position in said outlet, said strips moving said closure member and head away from said outlet into open position when said housing is squeezed, and said strips moving said member and head to closed position in said outlet on release of said squeezing action, said strips slanting rearwardly from said closure member to move said closure member forwardly to open said outlet and rearwardly to close said outlet, said container neck having external threads adjacent its outer end, said housing being internally threaded at its rear end for threadedly mounting said housing on said neck.

12. A container having a dispensing neck open at the top, and closure means for said neck comprising a tubular housing of highly resilient material, the rear end end of said housing opening into said neck, an outlet at the front end of said housing, an elongated closure member mounted for axial movement in said housing, the front end of said member having a closure head for said outlet, a plurality of resilient parallelogram strips integrally connecting said member with said housing, said strips normally urging said member and head into closed position in said out-let, said strips moving said closure member and head away from said outlet into open position when said housing is squeezed, and said strips moving said member and head to closed position in said outlet on release of said squeezing action, said strips slanting rearwardly from said closure member to move said closure member forwardly to open said outlet and rearwardly to close said outlet, the wall of said outlet tapering outwardly, said head having an outwardly tapering wall nesting in said outlet in closed position, said closure member having a reduced diameter be'hind said head, said container neck having external threads adjacent its outer end, said housing being internally threaded at its rear end for threadedly mounting said housing on said neck.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,141,580 7/1964 Rogers 222-2l3

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3141580 *Dec 9, 1963Jul 21, 1964Howard L RogersMeasuring pump dispenser
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3404814 *Jun 27, 1967Oct 8, 1968Risdon Mfg CoActuator for aerosol valve
US4457453 *Oct 22, 1982Jul 3, 1984Stevens Peter PSelf-sealing container closure
US4962870 *Sep 22, 1988Oct 16, 1990CebalDistributor for pasty products with a deformable pumping member and a flexible disk expulsion valve connected to the pump actuator by a central bearing link
US4979653 *Jul 27, 1989Dec 25, 1990Nanlee F. MonClosure cap having structure for minimizing dripping
US4984923 *Jun 13, 1989Jan 15, 1991Pilot Ink Co., Ltd.Liquid applicator with axial value actuation
US4988016 *Jan 30, 1989Jan 29, 1991James P. HawkinsSelf-sealing container
US5000354 *Feb 7, 1989Mar 19, 1991Lee Young JContainer for fluids
US5207250 *Oct 8, 1991May 4, 1993Tsao Ye MingPollutant-proof contractible container
US5271513 *Jan 2, 1992Dec 21, 1993Daniel CrosnierDevice for total and immediate closure which can be placed on various containers, bottles, tubes, jars, whether rigid or flexible
US5339972 *May 21, 1993Aug 23, 1994Daniel CrosnierDevice for total and immediate closure of bottle-like containers
US5725131 *May 24, 1996Mar 10, 1998Gojo Industries, Inc.Powder dispensing dispenser valve and dispensing assembly
US7140517 *Aug 14, 2003Nov 28, 2006Masatoshi MasudaValve mechanism for tube shaped fluid container
US7201295Dec 16, 2004Apr 10, 2007Sitzberger Carl RFitment assembly for a liquid dispenser
US7204380Jul 25, 2001Apr 17, 2007Jackel International LimitedDrinking vessel
US7740155Jun 22, 2010Yuri Mauricio GallegosSelf closing cap for dispensing fluids
US20040035815 *Jul 25, 2001Feb 26, 2004Webb Ian AlexanderDrinking vessel
US20040069815 *Aug 14, 2003Apr 15, 2004Masatoshi MasudaValve mechanism for tube-type fluid container
US20060144875 *Dec 20, 2005Jul 6, 2006Etesse Patrick JFlexible container containing a liquid product, and a process for making a liquid-filled, flexible container
EP2499988A2 *Mar 5, 2012Sep 19, 2012Ferton Holding SAMetering device
EP2499988A3 *Mar 5, 2012Jul 3, 2013Ferton Holding SAMetering device
WO2002022073A1 *Jul 25, 2001Mar 21, 2002Jackel International LimitedA drinking vessel
WO2014021164A1 *Jul 24, 2013Feb 6, 2014Ryuutarou WATANABEMeasurement lid container
WO2016028259A1 *Aug 18, 2014Feb 25, 2016Colgate-Palmolive CompanyOral care implement
Classifications
U.S. Classification222/213, 222/522
International ClassificationB65D47/04, B65D47/20
Cooperative ClassificationB65D47/2062
European ClassificationB65D47/20E4A