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Publication numberUS3246604 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 19, 1966
Filing dateNov 20, 1963
Priority dateNov 20, 1963
Publication numberUS 3246604 A, US 3246604A, US-A-3246604, US3246604 A, US3246604A
InventorsHarrison D Brailsford
Original AssigneeHarrison D Brailsford
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Variable-rate pump
US 3246604 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

P 1966 H. D. BRAILSFORD VARIABLE-RATE PUMP Filed Nov. 20, 1963 a .g F

2 INVENTOR Harrigon 1). Brailsford BY I HIS ATTORNEY United States Patent 3,246,604 VARIABLE-RATE PUMP Harrison D. Brailsford, 670 Milton Road, Rye, N.Y. Filed Nov. 20, 1963, Ser. No. 325,045 4 Claims. (Cl. 103-38) This invention relates to pumps of the type described in my United States Patent 3,059,586 and particularly to means for varying the stroke, and hence the pumping rate, thereof.

My previous pumps operated with a fixed stroke, which meant that the only way that the amount of fluid that they pumped in a given length of time could be varied was by controlling the number of revolutions turned by the crankshaft of the pump in that length of time. This, in turn, required either a variable-speed transmission between the driving motor and the pump, or a motor having controllable speed, or means for rendering the motor inoperative during part of the time. Each of these expedients has its own drawbacks: a variable-speed transmission is complicated, space-consuming, and expensive; at speed control, particularly in the unattended operation to which these pumps are subjected, tends to be inaccurate and ineflicient; and in order to turn off the motor for predetermined intervals, a relatively expensive and complicated timer is required.

It is one of the principal objects of this invention to provide simple, inexpensive, and relatively accurate and constant means for controlling the stroke, and hence, pumping speed, of a pump of the type described in the aforesaid Patent 3,059,586.

Other objects are to provide means for varying the stroke without limiting the extent of angular excursions of the pump and to control the stroke by limiting the distance to which the piston is moved away from the inlet-outlet channel of the pump.

In accordance with the invention, I have provided a slotted yoke attached to the piston rod of the pump with the slot extending in the same direction as the piston rod. The crankpin of an eccentric fits into the slot to move therein to tilt the pump cylinder between its fixed, angular limits and to draw the piston back and forth in the cylinder. Means are also provided to change the length of that portion of the slot in which the crankpin is free to move. Further in accordance with the invention, the crankpin is restricted to that portion of the slot starting with, and always including, that point in the slot nearest the piston rod.

The invention will be further described in connection with the drawings in which:

FIG. 1 is a front view of a pump constructed according to the invention;

FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the pump in FIG. 1 taken along the line 22;

FIG. 3 shows a front view of the pump of FIG. 1 in a different part of its operating cycle and with a modified stroke control; and

FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view along the line 44 in FIG. 2 and shows the relative positions of the inlet and outlet channels of the pump of FIGS. 1-3.

The pump in FIG. 1 comprises a base plate 11 on which is mounted an electric motor 12 driving, by means of a pinion (not shown), a gear 13. The latter is afiixed to a shaft 14 which constitutes the crankshaft of the pump and has an eccentric 16 with a crankpin 17. The latter fits relatively snugly with a slot 18 in a yoke 19 attached to one end of a piston rod 21, the other end of which is affixed to a piston 22 with a cylinder 23. The piston has a gasket, or piston ring, in the form of an O-ring 24 to prevent leakage of the pumped fluid past the piston. Preferably both the piston 22 and the cylinder 23 are made of plastic, although the cylinder has one end closed 3,246,604 Patented Apr. '19, 1966 by a cylinder head which may be held fast Within a metal ring 26 attached to the end of the cylinder by bayonet pin means including a pin 27 and a slot 28.

The other end of the cylinder is also closed, at least sufliciently to journal the piston rod 21 so that the cylinder will tilt substantially exactly in step with tilting of the rod as the eccentric 16 is rotated. To permit tilting of the cylinder, the latter is mounted on a pivotally mounted plate 29 which is free to pivot at least to an extent determined by operating principles to be described hereinafter. The pivot axis of the plate 29 is parallel to the axis of the crankshaft 14 and passes through the axis of the cylinder 23 in a perpendicular direction.

A channel 31 in the back wall of the cylinder facing the plate 29 and close to the closed end of the cylinder forms both the inlet and the outlet channel for fluid being pumped by the pump. In the view shown in FIG. 1, the cylinder 23 is pivoted counterclockwise to an extent which, while less than the maximum, is enough to permit the channel 31 to communicate with an inlet pipe 32 in the plate 11. An outlet pipe 33 is spaced a shorter angular distance away from the inlet pipe, and, like the latter, the outlet pipe extends through the base plate 11.

At the upper end of the yoke 19 is a control means in the form of a screw 34 which may be screwed in or out to change the lost motion, or distance through which the crankpin 17 may move lengthwise along the slot 18. It should be noted that, no matter how the screw 34 is positioned, the crankpin 17 always goes to the bottom end of the slot 18 during one point of each rotation of the eccentric 16. This assures good volumetric efficiency and that the fluid will be substantially entirely pushed out of the closed end of the cylinder 23 at one point in each cycle of operation.

The effect of unscrewing the screw 34 will be to provide more lost motion and thus to limit the length of stroke of the piston 22. At the same time, the fact that the crankpin 17 substantially fills the width of the slot 18 assures that the cylinder 23 will be tilted back and forth between exactly the same limits, as required to permit the inlet-outlet channel 31 to communicate with both the inlet pipe 32 and the outlet pipe 33.

FIG. 2 shows a cross-section of the pump in FIG. 1 and makes more clear the arrangement of the channel 31 through the plate 29. As may be seen, there is a gasket 34 between the base plate 11 and the pivot plate 29 to prevent leakage of fluid passing through the channel 31 and, in the position illustrated, the pipe 32.

The pivot plate 29 is held relatively firmly against the gasket 34 by a stud 36 journalled in the base plate 11. Pressure is exerted 'by a spring 37 between a collar 38 and a knob 39 at the end of the stud 36 to hold the pivot plate 29 firmly enough against the gasket. A channel 41 may be observed at the end of the cylinder 23 to permit air to reach the space above the piston 22 and to be driven from such space as the piston moves upwardly.

FIG. 3 shows the cylinder 23 tilted over to place the channel 31 in position to communicate with the outlet pipe 33.

While FIG. 3 shows a pump which is otherwise similar to that in FIG. 1, it does differ in the means for adjusting the stroke. Here, such means include a bridge member 42 fitted across the yoke and pinched into place by a knurled knob 43. If desired, the yoke may be calibrated as shown to provide a scale 44 to show how much fluid will be pumped each interval of time.

FIG. 4 shows a fragment of the plate 29 to illustrate the angular relationship between the locations of the inlet pipe 32 and the outlet pipe 33. Both are reached by holes pierced in the gasket 34, the latter being shown in cross-section as out along the partition line 4-4 in FIG. 2. The pipes 32 and 33 are spaced apart by an angle A.

J The cylinder 23 must be pivoted through approximately the ,sameangle for proper operation of the .pump, although the finite width of the inlet-outlet channel 31 and the inlet pipe 32 and the outlet pipe 33 makes permissible some departure of the angle of tilt of the cylinder from the angle A. p

While this invention has been described in terms of a specific embodiment, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that modifications may be made therein within the true scope of the invention as determined by the following claims.

What is claimed is:

1. A pump comprising: a hollow cylinder closed at one end; a piston axially slidable therein; a piston rod having one end rigidly attached to said piston; a yoke attached to the other end of said piston rod outside of said cylinder, said yoke having an axially elongated slot therein; a pivotal mounting for said piston to tilt said piston between two limiting positions and about an axis substantially perpendicular to the axis of said piston; an opening in the Wall of said cylinder near the closed end thereof; a pair of of channels, one of said channels communicating with said opening when said piston is tilted to one of its limiting positions and the other of said channels communicating with said opening when said piston is tilted to the other of its limiting positions; an eccentric having a shaft substantially parallel with the axis of said ,pivotal mounting and an offset pin extending into said slot of said yoke and substantially filling the Width of said slot to pivot said cylinder to both of its limiting positions as said eccentric rotates.

2. A pump comprising: a hollow cylinder closed at .one end; a piston axially slidable therein; a piston rod having one end rigidly attached to said piston; a yoke attached to the other end of said piston rod outside of said cylinder, said yoke having an axially elongated slot .therein; a pivotaljmounting for said piston to tilt said piston about a pivotal axis and between two limiting positions and about an axis substantially perpendicular to the axis of said piston; an opening in the wall of said cylinder between said pivotal axis and the closed end thereof; a pair of channels, one of said channels communicating with said opening when said piston is tilted to one of its limiting positions and the other of said channels communicating with said opening when said piston is titlted to the other of its limiting positions; an eccentric having a shaft substantially parallel with the axis of said pivotal mounting and an offset pin extending into said'slot of said yoke and substantially filling the width of said slot to pivot said cylinder to both of its limiting positions as said eccentric rotates.

3. A pump comprising: a hollow cylinder closed at one end; a piston axially slidable therein; a piston rod 4 having-one end rigidly attached to said piston; a yoke attached to the other end of said piston rod outside of said cylinder, said yoke having an axially elongated slot therein; a barrier on said yoke to partition off a section of said slot; a pivotal mounting for said piston to tilt said piston between two limiting positions and about an axis substantially perpendicular to the axis of said piston; an opening in the wall of said cylinder near the closed end thereof; a pair of channels, one of said channels communicating with said opening when said piston is tilted to one'of its limiting positions and the other of said channels communicating with said opening when said piston is tilted to the other of its limiting positions; an

eccentric having a shaft substantially parallel with the axis of said pivotal mounting and an offset pin extending into said slot of said yoke between said barrier and the end of said slot nearer said piston and substantially filling the width of said slot to pivot said cylinder to both of its limiting positions as said eccentric rotates.

4. A pump-comprisingz a hollow cylinder=closed at one end; a piston axially slidable therein; a piston rod having one end rigidly attached to said piston; a yoke attached to the other end of said piston rod outside of said cylinder, said yoke having an axially elongated slot therein; a barrier and means to aflix said barrier to selected positions along said yoke to partition off a section of said slot; a pivotal mounting for said piston to tilt said piston between two limiting positions and about an axis substantially perpendicular to the axis of said piston; an opening in the wall of said cylinder near-theclosed end thereof; a pair of channels, one of said channelscommunicating with said opening when said piston is tilted to one of its limiting positions and the other of said channels communicating with said opening when said'piston is tilted to the other of its limiting positions; an eccentric having a shaft substantially parallel with the axis of said pivotal mounting and an offset pin extending into said slot of said yoke in the section of said slot between said barrier and the end of said slot nearer said piston and substantially filling the width of said slot to pivot said cylinder to both of its limiting positions as said eccentric rotates. I

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 728,526 5/1903 Wantz 23020 891,026 6/1908 Zeitlin 230- 1,648,554 11/1927 Lundin 103-163 1,739,252 12/1929 Mojonnier 10338 2,032,163 v, 2/1936 Bagby 10338 LAURENCE V. EFNER, Primary Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US728526 *Feb 11, 1903May 19, 1903Victor Electric CompanyEar-pump.
US891026 *Apr 8, 1905Jun 16, 1908Joseph ZeitlinVacuum-pump.
US1648554 *Mar 19, 1926Nov 8, 1927American Machinery Co IncMeasuring and dispensing machine
US1739252 *Jul 29, 1927Dec 10, 1929Mojonnier Bros CoFilling machine
US2032163 *Sep 30, 1932Feb 25, 1936Ralph B BagbyFilling machine
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3584982 *Jan 31, 1969Jun 15, 1971Siegel Arthur DGas pump
US3945766 *Oct 24, 1973Mar 23, 1976Rheinische Chamotte - Und Dinas WerkeRadial piston machine
US4055106 *Nov 29, 1974Oct 25, 1977Edward A. ByrneVariable output fluid pump/motor
US4124488 *Feb 24, 1977Nov 7, 1978Ocean Water LimitedWater purification by reverse osmosis
US4212416 *Jun 5, 1978Jul 15, 1980National Instrument Company, Inc.Fine tune adjusting mechanism for tandem-operated filling units of a filling machine
US4372903 *Sep 21, 1981Feb 8, 1983Cts CorporationProcess for controlling the movement of press components
US5005296 *Sep 15, 1989Apr 9, 1991Gerber Garment Technology, Inc.Plotter and ink pressurizing pump
US5616014 *Jun 19, 1995Apr 1, 1997Tsai; Shih-TienPower grease pump
US20080063875 *Oct 30, 2007Mar 13, 2008Robinson John WHigh heat distortion resistant inorganic laminate
Classifications
U.S. Classification417/465, 92/169.1, 92/13.7, 92/129
International ClassificationF04B9/04, F04B1/06
Cooperative ClassificationF04B1/06, F04B9/04
European ClassificationF04B9/04, F04B1/06