|Publication number||US3248682 A|
|Publication date||Apr 26, 1966|
|Filing date||Jun 27, 1963|
|Priority date||Jun 27, 1963|
|Also published as||DE1253345B|
|Publication number||US 3248682 A, US 3248682A, US-A-3248682, US3248682 A, US3248682A|
|Inventors||Curtis John G|
|Original Assignee||Corning Glass Works|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (9), Referenced by (2), Classifications (12)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
April 26, 1966 J. a. CURTIS 3,248,682
ELECTRI CAL RES I STANCE ELEMENT Filed June 27, 1963 FIG.4
INVENTOR. John G.Curfis e/mu l ATTORNEY United States Patent Ofilice 3,248,682 Patented Apr. 26, 1966 This invention relates to electrical resistance elements and more particularly to a method for modifying the film path of spiralled electrically conductive film resistors.
Such form of resistors comprises a linear dielectric body supporting a spiralled ribbon of resistance material along its length between bands 'of low resistance material supported on the ends of such body and serving as the resistance element terminals. The resistor is ordinarily formed of a substantially cylindrical rod of dielectric material bearing a resistance element comprising a spiral ribbon of carbon, carbon alloy, cermet, tin oxide, other metallic oxide, metal, or the like. To make such a resistor, a suitably coated cylindrical member is conventionally placed in a lathe and spirally grooved so that the coating material remaining is in the form of a spiral ribbon about the body between the terminals of low resistance material;
It has been observed that failure occurs in such a resistor in localized regions in the margins of the coating adjoining one or the other of the terminals.
From an investigation made, by laying out such a ribbon and its terminals in a flat plane, it has been discovered that the reason for such failure is that the outline of the ribbon between its terminals comprises a rhomboid; thus the shortest path between the terminals is a straight line extending diagonally across such a rhomboid between its wide angle corners, resulting in high current concentration along such line at such corners. Exact regions of failure are thus pinpointed as being the corners at the ends of the short rhomboid diagonal.
One solution to this problem is disclosed in United States Patent No. 2,910,664 issued to I. G. Lanning, wherein the bands of low resistance material, serving as the resistor element or ribbon terminals, are extended transversely of the ribbon ends at an angle of 90 so that the current between such terminals is uniformly distributed throughout the ribbon width along its entire length. This solution, although satisfactory, is sometimes impractical in practice because it requires an extra firing step for the bands of low resistance material. Furthermore, it is not suitable for resistors having ribbons of very high pitch since a large portion of the ribbon must be rendered inactive for resistance purposes when applying the low resistance material.
It is an object of this invention to provide a resistance element which overcomes the heretofore noted difficulties, and to provide a conductive film resistor having a substantially uniform path between its terminals through its resistive portion.
In accordance with the present invention the resistive portion of the resistor is divided into a plurality of paths such that when laid out in a flat plane, the diagonals of each rhomboidal path are not significantly different in length thereby providing a substantially linear rectangular current path. The plurality of paths so formed also distribute the electric current so that no one path will be subjected to current densities which will cause failure. Further, in accordance with the instant invention, a resistor may be suitably formed for all values of path pitch.
Additional objects, features, and advantages of the present invention will become apparent, to those skilled in the art, from the following detailed description and the attached drawing on which, by way of example, only the preferred embodiment of this-invention is illustrated.
FIGURE 1 is a side elevation of a resistor of conventional form.
FIGURE 2 is a diagrammatic view showing the ribbon coating and terminals of a conventional form of resistor laid out in a single plane.
FIGURE 3 is a diagrammatic view corresponding to FIGURE 2 illustrating the instant invention.
. FIGURE 4 is a side elevation, similar to FIGURE 1, of a resistor embodying the instant invention.
In the resistor illustrated in FIGURE 1, the dielectric member 10 has low resistance metal bands or terminals 12 and 14 formed thereon at its ends, with an electrically conductive coating 16 of resistance material in ribbon form spiralled about said member 10 between said bands 12 and 14. As seen in FIGURE 2, when the respective terminals 12 and 14 and the coating 16 are laid out in a single plane, coating 16 takes the form of a rhomboid. Accordingly, the shortest path between terminals 12 and 14 is a line 18 drawn diagonally across coating 16 between the wide angled corners 20 and 22,'resulting in high current concentration at such corners.
Referring now to FIGURES 3 and 4, it is seen that the above faults are overcome by, providing a plurality of paths 24 between the low resistance terminals or bands 26 and 28. The short rhomboid diagonal of each path, illustrated by the numeral 30, is not significantly different from the long diagonal of each said path, thereby forming a'plurality of substantially rectangular paths. The electric current will now flow substantially uniformly through the plurality of substantially parallel paths provided, reducing the current density to which each said path is subjected to a much lower value, thereby preventing failure as hereinabove described.
It has been found that a particularly suitable and preferable resistor construction, not subject to the hereinbefore noted failure, may be obtained by maintaining a ratio of approximately 1:30 between the width and the length of the substantially rectangular paths thereof.
Although the present invention has been described with respect to specific details of certain embodiments thereof, it is not intended that such details be limitations on the scope of the invention except insofar as set forth in the following claims.
What is claimed is:
1. An electrical resistance element comprising a substantially cylidnrical dielectric member, an electrically conductive coating applied to the surface of said member, said coating being divided into a plurality of long thin rhomboidal paths, and low resistance terminals at the ends of said member, each said terminal being in electrical contact with all said paths at each respective end of said member.
2. An electrical resistance element comprising a substantially cylindrical dielectric member having an electrically conductive coating in the form of a plurality of long thin rhomboidal ribbons spiralled thereabout along its length, and low resistance terminals at the ends of said member, each said terminal being in electrical contact with all said ribbons at each respective end of said member.
3. The electrical resistance element of claim 2 wherein the ends of said member are surrounded by portions of i said terminals.
" 4. The electrical resistance element of claim 2 wherein the ratio of the width to the length of said rhomboidal ribbons is approximately 1:30.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS Linder 219-543 Kohring 29- -1557 Moore et a1. 29-155.7 Lanning 338300 Moore et a1. 338-308 Kohring 338308 RICHARD M. WOOD, Primary Examiner. ANTHONY BARTIS, Examiner.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2337202 *||Dec 9, 1941||Dec 21, 1943||Brown Instr Co||Resistor|
|US2503418 *||Jun 20, 1947||Apr 11, 1950||Western Electric Co||Electrical resistor and method of making the same|
|US2552626 *||Feb 17, 1948||May 15, 1951||Bell Telephone Labor Inc||Silicon-germanium resistor and method of making it|
|US2557983 *||Mar 22, 1949||Jun 26, 1951||Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co||Transparent electroconductive article|
|US2792620 *||Aug 20, 1953||May 21, 1957||Kohring Wilbur M||Sealed resistors|
|US2827536 *||Nov 4, 1954||Mar 18, 1958||Servomechanisms Inc||Method of fabricating film resistor elements|
|US2910664 *||Nov 8, 1957||Oct 27, 1959||Corning Glass Works||Resistor|
|US2926325 *||May 31, 1957||Feb 23, 1960||Servomechanisms Inc||Film resistor element|
|US3107337 *||Dec 28, 1959||Oct 15, 1963||Wilbur M Kohring||Electrical element having a conductive film|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4485297 *||Aug 21, 1981||Nov 27, 1984||Flexwatt Corporation||Electrical resistance heater|
|US5692291 *||May 25, 1995||Dec 2, 1997||Philip Morris Incorporated||Method of manufacturing an electrical heater|
|U.S. Classification||338/300, 338/333, 338/308, 219/543, 29/620|
|International Classification||H01C1/14, H01C1/148, H01C7/22|
|Cooperative Classification||H01C7/22, H01C1/148|
|European Classification||H01C7/22, H01C1/148|