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Publication numberUS3249749 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 3, 1966
Filing dateAug 12, 1963
Priority dateAug 12, 1963
Publication numberUS 3249749 A, US 3249749A, US-A-3249749, US3249749 A, US3249749A
InventorsHaas Paul C
Original AssigneeStewart R Browne Mfg Co Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Portable lamp structure
US 3249749 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 3, 1966 P. ci. HAAS 3,249,749

PORTABLE :lill-XM1a STRUCTURE Filed Aug. 12, 196s 2 sheets-sheet 1 MJF/6J A Hav May 3, 1966 P.c. HA-As 3,249,749

PORTABLE LAMP STRUCTURE Filed Aug. 12, 196s 2 sheets-sheet 2 1N VEN TOR. PAUL f'. O4/45 United States Patent 3,249,749 PRTABLE LAMP STRUCTURE Paul C. Haas, Meudon, Mich., assignor to Stewart R. Browne Mfg. Co., Inc., New York, N.Y., a corporation of New York Filed Aug. 12, 1963, Ser. No. 301,558 9 Claims. (Cl. 240-11.4)

This invention relates toV a portable lamp structure of the kind often used in heavy industry under circumstances where it is imperative that the lamp be explosion-proof. In particular, the invention relates to a lamp preferably of the iiuorescent type encased in an elongated protective shield and in which all electrical contacts are sealed from the entry of outside gases that might cause explos1on.

There has, in the past, been a need for a portable work lamp utilizing elongated bulbs, such as fluorescent bulbs, which will meet the requirements of various regulatory agencies and be explosion-proof and otherwise safe for use. This necessitates that the unit be of effective unitary construction, that it be protected throughout, that there be no access for admittance of gases through any portion of the electrical unit, and that the unit be able to be disassembled and reassembled readily for repairs or replacement of bulbs without any reduction in its safety factors.

Accordingly, the object of this invention is to provide an explosion-proof portable lamp which will meet the requirements yof the various regulatory agencies, and, in particular, one in which access of external gases is held to a minimum. This means that the maximum clearance to the outside atmosphere of any joint be no greater than ZAOOO of an inch.

A further object of this invention is to produce such a lamp having a unitary construction protecting'it against breakage.

A further `object of this invention is to produce such a lamp which may be readily assembled and disassembled for repair or replacement of bulbs, and in the reassembly of which even by the most careless workman the unit will remain safe and explosion-proof.

It is a further object of this invention to so design such unit that the assembly may be readily accomplished through various keying structures.

It is a further object of this invention to provide such an assembly that may be readily manufactured and be relatively inexpensive in price.

These and other objects of the invention are accomplished by the utilization of an internal frame structure in addition to the outer shell. This internal frame structure, of an elongated nature, serves to support a lamp, a starter, ballast, and the various connections therefor, The internal structure is keyed to lit within the outer supporting structure so that the entire unit may be readily assembled and protected against the outer atmosphere. The outer structure, preferably isV a two-piece construction including a hollow handle that serves to support and protect the electrical network and to connect it to an outside source of electrity. The remaining outer structure consists of a protective shield surrounding the bulb and rigidly secured to the handle in axial alignment therewith.

y Details of the invention and preferred design are shown in the accompanying drawings in which:

FIG. 1 is a view of the assembled structure from one side;

FIG. 2 is a view of the back of the internal frame structure and related electrical units;

FIGS. 3 and 4 together are a longitudinal section of the lamp showing both the outer and inner structures;

3,249,749 Patented May 3, 1966 ICC FIG. 5 is a section taken along lines 5 5 of FIG. 3;

FIG. 6 is a section taken along lines 6-6 of FIG. 4; and

FIG. 7 is a section taken on lines 7-7 of FIG. 4.

FIG.'1 of the drawings shows the external unitary structure of my invention and a portion of the internal structure. The portable lamp 1 includes a supporting hollow handle portion 2 secured to a tubular protective shield or guard 3. Secured to the upper end of guard 3 is a hook 4 adapted to hold the lamp in position for use. Handle 2 is made of non-conducting material and has an internal bore 5 for receiving the internal frame structure below described. Electrical leads` 7 enter the handle at its outer end and may, if desired, include a ground wire. The leads are secured against entry of the outer atmosphere by bushing 8 having inner shoulder 9 (FIG. 4). For ease and secure gripping of the handle 2 the outer surface of the handle may be knurled or otherwise indented as at 10.

Protective shield 3 has openings 12 therein permitting exposure of the enclosed lamp 15. In FIG. l portions of this lamp 15 and portions of the electrical connections 16 may be seen through the openings 12. Protective shield 3 is secured to the hollow handle 2 by a threaded connection located at point 17 in FIG. 1. If desired, it may be locked in position with set screw 19. This provides a rigid connection which makes the outer unitary structure act as a single unit.

Adapted to t within bore 5 of handle 2 and protective shield 3 is an internal unitary structure 25, as shown in FIG. 2. This structure includes a frame 26 which extends almost the entire length of the unit from the top electrical connection 16 to, at the other end, a male socket 18. Frame 26 is preferably made of metallic or other material of sucient strength to provide over-all rigidity to the internal structure. For purposes -to be later described, frame 26 includes slightly below it midpoint and at the base of lamp 15 a reversed bend 30, best shown in FIG. 4. Bend 30 divides frame 26 into an upper portion 31 and a lower portion 32. Secured to upper portion 31 are electrical sockets 16 adapted to receive lamp 15.

Secured to lower frame portion 32 is starter 34 an ballast 35. Starter 34 is secured to frame portion 32 by starter socket 36 secured to the lower portion of the reverse bend 30. Comparably, ballast 35'is secured to frame portion 32 by ballast mounting rivets 39 and 40 shown in FIG. 4. Socket or lampholder contact pin holder 18 is also secured to frame portion 32 by rivet 40.

Electrical leads, represented generally by the numeral 45, connect socket 18, ballast 35, starter 34, and lamp 15 in the usual manner. These leads are secured against movement relative to the frame 26 by clips 46 and 47. Preferably the lamp 15 used in the circuitry of this invention is a customary elongated tiuorescent type. If desired, of course, other types of lamps may be used with comparable modifications in the electrical circuitry.

As shown in FIG. 3, there is a transparent globe 52 surrounding the lamp 15 and positioned within protective guard 3. This globe, which may be made of glass, plastic or other desired material, lits into the upper portion of protective shield 3 and is sealed with ferrule 53. Its lower end also lits within cage 3 and is likewise held by llame retarding ferru-le 54 shown in FIG. 4.

The external unitary structure as previously referred to is made up of handle portion 2 and protective shield 3 threaded together at point 17. In the preferred embodiment the upper portion of the outer surface of handle 2 is threaded at 56 and the lower internal portion of shield 3 is threaded at 57. As shown in FIG. 4, these may be interengaged to create a unitary external structure carrying the inner electrical structure. As the units are threaded together there is inserted a globe retaining nut 60 and a circular grounding washer or sealing ring 61. Grounding washer 61 is pivoted to bend 30 at pivot 62 so that it is self-adjusting for maximum contact with retaining nut 60 as threads 56 and 27 are drawn together. Openings in sealing ring 61 permit passage therethrough of frame 26 and wires 45.

Mounted in the lower portion of handle is connector 70. It is secured against rotation by pin '71 passing through handle 2. Connector 70 is a double fem-ale type adapted to receive at its upper end the pins of socket 18 and at its .lower end to connect with input lead 7. These leads 7 normally are connected from a source of external voltage through bushing 8 to'connector 72 which in turn is connected t-o connector 70. Lead y7 and bushing 3 are secured to the lower end of handle 2 by bushing 74 threaded t-o internal threads 75 of bore 5 of handle 2; and prefer-ably a lock washer 76 is inserted between bushings 74 and shoulder 9 at the upper end of bushing 8. Retaining screw 80 holds the unit in place.

The input connections are sealed against passage of the outside atmosphere by means of epoxy resin 82 which positions pin connector 70 within the bore of handle 2 and by means of the -lock washer 76 and shoulder 9 of bushing S. v

Preferably, as previously mentioned, there is an additional seal 60 at the threaded junction of handle 2 of shield 3; and there lare flame retarding ferrules 53 and 54 at each end of globe 52. Thus as assembled the unit is -airtight and satises regulations for explosion-proof lamps.

The internal bore of handle 2 contains, along one side thereof, an internal groove or key slot 9d, shown in FIGS. 4 and 7. Slot 90 -is adapted to receive and position lower portion 32 of frame 26. Slot 90 is positioned relative to connectors 70 and connector 1S is positioned relative to frame portion 32 such that the pins of the connector 18 are aligned with the openings of connector 70 to connect the electrical circuitry to the outside power source. The key relationship between slot 90 4and frame portion 32 also :serves to prevent rotational movement of the internal structure and external structure relative to one another once the unit is assembled. This, of course, adds to the integrity of the unit and to its safety.

An explosion-proof on/oii" switch, not shown, may be provided along lead 7 outside handle 2.

Thus, it may be seen that I have provided Ia lamp structure made up of two integral part-s, iirst, an external protective structureand second, an internal electrical structure. These are xed against movement relative to one another; and the external structure is secured against gas leakage and protects the internal structure. The lamp may be readily disassembled by unscrewing the protective shield 3 from handle 2 and sliding that entire intern-al electrical structure mounted on frame 26 out of the bore of handle 2; A slight pressure will release the connection between socket 18 and connector 70. By removal of internal frame unit 26 from bore 5 the ballast or starter units may readily be replaced if des-ired. The lamp l5 itself may be replaced simply by removal of the protective shield 3 without further removal of the entire internal structure from the handle. Replacement of the protective shield 3 and securing it to handle 2, as above described, once again assembles the unit. The pivoted action of 4grounding washer i61 pressing against the base of ferrule 64 Iat time of closure enhances the integrity of the seal obtained. v

As is readily apparent, other and further modifications of my invention may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit of the invention as set Iforth in the accompany claims.

I claim:

1. An explosion-proof portable lamp structure including an external unitary struc-ture and 4a removable internal unitary structure positioned Within said external structure, said external structure including a handle having a bore therein and .an elongated protective element to receive a lamp, said protective element including a shield having openings therein and a transparent globe positioned Within said shield, said shield and said handle Ebeing secured together 4in axial alignment against relative movement, said internal struct-ure including an elongated frame member which is positioned partially within said shield and partially within the bore and adapted to receive an electrical lamp and associated circuitry, electrical contact means mounted at one end of the frame member for operative associati-on with said lamp, second electrical contact means mounted within said handle and adapted to receive an external source'of electricity, and said first and said second electrical means being connected when said frame member is positioned within said bore.

2. An explosion-proof portable lamp structure including an external unitary structure anda removable internal unitary structure positioned within said external structure, said external structure including a handle having a bore therein and a protective element to receive -a lamp, said protective element including :a shield havin-g openings therein and a transparent globe positioned within s-aid shield, said shield and said handle being secured together against relative'movement, said internal structure including an elongated frame member adapted to receive an electrical lamp and associated circuitry, a key slot within the bore of said handle adapted to receive a -portion of said frame member, electrical contact means mounted at one end of the frame member for operative association with said lamp, second electrical contact means mounted within said handle and adapted to receive an external source of electricity, land said first and second electrical means being in connecting alignment when said frame member lis within the said key slot. 3. An explosion-proof portable lamp structure including an external unitary structure and a removable internal unitary structure positioned within said external structure, said external structure including a handle having a bore therein and a protective element to receive a lamp, said protective element including a shield having openings therein and `a transparent globe positioned within said shield, said shield and .said handle being secured together against relative movement, said internal structure including an elongated frame member adapted to receive an electrical lamp and `associated circuitry, means within the bore of said handle adapted to receive and align a portion of said frame member, electrical contact means mounted at one end of the frame member for operative association with said lamp, second electrical contact means mounted within said handle and adapted to receive an external source of electricity, and said first and said second electrical means being in connecting alignment when said frame member is aligned within said handle.

4. An explosion-proof portable lamp structure including an external unitary structure and a removable internal unitary structure positionedwithin said external structure, said external structure including a handle having a bore therein and a protective element to receive a lamp, said protective element including a shield having openings therein and a transparent globe positioned within said shield and sealed thereto to prevent leakage of gas therebetween, said shield and Said handle being secured together in axial alignment against relative movement, said internal structure including an elongated fra/me member carrying a iiuorescent lamp and associated circuitry, a ground washer pivoted on said frame member to bear against said globe sealing means when said shield and said handle are securedtogether, a key slot on the surface of the bore of said handle adapted to receive a portion of said frame member, electrical contact means mounted at one end of the frame member for operative association with said lamp, second electrical Contact means mounted within said handle and adapted to receive an external source of electricity, and said first and said second electrical means being in connecting alignment when said frame member is within said key slot.

5. An explosion-proof portable lamp structure including an external unitary structure and a removable internal unitary structure positioned within said external structure, said external structure including a handle having a bore therein and a protective element to receive a lamp, said protective element including a .shield having openings therein and a transparent globe positioned within said shield and sealed thereto to prevent leakage of gas therebetween, said shield and said handle being secured together in axial alignment against relative movement, said internal structure including an elongated frame member carrying a fluorescent lamp and associated circuitry, a grounding washer pivoted on said frame member to bear against said globe sealing means when said shield and said handle are secured together, means within the bore of said handle adapted to receive and align the portion of said frame member for operative association With said lamp, second electrical contact means mounted within said handle and adapted to receive an external source of electricity, and said first and said second electrical means being in connecting alignment when said frame member is aligned within said handle.

6. A portable lamp including an elongated frame member, a lamp secured to said frame rmember, first electrical connecting means associated with saidlamp and secured to one end of said frame member, a handle having a bore therethrough adapted to receive the portion of said frame member carrying said electrical connecting means,` second electrical connecting means positioned in said bore, keying means within said bore to interengage said first and said second electrical connecting means, and a tubular shield positioned around said lamp and said frame to protect same, said shield being rigidly secured to said handle in axial alignment therewith.

7. A portable lamp structure including an elongated frame member adapted to receive a circuit, said circuit inc'l-uding an elongated uorescent lamp, a starter and a ballast, said lamp, said starter and said ballast being mounted on said frame member in operative electrical relationship, first electrical connecting means operatively associated with said circuit and secured to one: end of said frame, a handle having a bore therethrough and receiving that portion of said frame carrying said starter,

said ballast and said rst electrical connecting means, a second electrical connection positioned in said handle adjacent the outer end thereof, keying means within said bore removably positioning said frame within said bore to engage said first and said second electrical connecting means, and a tubular shield positioned above said lamp to protect same and rigidly secured to said handle.

8. A portable lamp structure including an elongated frame member adapted to receive a circuit, said circuit including an elongated fluorescent lamp, a starter and a ballast, said lamp, said starter and said ballast being mounted on said frame member in operative electrical relationship, first electrical connecting means operatively associated with said circuit and secured to one end of said frame, a handle having a bore therethrough and receiving that portion of said frame carrying said starter, said ballast and said first electrical connecting means, a second electrical connection positioned in said handle adjacent the outer end thereof, keying rneans within said bore removably positioning said frame within said bore to engage said first and said second electrical connecting means, a tubular shield positioned above said lamp to protect same and rigidly secured to said handle, and a lamp globe mounted within said shield ina sealed relationship therewith and surrounding said lamp.

9. A portable lamp including an elongated frame member, a reverse bend in said frame member defining iirst and second axially aligned portions of said frame member, a fluorescent lamp positioned on said first portion, a starter and ballast positioned on said second portion and electrically connected to said lamp, lirst electrical contact means positioned at the outer end of said second portion and electrically associated with said ballast and starter, an external protective structure for receiving said frame member and its assoicated electrical units, said protective structure including a hollow protective shield with a globe therein sealed t-o said shield, and a handle having a bore therein, second electrical contact means mountedv within said handle and adapted to receive an external source of electricity, means for aligning said second portion within said handle to align said iirst and said second electrical contact means, and means to secure together said shield and said handle in axial alignment and surrounding said frame member and associated circuit elements.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,347,174 4/ 1944 Cross et al. 240-54 X 2,496,197 l/l950 Buck 24U-11.4 X 2,874,270 2/1959 Douglass et al. 24U- 11.4 2,939,945 6/1960 Ryen 24U-11.2 X 3,154,252 10/1964 Baake 24o-11.4 i

NORTON ANSHER, Primary Examiner.

C. R. RHODES, Assistant Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2347174 *Sep 29, 1943Apr 25, 1944Kenneth M CrossInspection light
US2496197 *Mar 8, 1948Jan 31, 1950Buck George CTesting equipment for electrical apparatus
US2874270 *Jul 12, 1956Feb 17, 1959 Portable work light
US2939945 *Apr 18, 1957Jun 7, 1960Crouse Hinds CoBarrel inspection light
US3154252 *Aug 8, 1961Oct 27, 1964K & H Ind IncPortable fluorescent light
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3336472 *Aug 20, 1965Aug 15, 1967Theo Benning FaDevice for the safety lighting of rooms or open-air installations
US3619600 *Apr 9, 1969Nov 9, 1971Gen Mfg IncDirect current fluorescent illuminating device
US3805053 *Jan 26, 1973Apr 16, 1974H JulinotFluorescent fixture
US3809882 *Jan 20, 1971May 7, 1974Unique Devices Eng & ConsultinLighting device
US3833801 *Oct 12, 1972Sep 3, 1974Woodhead Inc DanielTube light hand lamp
US3949216 *Aug 13, 1973Apr 6, 1976Howe Arnold PLight dispersing structure for electric light fixture
US4070570 *Jun 29, 1976Jan 24, 1978General Energy Development CorporationLighting apparatus
US4088882 *Aug 12, 1975May 9, 1978Lewis Donald JFluorescent bike lamp
US5381321 *Jun 2, 1992Jan 10, 1995Service Machine Co.Luminaire for hazardous atmospheres and explosion proof enclosure for power supply therefor
US5546290 *Jan 19, 1993Aug 13, 1996Jaime D. GonzalezNeon illumination apparatus and method of using same
US7097324 *Jun 3, 2005Aug 29, 2006National Electric Manufacturing CorporationDrop-light apparatus
Classifications
U.S. Classification362/221
International ClassificationF21L14/02, F21L14/00
Cooperative ClassificationF21L14/026
European ClassificationF21L14/02L