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Publication numberUS3253292 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 31, 1966
Filing dateMay 15, 1964
Priority dateMay 15, 1964
Publication numberUS 3253292 A, US 3253292A, US-A-3253292, US3253292 A, US3253292A
InventorsArthur M Herschensohn
Original AssigneeArthur M Herschensohn
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Hair brushes
US 3253292 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

y 1966 A. M. HERSCHENSOHN 3,253,292

HAIR BRUSHES Filed May 15, 1964 Fl G O 4 F I 6.6 F I 6.7

INVENTOR, Arthur M.Herschensohn, BY


United States Patent 3,253,292 HAIR BRUSHES Arthur M. Herschensohn, 3 Lorraine Place, Scarsdale, N.Y. Filed May 15, 1964, Ser. No. 367,767 4 Claims. (Cl. 15-401) The present invention relates to hair brushes.

An object of this invention is to provide novel and improved hair brushes afiording mechanical action to penetrate thick tresses, dig to the scalp and cause drag on the hair and scalp to accomplish the effects of massage and which brushes by their automatic manipulations give users a new hair-brushing sensation.

It is to be noted that a hair grows from the bottom of a little pit or follicle; the part which lies within the follicle being known as the root. Connected with each follicle are small muscles ofplain muscular tissue. The ducts of what are known as the sebaceous glands, open into the hair-follicles and ecrete a fatty oily substance (sebum) which they discharge into the hair-follicles, which action in the opinion of medical authority occurs upon actuation of said muscles. The sebum lubricates the hairs and renders them glossy. All hair, except at the roots, are not alive.

Heretofore, the action of a brush passed through the hair merely wiped the hair and scratched the scalp. The wiping of the hair spread any oily substance, evenly therealong. Only the dead part of the hair got any action from the brushing. The live part got none.

It is therefore another object of this invention to provide a novel and improved hair brush which will agitate the root of the hair and its associated muscle tissue and environs to bring additional sebum to the hair and thus, after repeated brushings, there would be a material increase in the luster of the hair.

Only if hairs are tightly entwined or knotted, would any'attempt to brush them cause them to be pulled. Brushing hair through which a comb can easily be passed, does not pull the hair. There is nothing to intercept the brush bristles and there is nothing to make the brush bristles to tug the hair. There is nothing to bring exercise to the hair root and its associated muscle tissue.

It is therefore another object of this invention to pro-, vide a novel and improved hair brush which in its normal manipulation will automatically pinch and tug the hair and thus exercise the hair roots and their environments.

Still a further object thereof is to provide a novel 'and improved hair brush of the character described,

which is easily cleanable, simple in construction, reasonable in cost to manufacture and efficient in carrying out the purposes for which it is designed.

Other objects and advantages will become apparent as this disclosure proceeds.

For one practice of this invention, the brush back consists of a central resilient elongated spine in extension of a handle and having a series of closely spaced ribs extending laterally therefrom in the manner of fingers from its opposite side edges and there are bristle tufts extending from the undersides of said spine and its ribs. Said spine is flexible in the general plane of the fingers and in directions perpendicular to said plane as well as to some degree in torsion.

I will now set forth in detail several embodiments of this invention, for which I shall refer to the accompanying drawing forming part of this specification, in

which drawing, similar characters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the views.

FIG. 1 is a perspective View of a hair brush embodying the teachings of this invention.

FIGS. 2, 3 and 4 are pictorial views showing the brush in use and various conditions assumed by its structure 3,253,292 Patented May 31, 1966 due to its movement or handle manipulation. views are drawn to a reduced scale.

FIG. 5 shows the underside of a modified form of brush back including the sockets in the spine and ribs in which bristle tufts are to be mounted.

FIG. 6 shows the upper side of another form of brush back.

FIG. 7 shows the upper side of still another brush back design.

FIGS. 5-7 are drawn to a smaller scale than that of FIG. 1.

In the drawing, the numeral 15 designates generally a hair brush of the type comprising a brush back indicated generally by the numeral 16 having a handle 17 integral therewith. This unitary member may be of any suitable flexible plastic as polypropylene for instance. Said brush back consists of a spine element 18 which is centrally of the handle and extends therefrom as a canti-lever having a series of ribs or fingers which are closely spaced and extend laterally therefrom from both side faces thereof. All the elements comprising said brush back and the handle are generally coplanar. The fingers along one side of said spine element 18 are designated by the numerals 19-24 respectively while the fingers along the other side are denoted by the numerals 1924' respectively. Said spine and all its fingers, on their undersurface, have closely spaced sockets as in the manner shown in the modified embodiment of FIG. 5 and indicated by the numeral 25. Even the handle part may have some sockets 26, into all of which sockets are mounted bristle tufts as 27, to extend therefrom. The numeral 28 denotes a hole which may be provided through the handle portion. The spine element 18 is bendable and resiliently flexed when moved so its distal end moves sidewise in either direction, up or down and even permits some torsional stressing thereof for twisting movement. This brush of FIG. 1, has its fingers arranged in pairs which as shown, diverge towards the handle 17. In the embodiment shown in FIG. 6, corresponding fingers as indicated at 29, 29 are in alignment and perpendicular to the spine element 30. In FIG. 7, the fingers as shown, are arranged in a combination of such relationships with respect to the spine element 31 thereof. The several embodiments are given as examples of various designs the brush may have, in order to function in accordance with this invention.

It is evident that the extensive openwork of the brush back offers easy cleaning of the entire brush structure by merely allowing a flow of water therethrough, but such openwork has been provided to allow various other manipulations and thus accomplish various actions of the brush, which will be explained by referring to the FIGS. 2, 3 and 4 of the drawing. In FIG. 2, the bristles have been dug into the hair at the back of the head 33 and the brush 15 is being moved downwardly as indicated by the arrow A. What happens, is that the spine element 18 becomes bent so it is convex on its leading side whereby the tips of the fingers of the series 19-24 will spread apart and of course, said spine element 18 will be concave at its trailing side, hence the tips of the fingers of the series l9'24 will come towards each other, causing the bristle tufts to pinch the hair between them, for the bristles are of generally stiif material. The attendant movement of the brush will cause the pinched hair to be tugged, dragged on and pulled. The thicker the hair mass is, the sharper will be the curvature assumed by the spine element 18. In FIG. 3, upon upward movement of the brush as indicated by the arrow B, or in any direction for that matter, the tips of the brush fingers These on the trailing side will always approach each other and of the series 19-24. Augmented'penetrating action is imparted to the brush as well as to the pressure of the bristles against the scalp, by bending the handle 17 away from the head as in FIG. 4, and further brushing effectiveness can be had by a twist of the wrist to twist the handle a bit as it indicated by the rotational arrow C in FIG. 4. Of course, when the brush is free of flexing forces, it will assume its normal straight condition as is shown in FIG. 1.

This invention is capable of numerous forms and various applications without departing from the essential features herein disclosed. It is therefore intended and desired that the embodiments shown herein shall be deemed merely illustrative and not restrictive and that the patent shall cover all patentable novelty herein set forth; reference being had to the following claims rather than to the specific description and showings herein to indicate the scope of this invention.

I claim:

1. In a hair brush of the character described, a handle, a brush back comprising a flexible spine element extending as a cantilever from said handle, a first series of closely spaced fingers extending laterally from one side and a second series of closely spaced fingers extending laterally from the opposite side of said spine element and tufts of relatively stiff bristles extending downwardly from at least the fingers of said brush back whereby when the brush is pulled through hair through which a comb can pass, said spine will bend so that the distal ends of the fingers on the trailing side of the brush will approach each other.

2. A hair brush as defined in claim 2, wherein aid spine element is stressible in torsion.

3. A hair brush as defined in claim 1, wherein the handle is elongated and said spine element extends from an end of said handle.

4. A hair brush as defined in claim 1, wherein the fingers of the first series and those of the second series extend from opposite regions of the spine element respectively.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 831,493 9/1906 Wilcox 132156 1,860,924 5/1932 Cooke 15167 2,185,050 12/1939 Chiraello 15-160 X 2,796,620 6/1957 Bressler 15201 CHARLES A. WILLMUTH, Primary Examiner.

' PETER FELDMAN, Assistant Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US831493 *Mar 7, 1904Sep 18, 1906Max G CohnHair-dressing device.
US1860924 *May 18, 1931May 31, 1932George Cooke RupertToothbrush
US2185050 *Oct 17, 1938Dec 26, 1939Chiraello PeterCombined brush and comb
US2796620 *Jan 17, 1955Jun 25, 1957Bressler Louis RBrush
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4519110 *Jan 9, 1984May 28, 1985Matvei RubinBrush
US4566145 *Jun 19, 1984Jan 28, 1986Celluloid S.A.Hairbrush
US4934855 *Jan 3, 1989Jun 19, 1990A-Veda CorporationSpray brush for simultaneous use with a hand-held hair dryer
US5351358 *Aug 27, 1992Oct 4, 1994Larrimore BabatuToothbrush
US5373602 *Dec 15, 1993Dec 20, 1994Bang; Kook B.Toothbrush
US5758383 *Dec 10, 1996Jun 2, 1998Colgate-Palmolive CompanyContouring toothbrush head
US6073299 *Jul 12, 1999Jun 13, 2000Colgate-Palmolive CompanyContouring toothbrush head
US6178582Aug 22, 1996Jan 30, 2001Smithkline Beecham Consumer Healthcare GmbhToothbrush comprising a resilient flex region
US6219874 *Jul 12, 1995Apr 24, 2001The Procter & Gamble Co.Resiliently flexible bristle bearing head toothbrush
US6314605Aug 1, 1997Nov 13, 2001The Procter & Gamble CompanyToothbrush
US6314606Oct 22, 1999Nov 13, 2001Colgate-Palmolive CompanyContouring toothbrush head
US6327735Feb 17, 1998Dec 11, 2001Smithkline Beecham Consumer Healthcare, GmbhPower tip toothbrush with ball joint
US6408476Jan 17, 1997Jun 25, 2002The Procter & Gamble CompanyToothbrush with elastomer filled flexible head
US6442786Jan 25, 2001Sep 3, 2002Smithkline Beecham Consumer Healthcare GmbhToothbrush comprising a resilient flex region
US6442787Jul 3, 2001Sep 3, 2002Colgate-Palmolive CompanyContouring toothbrush head
US6514445Dec 12, 1997Feb 4, 2003The Procter & Gamble CompanyBrush making
US6675428Dec 15, 2000Jan 13, 2004Smithkline Beecham Consumer Healthcare GmbhToothbrush comprising a resilient flex region
US6817054 *Jun 20, 2003Nov 16, 2004Colgate-Palmolive CompanyToothbrush
US6996870Apr 1, 2002Feb 14, 2006Colgate-Palmolive CompanyContouring toothbrush head
US7024720 *Nov 16, 2004Apr 11, 2006Colgate-Palmolive CompanyToothbrush
US7310849Jun 23, 2003Dec 25, 2007Conair CorporationVent brush having flexible bristle support
US7497219 *Feb 19, 2003Mar 3, 2009L'ORéAL S.A.Device and method for applying a substance to keratinous fibers
US7707676Jun 30, 2006May 4, 2010The Procter & Gamble CompanyToothbrush
US7757333 *Jun 13, 2005Jul 20, 2010Glaxosmithkline Consumer Healthcare Gmbh & Co. KgToothbrush
US7962992Dec 23, 2005Jun 21, 2011The Procter & Gamble CompanyToothbrush with elastomer filled flexible head
US8327492May 16, 2011Dec 11, 2012The Procter & Gamble CompanyToothbrush with elastomer filled flexible head
US20120204369 *Sep 15, 2010Aug 16, 2012Kao CoporationMassage brush and handle for massage brush
USRE38521Jul 28, 1999May 25, 2004Lingner & Fischer GmbhToothbrush with resiliently flexible head
EP0130114A2 *Jun 18, 1984Jan 2, 1985Celluloid S.A.Hair brush
EP0141532A1 *Oct 1, 1984May 15, 1985Denroy Plastics LimitedA hair brush
WO1984002832A1 *Jan 13, 1984Aug 2, 1984Jose GiordanoAnatomical brush for the body
WO2004014248A2Aug 8, 2003Feb 19, 2004Colgate Palmolive CoToothbrush
U.S. Classification15/201, 132/156
International ClassificationA46B7/06, A46B9/02
Cooperative ClassificationA46B9/023, A46B5/0025, A46B2200/104, A46B7/06
European ClassificationA46B5/00B1, A46B7/06, A46B9/02B