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Publication numberUS3253473 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 31, 1966
Filing dateSep 2, 1964
Priority dateSep 2, 1964
Publication numberUS 3253473 A, US 3253473A, US-A-3253473, US3253473 A, US3253473A
InventorsChisholm Douglas S
Original AssigneeDow Chemical Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Mechanical linkage
US 3253473 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

y 1966 D. s. CHISHOLM MECHANICAL LINKAGE Filed Sept. 2, 1964 III INVENTQR. 0a ug/as J. C/wsho/m BY 64% HTTORNEY United States Patent 3,253,473 MECHANICAL LINKAGE Douglas S. Chisholm, Midland, MlClL, assignor to The Dow Chemical Company, Midland, Mich., a corporation of Delaware Filed Sept. 2, 1964, Ser. No. 394,025 7 Claims. (CI. 74-96) This invention relates to an improved mechanical linkage and in particular relates to a linkage which is capable of tracing circular and non-circular curves and spherical and non-spherical surfaces.

Oftentimes in the construction of buildings of a domelike configuration, it is desired to provide surfaces or arcs which have a center that is not readily accessible. This is particularly true in the construction of buildings having spherical surfaces. By the term spherical surface is meant the surface or portion of a surface or a polygonal surface having a sufiicient number of faces that it approximates a sphere. Oftentimes it is necessary to employ jigs, templates and the like where a center of generation is not readily available. In certain instances, it is also desirable to rotate a body such as, for example, a radar antenna or a source of high energy ionizing radiation, for example, in a radiation treatment of a specific location external to the treating apparatus.

An object of this invention is to provide a mechanical linkage for the generation of arcs.

A further object of this invention is to provide an improved mechanical linkage for the generation of curved surfaces.

Another object of this invention is to provide a mechanical linkage for the'generation of circular and spherical segments without need for access to the center of such are or segment.

These benefits and other advantages in accordance with the present invention are achieved in a mechanical linkage having 6 arms, 7 pivot points and two 4-bar linkages, which comprise in cooperative combination a base arm having a first pivot and a second pivot, the first and second pivots of the base arm being separated by a distance d, a first linkage arm having a first pivot and a second pivot, the first pivot of the first linkage arm being connected to the first pivot of the base arm, a first linkage second arm having a first pivot, a second pivot and a third pivot, the first pivot of the first linkage second arm being operatively connected to the second pivot of the base arm, a second linkage first arm having a first pivot, a second pivot and a third pivot, the first pivot of the second linkage first ar-m being in cooperative connection with the second pivot of the firstlinkage first arm, the second pivot of the second linkage first arm being in cooperative combination with the second pivot of the first linkage second arm, the first linkage second arm having the second and third pivots disposed about equally distant from the-first pivot, the second linkage first arm having the first and second pivots disposed about equally distant from the third pivot, a second linkage second arm having a first and second pivot, the first pivot of the second linkage second arm being pivotally attached to the third pivot of the first linkage second arm, a second linkage third arm having first and second pivots, the first pivot of the second linkage third arm being pivotally attached to the third pivot of the second linkage first arm and the second pivot of the second'linkage third arm pivotally attached to the second pivot of the second linkage second arm, all of the foregoing arm pivots pivoting about parallel axes.

Further-benefits, features and "advantages of the present invention will become more apparent from the following specification when taken in connection with the drawings wherein:

FIGURE 1 is a schematic representation of the basic Patented May 31, 1966 "ice ' linkage configuration of the present invention employing a swiveling base arm.

FIGURE 2 is a schematic representation of a radiation source mounted upon a linkage in accordance with the invention.

In FIGURE 1 there is a schematic representation of a linkage in accordance with the invention generally designated by the representative numeral 10. The apparatus 10 comprises in cooperative combination a base arm 11 having a first pivot or point 12 and a second pivot 13. The pivots 12 and 13 are separated by a distance designated as d. A first linkage first arm 14, having a first pivot 15 and a second pivot 16, is operatively'connected to the first pivot 12 of the base arm 11 by the first pivot 15 of the arm 14. A first linkage second arm 18 has a first pivot 19, a second pivot 20 and a third pivot 21, the pivots 20 and 21 are separated by a distance d and are equally distant from the pivot 19. The pivot 19 is operatively connected to the pivot 13 of the base arm 11. The distance between the pivots 15 and 16 is equal to the distance between the pivot 19 and the pivots 20 and21. A second linkage first arm 23 has a first pivot 24, a second pivot 25 and a third pivot 26. The pivot 24 of the arm 23 is operatively connected to the second pivot 16 of the arm 14 and the pivot 25 of the arm 23 is operatively connected to the pivot 20 of the first linkage second arm 18. The pivots 24 and 25 are separated from each other by a distance d". A second linkage second arm 30 has a first pivot 31 and a second pivot 32. The first pivot 31 is pivotally connected to the third pivot 21 of the first linkage second arm 18. A second linkage third arm 35 has a first pivot 36 and a second pivot 37 and a position thereon described by the letter p. The first pivot 36 of the arm 35 is operatively connected to the pivot 26 of the second linkage first arm 23. The second pivot 37 of the second linkage third arm 35 is operatively connected to the pivot 32 of the second linkage second. arm. The pivots 36 and 37 are separated by a distance d. Beneath the apparatus 10 is disposed a plane 40. The plane 40 supports a fixed base 41. A base pivoted 42 is supported by the base 41 and is in operative engagement With the base arm 11 of the apparatus 10. Each of the pivots of the apparatus 10 with the exception of the base pivot 42 is adapted to pivot about axes which are parallel to each other. The pivot 42 is so constructed and arranged so as to permit rotation about an axis which lies in a plane lying generally normal to the axis of the pivots of the apparatus 10.

Operation of the linkage of the apparatus 10 is most readily understood by considering the apparatus to consist of two 4-bar linkages assembled from six arms wherein two of the arms have three pivots and each represents two bars of different interconnected 4-bar linkages. Thus, the first linkage consists of the arms or portions of arms joining the pivots 12, 16, 19 and 20. The second 4- bar linkage consists ofthe portion of the arms joihing the pivot points 20, 26, 37 and 21. The point p on the arm 35 and indeed any point on the arm 35 will then trace an arc of a circle if both the first and second 4- bar linkages are parallelograms. This relationship holds true regardless of the relative magnitude of the parallelograms. If either one of the 4-bar linkages does not consist of a parallelogram, for example, if the distance d were not equal to d", a non-circular curve would be traced and similarly, if d and d were unequal, a noncircular curve would be traced. Beneficially, by providing the pivot 42, rotation of the apparatus 10 about the pivot 42 permits the generation of a sphericalsegment. Such an apparatus, by means of the addition of suitable accessories such as a brick-laying machine at point p is capable of generating a brick dome or enclosure without the necessity of using templates. Advantageously, such bricks may be layed in a spiral manner or alternately in a tiered fashion eliminating the necessity of scaifolding and the like. The addition of a suitable drive means to any one of the arms other than the base arm permits the positioning of the point p at any desired location along a circular are within the limit of travel determined by the mechanical interference of the arms.

In FIGURE 2 there is illustrated an apparatus generally designated by the reference numeral 50. The apparatus 50 comprises a base arm 51 pivotally connected to a first arm 52 and a second arm 53, a third arm 54 and a fourth arm 55 and pivotally connected to a fifth arm 56 which carries a radiation source 57. Each of the arms is pivotally connected in the manner of the arms of the apparatus in such a way that two 4-bar linkages are formed each having the form of a parallelogram, thus permitting the radiation source 57 to be moved through an arc of a circle having a center on a point remote from the apparatus 50. The embodiment is particularly advantageous for the rotation of radar antennas and to rotate heavy equipment where a circular track is undesirable or inconvenient and for the support of radioactive materials which emit high energy ionizing radiation, and are adapted for the treatment of a point within a body within which a center of rotation is undesirably positioned.

As is apparent from the foregoing specification, the apparatus of the present invention is susceptible of being embodied with various alterations and modifications which may differ particularly from those that have been described in the preceding specification and description. For this reason, it is to be fully understood that all of the foregoing is intended to be merely illustrative and is not to be construed or interpreted as being restrictive or otherwise limiting of the present invention, excepting as it is set forth and defined in the hereto appended claims.

What is claimed is:

l. A mechanical linkage having at least six arms, seven pivot points and two 4-ba r linkages which comprise in cooperative combination a base arm having a first pivot and a second pivot, the

first and second pivots of the base arm being separated by a distance d,

a first linkage first arm having a first pivot and a second pivot, the first pivot of the first linkage first arm being operatively connected to the first pivot of the base arm, a first linkage second arm having a first pivot, a second pivot and a third pivot, the first pivot of the first linkage second arm being operatively connected to the second pivot of the base arm,

a second linkage first arm having a first pivot, a second pivot and a third pivot, the first pivot of the second linkage first arm being in operative connection with the second pivot of the first linkage first arm, the second pivot of the second linkage first arm being oper- -atively connected with the second pivot of the first linkage second arm,

the first linkage second arm having the second and third pivots disposed about equidistant from the first pivot and the second linkage first arm having the first and second pivots thereof disposed about equidistant from the third pivot,

a second linkage second arm having a first and second pivot, the first pivot of the second linkage second arm being pivotally attached to the third pivot of the first linkage secondarm,

a second linkage third arm having first and second pivots, the first pivot of the second linkage third arm being pivotally attached to the third pivot of the second linkage first arm and the second pivot of the second linkage third arm being pivotally attached to the second pivot of the second linkage second arm, all of the arm pivots pivoting about generally parallel axes.

2. The linkage of claim 1 wherein the distance between the second and third pivots of the first linkage second arm is equal to the distance d.

3. The linkage of claim 2 wherein the distance between the second and third pivots of the second linkage first arm and the distance between the first and second pivots of the second linkage third arm are equal.

4. The linkage of claim 3 wherein the distance between the first and second pivots of the base arm and the first and second pivots of the second linkage third arm are equal.

5. The linkage of claim 1 including a base arm pivot having an axis of rotation substantially perpendicular to the axis of rotation of the axes of rotation of the base arm first and second pivots, a base in operative engagement with the base arm pivot.

6. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein a radiating means is affixed to the second linkage third arm.

7. The linkage of claim 6 wherein the radiating means is directed toward a common point remote from the base arm as the first and second arms of the first linkage are pivoted about the first and second pivots of the base arm.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,414,684 1/1947 Wohlforth 74103 X 2,506,151 5/1950 Hoven et al. 7499 FOREIGN PATENTS 210,712 8/1960 Austria. 1,266,561 6/1961 France.

763,977 12/1956 Great Britain.

MILTON KAUFMAN, Primary Examiner. D. H. THIEL, Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2414684 *Oct 29, 1945Jan 21, 1947Wohlforth Walter WElevating device
US2506151 *Nov 5, 1947May 2, 1950American Seating CoMechanical linkage
AT210712B * Title not available
FR1266561A * Title not available
GB763977A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3343592 *Sep 22, 1965Sep 26, 1967Concast IncReciprocating continuous casting curved mold mounting system
US3387498 *Jul 28, 1967Jun 11, 1968Dow Chemical CoDevice for generating arcs
US4108019 *May 19, 1977Aug 22, 1978Martin Roger JSolar tracking device
US4165530 *Jul 25, 1978Aug 21, 1979I Guzzini S.P.A.Articulated-arm supporting member, especially for lamps
US4635369 *Apr 29, 1986Jan 13, 1987Powell Tommie LScribing device and method
US4912994 *Mar 6, 1989Apr 3, 1990Gte Government Systems CorporationLinkage device
US5219029 *Mar 9, 1992Jun 15, 1993Gunther BehrendsOscillator for continuous casting mold
US6708418 *May 30, 2002Mar 23, 2004Larry J. SchaeferBrick laying form
US8570723Jun 24, 2011Oct 29, 2013Myerchin Enterprises, Inc.Actuated hinge and cable assembly for use with computer display monitors
US8576553May 17, 2011Nov 5, 2013Myerchin Enterprises, Inc.Base with counterweight for display screens
EP0629268A1 *Mar 10, 1993Dec 21, 1994R.J. Wallace Pty. LimitedSlewing mechanism
Classifications
U.S. Classification74/96, 33/27.1, 74/469
International ClassificationF16H21/00, F16H21/10
Cooperative ClassificationF16H21/10
European ClassificationF16H21/10