|Publication number||US3255934 A|
|Publication date||Jun 14, 1966|
|Filing date||Apr 7, 1964|
|Priority date||Apr 7, 1964|
|Publication number||US 3255934 A, US 3255934A, US-A-3255934, US3255934 A, US3255934A|
|Inventors||Leonard Edwin C|
|Original Assignee||Eskimo Pie Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (6), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
June 14, 1966 E. c. LEONARD SQUEEZE-SPRAY DISPENSING PACKAGE Filed April 7. 1964 FIGG INVENTOR.
EDWIN C. LEONARD BY A TTORNE V1.5
United States Patent 3,255,934 SQUEEZE-SPRAY DISPENSING PACKAGE Edwin C. Leonard, Richmond, Va., assignor to Eskimo Pie Corporation, Richmond, Va., a corporation of Delaware Filed Apr. 7, 1964, Ser. No. 358,398 8 Claims. (Cl. 222-211) This invention relates to a squeeze-spray dispensing package, or container, and particularly to a small size container designed for storing in a non-upright position.
A large number of squeeze-spray containers are available but the construction is such that their contents can leak out through the passages within the container through which air is expelled or admitted in the squeezing operation when the container is not upright. A liquid tight closure can be secured to the container to prevent external leakage but this requires a separate cap which can be lost and, furthermore, the cap sometimes contains liquid when removed.
A further disadvantage in containers now in use is that they have flat bottoms and will not dispense all of their contents since the lower end of the liquid feeder tube lying in one corner of the flat bottom is not immersed in liquid when the contents of the container have been considerably depleted, and the container is tilted so that this corner is the elevated one. In packaging liquids in a small container in which the volume of liquid dispensed is not great, any residual liquid in the container is highly wasteful and must be avoided.
A primary object of the invention is, therefore, to produce a squeeze-spray container Whose contents will not leak from the container when it is tilted from the upright position.
A further object is "to provide a simple, leak-proof squeeze-spray container having an integral, closing cap.
Yet still another object is to provide a squeeze-spray container from which substantially all of the contents can be dispensed.
Yet still a further object is to provide a simple, leakproof squeeze-spray container for one time usage.
Other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the description which follows:
The above objects have been accomplished by designing a squeeze-spray container having a neck plug, from which the spray is projected from a spray orifice, which is movable within the container neck between a spray dispensing position, in which the spray orifice is exposed to the atmosphere, and a sealing position, in which the spray orifice is positioned within the neck opening. To insure a liquid tight seal, the air passage Within the container is extended to a central portion of the container to lie above the liquid level when the container is tilted to any position. Further, the bottle is formed in a heart shape to have a single small well or sump in the bottom in which the fluid feeding tube rests so that essentially all of the contents of the container will be dispensed.
All of the above is explained in the detailed description of two of the preferred embodiments of the invention which follows and are illustrated by the accompanying drawings in which:
FIGURE 1 is a side view of one embodiment of the dispensing container partially cut away and showing the dispenser in both the spray dispensing position and in the sealed position.
FIGURE 2 is a partial section of the container of FIGURE 1 taken along section 22 of FIGURE 1 with the dispenser in its sealed position.
FIGURE 3 is a partial section of the container of FIGURE 1 taken along the section 33 of FIGURE 1 with the container in the spray dispensing position.
3,255,934 Patented June 14, 1966 FIGURE 4 is a sectional view of the container of FIGURE 1 taken along the section 44 of FIGURE 3.
FIGURE 5 is a partial sectional view similar to FIG- URE 2 but of another embodiment of the container.
FIGURE 6 is a sectional view of the container of FIGURE 5 taken along the section 6--6 of FIGURE 5.
FIGURE 1 shows a hollow squeeze bottle dispenser 10 with external walls 11 of a flexible material and having a dispensing neck opening 12 at the top of the bottle. The container 10 is generally heart shaped with the larger upper cross sectional portion 13 at the top of the container immediately below the neck opening 12 and tapering symmetrically inwardly below this larger upper section to form a lower, small, semipointed bottom portion, or sump 14. The container is of a volume to be only partially filled by the amount of fluid which it is intended to dispense.
Snugly, but slidably fitting within the neck opening 12 is an elongated cylindrical plug 15 of substantially the same diameter as the neck opening 12 to seal the neck but be slidably therewithin. The top portion of the plug 15 extends outwardly as an upper flange 16 of larger diameter than the remainder of the plug to overlie the rim 17 of the container neck in a manner to prevent the plug 15 from being pushed completely into the container 10. The plug 15 is sufliciently long so that the lower end 18 extends to the central interior portion of the container 10 to lie above the fluid level of the container filled to its intended capacity when the container is tilted to any position, three typical positions of the fluid level being illustrated by lines 19, 20 and 21 of FIGURE 1 to illustrate the upright, horizontally inclined and inverted positions, respectively of a full container. A generally conical shaped spray orifice 22, through which the contents of the bottle are sprayed, is cut into the wall of the plug 15 immediately below the flange 16. An outwardly extending collar 23 extends around the periphery of the plug 15 at a point below the flange 16 so as to contact the inside of the container at the junction of the neck opening 12 and the flaring portion of the container walls 11 when the spray opening 22 is a short: distance above the rim 17 of the neck, as best seen in FIGURE 3.
The central portion of the plug 15 has a longitudinally extending lower bore 24 extending from the lower' end 18 a substantial length of the plug to a level below that of the spray orifice 22. Extending upwardly from the upper end of the lower bore 24, an annular groove 25 is cut into the plug to extend upwardly above the top of the lower bore 24 as an upper recessed groove at the top of the lower bore 24. A smaller diameter upper bore 27, concentrically located with respect to the lower bore 24, extends from the top 26 of the lower bore to a point which is level with the apex of the spray orifice 22. A small diameter air passage 28 is recessed as a small groove across the upper face of the upper bore 27 to connect at one end with the inner apex of the spray orifice 22 and at the other end with passage 29 which extends downwardly as a vertical groove in the back wall of the upper bore 27 opposite the spray orifice 22, the vertical air passage 29 terminating at the top 26 of the lower bore 24 within the plug. The upper end of a hollow flexible tube 30, whose outer diameter is approximately equal to that of the upper bore 27, is engagingly fitted within the upper bore 27 to have the top end of the tube 30 flush with the lower wall of the horizontal air passage 28 so that the central passage 31 of the hollow tube 30 communicates with the air passage 28. The tube 30 is sufficiently long to extend from the air passage 28 to the sump 14 at the bottom of the heart shaped container.
To close the container and place the sealing plug 15 in a sealing position, the top of the plug 15 is pressed downwardly within the container neck until the flange 16 contacts the rim 17 of the neck, at which time the spray orifice 22 abuts the inside of the opening 12 in the position shown in full lines in FIGURE 1 and in FIG- URE 2. To place the plug in the spray dispensing position, the plug 15 is lifted vertically until the collar 23 impinges on the lower end of the neck 12 at the junction With the flaring container wall 11, at which time the spray orifice 22 lies above the rim 17 of the neck and is in communication with the atmosphere. By pressing the sides of the flexible container, air is forced through the air passages 28 and 29 from the central portion of the container via the bore 24 of the plug and draws with it fluid through the passage 31 of the fluid supply tube 30 to issue as a fine spray from the spray orifice 22, in the well-known manner.
FIGURE represents a slightly different embodiment than that of FIGURE 1. In the embodiment of FIGURE 5 the arrangement of the spray nozzle 22, air passages 28 and 29, the fluid supply tube 30 and internal configuration of the neck closing plug are the same as in the embodiment previously described and illustrated in FIG- URES 14. The main difference between the two embodiments is that the plug 15 in the embodiment of FIGURE 5 is not vertically slidable within the neck opening 12 but is axially rotatable therewithin. The plug 15 has the same outwardly extending top flange portion 16 which overlies the rim 17 of the container neck as in the previously described embodiment but has an outwardly projecting collar 32 extending peripherally around the plug 15 located below the flange 16 a distance equal to that between the top rim 17 of the neck and the juncture of the bottom of the neck and flaring container Wall 11 so that the plug 15 is free to rotate about its axis within the neck but cannot be moved vertically. An opening 33 of a diameter equal to the largest diameter of the conically shaped spray orifice 22 is cut through the wall of the neck 12 in the same plane as the spray orifice 22. The
inside of the neck 12 has a transversely positioned groove 34 extending partially around its circumference. An abutment 35 extends outwardly from the plug 15 to ride within the groove 34. The ends 36 and 37 of the groove 34 are located so that the abutment 35 striking one end 36 will position the spray orifice 22 in communication with the opening 33 in the neck in the manner illustrated in FIGURE 5, and striking the other end 37 will position the spray orifice 22 so that no portion overlies the opening 33 in the neck and seal the container in the manner shown in FIGURE 6.
Thus, to close or open the spray dispenser in the second embodiment, the flanged top 16 is rotated as far as it will go in one direction or the other to either place the spray orifice 22 in a sealing position within the neck or in a spray dispensing position with the orifice 22 in communication with the neck opening 33.
Obviously slight variations of the above described embodiment are entirely possible. For example, instead of having a lower bore 24 of a larger diameter than the upper bore 27 within the plug, the lower bore 24 could be eliminated and the smaller upper bore 27 extended downwardly to the lower end 18 of the plug. In this case, the length of the vertical air passage 29 would be considerably extended.
While the above matter describes and illustrates preferred embodiments of the invention, it should be understood that the invention is not restricted solely to the described embodiments but that it covers modifications which would be apparent to one skilled in the art falling within the scope and spirit of the invention.
1. A squeeze-bottle dispensing package for dispensing an established amount of fluid contained therewithin said package comprising:
a hollow container of flexible material with a neck defining dispensing opening,
an elongated plug having a transversely directed spray orifice extending into its side wall near the upper end and closely slidably fitting within said neck opening to be movable between a spray discharge position in which said orifice communicates with the atmosphere and a sealing position in which the exterior of said orifice sealingly abuts the interior surface of said neck opening,
said plug containing an internal continuous air passage having an upper portion extending transversely into said plug from said orifice and the remaining portion extending longitudinally within said plug from the inner terminal of said upper portion to communicate with an opening at the lower end of said p said plug being of a length that the lower end terminates within the central interior of said container to be above the level of the established amount of liquid within the container with the plug in any position and the container in any attitude,
and a hollow tube aflixed to said plug with the top end of said tube in communication with said transverse upper portion of the air passage and the lower end of said tube resting in the bottom of said container.
2. A squeeze-bottle dispensing package as described in claim 1 wherein said container is generally heart shaped with the neck located at the larger upper end of the container and the container sides below the top section taper inwardly to form a gently rounded, semipointed bottom sump in which the lower end of said hollow tube rests.
3. A squeeze-bottle dispensing package as described in claim 1 wherein the wall of said neck opening is pierced by an opening in the same plane as said spray orifice,
and said plug motion restricting means comprises means for retaining said plug at the same level within said neck opening for axial rotation and means for limiting said axial rotation between a position in which said orifice is aligned with said opening in said spray discharge position and a position in which said orifice is out of communication with said opening in said sealing position.
4. A squeeze-bottle dispensing package as described in claim 3 wherein the top portion of said plug above said orifice is larger in diameter than said neck opening to form an outwardly extending flange resting on the rim of said neck to prevent downward motion of said plug within said neck,
said plug has an outwardly extending projection spaced "below said flange a distance equal to the spacing between the top of said neck and the lower end of said neck opening within said container,
said projection engages the interior of said container at the juncture with the lower end of said neck opening and, in conjunction with said flange, preventing vertical motion of said plug within said neck opening but allowing axial rotation of said plug,
and said plug and container neck have an abutment and partially peripherally extending groove arrangement in which said abutment engages the ends of said groove at said spray discharge and said sealing positions, respectively, to restrict axial motion of said plug within said neck opening.
5. A squeeze-spraybottle containing a specific amount of liquid to be dispensed through a spray orifice through the sidewall of an elongated hollow plug slidably fitting within a neck opening of the bottle to be movable between a spray discharge position in which the orifice communicates with the atmosphere and a sealing position in which the orifice sealingly abuts the interior of the bottle neck, the upper portion of the plug containing an internal air passage having an upper portion extending transversely into the plug from said orifice and the remaining portion extending longitudinally within said plug to terminate at an opening at the lower end of the plug with a midpoint of the upper portion of said air passage connected to one end. of the hollow tube extending through said plug to have the other end of the tube lying in the bottom on the bottle,
said plug being of a length to have the lower end terminate within the bottle interior to be above the level of said specific amount of liquid with the plug in any position and bottle in any attitude. 6. An improved squeeze-bottle container as described in claim 5, wherein the upper portion of said container, terminating at its top in said neck opening, tapers inwardly below its maximum cross sectional perimeter to form a bottom sump portion having a substantially lesser cross sectional perimeter than the portions thereabove and in which the bottom of said hollow tube is located.
7. A squeeze-bottle dispensing package for dispensing an established amount of fluid contained therewithin, said package comprising;
a hollow container of flexible material with a neck defining dispensing opening in the upper portion of said container which tapers inwardly below its maximumcross-sectional perimeter to form a bottom sump portion having a substantially lesser crosssectional perimeter than the portion thereabove,
an elongated plug having a conically shaped spray orifice extending into a sidewall near the upper end portion with the larger end of said orifice facing outwardly,
said plug closely and slidably fitting within said neck opening to be movable between a spray discharge position in which said orifice communicates with the atmosphere and a sealing position in which the exterior of said orifice sealingly abuts the interior surface of said neck opening,
said plug being of a length to have the lower end terminate Within the central interior of said container to be above the level of the established amount of liquid when said container is in any attitude and the plug in any position,
said plug having a central bore extending longitudinally from the lower end portion to the same level as the apex of said spray orifice,
said bore having a cylindrical upper portion and a cylindrical lower portion which has a substantially larger diameter than said upper portion,
said plug having a transversely extending air passage formed by a recess extending across the upper face of the top end of said bore upper portion and extending between the inner apex end of said orifice and the top end of a vertical passage extending longitudinally along the upper portion of said bore and formed as a recess extending downwardly in the wall surface of said upper bore,
a flexible hollow tube of substantially the same diameter as said upper bore with one end of the tube tightly and sealingly engaged within said upper bore portion in communication with the air passage and the lower end of the tube resting in said sump,
and means for restricting the motion of said plug within said neck opening between the spray discharge and sealing positions.
8. A squeeze-spray bottle dispensing package as defined in claim 7 wherein the wall of said neck opening is pierced by an opening in the same plane as said spray orifice,
said plug has transverse projections extending outwardly therefrom above and below said opening to engage the surfaces of said container at points faced outwardly from said neck opening and prevent vertical motion of the plug within the neck opening while allowing axial motion therein,
and said plug and container neck have an abutment and partially peripherally extending groove arrangement in which said abutment engages the ends of said groove at the spray discharge and the sealing positions, respectively, to restrict axial motion of said plug within said neck opening.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS FOREIGN, PATENTS 2/1963 Great Britain. 3/1964 Great Britain.
LOUIS I. DEMBO, Primary Examiner. CHARLES R. CARTER, Examiner.
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|US2758879 *||Sep 23, 1953||Aug 14, 1956||Vick Chemical Company||Atomizing container|
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3355072 *||Jul 1, 1966||Nov 28, 1967||Riddell Products Ltd||Spray dispensing apparatus|
|US3471066 *||Jan 8, 1968||Oct 7, 1969||Leeds & Micallef||Squeeze bottle and dispensing cap therefor|
|US3601317 *||Mar 9, 1970||Aug 24, 1971||Genantonio Anthony||Atomizers spraying in all directions|
|US4415122 *||Jul 14, 1981||Nov 15, 1983||Essex Chemical Corporation||Right-angle spray nozzle|
|US4711378 *||Mar 24, 1986||Dec 8, 1987||S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc.||Spray cap assembly comprising a base unit and push/pull closure means|
|US6398133||Dec 22, 1999||Jun 4, 2002||Emsar, Inc.||Dispensing head for a squeeze dispenser|
|International Classification||B65D47/04, B65D47/28|