|Publication number||US3256413 A|
|Publication date||Jun 14, 1966|
|Filing date||Oct 22, 1962|
|Priority date||Oct 22, 1962|
|Publication number||US 3256413 A, US 3256413A, US-A-3256413, US3256413 A, US3256413A|
|Inventors||Charles S Mertler|
|Original Assignee||Stevens Mfg Co Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (8), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
June 14, 1966 c. s. MERTLER 3,255,413
WAFER THIN THERMOSTAT Filed 001;. zz, 1962 M .eaestii A}:
INVENTOR CHARLES, s. MERTLER BY HQ ATTO;NEYS
United States Patent 3,256,413 WAFER THIN THERMOSTAT Charles S. Mertler, Mansfield, Ohio, assignor to Stevens Manufacturing Company, Inc., a corporation of Ohio Filed Oct. 22, 1962, Ser. No. 231,958 5 Claims. (Cl. 200-138) The invention relates in general to thermostatic switches, and more particularly to a compact thermostat of high current rating in comparison to its size.
Miniature thermostats have heretofore been devised, but in general these have been limited in current carrying capacity or in voltage rating because the contact area was small or because the amount of movement of the contact did not permit high voltage operation. Also miniaturizing thermostats have generally not resulted in more economical construction because merely to make parts smaller may have saved somewhat on material cost but the cost and complexity of assembling the smaller parts generally remain the same or may even have increased.
Accordingly an object of the invention is to provide a miniature thermostat which obviates the above disadvantages.
Another object of the invention is .to provide a thin wafer-like thermostat which is economical in the number of parts used and in the total manufacturing costs.
Another object of the invention is to provide a thermostat with an integral contact portion and terminal portion.
Another object of the invention is to provide a thermostat with a bimetal member which is loosely retained within the thermostat with part of this retention afforded by a bridging movable contact member.
Another object of the invention is to provide a thermostat wherein the bimetal member may be calibrated prior to assembly and the thermostat may need no further calibration after assembly.
Another object of the invention is to provide a thermostat which has a minimum of parts and which may be quickly and easily assembled using only simple jigs and fixtures.
Other objects and a fuller understanding of the invention may be had by referring to the following description and claims, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawing, in which:
FIGURE 1 is a plan view of a thermostat incorporating the invention; and
FIGURE 2 is a sectional view on line 22 of FIG- URE 1. i
The figures of the drawing show a thermostat 11 which is the preferred embodiment thereof but not necessarily the only construction. This thermostat 11 includes a base 12 of insulating material and is preferably a thin wafer of insulating material such as a phenolic insulating material. A circular wall surface 13 and another circular wall 14, together with a circular recessed shoulder 15 therebetwee-n, define an aperture 16 extending through the base from one face 17 to the other face 18. A bimetal member 21, preferably in the form of a snap-acting concavo-convex bimetal disc, is disposed in the aperture 16, and the peripheral rim 22 thereof is adapted to engage the recessed shoulder 15.
A rectangular recess 24 is disposed in the face 17 and merges with the aperture 16. A second rectangular recess 25 is diametrically opposite the-recess 24 and is also disposed in the face 17 to merge with the aperture 16. A first metal member 27 is disposed in the first recess 24. This metal member 27 is preferably in the form of an elongated metal strip and has an integral contact end 28 and a terminal end 29. A rivet 30 is a means to fasten the intermediate portion of the first metal member 27 to the base 12. A second metal member 32 is ice also in the form of an elongated metal strip and includes an integral contact portion or contact end 33 and a terminal end 34. A rivet 35 is a means to fasten the intermediate area of this second metal member 32 to the base 12 within the recess 25.
The contact portion 33 is a movable contact portion and the contact end 28 is a fixed contact end for cooperation with the movable contact portion 33. The contact end 28 may have a slightly rounded or convex contact surface 36 pressed therein as best shown in FIGURE 2. The movable contact portion 33 has pressed or stamped thereinto a stiffening depression 37 which is longitudinal of the contact portion 33 and extends for a majority of the distance diametrically across the bimetallic disc 21. This stiffening depression provides an abutment surface 38 extending toward the bimetal disc 21 generally at the center thereof. A resilient hinge portion 39 is integral with the second metal member 32 and is disposed between the stiffening depression 37 and the second rivet 35.
The second metal member 32 may be formed from a silver-m-agnesium-nickel alloy having in the order of .1 to .3 percent magnesium, .2 percent nickel, and the balance silver. It is heat-treated for hardness and good spring properties. Accordingly the inherent resiliency of this second metal member 32 and the rivet mounting thereof to the base 12 provide that the movable contact portion 33 is urged toward the fixed contact end 28. The first metal member 27 may be made from coin silver for good electrical conductivity and good contact properties. The alloy silver and heat treatment of the second metal member 32 provide good resiliency for flexing of this metal member 32 at the hinge portion 39 and the high silver content provides good electrical conductivity, as well as good contact properties at the mutually cooperating contact surfaces. I
The thermostat 11 may be provided in normally open or normally closed varieties. FIGURE 2 shows the thermostat in solid lines as the normally open switch variety and reference numeral 21A shows the bimetal disc 21 in a dotted line position which it would assume upon snapping over center to the opposite coneavo-convex position. In this position, the contacts would be closed. The thermostat may be supplied with the bimetal disc 21 in the position 21A at normal room temperatures and with the bimetal disc 21 snapping upwardly, viewed in FIGURE 2, upon temperature rise. As such it may be used as a high limit thermostat or as a control thermostat for some electrically controlled heater.
The normally open version is similar to the normally closed version except that the bimetal disc 21 may be inverted and thus will snap in a downward direction viewed in FIGURE 2, upon temperature rise. In either case, the bimetal member co-acts with the abutment surface 38 to relatively move the contact portions into and out of engagement.
The use of the aforementioned silver alloy for the second metal member 32 permits the use of silver solder and its attendant high temperature melting point to be used for soldering connections to the terminal end 34. This may be done without losing the spring temper of this second metal member 32.
The bimetal disc 21 may be provided with the proper curvature so as to establish the desired snap of operating temperature. Thereafter the bimetal disc 21 may be assembled into the thermostat 11. Since the bimetal disc 21 is not restrained physically in the normally closed version, it is possible to assemble thermostats which require no further calibration after assembling. The wall surface 13 merely loosely restrains the bimetal disc 21 in lateral directions relative to the base 12. The shoulder and the abutment surface' 38 also restrain the bimetal is 21in d rect ns no mal to the base 1.2- This is 2.110.0 6 restraint in the normally closed version. In the normally open version shown in solid lines, there is a slight restraint placed upon the bimetal disc 21 in a direction normal to the base 12 by the inherent resiliency of the movable contact portion 33.
The entire thermostat 11 may be rapidly and economically assembled. The bimetal disc 21 may simply be dropped in place on the shoulder 15. Next the first metal member 27 may be dropped in place and the rectangular recess 24 acts as a fixture to align this first metal member 27. Next the second metal member 32 may be dropped in place and again the second recess aligns the metal member 32. Next these first and second metal members may be riveted in place and again the rivets 3,0 and 35 may be inserted from the top of the base 12. The contact portion 33, by its position extending diametrically across the aperture 1.6, retains the bimetal disc 21 in place in the thermostat 11. Thus the assembly of the entire thermostat is done with ease and facility, and all from one side of the base 12. No further calibration of the thermostat is required after assembly since the operating temperature is built into the disc by the choice of material and shape thereof.
The fact that the terminals and contact portions are integral provides the advantage of ease of assembly, lower manufacturing costs and reduced electrical resistance. If the terminal portion and contact portions were separate there would be an interface th rebetween to increase the electrical resistance and this would also complicate the assembly because two separate parts would have to be aligned and fastened together, as by the rivets. The present construction eliminates these extra parts and such elimination provides increased economy in manufacturing the parts and assembling the complete thermostat. Also making these parts integral aids in obtaining a very thin and compact miniaturized thermostat. The entire thermostat may be provided on a base only one inch square and inch thick, yet retaining use of a bimetal disc which is /2 inch in diameter and with contacts rated at five amperes. Thus a large current capacity thermostat is provided for its physical size and the snap-action moveme t provided by the bimetal disc 21 permits sufiicient contact separation at a rapid enough rate for operation at 115 volts,
Although this invention has been described in its preferred form with a certain degree of particularity, it is understood that the present diSPlo sure of the preferred form has been made only by way of example and that numerous changes in the details of construction and the combination and arrangement of parts may be resorted to without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as hereinafter claimed.
What is claimed is: 1. A thermostat comprising in combination, a thin base of insulating material having two opposite faces, an aperture extending through said base from one face to the other, a first metal member including an integral contact portion and a terminal portion, a second metal member including an integral contact portion and a terminal portion, means fastening said members to said base for mutual cooperation of said contact portions, current flow through said thermostat encountering only the single interface between said contact portions, and a bimetal member in said aperture on said base to be exposed on both faces of said base and coacting to relatively actuate said contact portions into and out of engagement. 2. A snap-acting thermostat comprising in combination,
a base of insulating material,
a first metal member including an integral contact portion and a terminal portion,
a second metal member including an integral contact portion and a terminal portion,
means fastening said members to said base for mutual coperation of said contact portions,
current flow through said thermostat encountering only the single interface between said contact portions,
a stiflfening depression in said second metal member forming an abutment surface,
and a snap-acting bimetal member on said base coacting with said abutment surface to relatively actuate said contact portions into and out of engagement.
3. A thin snap-acting thermostat comprising in combination,
a flat base of insulating material,
a first single metal member including a fixed contact end and a terminal end,
first fastening means fastening said first metal member at an intermediate area to said base,
a second single metal member including a movable contact end and a terminal end,
second fastening means fastening said second metal member at an intermediate area to said base with said movable contact end disposed for cooperation with said contact end of said first metal member,
current flow through said thermostat encountering only the single interface between said contacts,
an abutment surface on said movable contact end,
a snap-acting bimetal member,
means loosely restraining said bimetal member in lateral movement relative to said base,
means including said abutment surface restraining movements of said bimetal member in directions normal to said base,
a resilient hinge portion integrally formed in said second metal member between said abutment surface and said second fastening means,
the mounting of and inherent resiliency of said movable contact end urging the outboard end thereof toward engagement With said contact end of said first strip,
and said bimetal member snapping over center to opposite concavo-convex positions upon temperature changes to engage said abutment surface and actuate said contact ends into and out of engagement.
4. A thin snap-acting thermostat comprising in combination,
a flat base of insulating material,
a wall surface defining an aperture in said base,
a shoulder in said aperture,
a concavo-convex snap-acting bimetal disc disposed in said aperture with the rim of the disc engageable with said shoulder,
first and second metal strip members each having an integral contact end and a terminal end with an intermediate area therebetween,
first fastening means fastening said first strip at said intermediate area to said base with said contact end near said aperture, second fastening means fastening said second strip at said intermediate area to said base with said contact end disposed for cooperation with said contact end of said first strip,
current flow through said thermostat encountering only the single interface between said contact ends,
a resilient hinge portion integrally formed in said contact end of said second strip near said second fastening means,
and said bimetal disc snapping over the center to the opposite concavo-convex position upon temperature change to engage one of said contact ends and actuate same between disengaged and engaged condi tions with the other of said contact ends.
5. A thin snap-acting thermostat comprising in combination,
a flat base of insulating material,
a surface defining a circular aperture extending through said base from one face to the other,
a recessed circular shoulder in said aperture,
a concavo-convex snap-actingbirnetal disc disposed in said aperture with the rimof the disc in engagement with said shoulder,
a first combined contact and terminal of one integral strip of coin silver,
a first rivet fastening said first contact and terminal at an intermediate area to said base near said aperture,
a convex fixed contact pressed from said coin silver metal and disposed between said first rivet and said aperture,
a second combined movable contact and terminal of one integral strip of resilient metal,
a second rivet fastening said second contact and terminal at an intermediate area to said base at a point substantially diametrically opposite said first contact,
a movable contact portion on said second combined contact and terminal extending substantially diametrically across said aperture and with the outboard end thereof disposed for cooperation with said convex fixed contact,
current flow through said thermostat encountering only the single interface between said contact portion outboard end and said fixed contact,
an elongated stiffening depression pressed in said movable contact portion longitudinally stiffening said movable contact portion and providing an abutment surface extending toward said bimetal disc,
a resilient hinge portion integrally formed in said movable contact portion between said stilfening depression and said second rivet,
said movable contact portion having an inherent resiliency and the mounting thereof urging the outboard end thereof toward engagement with said fixed contact,
and said bimetal disc snapping over the center to the opposite concavo-convex position upon temperature change to engage said abutment portion and move said movable contact portion out of engagement with said fixed contact.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,823,345 9/1931 Britt 200-138 2,022,907 12/ 1935 Worley 200-440 2,75 3,421 7/ -1 95 6 Mertler ZOO-13 8 2,795,678 6/ 1957 Mertler 2001 3 8 2,954,447 9/ 19 Bolesky et al 200-138 3,081,388 3/1963 Cox 200138 FOREIGN PATENTS 160,082 9/ 1 7 Sweden. 361,321 5/1962 Switzerland.
BERNARD A. GIIJHEANY, Primary Examiner.
L. A. WRIGHT, Assistant Examiner.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1823345 *||Jul 30, 1927||Sep 15, 1931||Westinghouse Electric & Mfg Co||Thermostatic switch|
|US2022907 *||May 11, 1934||Dec 3, 1935||Emerson Electric Mfg Co||Thermostatic switch|
|US2753421 *||Mar 11, 1953||Jul 3, 1956||Stevens Mfg Co Inc||Thermostatic switches|
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|CH361321A *||Title not available|
|SE160082A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3601741 *||Aug 21, 1969||Aug 24, 1971||Therm O Disc Inc||Thermostat|
|US4039992 *||Feb 19, 1976||Aug 2, 1977||Portage Electric Products, Inc.||Non-creep thermostat construction|
|US4504814 *||Mar 30, 1982||Mar 12, 1985||U.S. Philips Corporation||Housing for a bimetallic thermal switch|
|US4847587 *||Nov 7, 1986||Jul 11, 1989||Limitor AB||Bimetal thermoswitch|
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|DE3319227A1 *||May 27, 1983||Nov 29, 1984||Microtherm Gmbh||Thermoschalter|
|EP0224950A2 *||Nov 7, 1986||Jun 10, 1987||Limitor AG||Thermostatic switch with a bimetallic element|
|WO1987003137A2 *||Nov 7, 1986||May 21, 1987||Limitor Ag||Thermostatic bimetal switch|
|U.S. Classification||337/343, 337/379, 337/380|