US 32576 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
UNITED sTATEs PATENT oEEIoE.
NATHAN MILLER, OF FIND'LAY, OHIO.
WATER-ELEVATOR FOR CATTLE.
Speccation of Letters Patent No. 32,576, dated June 18, 1861.
To all whom 'it may concern:
Be it known that I, NATHAN MILLER, of Findlay, in the county of Hancock and State of Ohio, have invented a new and Improved Pump Designed Chiei'iy for Raising Water for Stock; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the same, reference being had to the annexed drawings, making a part* of this specification, in which- Figure l is a vertical central section of my invention, taken in the line as, m, Fig. 2. Fig. Q, a horizontal section of the same, taken in the line y, y, Fig. l.
Similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts in the two figures.
The object of this invention is to obtain a pump of simple construction that will admit of water being readily elevated by stock.
The inv-ention consists in the employment or use of two platforms connected with a piston or plunger which is fitted in a cylinder at the bottoni of the reservoir or well and provided with a discharge or eduction pipe; all being arranged as hereinafter shown and described to effect the desired result.
To enable those skilled in the art to fully understand and construct my invention, I will proceed to describe it.
A, represents a base or block which is sunk at the bottom of the well, reservoir or river from which the water is to be pumped. rIhis base or block has a metal cylinder B, fitted in it and in' this cylinder' there is placed a plunger C, which may be described as being an inverted cup of cylindrical form and fitted water-tight within cylinder B, by a packing a, as shown clearly in Fig. l, said packing being of leather or other suitable material.
The base or block A, has one or more hori- Zontal water passages made into it, and these passages communicate with openings c, in cylinder B, as shown in Fig. l. The plunger C, is of metal and to its upper surface a wooden block I), is attached having four uprights E, secured to it which support a platform F. l
On `the base or block A, there are secured two uprights cl, CZ, in the upper parts of which the journals of a shaft Gr, are placed, the journals being allowed to turn freely in the uprights d, CZ. On this shaft Gr, a platform H, rests, the side pieces of which eX- tend under the platform F, and bear against a pendent ledge e, attached to the under side of the platform H, see Fig. l.
I, is a vertical tube the lower end of which is secured in the plunger C, and communicates with the interior of cylinder B, below the plunger C, as shown clearly in Fig. l. rlhe tube I, extends up through the platform F, and is curved downward at its upper end in order that the water may be discharged into a proper trough, or receiver.
The operation is as follows. The cattle pass on the platform'H, the latter being s'o placed or arranged as to produce such result, and pass from platform H, on F. When the cattle pass on the platform F, the latter descends and also the plunger C, and the water in the interior of the cylinder B, will be forced up through tube I, and discharged from its upper end. It will be seen that the platform F, will be elevated as the cattle leave it and pass off from the tilting or rocking platform H, and as the inner end of platform H, ascends, the platform F, also ascends and the plunger C, and the cylinder B, will fill with water through the passages b. This operation is rendered certain for the last animal that passes off platform H, must certainly tilt it and elevate platform F.
By this arrangement stock may elevate their own water with the greatest facility. The cylinder B, will ll with water by static pressure solely as the plunger C, rises and therefore the pump will operate quite well even if the plunger C, does not work perfect-ly water-tight in cylinder B. The parts therefore are not liable to get ont of repair ner become deranged by use.
I do not claim separately any of the within described parts; but.
Having thus described my invention what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent; is,
The combination of the tilting platform H, with the platform F, when the latter is connected to the plunger C, which is tted within the cylinder B, and provided with the eduction or water discharge tube I; all
arranged to operate as and for the purpose set forth.
HENRY BYAL, I. E. STEARNS.