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Publication numberUS325916 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 8, 1885
Filing dateFeb 11, 1885
Publication numberUS 325916 A, US 325916A, US-A-325916, US325916 A, US325916A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Thomas daniels
US 325916 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

(No Model.)


BOOK BINDB'R'S GOLD SAVING CLEANING BOX. No. 325,916. Patented Sept. 8, 1885.

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BOOK-BINDERS GOLD-SAVING CLEANING-BOX SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 325,916, dated September 8, 1885.

Application filed February 1], 1885. (No model.)

To all whom it pray concern:

Be it known that I, THOMAS DANIELS, J r., a citizen of the United States, residing at the city and county of New York and State of New York, have invented new and useful Improvements in Book-Binders Gold Saving Cleaning-Boxes, of which the following 'is a specification. v

In gold-stamping the cleaningof the case or work is usually done by a cloth by hand in an open box, in which the percentage of loss is about three-fifths, on account of the ex posure of the cleanings and the action of handrubbing with a clot I 1 It isthe object of my improvement to effect the saving of the loss of gold from cleaning that the book-binding trade is subjected to in the work as now performed, and to facilitate the operation of cleaning. For this purpose I have produced a gold-saving cleaning-box adapted for the work either by hand or by a power-driven brush, so that the box is com- ,plete for use at all times, and does not depend upon power, the hand and the power Work being done in separate compartments. In using the hand-cleaning compartment a glass cover affords full View of the work, while closing the top of the compartment, so that the escape of gold from the rubbing action can only occur to a very small extent through the front handway opening. In using the power cleaning compartment it is substantially closed at all points, so that loss of gold is absolutely prevented.

The accompanying drawings represent,in-

Figure 1, a vertical longitudinal section of my improved gold-saving cleaning-box; Fig. 2, ahorizontal section taken on the line as w of Fig. 1 and Fig. 3 shows one of the eccentrics by which the work-bed is adjusted vertically in relation to the power-driven revolving goldcleaner.

The working-compartments are about twenty-four -by twenty-four inches, and have a depth of about twenty inches. The powerworking compartment A has a removable bottomvforming pan, B, for the collection and saving of the gold cleanings; or the bottom may be hoppered and the gold savings collected into a removable receptacle thereof. When the collecting-pan is used, it is made removable by a front opening.

At the front of the compartment, above the bottom,a revolving brush, 0, is mounted crosswise in bearings in the sides of the box; and between the brush and the bottom is placeda work bed, D, preferably of slats or fingers strung upon cross-rods a a at their rear and at their front ends. This work-bed is made adjustable at its front end in relation to the brush by means of eccentrics b b, suitably mounted in the sides of the box, and upon which the slats rest, and in such adjustment the rearcross-rod serves as afixed pivot. The front cross -rod, a, is shorter than the rear cross-rod, and does not extend to the inner walls of the box, its function being merely to connect the front ends of the slats D; and, as the eccentrics Z; are formed upon short pins 1), fitted in bearings in the sides of the box, they support and act like a double-cranked shaft when turned to raise the slatted bed or allow it to fall at its front end, as stated. The eccentrics are operated from the outside of the box by knobs b and the adjustment of the bed tobring the work in contact with the brush-is made by turning the knobs. When the knobs are connected by a cranked rod, a single screw, b, will hold the crank-rod in its set position. WVhen separate crank or eccentrio pins are used, each knob willhave a setscrew. I V

At the front of the box, and in a position of the cleaning-brush, is a horizontal opening, 0, extending from side to side of the box, for

between the top of the work-bed and the bottom the introduction of the work upon the adprovide means for closing the opening on each side of the work or case after the latter is inserted and to render such means as compact as possible I use flexible slides, preferably a cJil-spring, d, mounted in a case at each side of the box, so that the end of each coil will move in a tangent from the coil in front ways from each side, and thus be closed upon the opposite edges of the inserted case, the end of which will stand out from the box while under operation. are set, they are held by clamp-screws e, secured in keepers and binding the springstr'aps against the front of the box. The work-entering opening is in this way controlled in area by a sectional door pulled out from the j ustable bed beneath the brush. I find itbest to When the spring-sides d IOO coils under their tension against the work to close the opening, and opening automatically when unclamped to increase the size of the work-opening.

The brush may be of any suitable construc: tion that will answer the purpose, in connection with rubber scraping-strips carried by the hub of the brush. I

The hand -working compartment E surmounts the power-working compartment,and has a glass cover, f, by which to observe the work under hand manipulation. It has a suitable front opening, 0, for the introduction of the work and for the manipulation of the hands. At its bottom a receptacle, 9, is provided for the collection of the gold, and is made removable by a side opening at the side of the box.

In using the adjustable slides for controlling the area of the front opening of thepowercompartment the important advantage is obtained of closing said opening upon the work during the operation, and of closing said'opening entirely after the work or case is withdrawn, to prevent the gold from being carried out by back drafts and while settling into the removable receptacle.

The box is usually mounted upon legs, and a table is provided for holding the work.

The brush is driven by a pulley on its shaft at the outer side of the box by any suitable power; and it will be understood that when, from any cause, the power is not operating then the work may be done by hand in the top compartment.

In operation the case or work is inserted in the front opening and held therein by hand while the gold is being cleaned ofi, either by the brush or by hand. case is only inserted far enough to bring its gold-stamped surface beneath the brush, so that the cleanings will be delivered through the open bed frame intothe pan,into which all the light particles of gold will also settle. If the cleaning operation is by hand, the case is inserted into the top compartment, so that the cleanings will be delivered into a receptacle in the bottom near the rear end of the box. The case or work can be changed in position to suit the goldstamped surface, and it can be easily and quickly inserted and withdrawn from the box, being at all times held by the hand or hands, and controlled as may be desired.

I may dispense withthe upper compart- I ment of the box, in which case the lower com- If by the'brush, the

partment is provided with a glass cover, so that the workman may see just'how to place the gold surface under the brush; or I may make the tops of both compartments of glass, in which case the operator can see through both from the top the work in thelower compartment and its relation to the brush.

I claim 1. Abook-binders goldsaving'cleaning-box having two gold cleaning and saving compartments, one supplementing the other, one having a revolving brush and the other a glass cover, and each having a front opening, substantially as described, for the purpose specified.

2. Abook-binders gold-saving cleaning-box having a substantially-closed compartment containing a cleaning-brush supplemented by a hand-cleaning compartment, both compartments having glass tops whereby the workman can observe the work in both compartments from the top of the box, substantially as described.

8. In a book-binders gold-saving cleaningbo'x, the combination 'of a revolving brush with an open adjustable bed-frame and a removable gold-collectingreceptacle, said box having an opening provided with adjustable sliding covers whereby to regulate the area of the opening for the introduction of the work and to close said opening, as described.

4. A book-bindersgold-saving cleaning-box provided with an open work-bed,a removable receptacle, a revolving cleaning-brush, and spring-coiled straps arranged to form slides to regulate the areaof the box-opening for introducing the work to suit the size thereof and for closing said opening, and clampingscrews for holding said spring-sliding straps, all constructed substantially as herein set forth.

5. The combination of the box having a front opening for the introduction of the work, and a revolving brush,with a work-bed composed of fingers D, a pivot cross-rod, a, and a front cross-rod, a, and eccentrics b b, having outside knobs for adjusting the nonpivoted end of the said bed, as shown and described.

In testimony whereof Ihave hereunto set my hand in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.





Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4765842 *Oct 27, 1986Aug 23, 1988Sanders Charles RTicket cleaner apparatus
US5253383 *Apr 7, 1992Oct 19, 1993Clark Rodney DScratch surface remover
US5402549 *Dec 21, 1993Apr 4, 1995Forrest; Jerry D.Ticket scraper
Cooperative ClassificationB08B1/04