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Publication numberUS3260217 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 12, 1966
Filing dateAug 5, 1964
Priority dateAug 5, 1964
Publication numberUS 3260217 A, US 3260217A, US-A-3260217, US3260217 A, US3260217A
InventorsThresher Griffith N
Original AssigneeFrank Wheatley Pump & Valve Ma
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Pump having radial discharge valve
US 3260217 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Julyv12, 1966 G. N. THRESHER PUMP HAVING RADIAL DISCHARGE VALVE 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Aug. 5, 1964 no "mu/51v TORL.

GRIFFITH IV. THRESHER BY 2 7 Z ATTORNEYS July 12, 1966 e. N. THRESHER PUMP HAVING RADIAL DISCHARGE VALVE 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Aug. 5. 1964 IN VE N TOFL. GRIFFITH N THRESHE R #WMM ATTORNEYS United States Patent 3,260,217 PUMP HAVING RADIAL DISCHARGE VALVE Grifi'ith N. Thresher, Tulsa, Okla, assignor to Frank Wheatley Pump & Valve Manufacturer, Tulsa, Okla, a corporation of Oklahoma Filed Aug. 5, 1964, Ser. No. 387,610 3 Claims. (Cl. 103153) This invention relates to a reciprocating pump. More particularly, the invention relates to a radial discharge valve type reciprocating pump particularly characterized by simplicity of construction and economy of manufacture.

This is a continuation-in-part of pending application Serial Number 263,473, filed March 7, 1963, for a Valve System for Reciprocating Pump, now Patent No. 3,180,277.

In the above mentioned pending application, a radial discharge valve system for reciprocating pumps is disclosed. The advantages of the radial discharge valve are fully set forth therein. The valve system disclosed in this prior co-pending application sets forth a basic radial discharge pump arrangement but contemplates the utilization of relatively complex components, the major ones of which can be constructed, from a practical standpoint, only by casting. The disadvantages of the use of castings in high pressure work, especially high pressures subject to continuous pulsation and the shock inherent in reciprocating pumps, is well known.

The primary object of this invention is to provide a reciprocating pump having a radial discharge valve in a unique arrangement wherein the components making up the pump are extremely simple to manufacture and particularly wherein the components are adaptable to be manufactured exclusively by machining processes.

Another object of this invention is to provide a pump characterized by close clearance in the valving structure wherein the piston displaces an increased percentage of the total piston intake valve area on each stroke.

Another object of this invention is to provide a high pressure pump of a design wherein the high pressure cavity is very small in proportion to the total displacement of the pump.

Another object of this invention is to provide a pump characterized by relatively large cross-sectional intake valve areas but wherein the high pressure cavity is at the same time small compared to the pump displacement.

Another object of this invention is to provide a radial discharge pump having, in the fluid end,.only three major components in addition to the valves and piston and wherein all components of the pump are easily manufactured, assembled and disassembled.

Another object of this invention is to provide a radial discharge pump particularly adapted for pumping, at high pressures, compressible fluids characterized by a type of construction wherein the major components are arranged so that gasketing is entirely achieved by gasket compression and wherein no machine tolerance fits are required to accomplish gasketin-g between components.

Another object of this invention is to provide a radial discharge pump characterized by a type of construction wherein a single, integral component affords the intake and outlet ports and further affords both the intake and discharge valve seating surfaces.

These and other objects will be fulfilled and a better understanding of the invention will be had by referring to the following description and claims, taken in conjunction with the attached drawings, in which:

FIGURE 1 is a cross-sectional view of the fluid end portion of the high pressure pump of this invention.

FIGURES 2, 3, 4 and 5 are cross-sectional views taken along the lines indicated by the figure numerals of FIG- URE 1 showing the fluid end portion of the pump in various cross-sections.

This invention may be described as a radial discharge reciprocating pump characterized by simplicity and econ omy of construction. More particularly, but not by way of limitation, the invention may be described as a radial discharge pump characterized by three basic components, that is:

(1) A fluid end block, (2) A valve seat block, and (3) A cylinder head, which,

along with the secondary components of a piston, intake and discharge valves, and intake and discharge springs, will be described in detail, together form an economically manufactured pump having the capacity to pump compressible fluid with a high degree of efliciency.

Referring now to the drawings and first to FIGURE 1, the fluid end portion of the pump is shown in cross-section. The three basic portions of the pump are a fluid end block 10, a valve seat block 12 and a cylinder head 14. The fluid end block 10 has a cylindrical opening 16 in which a piston 18 is reciprocated. A st-uffing box of typical design, generally indicated by the numeral 20, is provided to prevent the escape of liquid along the piston.

The cylindrical opening 16 in the fluid end block 10 terminates in a larger diameter cylindrical valve block cavity 22. An intermediate intake valve cavity 24 is provided between the cylindrical opening 16 and the cylindrical valve block cavity 22. The valve seat block 12 is positioned in the cylindrical valve block cavity 22. In application the valve seat block 12 engages the fluid end block 10 with a light push fit so that the valve seat block 12 is easily removed for repair of the pump.

The valve seat block 12 is cylindrical and has a seating surface 26 at the forward end thereof and an opposing rearward seating surface 28. The forward end of the valve seat block 12 provides one boundary of the intake valve cavity 24. Positioned in the intake valve cavity 24 is a flat cylindrical disc shaped intake valve 30 having a diameter slightly less than the internal diameter of the intake valve cavity. The intake valve 30 has an axial opening 32 slightly larger in diameter than the diameter of piston 18. A portion of the forward face of the valve seat block 12 forms the intake valve seating surface 34. Means is provided for normally urging intake valve 30 into sealed engagement with the intake valve seating surface 34, such means being preferably a coiled spring 36 pressed between the valve 30' and a portion of the fluid end block 10.

Formed in the external cylindrical surface of the valve seat block 12 is a deep annular groove 38 which functions as a portion of the intake fluid passage. A fluid intake opening 40 is provided in the fluid end block 10 which communicates with the annular groove 38. Flange 42 provides means of connecting piping 44 to conduct fluid withlthei smaller diameter inlet opening48 provides the discharge valve seating surface 52. Reciprocally positioned within the discharge valve opening 50 is a flat cylin drical disc shaped discharge valve 54.. Normally urging discharge valve 54am: seating: engagement with the seating surface: 52iis a'spring'56 whichis preferably a coiled spring under compression. Inaddition, in the preferred arrangement, the discharge valve 54: is supported in and reciprocally positioned by a discharge valve guide member, generally indicated by the numeral 58. The guide member'58 has at least three (four. are shown in FIGURE 4) guide fingersl60. The guide fingers 60'are relatively narrow. radially spaced paralleled members which provide meanswhereby the discharge valve 54 is held in proper radial position but at the same time permits a substantially unobstructed passageway around the exterior periphery of the valve as fluid flows past it and out the discharge valve opening. 50; The guide member 58 is held in position,,such as by means of a circular keeper 62-.

The cylinder head 14 has a discharge passage 64 which communicates directly with the discharge valve opening 50 in the valve seat block 12. A flange 65 and discharge piping 66 are (see FIGURES 2" through 4) fixed to the cylinder head 14to conduct fluid out of the pump. The complete disassembly of the pump of this inventionrequires' only the removal of the cylinder head 14 which is held in place suchasby means of bolts 68. After the cylinder head 14 is removed, the valveseat block 12 can be easily withdrawn. It will be noted that the complet'e construction of the basic components of the pump of this invention can be manufactured by machining processes withoutrequiring expensive castings. In addition',. both the intake and'exhaust valve seats are part of the same. integral" component, that is, the valve seat block 12. When the pump of this invention is to be repaired, the'replacement of the valve seat block 12-with the valves willin allpractical'effects produce a new pump.

Provided'in' the forwardand rearward seating surfaces 26 and 28 of the valve seat block 12 are grooves 70 having gaskets 72 therein. The gaskets are preferably of the O-ring type. It will be noted thatl due to the unique arrangement of this pump all gaskets required are under compression, that is, compression imparted by the bolt 68 holding the cylinder head 14' in place. No requirement exists of a machine fit to achieve pressure sealing between" pump components.

The'pump'of this invention, as disclosed in'the drawings' and description, fulfills the objects set forth above. The unique design provides'a pump which is very economically'constru-cted, iseasily repaired, provides close clearance, provides'a design wherein the high? pressure cavity 'in'the'p'iston'blo'ck'isvery small compared to the piston displacement; and provides a relatively large cross-sectional valve' area compared to the size of the high pressurecavity; All of these features combined provide a pump which'is uniquely adaptable to pumping fluids which have compressibility, such as propane and'butane';

This description is taken with reference to a single cylinder and piston. In practice the pump will normally be of the multiplex type having, as an example, three or five pistons arranged in spaced paralleled arrangement in a single laterally elongatedpiston block 10, with a valve seat block'1'2for each piston, and a single laterally elongated-cylinder head 14. Of course multiple cylinder heads 14- may be utilized with a multiplexed cylinder block 10.

Many arrangements of multiplexed pumps can be made utilizing the. principles of this invention.

Although the invention has been described with a certain degree of particularity, it is manifest that many changes may be made in the details of construction and the arrangement of components without departing from the spirit and scope of this disclosure.

What is claimed is:

1. A pump comprising:

(1) a fluid end block having,

(a) a cylindrical piston opening therein.

(b) the cylindrical piston opening terminating in a coaxial larger diameter cylindrical valve block cavity,

(c) the cylindrical piston opening having an intermediate coaxial cylindrical intake valve cavity,

(d) the internal diameter of the intake valve cavity being intermediate the internal diameter of the cylindrical piston opening and the valve block cavity;

(2) a piston reciprocally positioned in the cylindrical piston opening;

(3) a cylindrical flat disc intake valve having,

(a) a coaxial opening therein,

(b) the intake valve having an external diameter slightly less than the internal diameter of the intake valve cavity,

(c) the intake valve being reciprocally in the intake cavity,

(d) the internal diameter of the opening therein being slightly greater than the diameter of the piston;

a cylindrical valve seat block having,

(a) a forward and a rearward'seating'face,

(b) the valve seat block postioned in the fluid end valve block cavity,

(c) the forward end of the valve seat block being in sealing engagement with the forward end of the valve block cavity, the forward end of the valve seat block forming a boundary of the intake valve cavity and forming an intake valve seating surface,

(d) the valve seat block having an axial discharge valve opening in the rearward portion thereof,

(e) and a coaxial smaller diameter discharge valve inlet opening in the forward portion'thereof, (f) the intersection of the discharge valve inlet opening and the discharge valve' outlet opening defining a discharge valve seating surface,

(g) the valve seat block having a deep annular groove formed in the cylindrical surface intermediate the ends thereof,

(h) a multiplicity of discharge passages,

(i) thedischarge passages communicating the annular groove with the fluid end block intake valve cavity at the intake valve seating surface,

(j) the intake valve normally closing the dis charge passages,

(k) the fluid end'block having a fluid intake opening therein communicating with the annular groove in the valve seat block;

(5) a spring means normally urging the'intake valve inengagement with the valve seat block intake valve seating surface;

(6) a discharge valve reciprocally supported in the discharge valve opening of the valve seat block; (7) aspring'means normally urging the discharge valve in engagement with the discharge valve seating surface; and

(8') acylinder head removably aflixed to the fluid end block,

(a) closing the valve block cavity, (b) engaging the valve seat block rearward seating surface,

supported (c) the cylinder head having a discharge port opening therein communicating with the discharge valve opening in the valve seat block.

2. A pump according to claim 1 including compression gasket means in the valve seat block forward and rearward seating faces.

3. A pump according to claim 1 including a discharge valve guide member positioned in the valve seat block discharge valve opening, the valve guide member having at least three radially spaced paralleled relatively narrow guide fingers, the forward portion of the fingers reciprocally supporting the discharge valve.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS Bjornstad 103153 Shultz 103155 Pfarre 103-153 Grime 103153 Yaindl 103-153 10 SAMUEL LEVINE, Primary Examiner.

H. F. RADUAZO, Assistant Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1413568 *Mar 19, 1921Apr 25, 1922Jorgen BjornstadReciprocating pump
US1446217 *Apr 20, 1920Feb 20, 1923U S Sanitary Specialties CorpGravity soap-dispensing valve
US1585628 *Aug 8, 1924May 18, 1926Pfarre Julius ASyringe or pump
US2503478 *Jul 9, 1945Apr 11, 1950Grime Edward PHydraulic jack construction
US3114326 *Sep 7, 1961Dec 17, 1963Aldrich Pump CompanyPlunger type pump especially for high pressure
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3412931 *Oct 18, 1966Nov 26, 1968Palmer Pumps LtdValved cylinder heads
US3446427 *Jul 12, 1967May 27, 1969Evgeny Valentinovich PolyakovHigh-pressure plunger-type fluid compressors
US3709638 *Oct 22, 1970Jan 9, 1973Japan Steel Works LtdPlunger pump cylinder for use in treating highly corrosive fluid
US3870439 *Jan 8, 1973Mar 11, 1975American Aero IndHigh pressure pump fluid end
US4239463 *Sep 28, 1978Dec 16, 1980Worthington Pump, Inc.Reciprocating plunger pump with improved liquid end valve assembly
US4371001 *Mar 10, 1980Feb 1, 1983Flow Industries, Inc.Check valve assembly
US5037276 *Apr 4, 1989Aug 6, 1991Flow International CorporationHigh pressure pump valve assembly
US5037277 *Jul 26, 1989Aug 6, 1991Flow International CorporationPoppet valve for a high pressure fluid pump
US5253987 *Apr 3, 1992Oct 19, 1993Harrison Curtis WFluid end for high-pressure fluid pumps
US5533879 *Apr 10, 1995Jul 9, 1996Chen; Kuo N.Manual driven valved piston reciprocating liquid pump
US5636975 *Apr 4, 1994Jun 10, 1997Reynolds Metals CompanyInlet and discharge valve arrangement for a high pressure pump
US5904179 *Nov 14, 1997May 18, 1999Waterjet Service, Inc.Inlet check valve
US6021810 *May 14, 1999Feb 8, 2000Waterjet Service, Inc.Inlet check valve
US7278838Jun 15, 2004Oct 9, 2007Waterjet Service, Inc.Inlet check valve with removable seat
US8221100 *Dec 4, 2008Jul 17, 2012Nlb Corp.High pressure water pump valve and seal structure
US20050276712 *Jun 15, 2004Dec 15, 2005Waterjet Service, Inc.Inlet check valve with removable seat
US20100140526 *Dec 4, 2008Jun 10, 2010Forrest Jamie AHigh pressure water pump valve and seal structure
US20120103179 *Jun 30, 2010May 3, 2012Delphi Technologies Holding S.A.R.L.Pump unit
DE19604132A1 *Feb 6, 1996Aug 7, 1997Hammelmann Paul MaschfHochdruckplungerpumpe, vorzugsweise für Arbeitsdrücke oberhalb 2.000 bar
DE19604132C2 *Feb 6, 1996Apr 13, 2000Hammelmann Paul MaschfHochdruckplungerpumpe, vorzugsweise für Arbeitsdrücke oberhalb 2.000 bar
DE19728040A1 *Jul 1, 1997Jan 7, 1999Uhde Hochdrucktechnik GmbhZylinder für Hochdruckpumpen
EP0035570A1 *Apr 8, 1981Sep 16, 1981Arimitsu Industry Co., Ltd.Reciprocating pump
EP0889239A2Apr 11, 1998Jan 7, 1999Uhde Hochdrucktechnik GmbHCylinder for high pressure pumps with threaded connected suction and discharge valve block
Classifications
U.S. Classification417/567, 417/569
International ClassificationF04B53/10
Cooperative ClassificationF04B53/102, F04B53/103
European ClassificationF04B53/10D, F04B53/10D6