|Publication number||US3260269 A|
|Publication date||Jul 12, 1966|
|Filing date||Feb 20, 1964|
|Priority date||Feb 20, 1964|
|Publication number||US 3260269 A, US 3260269A, US-A-3260269, US3260269 A, US3260269A|
|Inventors||Morris Zurndorfer Esther E|
|Original Assignee||Morris Zurndorfer Esther E|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (9), Referenced by (9), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
y 12, 1956 E, M. ZURNDORFER 3,260,269
HAIR DRESSING DEVICE WITH RETRACTABLE COMB Filed Feb. 20. 1964 ::\'\'1-..\ 11m. ESTHER E. MORRIS ZURNDORFER WWW ATTORNEY United States Patent 3,260,269 HAIR DRESSING DEgCE WITH RETRACTABLE OMB Esther E. Morris Zurndorfer, 37 St. Mark Place, Brooklyn, N.Y. Filed Feb. 20, 1964, Ser. No. 346,158 3 Claims. (Cl. 132123) This invention refers to hair dressing devices. More particularly, it relates to a compact hair dressing and combing device having a disappearing combing member.
In the hair dressing art, ordinary combs are used for fixing th hair. Such combs are often provided with an extension member for insertion into the mop of hair on the head so as to bunch strands preparatory to clipping or curling the same. Such combs do not afford all the cooperative parts necessary for hair combing and curling.
In accordance with my invention, it is an object of the same to provide a compact hair sorting, curling and setting device.
Ordinarily, many women have in their hand bags, combs, lipstick and other cosmetic addenda for use while away from their homes. In the present case, I have provided a hair separating, combing and curling device in one compact form, which can be carried and used at the convenience of the owner.
A more specific object of my invention is to provide a compact, unitary cooperative hair combing, setting and curling device in which the comb portion thereof is actuated so as to be exposed for use and to when not in use, be retracted to produce a compact unit.
Still another object of my invention is to provide a hair dressing device having an externally corrugated housing for a disappearing comb, and manipulative means for operating said comb, one end of said housing being provided with grooves.
Other objects and features of my invention will become apparent from the following detailed description, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:
FIG. 1 is a perspective View of a preferred embodiment of my invention.
FIG. 2 is an exploded view of FIG. 1 showing the component and related parts unassembled,
FIG. 3 is a longitudinal sectional view taken on line 33 of FIG. 1, and
FIG. 4 is an end view of FIG. 1 taken on lin 4-4 thereof.
Referring now to the drawing in which like reference numerals refer to like parts throughout, I provide, according to my invention, a hair dressing device 10. Said device is provided with a tubular casing or housing 11 provided with a plurality of longitudinal recesses 12 arranged circumferentially on the housing so as to impart a scalloped or milled appearance to the housing. Said housing is also provided with a longitudinal slot 12a.
Housing 11 has at its butt end, a closure cap 13 which is fixed thereto in any suitable manner such as by cementing or welding. It will be noted that said cap 13 has recesses which are in alignment and correspond with those of housing 11, so that when the cap is inserted into housing 11 a uniform appearance is obtained or imparted. Also, said cap has extension-s on its periphery, which form extended circumferential recesses.
Said cap 13, part of which fits into housing 11 has an opening 14 for accommodating one end of a rod 15 thereby acting as a bearing, when said rod is rotated. Rod 15 has a pair of spaced apart gear members 16 and 17 which are adapted to mesh with the side teeth 18 and 19 respectively of a comb 20, and operate the comb to move it in and out of the interior of the housing 11 through slot 12a. Comb 20 is provided on one of its faces with a pair of spaced pins 21 and 22, which act as stops against the full extrusion of comb 20 from housing 11. Said stops make contact with the inner wall of housing 11 as shown in FIG. 3. Said comb, furthermore extends the length of the housing and is adapted to fit in said housing when the comb is retracted as will hereinafter he described. In order to guide the comb, in its movement in and out of housing 11, cap 13 and end cap 23 each has a guide slot 24. Said slots 24 are in alignment with opening 12a. The ends of the comb slide up and down said guide slots when the rod 15 is actuated. To facilitate the even movement of comb 20 teeth 18 and 19 in engagement with gear members 16 and 17 are simultaneously and evenly set that comb 20 will evenly move in and out of slot 12a.
The end cap 23 has an opening 26 through which said rod 15 extends. Said rod fits into a rat tail spindle 27 which has an opening 28 for accommodating the free end 29 of rod 15. A socket screw 30 is provided for insertion into the spindle and firmly fixing the rod and spindle to permit uniform rotation of the rod.
From FIG. 3, which shows the assembled device, it will be noted that the depth of the comb is substantially equal to the internal diameter of housing 11 so that when the comb is retracted into the housing, the comb disappears, whereas when the comb is actuated the teeth 25 extend outwardly of the housing to a point set by stop pins 21 and 22. In addition, gear members 16 and 17 being in mesh with teeth 18 and 19 operate uniformly so that the length of the comb moves evenly via grooves 23 and 24 of the end caps 13 and 23.
Spindle 27 is provided at its end adjacent cap 23 with a milled or knurled end 31 to permit easy grasping and rotation of the spindle for operating rod 15 which in turn moves comb 20 in and out of said housing.
My invention as described and illustrated herein pro vides a readily usable, compact hair dressing device. It can be used for separating th hair by means of the spindle so as to form a compact bundle of hair which is then combed by means of comb 20 so as to straighten the same preparatory to being curled. The combed hair is then rolled around the housing to form the desired type of hair curl. This curl, once formed as desired, is then clipped by means of a hobby pin or th like which can be readily slid along any one of the external longitudinal grooves or recesses 12. It will be noted that these bobby pins can be set at any point in the periphery of the housing.
Sometimes, it is desired to form curls which are fiattened against the scalp instead of being substantially parallel with the plane of the scalp. In such cases, where the curls are to be flat against the head the curl formed as hereinabove described is forced toward the end cap 13 which is in turn placed fiat against the scalp. In order to insert bobby pins or the like through such hair curls, grooves or recesses 12 have sufiicient free space so that the pins can readily pass along and be guided by said pins. Also, said recesses 12 are formed by ribs which can be extended beyond cap 13.
From the foregoing, it is apparent that I have provided a compact cooperative hair dressing device which can be readily carried in a bag having a ladys personal effects. The combination of a housing for a retractable comb, a spindle for separating hair and retracting and exposing said comb and guide means on the external periphery on one end of the housing provide for a com pact unit which can be used at any time the owner decides.
While a preferred embodiment of my invention has been described and illustrated, it is to be noted that it may be made of any suitable type of material and may be modified as to form, arrangement of parts and use of material without departing from the spirit and scope of my invention as claimed.
1. A hair curling device, comprising a ribbed cylindrical housing, said housing having a longitudinal slot extending through the wall of the housing in an axial direction, a pair of opposed spaced end pieces attached to the respective ends of the housing, each of said end pieces being provided with a transverse slot in alignment with said longitudinal slot, an actuating rotatable rod centrally located in the housing and inserted at one end into one of the end pieces and extending at the other end through the opposed end piece, said rod having a pair of spaced toothed gear members rigidly secured thereto within the housing, a comb in said housing having end rack teeth in meshing engagement with the toothed gear members, said comb being slidable in and out of the longitudinal slot and guided by said transverse slots of 2 the end pieces, and tapered handle means fixed to said rod and in alignment therewith for rotating said rod.
2. A device according to claim 1, wherein the comb is provided with stop members to prevent the full extrusion of said comb from said housing.
3. A device according to claim 1 in which the handle means extending from the housing is partly knurled and rat tail shaped, and the other end of the cylinder is inset and provided with grooves arranged peripherally thereon.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 17,103 4/1857 Lewis 132123 1,592,510 7/1926 Toepperwein 15-203 2,244,068 6/1941 Kay 132123 2,299,295 10/1942 Battle 132-148 X 2,457,414 12/1948 Susi 132-122 2,672,876 3/1954 Bedwell 132l23 2,803,256 8/1957 Lerner 132-34 2,981,965 5/1961 Kaye et al. 132-151 X 3,148,685 9/1964 Haynes et al 132123 RICHARD A. GAUDET, Primary Examiner.
R. L. FRINKS, Assistant Examiner.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US17103 *||Apr 21, 1857||Instrument for curling hair|
|US1592510 *||Oct 7, 1925||Jul 13, 1926||Toepperwein Ferdinand L||Folding pocket hairbrush|
|US2244068 *||Dec 3, 1938||Jun 3, 1941||Kay Constantine||Hair dressing device|
|US2299295 *||Jun 6, 1941||Oct 20, 1942||Battle Joseph J||Hair operator's instrument|
|US2457414 *||Oct 19, 1946||Dec 28, 1948||Frank Susi||Hair curling device|
|US2672876 *||Jun 9, 1952||Mar 23, 1954||Bedwell Andrew J||Hair curling device|
|US2803256 *||Aug 8, 1955||Aug 20, 1957||Gillette Co||Hair curling device|
|US2981965 *||May 15, 1957||May 2, 1961||Lester R Peilet||Collapsible brush|
|US3148685 *||Mar 30, 1961||Sep 15, 1964||Haynes Janet E||Hair curler with retractable comb teeth|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3419019 *||Dec 6, 1965||Dec 31, 1968||Rayette Faberge||Hair curlers|
|US3962742 *||Jun 13, 1975||Jun 15, 1976||John Vendur||Hair styling brush|
|US4335732 *||Jan 26, 1981||Jun 22, 1982||Salvatore Megna||Hair curling iron|
|US4363334 *||Jul 28, 1981||Dec 14, 1982||Forfex Alfred Popp Haarpflegegerate Gmbh||Combing curler|
|US4473086 *||Dec 21, 1982||Sep 25, 1984||Save-Way Industries, Inc.||Hair curling device having retractable teeth and locking means therefor|
|US4527576 *||May 10, 1984||Jul 9, 1985||Fargo Chou||Retractable comb and brush|
|US5027838 *||May 14, 1990||Jul 2, 1991||Chesebrough-Pond's Usa Co., Division Of Conopco, Inc.||Cosmetic applicator brush|
|US8302246||Apr 7, 2009||Nov 6, 2012||Goody Products, Inc.||Hair brush with retractable bristles|
|US20140059792 *||Aug 29, 2013||Mar 6, 2014||Roy Naccour||Hair Brush|
|U.S. Classification||132/123, 132/212|
|International Classification||A45D2/00, A45D2/24|