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Publication numberUS3260393 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 12, 1966
Filing dateMay 10, 1965
Priority dateMay 10, 1965
Publication numberUS 3260393 A, US 3260393A, US-A-3260393, US3260393 A, US3260393A
InventorsRankin Jr Joseph D, Simon Roberts
Original AssigneeRankin Jr Joseph D, Simon Roberts
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Safety cap for containers
US 3260393 A
Images(2)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 12, 1966 s. ROBERTS ETAL SAFETY CAP FOR CONTAINERS 2 Sheets-Sheet l Filed May l0, 1965 July 12, 1966 s. ROBERTS ETAL SAFETY CAP FOR CONTAINERS 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed May lO, 1965 Ffa. ZO

m w N .M W n m A United States Patent O Mich.

uned May i0, 1965, ser. No. 454,403 2i claims. (c1. 1215-9) This invention relates generally to a safety cap for containers such as bottles and the like, and more particularly to a safety cap which is virtually impossible to be opened by children because of its novel structural features.

It is the primary object of the present invention to provide a novel and improved safety cap which is constructed and arranged to prevent children fromopening bottles and like containers which contain dangerous or injurious substances.

It is another object of the present invention to provide a novel and improved safety cap which operates in a manner simil-ar to standard caps and may be simply operated by an adult, but wherein a young child would find it virtually impossible to operate to remove the safety cap from a container because he lacks the fully developed reflexes and controls necessary for operating the safety cap.

It is a further object of the present invention to provide a safety cap for a container which is provided with an audible signal means so that when a child plays with a container having the safety cap mounted thereon, a parent will be warned of this fact by a distinctive audible signal.

lt is still another object of the p-resent invention to provide a novel and improved safety cap for a container which automatically limits the amount of force which can be applied in tightening the cap so that an adult can open a container which has been closed by another person who is quite strong and who is in the habit of overtightening a container cap in an attempt to make it safe for children.

It is still a further object of the present invention to provide a novel and improved safety cap which is adapted to operate on standard threaded or bayonet type closure containers.

It is still another object of the present invention to provide a novel and improved safety cap which is simple and compact in construction, economical of manufacture, reusable, eflicient and sanitary in operation.

It is still a further object of the present invention to provide a novel and improved safety cap for a container which includes an inner cap member provided with means for sealing engagement with a container, an outer cap member telescopically mounted over said inner cap member and normally rotatable independently thereof and movable longitudinally thereof, a plate mounted in the outer cap member, means for releasably connecting said plate to one of said cap members, drive clutch means for connecting said cap members together for positive drive action for rotation of the inner cap member when the outer cap member is rotated in one direction to remove the safety cap from the container, and for torque limiting, releasable drive action for rotation of the inner cap member when the outer cap is rotated in another direction to attach the safety cap to the container, and spring means mounted between said cap members for normally biasing the clutch drive and driven means apart to inoperative positions to allow independent rotation of the outer cap member relative to the inner cap member.

Other objects, features and advantages of this invention will be apparent from the following detailed description, appended claims, and the accompanying drawings.

In the drawings:

FIG. 1 is a fragmentary, elevational view of the upper end of a container provided with a safety cap made in accordance with the principles of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is an enlarged, elevational view of the safety cap illustrated in FIG. l, taken along the line 2-2 thereof, looking in the direction of the arrows, showing parts in section and parts broken away, and with noise maker grooves on the top surface of the inner cap member;

FIG. 3 is a plan view of the inner cap member of the structure illustrated in FIG. 2, taken along the line 3 3 thereof, looking in the direction of the arrows, with the outer cap member removed, and with noise maker grooves on the top surface;

FIG. 4 is a horizontal sectional view of the structure illustrated in FIG. 2, taken along the line 4 4 thereof, and looking in the direction of the arrows;

FIG. 5 is au exploded view, partially in section, of the safety cap illustrated in FIG. 2;

FIG. 6 is a fragmentary, elevational section view similar to FIG. 2, and showing the outer cover member moved downwardly to bring the clutch drive key into the clutch drive socket on the upper end of the inner cover member,

FIG. 7 is a perspective View of a modified clutch drive key structure;

FIG. 8 is a view similar to FIG. 6, and showing the modified clutch drive keys of FIG. 7 in the clutch drive socket;

FIG. 9 is a fragmentary, elevational section view of a modified clutch drive key and drive socket configuration;

FIG. 10 is a fragmentary, elevational section view of still another modified clutch drive key and socket configuration;

FIG. ll is a fragmentary, elevational section view smilar to FIG. 2, and showing a modification wherein the inner cover member is releasably secured in the outer cover member by a snap ring;

FIG. 12 is a fragmentary, elevational section view similar to FIG. 2, and showing a spring tang slot closed on the outer side;

FIG. 13 is a fragmentary, elevational section view of a clutch drive socket means and showing a curved clutch face;

FIG. 14 is an elevational view similar to FIG. 2 and showing a modified safety cap, with parts in section and parts broken away, and with the noise maker grooves removed;

FIG. 15 is a plan view of the inner cap member of the I structure illustrated in FIG. 14, taken along the line 15-15 thereof, looking in the direction of the arrows, with the outer cap member removed, and with the noise maker grooves removed;

FIG. 16 is a horizontal section view of the structure illustrated in FIG. 14, taken along the line 16-16 thereof, and looking in the direction of the arrows;

FIG. 17 is .an exploded view, partially in section, of the'safety cap illustrated in FIG. 14;

FIG. 18 is a fragmentary, elevational section View similar lto FIG. 14, and showing the outer cap member moved downwardly to bring the clutch drive key into the clutch drive socket on the upper end of the inner cap member;

FIG. 19 is a perspective view of the clutch drive key structure of FIG. 7 with the noise maker arm removed; and,

FIG. 2O is a view similar to FIG. 18, and showing the clutch drive keys of FIG. 19 in the Clutch drive socket.

Referring now to the drawings, and in particular to FIG. l, the reference numeral 8 generally indicates a safety cap made in accordance with the principles of the present invention, and it is shown in an operative sealing position on -a container 9. As shown in FIG. 2, the safety cap 8 comprises an outer cap member, generally indicated by the numeral 10, in which is telescopically and slidably mounted an inner cap member, generally indicated by the numeral 11. The outer cap member is providedwith the cylindrical side wall 12, which is formed wlth a smooth inner surface and which may be provided with a roughened outer surface for frictional engagement with the fingers of a person operating the safety cap. The outer cap member 10 is further provided with an integral top end wall 13. The lower end of the outer cap member 10 is open and is provided with a beveled or converging entrance lip or surface 14 that terminates in .an integral retaining ring 15. The integral retaining ring 15 is of a slightly smaller diameter than the diameter of the interior 16 of the outer cap so as to provide a ledge on which the inner cap member 11 is seated.

As shown in FIGS. 2, 3 and 5, the inner cap member 11 is provided with a cylindrical side wall 17 which is of a diameter smaller than the inner diameter 16 of the outer cap 10, and of a size to provide free relative rotation between the two cap members. The inner cap member 11 is open at the lower end thereof and the interior 18 thereof is threaded for threaded engagement with a container as 9. The inner cap member 11 may be provided with a suitable sealing gasket 19 on the inner side of the integral top end wall 20. As best seen in FIGS. 2, 3 and 5, the outer peripheral side of the top end wall 20 is beveled, as indicated by the numeral 21.

As shown in FIGS. 2, 3 and 5, a clutch driven means, generally indicated by the numeral 22, is integrally formed on the upper end of the inner cap member 11. The clutch driven means 22 comprises a body which is centrally disposed on the outer side of the top wall 20, and which is surrounded by a horizontal annular surface 23, in which is formed a plurality of radially disposed grooves or notches 24. The grooves 24 are circumferentially spaced apart and are part of a noise making mechanism as more fully described in detail hereinafter.

The clutch driven means is provided with a beveled side wall 25, and a transverse socket 26 is formed therethrough for `the reception of a mating clutch drive key, las explained more fully hereinafter. It will be understood, that side wall may be vertical. As best seen in FIGS. 3 and 5, the clutch driven means 22 includes a pair of flat, positive drive clutch driven faces 27 and 28 which are vertically disposed on opposite sides of the slot 26,` and in offset positions relative to each other. The positive drive clutch faces 27 and 28 extend inwardly from the outer edge of the clutch driven means 22 to the center thereof. A second pair of clutch driven faces 29 and are formed on opposite sides of the slot 26 and in offset positions relative to each other. The clutch faces 29 and 30 are relieved faces, and as shown in FIG. 2, are formed at an acute angle relative to the vertical axis of the safety cap 8. As best seen in FIG. 3, the positive drive clutch face 27 is oppositely disposed relative to the torque limiting clutch driven face 30, and the same condition is present for the clutch drive and driven faces 28 and 29, respectively. The torque limiting clutch faces 29 and 30 also extend inwardly from the outer edge of the clutch driven means 22 to the center thereof.

As shown in FIGS. 2, 4 and 5, a circular plate 31 is disposed inside of the outer cap member 10 and it is made from a suitable spring material, as for example, a suitable spring metal material. The plate 31 is provided with a plurality of integral, peripherally disposed, circumferentially spaced apart tangs 32 which are disposed at right angles to the plane of the plate and are adapted to be slidably received in mating slots 33 formed through the top wall 13 of the outer cap member 10. It will be seen, that when the outer cap member 10 is rotated the tangs 32 will be engaged by the end walls of the slots 33 and carry the plate 31 with the outer cap member 10. As best seen in FIG. 2, the slots 33 are slightly larger in cross section than the cross section of the tangs 32 so as to provide clearance for passage therethrough of cleansing fluid into the safety cap between the inner and outer cap members for ushing the safety cap. It will be seen that the tangs 32 thus releasably connect the plate 31 to the outer cap member 10. U

As best seen in FIGS. 2, 4 and 5, a spring means 1s integrally formed on the plate 31 and comprises a plurality of spring legs 34 struck from said plate 31 at circumferentially spaced positions around the plate. The spring legs 34 have the upper ends thereof integral with the plate 31 and the other ends are curved upwardly toward the upper ends of the spring legs so as to provide a rounded lower end 35 which is adapted to slidably engage the upper surface 23 on the inner cap member 11. It will be seen that the spring means is thus mounted between the cap members and functions to normally bias the hereinafter mentioned clutch driven means and the aforementioned clutch drive means apart to inoperative positions, to allow independent rotation of the outer cap member 10 relative to the inner cap member 11. As shown in FIG. 12, the upper end of the slots 33 may be enclosed to form an enclosed tang drive slot 36.

The drive clutch mechanism employed in the invention 1 further includes a clutch drive means which is integrally formed on the plate 31 for selective engagement with the clutch driven means 22 formed on the inner cap member 11. As best seen in FIG. 5, the clutch drive means comprises a pair of clutch drive keys 37 and 38 which are struck from the plate 31 and which are disposed at an acute angle relative to the Vertical plane of the safety cap, as viewed in FIG. 2. The spring arms 34 normally bias the top wall 13 of the outer cap member 10 upwardly to a spaced apart position from the clutch driven means 22 so as to bring the clutch drive keys 37 and 38 to a position above clutch driven means 22. Accordingly, it will Ibe seen that with the cap members in such spaced apart positions, the outer cap member 10 may be rotated freely in either the clockwise or counter-clockwise direction without having the clutch drive keys 37 and 38 engage the clutch driven means 22. As shown in FIG. 2, the clutch drive key 37 has an inner face 39 and an outer face 40. The clutch key 3S has an inner face 41 and an outer face 42.

The outer faces 40 and 42 on the clutch drive keys 37 and 38, respectively, coact with the slanted or relieved clutch driven faces 30 and 29, respectively, to provide a torque limiting means for tightening the inner cap member 11 on a container. The inner clutch drive faces 39 and 41 on the clutch drive keys 37 and 38, respectively, function with the vertical or at faces 27 and 28 of the clutch driven means to provide a positive drive for unscrewing or removing the safety cap from a container.

The outer and inner cap members 10 and 11, respectively, may be made from any suitable material as for example, from a suitable molded plastic. The inner cap member 11 may be mounted in the outer cap member 10 in the following manner. The outer cap membei 10 may be `disposed in an inverted position and the plate 31 disposed inside of the outer cap member 10 with tangs 32 in seated engagement in the slots 33. The inner cap member 1 1 may then be forced into the outer cap 10 with the bevel 211 on the inner cap member 11 `functioning to spread the integral retaining ring 15 to permit entry of the inner cap member 11 into the outer cap member 10. It will be seen, that the integral 'retaining ring 15 traps the inner cap member 11 in the outer cap member 10 and prevents removal therefrom. The inner cap member 11 is moved into seatlng engagement on the ledge `formed by the retaining ring 15 by the biasing action of the spring legs 34.

In use, the safety cap 8 may be mounted on the threaded discharge end of a -container 9 by grasping the outer surface of the outer cap 10 and positioning the -upper end of the container in the leading edge of the inner cap member 1%1. Pressure is then exerted downwardly so as to move the outer cap member 10 relative to the inner cap member 11 and to bring the clutch drive keys 37 and 38 down into the socket 26 of the driven means ,22, as shown in FIG. `6. The outer cap member would then be rotated in a clockwise direction to bring the torque 'limiting clutch drive faces 40 and 412 into driving engagement with the slanted clutch driven surfaces 30 and 29, respectively. Continued clockwise rotation of the outer cap member 10 will thread the inner cap member l1r1 down into sealing engagement on the container. When the inner cap member 1:1 becomes tightly closed on the container 9, and the clockwise directed force on the outer cap member 10 is continued, the clutch drive keys 37 and 38 will slip up and over the slanted or relieve surface faces 30 and 29, thereby preventing damage to the safety cap. The operator will then know that the inner cap member 11 has been securely tightened and he will release pressure on the outer cap member -10 and permit the spring legs 34 to lbias the two cap members apart, to the clutch inoperative position shown in FIG. 2.

It will be seen, that if a child obtains a container with a safety cap of the present invention thereon, he can freely rotate the outer cap member 10 relative to the inner cap member 11 without removing the inner cap member 111. An adult, on .the other hand, can quickly `and easily remove the safety cap 8 lfrom the container by pressing downwardly on the outer cap 10 and turning the same until the clutch drive keys 37 and 68 engage the socket 26. The inner cap member 11 may be quickly and easily removed from a container by turning the outer cap member 10 in a counter-.clockwise direction when the clutch keys 37 and 38 have been inserted in the socket 26, so as to bring the inner cl-utch drive faces 39 and \41 into driving engagement with the clutch driven faces 27 and 28 and with continued rotation of the outer cap member 10 provide a positive drive action by the clutch drive mechanism.

In order to warn persons in the household that a child may have obtained a bottle provided with a safety cap thereon and is playing with the same, the safety cap is equipped with a noise maker which generates an audible signal that may be heard by persons in the house in the vicinity adjacent the child. As shown in FIG. 5, the plate 31 has a resilient arm `43 struck therefrom or attached thereon and extended downwardly toward the inner cap member 111. The lower end or free end of the resilient arm 43 is adapted to engage the grooves or notches 24 in the upper surface 23 of the inner cap member 11 and create a noise when the outer cap member 10 is rotated independently of the inner cap member 11, in the same manner as a stick being run over a picket fence. The resilient noise making arm 43 is provided on the lower end thereof with a curved termin-al portion, and this arm 143 is adapted to flex when the `outer :cap member 110 is moved downwardly into driving engagement with the inner cap member 1-1.

It will be obvious that the relative positions of the clutch driven means 22 and the plate 31 may be reversed so that the notches 24 and the clutch driven means 22 are carried on the inside of the top wall 13 of the outer cap member 10, and the plate 3K1 with its clutch drive means, spring legs, and noise making arm carried on the upper side of the inner `cap member i141. This would be merely a reversal of parts.

FIGS. 7 and 8 show a modified form of clutch drive means wherein four clutch drive keys are employed instead of two as shown in FIG. 5. In this embodiment, the four clutch drive keys are struck from the metal plate 31 and the two slanted drive keys 37a and 38a function in the same manner as the clutch drive keys 3f] and 3-8 of FIG. 5 for a torque limiting action during a clockwise rotation of the outer cap member 10 to tighten the inner cap member 1K1 on a container. The positive drive action for removing the inner cap member 11 would be provided by the two vetrically disposed clutch drive keys 44 and 4S which are provided with outer flat or vertical faces, as 46 in FIG. 8, for engagement with the vertical -faces 27 and 28 of the clutch driven means 22 lfor effecting a safety cap removal rotation. It will be seen that the four operative clutch faces of the embodiment of lFdG. 5 are disposed on two clutch drive keys, whereas in the embodiment of FIGS. 7 and 8, the four operative clutch drive faces are disposed on one side each of four different clutch drive keys.

FIG. 9 shows a slight modification of the clutch d'rive mechanism in which the key 37b has been bent to the vertical position, parallel with the clutch key 44. The clutch driven relieved surface 30b has been disposed on an increased angle relative to the vertical axis through the inner cap member 1=1 as compared to the angle of the relieved sur-face 30 of FIG. 5.

FIG. 10 shows a further slight modification of the positions of the clutch drive key and the clutch driven torque llimiting faces. FIG. 10 shows the clu-tch drive key 37e bent at an acute angle relative to the vertical axis through the inner cap member 11 and the torque limiting clutch driven face 30C disposed in the vertical plane with a flat face. The clutch drive key 37C functions with the clutch driven face 311C in the same torque limiting manner as the aforedescribed clutch key 37 and clutch driven face 30.

It will be seen that the mating faces on the clutch drive keys and the clutch driven members may vary in angular disposition relative to each other in accordance with the material used in making the mating clutch parts and the load requirements for tightening the inner cap member r11. The prime requirement is that there be an angular disposition of one or both of the clutch drive faces and clutch driven faces relative to the vertical axis extending upwardly through the lower end of the clutch driven face at the point where it terminates at the surface of the clutch socket 26, or slightly above, as illustrated in FIGS. 6, 8, 9, 10, 12 and so forth.

FIG. 13 shows the clutch driven relieved face 30b formed with a curved face. It will be understood that the term relieved surface, as used in this specification and claims, includes a curved surface as shown in FIG. 13 as well as slanting surfaces as shown in FIGS. 2 through 9, 12 and 14 through 20. This also holds true for the face of the driving member.

FIG. 11 shows a removable inner cap member indicated by the nume-ral 11e. The safety cap in FIG. 11 has been indicated by the numeral 8e and the outer cap by number 10e. In this embodiment the retainer ring 15 of the first embodiment has been replaced by a removable snap ring retainer member 47 which is adapted to be releasably mounted in the annular recess 48 formed in the inner surface 16e of the outer cap member 10e. The retainer snap ring 47 abuts the lower end of the inner cap member 11e, and retains it in the outer cap member 10e during normal use of the safety cap. The inner cap member 11e may be removed for cleaning purposes by releasing the retainer snap ring 47. Any suitable retainer snap ring may be used.

FIGS. 1.4 through 18 illustrate a slightly modified embodiment of the invention in which the noise maker means has been removed. In this embodiment the parts of the safety cap which are similar to the parts of the safety cap shown in FIGS. 1 through 6 have been marked with the same reference numerals with the exception of the upper surface of the inner cap member 11 which has been marked with the numeral 23f to indicate its change. The surface 23j is a smooth annular surface without the noise maker notches 24 of the rst embodiment. FIG. 17 shows that the noise maker arm 43 has been deleted. The embodiment of FIGS. 14 through 18 would function in the same manner as the first described embodiment with the exception of the removal of the noise maker means.

FIGS. 19 and 20 illustrate the use of a four-part clutch drive key mechanism similar to that Shown in FIG. 7, but with the noise maker leg 43 removed.

It will be understood that the mechanically operated noise maker 43 may be mounted on any one of the three items including the outer cover 10, the inner cover 11 or the plate 31, and coact against siutable grooves or notches formed on one of the remaining two items.

Experience has shown that the safety cap of the present invention is an efficient safety cap which is simple for an adult to operate, while at the same time a young child finds it virtually impossible to open because he has not developed the conditioned reflexes and controls necessary to operate the safety cap in order to remove the inner cap member 11 from the container 9. The safety cap of the present invention limits the amount of force which can be applied in closing the inner cap member 11 so that an adult can open a container that has been closed by one who is quite strong and who is in the habit of over-tightening a container cap in an atempt to make it safe for children.

While it will be apparent that the preferred embodiments of the invention herein disclosed are well calculated to fulfill the objects above stated, it will be appreciated that the invention is susceptible to modification, variation and change without departing from the proper scope of fair meaning of the subjoined claims.

What we claim is:

1. A safety cap for a container, comprising:

(a) an inner cap member provided with means for sealing engagement with a container;

(b) an outer cap member telescopically mounted over said inner cap member and normally rotatable independently thereof and movable longitudinally thereof;

(c) a plate mounted in said outer cap member;

(d) means for releasably connecting said plate to one of said cap members;

(e) drive clutch mechanism for connecting said cap members together for positive drive action for rotation of the inner cap member when the outer cap member is rotated in one direction to remove the safety cap from a container, and for torque limiting, releasable drive action for rotation of the inner cap member when the outer cap member is rotated in another direction to attach the safety cap to the container, and including,

(1) clutch driven means on the other of said cap members, and

(2) clutch drive means on said plate selectively engageable with said clutch driven means; and,

(f) spring means mounted between said cap members for normaly biasing the clutch drive and driven means apart to inoperative positions to allow independent rotation of the outer cap member relative to the inner cap member.

2. A safety cap for a container as defined in claim 1,

including:

(a) means for generating an audible signal when said outer cap member is rotated independently relative to the inner cap member.

3. A safety cap for a container as defined in claim 2, wherein said means for generating an audible signal comprises:

(a) a resilient arm moved by one of said cap members and having a free end engageable with the other cap member; and,

(b) said other cap member being provided with a plurality of grooves engaged successively by the free end of said resilient arm when said one cap member is rotated independently -relative to said other cap member, thereby producing an audible sound.

4. A safety cap for a container as defined in claim 3,

wherein:

(a) said resilient arm is carried by said plate which is releasably connected to one of said cap members.

S. A safety cap for a container as defined in claim 4,

wherein:

(a) said plate is releasably connected to the outer cap member; and,

(b) said inner cap member is provided with said plurality of grooves.

6. A safety cap for a container as defined in claim 1,

wherein:

(a) said outer cap member is provided with at least one opening for the passage therethrough of cleansing iiuid into the `safety cap between the inner and outer cap members for cleaning the safety cap.

7. A safety cap for a container as defined in claim 1,

wherein:

(a) said plate is formed from a spring material and is releasably connected to one of said cap members; and,

(b) said spring means comprises a plurality of spring legs struck from said plate, and each of said spring legs having one end integral with said plate and the other end in slidable engagement with the other of said cap members.

8. A safety cap for a container as defined in claim 1,

including:

(a) means fixed on said outer cap member and engaging said inner cap member for retaining the inner cap member in the outer cap member.

9. A safety cap for a container as defined in claim 1,

including: l

(a) means releasably mounted on said outer cap member and engaging said inner cap member for reta-ining the inner cap member in the outer cap member.

16. A safety cap for a container as defined in claim 1,

wherein:

(a) said `clutch drive means comprises a plurality of clutch drive keys integrally formed with said plate;

(b) said clutch -drive keys `include a pair of positive drive faces, and a pair of torque limiting drive faces; and,

(c) said clutch driven means comprises a first pair of clutch driven positive drive faces engageable by the pair of positive drive faces on clutch drive keys for rotating the inner cap member when the outer cap member is rotated in a direction to remove the safety cap from a container, and a second pair of clutch driven faces engageable by the lpair of torque limiting drive faces on said clutch drive keys for rotating the inner cap member when the outer cap member is rota-ted in another direction to attach the safety cap to lthe container.

11. A safety cap for a container as defined in claim 10,

wherein:

(a) said second pair of clutch driven faces and said pair of clutch :torque limiting drive faces are relieved, whereby when a predetermined torque is exerted on the second pair of clutch driven faces by the clutch ltorque limiting drive faces, the clutch torque limiting drive faces will slip over the second pair of clutch driven faces and the outer cap member will rotate independently of the inner cap member.

12. A safety cap for a container as defined in claim 10,

wherein:

(a) said first pair of clutch driven faces are provided with fiat surfaces, and said first pair of clutch drive faces comprise said pair of positive drive faces and comprise fiat surfaces which seat on the fl'at surfaces on said first pair of clutch driven faces for positive drive action.

13. A safety cap for a container as defined in claim 10,

wherein:

(a) said first pair of clutch driven faces are provided with flat surfaces, and said first pair of clutch drive faces comprise said pair of positive drive faces and comprise flat surfaces which seat on the fiat surfaces on said first pair of clutch driven faces for positive drive action; and,

(b) said second pair of clutch driven faces are relieved said spring legs is integral with said plate and the and said pair of clutch torque limiting drive faces are other end is in slidable engagement with the other provided with a fiat surface `disposed at an acute angle of said cap members. relative to said relieved clutch driven faces, whereby 1'7. A safety cap for a container as defined in claim when a predetermined torque is exerted on the sec- 5 16, including: ond pair of relieved clutch driven faces by the pair (a) means for generating an audible signal when said of clutch torque limiting drive faces with dat surouter cap member is rotated independently relative ifaces, the pair of clutch torque limiting drive faces to the inner cap member. will slip over the second pair of clutch driven faces '18. A safety cap for a container as defined in claim 17, and the 'outer cap member Will rotate independently l0 wherein said me-ans for generating an audible signal comof the inner cap member. prises:

14. A safety cap for a container as defined in claim 10, (a) a resilient arm moved by one of said cap members wherein: land which has a free end engageable with the other f(a) said first pair of clutch driven faces are provided cap member; and,

with fiat surfaces, and said first pair of clutch drive (b) said other cap member is provided with a plufaces comprise said pair of positive drive faces and rality of grooves engaged successively by the free comprise dat surfaces which seat on the fiat surfaces end of said resilient arm when said outer cap mem- -on said first pair of clutch driven faces for positive ber is rotated independently relative to said inner drive action; and, cap member, thereby producing an audible sound.

(b) said second pair of clutch driven faces are provided 19. A safety cap for a container as defined in claim 18,

with iiat surfaces and said pair of clutch torque wherein:

.limiting drive faces are provided with relieved sur- (a) said plate is releasably connected to said outer cap faces disposed at an actue angle relative to said secmember; and,

ond pair of clutch driven faces with the flat surfaces, (b) said inner cap member is provided with said pluwhereby when a predetermined torque is exerted on rality of grooves.

the second pair of clutch driven faces with the flat 20. A safety cap for a container as defined in claim 19, surfaces by the pair of torque limiting drive faces wherein:

with the relieved sur-faces, the pair of torque limiting (a) said plate is provided with a plurality of tangs drive faces wild slip over the second pair of clutch seated in recesses formed on the inner surface of said driven faces and the outer cap member will rotate inlouter cap member for releasably connecting the dependently of the inner cap member. plate to the outer cap member.

15. A safety cap for a container as defined in claim 1G, 21. A safety cap for a container as defined in claim wherein: 1S, wherein:

(a) said one cap member is provided with a socket and (a) said recesses are extended through said outer cap said first pair of clutch driven faces are formed on member to provide openings for the passage there- `opposite sides of said socket and in positions offset through of cleansing liu-id into the safety cap befrom each other, and said second pair of clutch driven tween the inner and outer cap members for cleaning faces are formed on yopposite sides of said socket and the safety cap. yin positions offset from each other; and,

(b) said plurality of clutch drive keys are shaped to References Cited by the Applicant fit into said socket, and said pair of clutch positivce1 UNITED STATES PATENTS drive faces are formed -on opposite sides of sai clutch keys and in positions offset from each other, 2061214 11/1936 Semman' and said pair of clutch torque limiting drive faces are 710701 6/1955 Hale? formed on opposite sides of said clutch keys and in 2793777 5/1957 Lewis.

I 2,847,139 8/ 1958 Chr1st1ansson et al. positions offset from each other. 2 964 207 12/(1960 Towns Whleir safety cap for a contamer as defined 1n clalm 10, 3,055,524 9/1962 Glasbrenner.

(a) said plate is made from a spring material and is 3063588 11/1962 McKlm' releasably connected to one of said cap members; 3130848 4/1964 Chancellor' and, l (b) said spring means comprises a plurality of spring JOSEPH R LECLAIR Pnmary Exammer legs struck from said plate, and one end of each of FRANKLIN T. GARRETT, Examiner.

Patent Citations
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US2061214 *Nov 11, 1935Nov 17, 1936Oscar G ReimanBottle cap
US2710701 *Feb 12, 1952Jun 14, 1955Hale James ESafety cap
US2793777 *Jun 7, 1955May 28, 1957Harry LewisSafety cap
US2847139 *Aug 11, 1955Aug 12, 1958Fredrik Thornberg Karl GunnarScrew cap
US2964207 *Apr 15, 1958Dec 13, 1960Bryant W GriffinClosure for poison bottles
US3055524 *Apr 3, 1961Sep 25, 1962Armstrong Cork CoSafety closure
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US3130848 *Jun 11, 1963Apr 28, 1964Chancellor Roy DBottle cap with interrupted threads
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3306482 *Dec 2, 1965Feb 28, 1967Tuuri Armas ASafety closure for containers
US3338444 *Jul 11, 1966Aug 29, 1967Velt Evert DSafety bottle top
US3343697 *Nov 30, 1966Sep 26, 1967Rankin Jr Joseph DSafety closure
US3394829 *Apr 10, 1967Jul 30, 1968Harris M. PetersonSafety cap
US3944102 *Mar 30, 1973Mar 16, 1976Hermann GrauSafety screw closure
US6029835 *Dec 30, 1998Feb 29, 2000Valley Design, Inc.Child resistant safety cap with built-in auto retracting key mechanism
US8186526Jul 8, 2009May 29, 2012Rexam Healthcare Packaging Inc.Child resistant closure with a stacking position
EP0052260A1 *Oct 24, 1981May 26, 1982Friedrich Sanner GmbH & Co. KG SpritzgusswerkChild-resistant closure
Classifications
U.S. Classification215/220
International ClassificationB65D50/00, B65D50/04
Cooperative ClassificationB65D50/041
European ClassificationB65D50/04B