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Publication numberUS3261412 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 19, 1966
Filing dateSep 5, 1963
Priority dateSep 5, 1963
Publication numberUS 3261412 A, US 3261412A, US-A-3261412, US3261412 A, US3261412A
InventorsAdalbert Lob
Original AssigneeAdalbert Lob
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Point and driving assembly for making earth holes
US 3261412 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 19, 1966 A. LOB 3,261,412

POINT AND DRIVING ASSEMBLY FOR MAKING EARTH HOLES Filed Sept. 5, 1963 Inf" 7 6 5! r J m 1Z7 1 v 1 I I 5 I f L 3 L I 1 m i 1 I L4 Fig.1

Fig.2

Ada/bari- L6b INVENTOR.

BY w

Attorney United States Patent Filed Sept. 5, 1963, Ser. No. 306,906 3 Claims. (Cl. 17522) This invention relates to a novel and useful tool for and to a method of making earth holes for construction purposes, wells or for keeping water from structural work (i.e. lowering subsoil water): more, particularly, the present insertion is drawn to an improved well-point apparatus and method.

All the heretofore known and used methods and apparatus have been either too complex and expensive, for instance requiring the abandonment of pipes and other material, or too primitive and, consequently, useable in singular cases only. These methods include the known rotary and the Craelius methods, or boring and earth remove-d by hand.

The device according to my present invention comprises in combination a pointed cone-shaped metal shoe or well joint, the base of which is provided an upright annular flange made integral with said metal shoe; this flange receives, in the manner that a spigot is insertable .into a socket, the main pipe, and into the latter is situated a ram lying with its lower end on the base of said metal shoe.

The invention will now be more particularly described with reference to the accompanying drawing, which shows an embodiment of the device in which:

FIG. 1 is a fragmentary perspective view of the tool;

FIG. 2 is a vertical section through the device according to the invention;

FIG. 3 is a horizontal section taken along the line AA of FIG. 2, and

FIG. 4 is a horizontal section taken along the line BB of FIG. 2.

The pointed metal shoe 1 is provided integrally on its base 2 or by usual means of welding, riveting or the like not shown with an upright annular flange 3, forming the socket for a main pipe 4. Preferably the upper end of said main pipe 4 is equipped with a detachable collar 6 to protect the pipe against possible blows of the battering implement of a driving apparatus. A ram bar is inserted into the main pipe 4 and rests against the base 2 of the metal shoe 1. The bar 5 may be encircled by an iron band at either extremity, or otherwise fitted to prevent rapid deterioration. The bands are shown at 5', 5" while the bar 5 also is seen in FIG. 1 to have a shank 7.

By employing a pile-driver or some similar implement known per se, the ram 5, with the metal shoe 1 in front, are driven into the ground; the main pipe 4 follows the shoe 1, forming thereby a stable wall of the hole or well and preventing it from slipping or caving in.

When the desired depth is reached, the ram 5 is removed and replaced by a filter pipe, e.g. an iron or steel pipe with holes or slits. Thereafter a gravel filter is introduced into the space between the main pipe and the filter pipe, and then the main pipe carefully withdrawn. The filter pipe may, as a matter of course, be of any suitable cross-section, even square or polygonal.

It i preferred to make the main pipe capable of extension, and for this purpose to provide the standard main pipe at its upper end with a thread, to which lengthening pipes can be screwed on, if and when the original length should not sufllce.

It is apparent that numerous modifications and variations may be made without departing from the underlying principle of the invention. It is therefore desired in ice the following claims to include within the scope of the invention all such variations by which substantially the results of my invention may be obtained through the use of substantially the same or equivalent means.

I claim:

11. A percussively drivable well-point assembly comprising a conically pointed penetrating member having a generally vertical axis and formed with an abutment surface transversely to said axis and axially spaced from the tip of said member, said member being provided with an axially upwardly extending annular flange surrounding said abutment surface and forming a socket; an axially extending elongated main tubular member resting against said surface and removably receivable in said socket and having an outer diameter less than the outer diameter of said flange while being axially withdrawable therefrom below ground level; and an elongated driving ram removably extending through the interior of said tubular member and abutting said surface while protruding upward-1y beyond said tubular member for engagement by a driver to percussively force said pointed member into the ground.

2. A percussively drivable well-point assembly comprising a conically pointed penetrating member having a generally vertical axis and formed with an abutment surface transversely to said axis and axially spaced from the tip of said member, said member being provided with an axially upwardly extending annular flange surrounding said abutment surface and forming a socket; an axially extending elongated main tubular member resting against said surface and removably receivable in said socket and having an outer diameter less than the outer diameter of said flange while being axially withdrawable therefrom below ground level; an elongated driving ram removably eX- tending through the interior of said tubular member and abutting said surface while protruding upwardly beyond said tubular member for engagement by a driver to percussively force said pointed member into the ground; and a collar surrounding said ram at the upper end of said tubular member for guiding said ram.

3. A percussively derivable well-point assembly comprising a conically pointed penetrating member having a generally vertical axis and formed with an abutment surface transversely to said axis and axially spaced from the tip of said member, said member being provided with an axially upwardly extending annular flange surrounding said abutment surface and forming a socket; an axially extending elongated main tubular member resting against said surface and removably receivable in said socket and having an outer diameter less than the outer diameter of said flange while being axially withdrawable therefrom below ground level and an elongated driving ram removab-ly extending through the interior of said tubular memher and abutting said surface while protruding upwardly beyond said tubular member for engagement by a driver to percussively force said pointed member into the ground; and means on the upper end of said tubular member for joining additional lengths thereto as said pointed member is driven into the ground with said tubular member following after.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 49,362 8/ 1865 Barnes l22 102,572 5/ 1870 -McMil-lan -22 176,528 4/1876 Henry 175-22 202,796 4/ 1878 Dollard 166-16 409,446 8/ 1889 Blaisdell 166-16 2,578,996 12/ 1 Endersby 175-22 (Other references on following page) 3 FOREIGN PATENTS ERNEST R. PU RSER, Primary Examiner.

370,838 3/1923 Germany. BENJAMIN BENDETT, CHARLES E. OCONNELL, 45 3,210 11/ 1957 Germany. I Examiners.

156,093 9/1956 Sweden. 5 W. J. MALONEY, Assistant Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US49362 *Aug 15, 1865 Improvement in sinking deep-well tubes
US102572 *May 3, 1870 Improvement in tube-wells
US176528 *Apr 4, 1876Apr 25, 1876 Improvement in tube-wells
US202796 *Mar 20, 1878Apr 23, 1878 Improvement in methods of lining bored wells
US409446 *May 22, 1889Aug 20, 1889 Territory
US2578996 *Jan 26, 1948Dec 18, 1951Shell DevDriven well point
DE370838C *Mar 22, 1923Wilhelm ZiesseAbdichtung des unteren Endes eines Vortreibrohres mit loesbarer Vortreibspitze
DE453210C *Nov 30, 1927Beton U Tiefbau Ges Mast M B HVortreibspitze mit Abdichtungsrinne fuer Vortreibrohre
SE156093A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3399737 *Jun 21, 1966Sep 3, 1968Stichting Waterbouwkundig LabElongated object adapted to be driven into a resistant medium such as soil and a method for facilitating the driving in of such an object
US3902323 *Dec 21, 1973Sep 2, 1975Watanabe HikoitsuWater-duct pipe for preventing landslides
US4708530 *Oct 14, 1986Nov 24, 1987Pieter FaberConcrete foundation pile and device for driving the same into the ground
US4836299 *Oct 19, 1987Jun 6, 1989Bodine Albert GSonic method and apparatus for installing monitor wells for the surveillance and control of earth contamination
US5542784 *Jun 12, 1993Aug 6, 1996Atlas Copco Berema AktiebolagMethod and means for driving pipes into the ground and cartridge used therefor and for subsequent pipe blasting
US6536993 *Feb 21, 2002Mar 25, 2003Liberty Offshore, Ltd.Pile and method for installing same
US9068317 *Nov 2, 2012Jun 30, 2015University Of Washington Through Its Center For CommercializationPile with low noise generation during driving
US9080301 *Nov 27, 2013Jul 14, 2015University Of Washington Through Its Center For CommercializationPile with low noise generation during driving
US9617702Jan 6, 2014Apr 11, 2017University Of Washington Through Its Center For CommercializationPile with sound abatement
US9816246Sep 24, 2015Nov 14, 2017University Of Washington Through Its Center For CommercializationPile with sound abatement for vibratory installations
US20140056650 *Nov 2, 2012Feb 27, 2014University of Washington through it Center for CommercializationPile with low noise generation during driving
US20140086693 *Nov 27, 2013Mar 27, 2014University Of Washington Through Its Center For CommercializationPile with low noise generation during driving
EP1983274A3 *Apr 14, 2008Mar 11, 2015Jansen AGGround probe for extracting thermal energy from the ground and/or releasing thermal energy to the ground
WO1992022727A1 *Jun 12, 1992Dec 23, 1992Atlas Copco Berema AktiebolagMethod and means for driving pipes into the ground and cartridge used therefor and for subsequent pipe blasting
Classifications
U.S. Classification175/22, 405/253
International ClassificationE03B3/00, E03B3/12
Cooperative ClassificationE03B3/12
European ClassificationE03B3/12