|Publication number||US3262236 A|
|Publication date||Jul 26, 1966|
|Filing date||May 6, 1963|
|Priority date||May 6, 1963|
|Publication number||US 3262236 A, US 3262236A, US-A-3262236, US3262236 A, US3262236A|
|Original Assignee||Poyer David|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (9), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
July 26, 1966 D. POYER 3,262,236
ROOFING AND SIDING FLASHING MEMBER Filed May 6, 1963 14 FIG. 6
"1 DAVID POYER 34 BY 6 FIGE) 5 Q ATTORN Y United States Patent 3,262,236 ROOFING AND SIDING FLASHING MEMBER David Poyer, Los Angeles County, Calif. (6129 Vineland Ave., North Hollywood, Calif.) Filed May 6, 1963, Ser. No. 278,237 1 Claim. (Cl. 5258) This invention relates to a roofing and siding flashing member and more particularly to such a member which may be employed both as a flashing between roof and sidewall joints of corrugated or like structures and as a sealing means between the foundation and the sidewalls of corrugated or like structures.
It is customary in the building trade to provide flashing for the eaves, adjacent window sills, and at the bottom of the wall structure to keep moisture from seeping in and causing deterioration of the interior of the construction. This phase of construction work is particularly troublesome in structures formed by applying sheets of material, such as corrugated metal, to a structural framework as the corrugations in the material leave relatively large interstices which must be adequately sealed.
Heretofore, numerous methods have been devised to achieve this result. One method has been to provide preformed strips of sealing material fashioned to conform to the corrugations of the sheets to be engaged thereby. Another conventional method is to bend a strip of soft lead, attach it under the eaves and to the walls, and then beat it into the trough of the corrugation with a hammer.
While generally satisfactory, these two methods do have certain drawbacks. One drawback in the pre-formed strips of sealing material resides in the fact that they are frequently unsatisfactory and imperfect as a sealing means. They are also not adaptable for use in many locations and do not lend themselves to changes and variations to meet different structural conditions.
Another drawback of pre-formed strips resides in the fact that the thickness of the strip material necessary to insure a tight, strong connection between overlapping sheets causes the corrugated sheeting to be displaced substantially outwardly from the building structure.
The method of flashing with a strip of soft lead has the disadvantage that it is expensive from the standpoint of both material and labor required.
In view of the foregoing factors and conditions characteristic of methods and means for flashing corrugated structures, it is a primary object of the present invention to provide a new and improved roofing and siding flashing member not subject to the disadvantages enumerated above which may be used on existing structures or in new construction efficiently, safely and expeditiously.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a roofing and siding flashing member which is equally adaptable for use as a flashing member on sloped roofs or as a seal between the foundation and sidewall of corrugated and like structures.
Yet another object of the present invention is to provide an inexpensive, T-shaped flashing member wherein the upper surface of the cross-bar forming the T-shaped member has an irregular shape adapted to conform to the shape of a siding or roofing section which it is designed to abut in sealing relation.
According to the present invention, a T-shaped flashing ing section. The upper surface of the T-shaped member may be scalloped for use with corrugated siding and roofing so that it will fit snugly in the valleys of the siding and roofing to form an effective seal against snakes, rats and the elements.
The features of the present invention which are believed to be novel are set forth with particularity in the appended claim. The present invention, both as to its organization and manner of operation together with further objects and advantages thereof may best be understood by reference to the following description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings in which:
FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of a flashing member of the present invention in position at the base of a corrugated structure;
FIGURE 2 is a vertical cross-sectional view taken along line 22 FIGURE 1;
FIGURE 3 is a horizontal, cross-sectional view taken along lines 3-3 of FIGURE 1;
FIGURE 4 is an elevational view of a flashing member of the present invention;
FIGURE 5 is an elevational view, with parts shown in cross-section, of a flashing member of the present invention in position against the sloping roof of a corrugated structure; and
FIGURE 6 is a vertical, cross-sectional view taken along line 66 of FIGURE 5.
Referring again to the drawing, the flashing member of the present invention, generally designated 10, includes a flat base member 12 having a scalloped upper edge 14 along which a flexible, cross-arm member 16 is rigidly aflixed by any suitable means, such as a weldment 18 (FIGURE 5).
The edge 14 is scalloped in the embodiment shown for purposes of illustration, but not of limitation, to conform to the configurations of a corrugated siding member 20 and corrugated roofing member 22. Of course, it is apparent to those skilled in the art that the upper edge 14 may be shaped to fit roofing and siding members having other configurations, such as V-shaped interstices.
The flashing member 10 is shown in FIGURES 1, 2, and 3 in use as a stop member on the sidewall 20 of a structure having a foundation 24 to prevent the entry of vermin or the elements between the valleys 26 of sidewall 20 and the foundation 24. In the ordinary course of construction of a structure employing a sidewall 20 and a foundation 24, a stud plate 28 is secured to the upper face 30 of foundation 24 to which the lower ends 32 of vertical studs 34 may be secured.
The flashing member 10 is then cut to fit between the studs 34, as shown in FIGURE 1, with notches 36 provided at each end, as shown in FIGURE 4, to fit the space between the studs 34 and the sidewall 20. The flashing member 10 is then secured in position between the studs 34 with any suitable means, such as nails 38. The flexible member 16 readily conforms to any irregularity in the shape of the sidewall 20.
The siding 20 is secured to the studs 34 by means of nails 40. If desired, a continuous strip of flashing member 10 may be secured to the upper face 30 of the foundation 24 before the plate 28 is secured thereto. Then it is not necessary to cut the notches 36 into the flashing 10 to accommodate the studs 34. The flexible member 16 would then form a continuous edge along the front face 42 of foundation 24 and would engage the sidewall 20 forming an effective seal therewith.
The cross-arm 16 may be made of light gauge steel so that its flexible nature makes it readily adaptable for use as a flashing, as shown in FIGURES 5 and 6, on a sloped roof 22. Although the member 16 is attached to the member 12 at substantially right angles thereto, the member 16 will flex to the position shown in FIGURE 5 to conform to the slope of the roof 22. The roof 22 is secured to rafters, such as the one shown at 44, with nails, such as the ones shown at 46, and the rafter 44 engages a top plate 48 which, in turn, is secured to a header 50 on top of studs 34. The flashing member 10 is installed by cutting the notches 36 into individual panels 10 which may be secured between the rafters 44 by nailing the panels 10 to the base plate 48 with nails 52.
While the flashing member 10 is shown for purposes of illustration, but not of limitation, as being made of a metallic base portion 12 and cross-arm member 16, it is to be understood that the type of construction herein shown and described lends itself equally well to a flashing member made of other materials, such as a base member 12 of heavy building felt and an arm member 16 of foam rubber. In this event, the flashing member 10 could be supplied in rolled up strips and unrolled and cut to size for installation in the field.
While the particular flashing member herein shown and described in detail is fully capable of attaining the objects and providing the advantages hereinbefore stated, it is to be understood that it is merely illustrative of the presently preferred embodiment of the invention and that no limitations are intended to the details of construction or design herein shown other than as defined in the appended claim.
What is claimed is:
A flashing member for sealing the space between building members having a plurality of non-planar surfaces and a building frame to which they are secured comprising:
a flat base portion attachable to said frame and fabricated of a single piece of plate material;
a shaped edge having a plurality of non-planar surfaces on said base portion of the same configuration as said building surfaces; and
a cross member of plate material extending transversely of said base portion on opposite sides thereof and having a surface in the transverse plane of the same configuration as said edge of said base member and said building surfaces, said member being connected to said edge and adapted to be held in abutment over its entire surface with said building surfaces upon attachment of said base portion to said frame so that said base portion and said member seal said space;
said cross member being fabricated of a plate material having sufficient flexibility to flex relative to said base portion and assume various angles to said base portion in order to fully abut said building surface.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 669,148 3/1901 Smith 52 276 1,049,543 1/1913 Smith 61 16X 1,313,106 8/1919 Murphy 189-.85X 1,788,326 1/1931 Richards 52 13 2,021,929 11/1935 Voigt 52 96 2,664,177 12/1953 Hammittetal 52 90 FOREIGN PATENTS 651,539 10/1928 France. 323,096 12/1929 Great Britain.
OTHER REFERENCES Sweets Catalogue File, Architectural 1962, Sect. 8/ b Rey, page 16. (Copyrighted 1961.)
FRANK L. ABBOTT, Primary Examiner.
JACOB SHAPIRO, Examiner.
EARL I. WITMER, Assistant Examiner.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US669148 *||May 11, 1900||Mar 5, 1901||Francis Smith||Corrugated metal sheet at the angles of roofs, &c.|
|US1049543 *||Apr 13, 1912||Jan 7, 1913||Smith Metal Perforating Company||Corrugated sheet-metal sectional casing for culverts, drainage-casings, &c.|
|US1313106 *||Jul 25, 1917||Aug 12, 1919||Walter P Murphy||Sheet-metal end structure for railway-cars.|
|US1788326 *||Mar 26, 1928||Jan 6, 1931||Richards Clarence J||Roof construction|
|US2021929 *||May 20, 1932||Nov 26, 1935||Johns Manville||Flashed building structure|
|US2664177 *||Oct 10, 1947||Dec 29, 1953||Birum Jr Herbert L||Flashing construction|
|FR651539A *||Title not available|
|GB323096A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3385018 *||Oct 10, 1966||May 28, 1968||Henry A. Harry||Multipart sealing element for corrugated panel assemblies|
|US4014148 *||Dec 17, 1975||Mar 29, 1977||Butler Manufacturing Company||Sealing element for corrugated panel assemblies|
|US5657596 *||May 22, 1996||Aug 19, 1997||Powers, Iii; John||Fabricated building with metal purlins|
|US6205725 *||Dec 1, 1998||Mar 27, 2001||Michael Butler||Interlocking corrugated panel wall cast in-situ|
|US6427390||Oct 18, 2000||Aug 6, 2002||F. Boyce Thies||Foundation flashing for use in building construction|
|US6484460 *||Jan 22, 2001||Nov 26, 2002||Vanhaitsma Steve J.||Steel basement wall system|
|US8413386 *||Nov 18, 2004||Apr 9, 2013||Daryl Fazekas||Building protection structures and methods for making and using the protection structures|
|US20050102914 *||Nov 18, 2004||May 19, 2005||Daryl Fazekas||Building protection structures and methods for making and using the protection structures|
|WO2001059235A1 *||May 18, 2000||Aug 16, 2001||Art Bond||A building construction system and method|
|U.S. Classification||52/58, 52/281, 52/DIG.150, 52/274, 52/94, 52/92.2|
|International Classification||E04D13/147, E04D13/158|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S52/15, E04D13/158|