|Publication number||US326247 A|
|Publication date||Sep 15, 1885|
|Filing date||Feb 16, 1885|
|Priority date||Feb 16, 1885|
|Publication number||US 326247 A, US 326247A, US-A-326247, US326247 A, US326247A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (117), Classifications (13)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
2 Sheet-Sheet --1.
J. B. ROOT.-
(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 2. J. B. ROOT.
. v EXERGISING MACHINE. No. 326,247. Patented Sept. 15, 1885.
v fi zmmior I NITEDI STATES PATENT @FFICE.
JOHN B. noor, or rom onns'rnn, NEW YORK.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 326,247, dated September 15, 1885.
Application filed February 16, 1885.
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, JOHN B. ROOT, of Port Chester, in the county of Westchester and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Exercising-Machines,
cular exercise with the outlay of but little nervous strength.
It consists,in general,of devices arranged to support the body of the person exercising in a horizontal position, leaving his arms and legs free, and in levers for the hands and feet to operate, which levers are connected to a flywheel in such a manner as to operate or be operated by the same. By working said levers singly, in pairs, or otherwise, the fly-wheel is put in motion, and its motion reacts upon the person using the machine, thereby causing his muscles to be exercised while he is in a comparatively passive condition.
In the drawings, Figure 1 is a side View of a machine embodying my improvements. Fig. 2 is a cross-section of the same on plane 00 0a; and Fig. 3 is a side view of a modified form.
In these views a represents the base of the machine. B is an upright frame secured to the base. Supported on this frame in suitable bearings is the gear-wheel G, which meshes with the pinion D on the shaft of the fly-wheel E. On the ends of the shaft of the gear-wheel are crank-disks F.
G G are foot-levers hinged to the base of the machine and attached to the gear-wheel crankpins by connecting-rods H.
I I are hand-levers similarly arranged at the other end of the machine, and J are the rods connecting them to the gear-wheel crank-disks. These hand-levers have at their upper ends handles K, suited to the grasp of a persons hand.
The foot-levers are provided with foot-plates I1,which hang on pivots M, in the upper forked ends of these levers, and are provided with foot-straps N.
O is a saddle or body-support arranged upon the top of the fly-wheel frame. It is pref- (No model.)
erably cushioned, and conforms to the general shape of a persons body, with a breast-support, P, and a forehead-support, Q. There are also hipsupports, Q, which are for the lower parts of the body to rest upon, and this is to relieve the abdomen of a person exercising from the 'weight of the body or other Weight or pressure.
It is a screw-rod fixed in a slot in the base of the machine. Upon this rod travels the lug S, which projects down from the plate T, upon which the hand and foot levers are pivoted. Turning the screw-rod moves the hand-levers or the foot-levers nearer to or away from the saddle to accommodate the machine to persons of different sizes. For a like purpose the connecting-rods may be raised on the levers, or their operative length changed, and the forehead-support and saddle can also be moved on their supports, if it be desired to adjust them.
To exercise upon the machine, a person lies in the saddle, as shown, with his hands upon the handdevers and his feet in the foot-straps. In this'position he can alternately push against one hand-lever and the foot-lever upon the opposite side, and then against the other handlever and the foot-lever opposite to it, this being the mode of operating suited to the adjustment shown. Other combinations of foot and arm movements may be had, however, by changing the adjustment of the rods connecting the hand and foot levers to the balance-wheel, or by changing the position of the levers upon the base, or the position of the crank-pins; or the hand or foot levers may be alone worked, one of each pair, or those of one side; or the one exercising may stand before the leversand work one or both of either pair, and so on through many other movements or combinations of movements.
It will now be understood that when any one or more of the levers are Worked the fly-wheel will be put in motion, and the power thus stored in the fly-wheel will cause it to run for some time after the power exerted to drive it is no longer applied. This is the essential feature of advantages incident to the machine, and because it makes the machine reactionary, or so that it can act upon a person while in a quiet or passive state. Thus a person needs to exert his strength but a short time to put the flywheel into rapid motion, and he can then lie with limbs relaxed and without effort be exercised by the fly-wheel as it runs down; or he may, with slight efl'ort exerted regularly or at short intervals, keep the fly-wheel running continuously for any length of time, and in such latter use of the machine the advantage of the fly-wheel is-that it makes the naturally-uneven movements of the limbs and body even and regular, and effects their suflicient exercise without strains or shocks, or any of theill results that often follow other methods of exercising.
The forehead rest or brace is of much assistance to a person when using the machine, as shown, for it gives a firm support for the head and serves as a convenient brace to hold the person in an easy and fixed position.
In Fig. 3 I show a supplemental device for exercising the arms without exerting the grasping-power of the hands. U U are arm-rests arranged at the sides of the saddle "and supported upon angle levers V V, pivoted to the saddle -supports, and these angle-levers are attached to the hand-levers I I by connectingrods W. The person exercising places his arms upon the arm-rests, asshown, and bears down upon them, in eonj unetiou with pushing upon the foot-levers, to drive the machine, though in this case the fly-wheel is mainly driven by the feet. So, also, aperson exercising may lie on his back with the saddle properly adjusted and with his armsin aposition upon the armrests reversed to that shown in Fig. 3. Inthis view, too, I have shown the operating-levers as directly connected to the fly'wheel.
Still other connections between the flywheel and the limbs of a person exercising are possible; but the forms shown will suifice to explain the principle of the invention.
What is claimed as new is- 1. In an exercising-machine, the combination of afly-wheel and ahandle or handles connected by a crank with and for operating said fly-wheel, as and for the purpose described.
2. In an exercising-machine, the combination of a fly-wheel and a foot lever or levers connected by a crank with and for operating said fiy-wheel, as and for the purpose set forth.
3. In an exercising-machine, the combination of a fly-wheel and hand and foot levers connected byacrank thereto for operating the same, as and for the purpose set forth.
4. In an exercising-machine, the combination of a fly-wheel, hand and foot levers attached thereto and for operating the same, and ahorizontal body'support or saddle, asand for the purpose set forth.
5. In an exercising-machine, the combination of a saddle,O, adapted to the shape of and for holding a persons body, and a head rest or brace, Q, as and for the purpose set forth.
6 In combination, the fly-wheel E, the operating-levers pivoted to a plate, T, provided with the lug S, and the screw R, as and for the purpose set forth.
JOHN B. ROOT.
T. J. KEANE, J. R. NOTTINGHAM.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2419998 *||Mar 1, 1946||May 6, 1947||Wallace J S Johnson||Exercising machine|
|US2455548 *||Jul 22, 1948||Dec 7, 1948||Joseph D Bell||Exercising machine|
|US2497391 *||Jun 28, 1945||Feb 14, 1950||Benjamin Becker||Mechanical swimming exercising machine|
|US2603486 *||Jul 23, 1948||Jul 15, 1952||Brooke Petray||Push and pull exerciser|
|US2969060 *||Jul 13, 1959||Jan 24, 1961||Robert L Brannan||Exercising machine|
|US3039456 *||Dec 24, 1959||Jun 19, 1962||Luce Ronald S||Exercise chair|
|US3363335 *||Mar 27, 1964||Jan 16, 1968||Allen G. Doak||Patterning apparatus|
|US3731921 *||Mar 29, 1971||May 8, 1973||C Andrews||Bench for simulating and developing swimming movements|
|US3759511 *||Mar 29, 1971||Sep 18, 1973||K Gustafson||Adjustable friction type exercising device|
|US4188030 *||Aug 29, 1977||Feb 12, 1980||Repco Limited||Cycle exerciser|
|US4657244 *||Jul 31, 1986||Apr 14, 1987||Ross Bicycles, Inc.||Exercise bicycle|
|US4712789 *||Apr 10, 1987||Dec 15, 1987||Schwinn Bicycle Company||Cycle exercisers|
|US4720093 *||Nov 15, 1984||Jan 19, 1988||Del Mar Avionics||Stress test exercise device|
|US4830362 *||Apr 13, 1988||May 16, 1989||Bull John W||Full body, shock-free aerobic and anaerobic exercising machine for use in the standing position|
|US4838543 *||Oct 28, 1988||Jun 13, 1989||Precor Incorporated||Low impact exercise equipment|
|US4838544 *||Sep 29, 1987||Jun 13, 1989||Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.||Exercise bicycle|
|US4844450 *||Jan 29, 1988||Jul 4, 1989||Rodgers Jr Robert E||Swimming simulator|
|US4852872 *||Jan 19, 1989||Aug 1, 1989||Lo Peter K||Exercise bicycle for exercising arms and legs|
|US4871164 *||Apr 14, 1989||Oct 3, 1989||Tseng D H||Cycle exerciser|
|US4880225 *||Jul 28, 1988||Nov 14, 1989||Diversified Products Corporation||Dual action cycle exerciser|
|US4895362 *||Apr 13, 1987||Jan 23, 1990||Ross Bicycles, Inc.||Exercise bicycle|
|US4902001 *||Oct 30, 1987||Feb 20, 1990||Joseph Balbo||Cycle exerciser|
|US4917376 *||Apr 26, 1989||Apr 17, 1990||Lo Peter K||Exercise bicycle for exercising arms and legs|
|US4934690 *||May 12, 1989||Jun 19, 1990||Bull John W||Shock-free aerobic and anaerobic exercising machine for use in the standing position|
|US4940233 *||Feb 19, 1988||Jul 10, 1990||John Bull||Aerobic conditioning apparatus|
|US4986261 *||Aug 14, 1987||Jan 22, 1991||Superspine, Inc.||Apparatus for performing coordinated walking motions with the spine in an unloaded state|
|US5035417 *||Jun 28, 1989||Jul 30, 1991||Ross Sherwood B||Exercise bicycle|
|US5054770 *||Jun 15, 1990||Oct 8, 1991||Bull John W||Shock-free aerobic and anaerobic exercising machine for use in the standing position|
|US5158513 *||Sep 12, 1991||Oct 27, 1992||Reeves Michael P||Swimming exercise and training apparatus|
|US5224909 *||May 4, 1992||Jul 6, 1993||Hamilton John R||Mid-body exercise device|
|US5269736 *||Jan 11, 1993||Dec 14, 1993||Roberts Mark J||Combination stationary recumbent exercise apparatus and upper body exerciser|
|US5505679 *||Jan 4, 1994||Apr 9, 1996||Formula Ventures, Inc.||Recumbent leg and arm stepping exercising apparatus|
|US5569126 *||Mar 8, 1996||Oct 29, 1996||Perussi; Roberto A.||Energy absorbing exerciser apparatus|
|US5857943 *||Nov 4, 1997||Jan 12, 1999||Physicians' Preference, Inc.||Ergodynamically designed exercise device|
|US5941800 *||Aug 18, 1997||Aug 24, 1999||Total Motion, Inc.||Rehabilitation exercise machine|
|US6142912 *||Nov 19, 1998||Nov 7, 2000||Profaci; John||Swim training apparatus|
|US6409634||Jul 25, 2000||Jun 25, 2002||John Profaci||Swim training apparatus|
|US6533708 *||May 5, 2001||Mar 18, 2003||Michael Blake Taggett||Exercise apparatus|
|US6764432 *||Mar 5, 2002||Jul 20, 2004||Hippensteel Joseph B||Antigravity full range of motion four limb dry swim exercise machine|
|US6790162 *||Aug 30, 2001||Sep 14, 2004||Northland Industries, Inc.||Recumbent stepper with independently movable upper and lower body lever arrangements|
|US6793610 *||Jan 14, 2002||Sep 21, 2004||James A. Deola||Collapsible exerciser|
|US7104931 *||May 3, 2004||Sep 12, 2006||Philadelphia Nutrition & Phitness, Inc.||Exercise system and method for simulating a swimming motion|
|US7169088||Nov 26, 2003||Jan 30, 2007||Rodgers Jr Robert E||Compact variable path exercise apparatus|
|US7169089||Nov 26, 2003||Jan 30, 2007||Rodgers Jr Robert E||Compact variable path exercise apparatus with a relatively long cam surface|
|US7172531||Nov 26, 2003||Feb 6, 2007||Rodgers Jr Robert E||Variable stride exercise apparatus|
|US7172532||Jul 13, 2004||Feb 6, 2007||Nautilus, Inc.||Exercise device tubing|
|US7179201||Jun 7, 2004||Feb 20, 2007||Rodgers Jr Robert E||Variable stride exercise apparatus|
|US7201705||Nov 25, 2003||Apr 10, 2007||Rodgers Jr Robert E||Exercise apparatus with a variable stride system|
|US7214168||Nov 26, 2003||May 8, 2007||Rodgers Jr Robert E||Variable path exercise apparatus|
|US7226393||Jan 17, 2002||Jun 5, 2007||Nautilus, Inc.||Exercise bicycle|
|US7244217||Nov 26, 2003||Jul 17, 2007||Rodgers Jr Robert E||Exercise apparatus that allows user varied stride length|
|US7318791||May 1, 2007||Jan 15, 2008||Zinnoor Akhmetov||Cardiovascular spine exerciser|
|US7364533||Jul 13, 2004||Apr 29, 2008||Nautilus, Inc.||Adjustment assembly for exercise device|
|US7510512||Dec 3, 2004||Mar 31, 2009||Michael Blake Taggett||Exercise machine|
|US7517303||Feb 25, 2005||Apr 14, 2009||Nautilus, Inc.||Upper body exercise and flywheel enhanced dual deck treadmills|
|US7530936 *||Dec 8, 2006||May 12, 2009||Hall Antony A||Exercise machine|
|US7553260||Feb 26, 2004||Jun 30, 2009||Nautilus, Inc.||Exercise device with treadles|
|US7568999 *||Feb 5, 2007||Aug 4, 2009||Cybex International, Inc.||Exercise device for cross training|
|US7585263 *||Nov 5, 2007||Sep 8, 2009||Ab Coasler Holdings, Inc.||Abdominal exercise machine|
|US7648473||Sep 18, 2006||Jan 19, 2010||Jedheesh Peruvingal||Traction extension table|
|US7771325||Jun 4, 2007||Aug 10, 2010||Nautilus, Inc.||Exercise bicycle|
|US7811209||Mar 16, 2009||Oct 12, 2010||Nautilus, Inc.||Upper body exchange and flywheel enhanced dual deck treadmills|
|US7815551||Sep 11, 2008||Oct 19, 2010||Christopher R Merli||Seated exercise apparatus|
|US7824313||Feb 5, 2007||Nov 2, 2010||Cybex International, Inc.||Exercise device for cross training|
|US8025609 *||Mar 22, 2004||Sep 27, 2011||Cybex International, Inc.||Cross trainer exercise apparatus|
|US8057363||Mar 21, 2008||Nov 15, 2011||Cybex International, Inc.||Home ARC exercise machine|
|US8062185 *||Oct 5, 2005||Nov 22, 2011||Cybex International, Inc.||Exercise device for cross training|
|US8128535||Feb 23, 2011||Mar 6, 2012||Cybex International, Inc.||Exercise device for cross training|
|US8147385||Oct 12, 2010||Apr 3, 2012||Nautilus, Inc.||Upper body exercise and flywheel enhanced dual deck treadmills|
|US8162805 *||Feb 27, 2007||Apr 24, 2012||Cybex International, Inc.||Cross trainer exercise apparatus|
|US8454478||Mar 21, 2008||Jun 4, 2013||Cybex International, Inc.||Vertical arc exercise machine|
|US8562491||Oct 6, 2010||Oct 22, 2013||Flatiron Design, Llc||Seated exercise apparatus|
|US8734299||Apr 3, 2012||May 27, 2014||Nautilus, Inc.||Upper body exercise and flywheel enhanced dual deck treadmills|
|US9108078 *||Feb 25, 2013||Aug 18, 2015||James N. Young||Total body conditioning exercise apparatus|
|US9308415||May 20, 2014||Apr 12, 2016||Nautilus, Inc.||Upper body exercise and flywheel enhanced dual deck treadmills|
|US9352187||May 20, 2014||May 31, 2016||Nautilus, Inc.||Dual deck exercise device|
|US9440107||Dec 15, 2014||Sep 13, 2016||Nautilus, Inc.||Exercise device with treadles|
|US9682278 *||Jan 26, 2015||Jun 20, 2017||Bryan A. Jones||Exercise apparatus|
|US20040058784 *||Jul 1, 2003||Mar 25, 2004||Roberts Robert E.||Stationary type of exercise apparatus that enables movement of the user's feet in a reciprocating motion|
|US20040077463 *||Feb 26, 2003||Apr 22, 2004||Rodgers Robert E.||Stationary exercise apparatus with pivoting foot platforms|
|US20040192522 *||Apr 9, 2004||Sep 30, 2004||Hippensteel Joseph B.||Antigravity full range of motion four limb dry swim exercise machine|
|US20040224825 *||Mar 22, 2004||Nov 11, 2004||Cybex International, Inc.||Cross trainer exercise apparatus|
|US20040248704 *||Nov 26, 2003||Dec 9, 2004||Rodgers Robert E.||Compact variable path exercise apparatus|
|US20040248705 *||Nov 26, 2003||Dec 9, 2004||Rodgers Robert E.||Variable path exercise apparatus|
|US20040248706 *||Nov 26, 2003||Dec 9, 2004||Rodgers Robert E.||Variable stride exercise apparatus|
|US20040248708 *||Jun 7, 2004||Dec 9, 2004||Rodgers Robert E.||Variable stride exercise apparatus|
|US20040248709 *||Jun 7, 2004||Dec 9, 2004||Rodgers Robert E.||Variable stride exercise apparatus|
|US20040248710 *||Nov 25, 2003||Dec 9, 2004||Rodgers Robert E.||Exercise apparatus with a variable stride system|
|US20040248711 *||Nov 26, 2003||Dec 9, 2004||Rodgers Robert E.||Exercise apparatus that allows user varied stride length|
|US20050049117 *||Aug 27, 2004||Mar 3, 2005||Rodgers Robert E.||Striding simulators|
|US20050107224 *||Nov 8, 2004||May 19, 2005||Zinnur Akhmetov||Cardiovascular spine exerciser|
|US20050124466 *||Dec 6, 2004||Jun 9, 2005||Rodgers Robert E.Jr.||Pendulum striding exercise apparatus|
|US20050124467 *||Dec 6, 2004||Jun 9, 2005||Rodgers Robert E.Jr.||Pendulum striding exercise devices|
|US20050245360 *||May 3, 2004||Nov 3, 2005||Saul Robert M||Exercise system and method for simulating a swimming motion|
|US20050246485 *||May 3, 2004||Nov 3, 2005||Gateway, Inc.||Method and apparatus for modifying reserve area of disk drive or memory|
|US20060040794 *||Oct 5, 2005||Feb 23, 2006||Raymond Giannelli||Exercise device for cross training|
|US20070123393 *||Feb 5, 2007||May 31, 2007||Cybex International, Inc.||Exercise device for cross training|
|US20070129217 *||Feb 5, 2007||Jun 7, 2007||Cybex International, Inc.||Exercise device for cross training|
|US20070202999 *||Feb 27, 2007||Aug 30, 2007||Cybex International, Inc.||Cross trainer exercise apparatus|
|US20070213181 *||May 1, 2007||Sep 13, 2007||Zinnoor Akhmetov||Cardiovascular spine exerciser|
|US20080070765 *||Nov 5, 2007||Mar 20, 2008||Ab Coaster Holdings, Inc.||Abdominal exercise machine|
|US20080261780 *||Mar 21, 2008||Oct 23, 2008||Cybex International, Inc.||Home arc exercise machine|
|US20080287265 *||Mar 21, 2008||Nov 20, 2008||Cybex International, Inc.||Vertical arc exercise machine|
|US20090075786 *||Sep 11, 2008||Mar 19, 2009||Merli Christopher R||Seated exercise apparatus|
|US20090105050 *||Oct 17, 2007||Apr 23, 2009||Mayo Elvin A||Exercise Machine for Back Rehabilitation|
|US20090176626 *||Mar 16, 2009||Jul 9, 2009||Nautilus, Inc.||Upper body exercise and flywheel enhanced dual deck treadmills|
|US20100152000 *||Feb 22, 2010||Jun 17, 2010||Cybex International, Inc.||Exercise device for cross training|
|US20110034303 *||Oct 12, 2010||Feb 10, 2011||Nautilus, Inc.||Upper body exercise and flywheel enhanced dual deck treadmills|
|US20110143885 *||Feb 23, 2011||Jun 16, 2011||Cybex International, Inc.||Exercise device for cross training|
|US20160184630 *||Dec 22, 2015||Jun 30, 2016||Hoist Fitness Systems, Inc.||Leg curl exercise machine including a moving support for performing prone leg curl exercises|
|US20160213971 *||Jan 26, 2015||Jul 28, 2016||Bryan A. Jones||Exercise apparatus|
|US20170138452 *||Nov 12, 2015||May 18, 2017||John P. Fitzsimmons||Linear Powered Input Device|
|DE3002265A1 *||Jan 23, 1980||Sep 3, 1981||Festo Maschf Stoll G||Trainingsgeraet|
|EP0270734A1 *||Jun 6, 1987||Jun 15, 1988||Firma A. Bösl||Physical exercise apparatus for physically training the legs and/or the feet|
|EP0308587A1 *||Jun 20, 1988||Mar 29, 1989||Schwinn Bicycle Company||Cycle exerciser|
|WO1989001353A1 *||Aug 12, 1988||Feb 23, 1989||Superspine, Inc.||Active and passive coordinated walking device|
|WO1989007470A1 *||Feb 15, 1989||Aug 24, 1989||Marcy Fitness Products||Aerobic conditioner|
|Cooperative Classification||A63B21/225, A63B23/03575, A63B22/0056, A63B22/001, A63B21/00178, A63B21/1492, A63B2208/0261|
|European Classification||A63B22/00A6, A63B22/00P6, A63B23/035G, A63B21/00P, A63B21/14M6|