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Publication numberUS3263151 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 26, 1966
Filing dateJul 2, 1962
Priority dateJul 2, 1962
Publication numberUS 3263151 A, US 3263151A, US-A-3263151, US3263151 A, US3263151A
InventorsBoeker Harold T
Original AssigneeGen Electric
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Power supply for x-ray apparatus
US 3263151 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 26, 1966 H. T. BOEKER, 3,263,151

POWER SUPPLY FOR x-nAY APPARATUS Filed July 2, 1962 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 IIAII IIBII IIAII "Bu "An I u o L. A. A A. A 225 5; -l 25 *F| I "B"TRIGGER ON E02 I SRC 64 I o A CHARGE AND DISCHARGE I 0F CAPACITOR 14 F I Es M o v I VOLTAGE I ACROSS wmome 51 5] EP I VOLTAGE O ACROSS i wmoms 55,

X- RAY TUBE V CURRENT PULSE m r 1 w F|G.4

VOLTAGE ON CAPACITOR 18 A TRIGGERS SCR I28 "a'msezas sca I30 e2 I JA "All "B" "An "Bu "Au BASE I6 W 2E came: 8 VOLTAGE ON gg olscmmce CAPACITOR 36 0 OF cAligc lTofl ACROSS .PRIMARY 3| V wmmucl24 CURRENT PULSE EP2 vomee THROUGH PRIMARY 3| ACROSS A VOLTAGE ACROSS E WINDING I26 LTAGE ACROSS wmoms 33 o muome n22 I '2 X-RAY TUBE l I v x-m was W CURRENT PULSE l \J cu gl aggr F I G. 2 INVENTOR HAROLD T. BOEKER I y /mg, WM

ATTORNEY H. T. BOEKER POWER SUPPLY FOR X-RAY APPARATUS 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 VARIABLE 25 July 26, 1966 Filed July 2, 1962 FIG. 3

INVENTOR HAROLD T. BO EKER BY J dai- IM-6124 ATTORNEY VARIABLE REQUENCY OSCILj. ATOR VARIABLE FREQUENCY OSCILLATOR 3,263,151 POWER SUPPLY FOR X-RAY APPARATUS Harold T. Boeker, Brookfield, Wis., assignor to General Electric Company, a corporation of New York Filed July 2, 1962, Ser. No. 206,989

15 Claims. (Cl. 321-45) This invention relates to power supplies. More particularly, it relates to an'improved power supply for X-ray apparatus.

In X-ray equipment, it has been found that when a resonant transformer is utilized, the advantage is presented in that no iron core is needed to carry the magnetic flux through the transformer coils and the space normally taken up bythe iron core is occupied by the X-ray tube. With such arrangement, there is enabled the convenient connecting of the accelerating sections of the X-ray tube into the secondary winding of the transformer at desired voltage levels. The X-ray tube, disposed in the center of the transformer coils, consequently, is subjected only to an axial voltage stress along its length since the transformer coils function as an electrostatic shield between the X-ray tube and the walls of the tank in which the tube and transformer are contained.

Another advantage resulting from the use of a resonant transformer in X-ray equipment is that it is possible to shapethe transformer to approximate a hemisphere within a hemisphere or a cylinder within a cylinder thereby providing an optimum configuration of ultrahigh voltage application.

A furtheradvantage is that the wave shape of the voltage from a resonant transformer is quite good when the transformer is loaded with the direct current component of the X-ray tube. In contrast, an iron core transformer produces a distorted wave shape when it is loaded down with a comparable direct current load. The wave shape generated in the secondary winding of a resonant transformer is not dependent upon the wave shape of the power applied to its primary Winding. For example, the power applied to the primary winding may be in the'form of pulses on both half cycles or on either of the half cycles, and a sinusoidal voltage wave is still generated in the secondary winding.

Heretofore, the Weight and size of the power rectifier and power drive for a resonant transformer have, of necessity, been extremely large. A typical size for the housing for such components may be four and one-half feet by two feet by six feet and may Weigh as much as one thousand pounds.

It is, accordingly, an important'object of this invention to provide a power supply for an end-grounded resonant transformer conveniently utilizable in high voltage X-ray equipment whereby a substantial saving in weight and volume is effected.

It is another object to provide a power supply in accordance with the preceding object which comprises solid state devices thereby effecting substantial economy in maintenance and replacement requirements.

Generally speaking and in accordance with the invention, there is provided in combination with a unidirectional potential source and an end-grounded transformer having primary and secondary elements; gate controlled rectifying means and storage means 'in circuit with the primary element and the source, an oscillator and means for applying the output of the oscillator as gating signals to the gate controlled rectifying means to renderteristic of this invention, are set forth with particularity United States Patent F 7 3,263,151 Patented July 26, 1966 In the drawings, FIG. 1 is a schematic depiction of an t illustrative embodiment of the invention; Y

FIG. 2 is a timing'diagram of waveforms occurring at different points in the circuit of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of a second illustrative embodiment of the invention;

FIG. 4 is a timing diagram of waveforms occurring at different points in the circuit of FIG. 3;

FIG. 5 is a schematic showing of a third illustrative embodiment of the invention; and

FIG. 6 is a timing diagram of waveforms occurring at different points in the circuit of FIG. 5.

Referring now to FIG. 1, a unidirectional potential from a source 20 is applied across the series arrangement of a variable resistor 22 and a capacitor 18, one end of capacitor 18 being grounded. The junction 19 of resistor 22 and capacitor 18 is connected to the emitter 12 of a unijunc'tion transistor 10, a base 14 of transistor 10 being connected to source 20 through a resistor 24 and a base 16 of transistor 10 being connected to ground through a resistor 26. j

A silicon controlled rectifier 28 has its cathode connected to ground and its anode connected to a terminal of the primary winding 31 of a resonant transformer 30. The output appearing at base 16 is applied to the gate electrode of silicon controlled rectifier 10.

The other terminal of primary winding 31 is connected to the junction 35 of the series arrangement of an inductor 34 and a capacitor 36, inductor 34 being connected to a source of unidirectional potential 32, capacitor 36 being connected to ground.

The secondary winding 33 of transformer 30 has one terminal thereof connected to ground through a capacitor 38 and through an ammeter 40 in shunt with capacitor 38 and its other terminal connected to the filament of the X-ray tube of an X-ray apparatus 42 through a variable resistor 44. Secondary winding 33 is tapped at various points to provide potential to the anode electrodes of the X-ray apparatus;

In considering the operation of the circuit of FIG. 1 reference is also made to FIG. 2 wherein there is shown a timing diagram of the waveforms appearing at different points of the circuit of FIG. 1. a

In such operation, when undirectional positive potential is applied to junction point 35, capacitor36 changes through inductor 34, the voltage appearing across capacitor 36 being designated as e;,. Simultaneously, capacitor .18 charges through variable resistor 22, the voltage appearing thereacross being designated e When the voltage across capacitor 18 reaches a given value, designated as e unijunction transistor 10 is rendered conductive whereby capacitor 18 discharges into the gate electrode of silicon controlled rectifier 28 through emitter 12 and base 16 of transistor 10, the pulse of'voltage appearing across resistor 26 during this discharge being designated e In FIG. 2, it is seen in the line designated e that when the voltage across capacitor 18 attains the value of re at times t and t the voltage pulses, e are generated.

This voltage pulse, e developed across resistor 26 during the discharge of capacitor 18, is applied to the gate electrode of silicon controlled rectifier 28 to consequently render it conductive. Such-rendering causes capacitor 36 to discharge to ground through primary winding 31 and silicon controlled rectifier 28. Line e in FIG. 2 shows the voltage waveform across capacitor 36, capacitor 36 being fully discharged at time 1 The inductance of primary winding 31 and capacitor 36 form a resonant circuit for the discharge of the energy stored in capacitor 36; Line e of FIG. 2 shows the waveform of the voltage on primary winding 31. The current flowing through primary winding 31 and silicon controlled rectifier 28 follows a damped oscillation curve as shown in line i of FIG. 2. When this current starts to swing negative, silicon controlled rectifier 28 is restored to its blocking state and capacitor 36 commences to recharge.

At time t unijunction transistor 10 is again rendered conductive and the same events are repeated. The dotted portions in line i in FIG. 2 indicate that current does not flow then due to the blocking state of silicon controlled rectifier 28. Line e of FIG. 2 shows the waveform of the voltage 6 in secondary winding 33. Line i of FIG. 2 shows the waveform of the current pulses through the X-ray tube.

The phasing of primary winding 31 is chosen such that the current pulse through primary winding 31 occurs during the same time that the X-ray tube conducts. The repetition frequency of the pulses produced from unijunction transistor is chosen to be a few cycles greater than the frequency of the resonant circuit comprising secondary winding 33 and its distributed capacitor to' tank 36 to insure proper commutation of silicon controlled rectifier from the conductive to the nonconductive state.

In FIG. 1, capacitor 38 functions as a filter and the target is schematically shown and designated by the numeral 44.

In FIG. 3 wherein there is shown a second illustrative embodiment in accordance with the principles of the invention, the X-ray tube in X-ray apparatus 50 comprises a filament 52 connected in series arrangement with a variable resistor 54 for controlling the voltage applied thereto from a portion of the secondary winding 57 of a resonant transformer 56. The accelerating electrodes of the X-ray tube are connected to various points on secondary winding 57, one end of secondary winding 57 being grounded on the housing of the X-ray apparatus.

The primary winding 55 of transformer 56 has one terminal thereof connected to the cathode of a silicon controlled rectifier 64 and its other terminal connected to the anode of a silicon controlled rectifier 66. The anode of silicon controlled rectifier 64 is connected to a variable positive D.C. supply source 68 through an inductor 70 and its cathode is connected to a negative D.C. supply source 72 through a capacitor 74. The cathode of silicon controlled rectifier 66 is connected to source 72.

A voltage divider comprising a resistor 76 and a Zener diode 78 is connected between the positive and negative terminals of a DC. voltage supply source 80, the regulated voltage appearing at junction 77 being the voltage supply for a variable frequency oscillator 82. The out put of oscillator 82 is developed across the primary windings 83 and 87 of transformers 84 and 88 respectively.

A transistor 90 has its emitter 92 connected to junction 77, its base94 connected to junction 77 through the secondary winding 85 of transformer 84 and its collector connected to negative source 72 through the primary winding 97 of a transformer 98. A transistor 102 has its emitter 104 directly connected to junction 77, its base 106 connected to junction 77 through the secondary winding 89 of transformer 88 and its collector 108 connected to negative source 72 through the primary winding 103 of a transformer 104.

The secondary winding 99 of transformer 98 is connected between the cathode and gate electrode of silicon controlled rectifier 64 and the secondary winding 105 of transformer 104 is connected between the cathode and gate electrode of silicon controlled rectifier 66.

In considering the operation of the arrangement of FIG. 3, reference is also made to FIG. 4 which is a timing diagram of the voltages appearing at various points in the circuit of FIG. 3.

In the operation of the circuit of FIG. 3, Zener diode 78 regulates the DC. voltage supplied to oscillator 82. The

output of oscillator 82 is fed to transistors and 102, such output being displaced in phase by means of secondary windings 85 and 89 of transformers 84 and 88 respectively. Transformers 98 and 104 are suitably chosen to be of the pulse transformer type and secondary windings 99 and thereof couple the outputs of transistors 90 and 102 to the gate electrodes of silicon controlled rectifiers 64 and 66 respectively.

When silicon controlled rectifier 64 is rendered conductive, current flows from source 68 through inductor 70 and silicon controlled rectifier 64 to charge capacitor 74. The waveform designated E in FIG. 4 shows that capacitor 74 charges during the interval between time 1 and time t When the current through the oscillator circuit formed by inductor 70 and capacitor 74 starts to reverse, the silicon controlled rectifier 64 is restored to its blocking state thereby isolating the discharge loop comprising charged capacitor 74, primary winding 55 and silicon controlled rectifier 66 from source 68.

Line T in FIG. 4 shows the alternately occurring pulse outputs from primary windings 97 and 103 of transformers 98 and 104 respectively. It is seen that when a pulse from transistor 90 is applied to silicon controlled rectifier 64 at time t capacitor 74 has zero value of voltage.

Now, at time t the output pulse from transistor 102 is applied to the gate electrode of silicon controlled rectifier 66 thereby rendering it conductive. This event permits capacitor 74 to discharge through primary winding 55 and silicon controlled rectifier 66 to source 72. The energy in capacitor 74 is dissipated in primary winding 55 and silicon controlled rectifier 66 reverts to its block ing state before the next trigger pulse from transistor 90 renders silicon controlled rectifier 64 conductive at time t Line E of FIG. 4 shows the waveform of the voltage in primary winding 55; line E shows the waveform of the voltage in secondary winding 57 and line I shows the waveform of the current pulse through the X-ray tube.

Primary winding 55 is phased such that capacitor 74 discharges therethrough during the half cycle that the X-ray tube is conductive. The frequency of the output of oscillator 82 is chosen to be at least a few cycles greater than the frequency of resonant transformer 56 to insure proper commutation of silicon controlled rectifiers from the conducting to the nonconducting state. Stage 60 schematically depicts an ammeter and the target is designated by numeral 62.

Resonant transformer 56 may suitably be of the type disclosed in U.S. Patent 2,144,518 to W. F. Westendorp,

issued January 17, 1939, and assigned to the General Electric Company. In apparatus embodying such a transformer, there is conveniently utilized an electrostatic pickup plate such as designated by the numeral 106. Such plate is a capacitor type voltage divider comprising the capacitance from the pickup plate to the tank and of the capacitor to the hemispherical shield positioned at the top of the stack of secondary coils comprising secondary winding 57. This voltage is rectified by the full wave rectifier comprising diodes 108 and 110 and indicated in the meter 113. Meter 113 can be calibrated in terms of the voltage generated in secondary winding 57. Capacitor 112 functions as a filter.

Referring now to FIG. 5 wherein there is shown a third illustrative embodiment according to theprinciples of the invention, the resonant transformer therein comprises an end-grounded secondary winding 122 and a pair of primary windings 124 and 126 respectively.

A terminal of primary winding 126 is connected to the cathode of a silicon controlled rectifier'l28, the other terminal of primary winding 126 being connected to a source of negative DC. potential 132 througha capacitor 134. A terminal of primary winding 124 is connected to the anode of a silicon controlled rectifier 130, its other terminal being tied to primary winding 126. The anode of silicon controlled rectifier 128 is connected to a variable positive D.C. source 136 and the cathode of silicon con- 139 being regulated by Zener diode 140. A variable frequency oscillator 144 receives its regulated DC. voltage supply from junction 139. The output of oscillator 144 appears across primary windings 145 and 149 of pulse transformers 146 and 150 respectively.

A transistor 152 has its emitter154 directly connected to junction 139, its base connected to junction 139 through the secondary winding 147 of transformer 146 and its collector 158 connected to source 132 through the primary winding 159 of a pulse transformer 160. A transistor 162 has its emitter 164 directly connected to junction 139, its base 166 connected to junction 139 through the secondary winding 151 of transformer 150 and its collector 168 connected to source 132 through the primary winding 169 of a pulsetransformer 170. The secondary winding 161 of transformer 160 is connected between the cathode and gate electrodes of silicon controlled rectifier 128 and the secondary winding 171 of pulse transformer 170 is connected between the cathode and gate electrodes of silicon controlled rectifier 130.

In considering the operation of the arrangment of FIG. 5, reference is also made to FIG. 6 whichis a timing diagram of the waveforms of the voltages appearing at different points in the circuit of FIG. 5.

In operation, Zener diode 140 regulates the supply voltage for variable frequency oscillator 144. The output of oscillator 144 is applied to transistors 152 and 162 through secondary windings 147 and 151 of transformers 146 and 150 respectively, 180 out of phase with each other to produce alternately occurring trigger pulses in primary windings 159 and 169 at 180 intervals as shown in line I 'of FIG. 6. The pulses produced in transistors 152 and 136. The voltage across capacitor 134 is shown in FIG.

6 on line E thereof. When the voltage across capacitor 134 attains the value of twice source 136 (215 the current through silicon controlled rectifier 128 starts to reverse and silicon controlled rectifier 128 is restored to its blocking state thereby isolating the discharge loop comprising charged capacitor 134, primary winding 124, and silicon controlled rectifier 130 from source 136.

' Now, when the pulse from transistor 162 renders silicon controlled rectifier 130 conductive, capacitor 134 discharges to negative source 132 through primary winding 124 and silicon controlled rectifier 130. The energy in capacitor 134 is dissipated in primary winding 124 and silicon controlled rectifier 130 reverts to the blocking state before the pulse from transistor 152 renders silicon controlled rectifier 120 conductive.

It is to be noted that during the time that silicon controlled rectifier 128 is conducting and capacitor 134 is charging, a pulse of energy is introduced into primary winding 126 and that when silicon controlled rectifier 130 is conducting and capacitor 134 is discharging, a pulse of energy is introducted into primary winding 124. Lines E and E g in FIG. 6 show the voltage waveforms appearing in primary windings 126 and 124 respectively.

Line E in FIG. 6 shows the voltage waveform in sec- 6 suitably wound in the same direction. Variable oscillator 144 is chosen to have-an output frequency a few cycles greater than the resonant frequency of transformer 120 to induce proper commutation to nonconductivity of sili con controlled rectifiers 128 and 130.

While there have been shown particular embodiments of this invention, it will, of course, be undestood that it is not intended to be limited thereto since many modifications-both in the circuit arrangements and in the instrumentalities employed therein may be made and it is therefore contemplated by the appended claims to cover any such modifications as fall within the true spirit and scope of the invention.

What is claimed as new and desired to be secured by Letters Patent of the United States is:

1. In combination with a unidirectional potential source and an end-grounded resonant transformer having primary and secondary elements; gate controlled rectifying means and charge storage means in circuit with said primary element and said source, said primary element and said storage means forming a resonant frequency circuit, a variable frequency oscillator and means for applying the output of said oscillator as gating signals'to said gate controlled rectifying means to render said gate controlled rectifyingmeans conductive, said storage means thereby discharging through said primary element and through said rectifying means.

2. In combination with a unidirectional potential source and an end-grounded resonant transformer having primary and secondary elements; gate controlled rectifying means and storage means in circuit with said primary element and said source, said primary element and said storage means forming a resonant frequency circuit, a variable frequency oscillator, and means for applying the output of said oscillator as gating signals to said gate controlled rectifying means to render said gate controlled rectifying means conductive, said storage means discharging through said primary element and through said rectifyingmeans, the frequency of said oscillator being chosen to be slightly greater than the resonant frequency of said transformer. I

3. In combination with a unidirectional potential source I and an end-grounded resonant transformer for providing charging of capacitor 134 introduces a pulse of energy into transformer on the half cycle when the X-ray tube is conducting. Primary windings .124 and'126 are power to an X-ray tube, said transformer having primary and secondary elements; gate controlled rectifying means and storage means in circuit with said primary element and said source, said primary element and said storage means forming a resonant frequency circuit, a variable frequency oscillator, and means for applying the output of said oscillator as gating signals to said gate controlled rectifying means to render said gate controlled rectifying means conductive, said storage means discharging through said primary element and through said rectifying means, the frequency of said oscillator being chosen to be slightly greater than the resonant frequency of said transformer,

the phasing of said primary element being so arranged whereby said storage means discharges through said primary element during a period concurrent with conduction in said X-ray tube.

4. In combination with a unidirectional potential source and an end-grounded resonant transformer having a primary and a secondary winding; a gate controlled rectifier and a capacitor in circuit with said primary winding and said source, said primary winding and said capacitor forming a resonant frequency circuit, a variable frequency oscillator and means for applying-the output of said oscillator as gating signals to said gate controlled rectifier to render said gate controlled rectifier conductive, said capacitor thereby discharging through said primary winding and said rectifier.

5. In combination with a unidirectional potential source and an end-grounded resonant transformer having a primary and a secondary winding; a gate controlled rectifier and a capacitor in circuit with said primarywinding and said source, said primary winding and said capacitor forming a resonant frequency circuit, a variable frequency oscillator, and means for applying the output of said oscillator as gating signals to said gate controlled rectifier to render said gate controlled rectifier conductive, said capacitor thereby discharging through said primary winding and said rectifier, the frequency of said oscillator being chosen to be slightly greater than the resonant frequency of said transformer.

6. In combination with a unidirectional potential source and an end-grounded resonant transformer for providing power to an X-ray tube, said transformer having a primary and a secondary winding, a gate controlled rectifier and a capacitor in circuit with said primary winding and said source, said primary winding and said capacitor forming a resonant frequency circuit, a variable frequency oscillator and means for applying the output of said oscillator as gating signals to said gate controlled rectifier to render said gate controlled rectifier conductive, said capacitor thereby discharging through said primary winding and said rectifier, the frequency of said oscillator being chosen to be slightly greater than the resonant frequency of said transformer, the phasing of said primary winding being so arranged whereby said capacitor discharges through said primary winding during a period concurrent with conduction in said X-ray tube.

7. In the combination defined in claim 6 wherein said oscillator comprises a unijunction transistor in circuit with an RC combination and said source, the frequency of said oscillator being determined by said RC combination.

8. In combination with a unidirectional potential source and an end-grounded resonant transformer having a primary and a secondary winding; first and second gate controlled rectifiers having said primary winding connected therebetween, said combination of said rectifiers and said primary winding being connected across said source, a capacitor connected across said primary winding and said second gate controlled rectifier, an oscillator, means for applying alternately occurring half cycles of output from said oscillator as gating signals to said first and second gate controlled rectifiers respectively, said capacitor charging during the period of conductivity of said first gate controlled rectifier, said capacitor discharging through said primary winding and said second gate controlled rectifier when said last-named rectifier is conductive.

9. In combination with a unidirectional potential source and an end-grounded resonant transformer having a primary and a secondary winding; first and second gate controlled rectifiers having said primary winding connected therebetween, said combination of said rectifiers and said primary winding being connected across said source, a capacitor connected across said primary winding and said second gate controlled rectifier, an oscillator, means for applying alternately occurring half cycles of output from said oscillator as gating signals to said first and second gate controlled rectifiers respectively, said capacitor charging during the period of conductivity of said first gate controlled rectifier, said capacitor discharging through said primary winding and said second gate controlled rectifier when said last-named rectifier is conductive, the frequency of said oscillator being chosen to be slightly greater than the resonant frequency of said transformer.

10. In combination with a unidirectional potential source and an end-grounded resonant transformer for providing power to'an X-ray tube, said transformer having a primary and a secondary winding; first and second gate controlled rectifiers having said primary winding connected therebetween, said combination of said rectifiers and said primary winding being connected across said source, a capacitor connected across said primary winding and said second gate controlled rectifier, an oscillator, means for applying alternately occurring half cycles of output from said oscillator as gating signals to said first and second gate controlled rectifiers respectively, said capacitor charging during the period of conductivity of said first gate controlled rectifier, said capacitor dis- 0 charging through said primary winding and said second gate controlled rectifier when said last-named rectifier is conductive, the frequency of said oscillator being chosen to be slightly greater than the resonant frequency of said transformer, the phasing of said primary winding being so arranged whereby said capacitor discharges through said primary winding during a period concurrent with conduction in said X-ray tube.

11. In the combination defined in claim 10 wherein said means for applying the output of said oscillator to said gate controlled rectifiers comprises first and second transistors in circuit with said oscillator and said first and second gate controlled rectifiers respectively, said transistors having outputs displaced in phase with respect to each other.

12. In combination with a unidirectional potential source and an end-grounded resonant transformer having first and second primary windings wound in the same direction, and a secondary winding, first and second gate controlled rectifiers, a capacitor, said first primary winding being connected between said first gate controlled rectifier and said source, the combination of said first gate controlled rectifier, said first primary winding and said capacitor being connected across said source, the combination of said second primary winding and said second gate controlled rectifier being connected across said capacitor, an oscillator, and means for applying the output of said oscillator to said gate controlled rectifiers 180 displaced in phase, the rendering conductive of said first gate controlled rectifier causing said capacitor to become charged through said first primary winding, the rendering conductive of said second gate controlled rectifier permitting said charged capacitor to discharge through said second primary winding.

13. In combination with a unidirectional potential source and an end-grounded resonant transformer having first and second primary windings wound in the same direction and a secondary winding, first and second gate controlled rectifiers, a capacitor, said first primary winding being connected between said first gate controlled rectifier and said source, the combination of said first gate controlled rectifier, said first primary winding and said capacitor being connected across said source, the combination of said second primary winding and said second gate controlled rectifier being connected across said capacitor, an oscillator, and means for applying the output of said oscillator to said gate controlled rectifiers 180 displaced in phase, the rendering conductive of said first gate controlled rectifier causing said capacitor to become charged through said first primary winding, the rendering conductive of said second gate controlled rectifier permitting said charged capacitor to discharge through said second primary winding, the frequency'of said oscillator being chosen to be slightly greater than the resonant frequency of said transformer.

14. In combination with a unidirectional potential source and an end-grounded resonant transformer for providing power to an X-ray tube, said transformer having first and second primary windings wound in the same direction and a secondary winding, first and second gate controlled rectifiers, a capacitor, said first primary winding being connected between said first gate controlled rectifier and said source, the combination of said first gate controlled rectifier, said first primary winding and said capacitor being connected across said source, the combination of said second primary Winding and said second gate controlled rectifier being connected across said capacitor, an oscillator, and means for applying the output of said oscillator to said gate controlled rectifiers 180 displaced in phase, the rendering conductive of said first gate controlled rectifier causing said capacitor to become charged through said first primary winding, the rendering conductive of said second gate controlled rectifierpermitting said charged capacitor to discharge through said second primary winding, the frequency of said oscillator being chosen to be slightly greater than the resonant frequency of said transformer, the phasing of said primary windings being so arranged whereby said capacitor discharges through said second primary winding during a period concurrent with conduction in said X-ray tubes.

15. The combination defined in claim 14 wherein said applying means comprising a first transistor coupled between said oscillator and said first gate controlled rectifier and a second transistor coupled between said oscillator and said second gate controlled rectifier, the output of said oscillator being applied to said transistors 180 displaced in phase.

1 0 References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 2/1958 Vossberg 250-98 7/1962 McNulty et a1. 307-885 JOHN F. COUCH Primary Examiner. LLOYD MCCOLLUM, Examiner.

J. M. THOMSON, M. L. WACHTELL,

Assistant Examiners.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2823319 *Aug 16, 1956Feb 11, 1958Vossberg Carl APrecision pulse power generator
US3045148 *Dec 18, 1959Jul 17, 1962 Ignition system with transistor control
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4386395 *Dec 19, 1980May 31, 1983Webster Electric Company, Inc.Power supply for electrostatic apparatus
US7440547 *Apr 13, 2006Oct 21, 2008Kabushiki Kaisha ToshibaCT scanner
US8098124 *Mar 25, 2010Jan 17, 2012General Electric CompanyHigh-voltage transformer and power supply for an X-ray tube including such a transformer
US20060233297 *Apr 13, 2006Oct 19, 2006Fumio IshiyamaCT scanner
US20100245014 *Mar 25, 2010Sep 30, 2010Denis Perrillat-AmedeHigh-voltage transformer and power supply for an x-ray tube including such a transformer
Classifications
U.S. Classification363/135, 378/102, 378/105, 327/468, 315/223
International ClassificationH05G1/20, H05G1/00
Cooperative ClassificationH05G1/20
European ClassificationH05G1/20