US 3263664 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Aug. 2, 1966 M. G. BAUER ETAL.
BB GUN LOADER Filed Dec. 29. 1964 J JJ J J J J J J Betty A. Bauer INVENTORS w 5 G .m f a M BY Mr 15m 7 3,263,664 i Patented August 2, 1966 3,263,664 BB GUN LOADER Martin G. Bauer and Betty A. Bauer, both of Rte. 1, Box 115, Bismarck, N. Dak. Filed Dec. 29, 1964, Ser. No. 421,765
9 Claims. (Cl. 124-45) ly agitating theshot in a manner to prevent clogging thereby insuring uniform discharge of the shot with each stroke of the device.
Still another important object of the invention is to provide an improved loader of the character described which is automatically closed when it is disengaged from 'the ritie, thus further preventing waste.
Other objects of the present invention are to provide an improved air riile loader which is comparatively simple iii construction, strong, durable, compact, of light weight and which may be manufactured at low cost.
These together with other objects and advantages which willbecome subsequently apparent reside in the details of construction and operation as more fully hereinafter described and claimed, reference being had to the accompanying drawings forming a part hereof, wherein like numerals refer to like parts throughout, and in which:
FIGURE 1 is a perspective view, showing a loader embodying the present invention in use; i
FIGURE 2 is a view in vertical section through the device; and
FIGURE 3 is a vertical sectional view through the lower .portion of the loader, showing the device open.
Referring now to the drawings in detail, it will be seen that the embodiment of the present invention which has been illustrated comprises a cylindrical container 4 of suitable dimensions and material. The container 4 is for the reception of a supply of shot, as indicated at 6'.
The cylindrical container 4 comprises, on one end, a removable cylindrical closure or cap 8. The closure 8 includes a tapered or conical shoulder 10 on one end of i a skirt, ring or tlange 12. The closure 8 further comprises,
on one end, a reduction 14 providing a shoulder or abutment and terminating in a tiurther reduced neck or guide 16.
` A tubular discharge nozzle 18 is mounted for reciprocagtion in the neck or guide 16. The tubular nozzle 18 ter- I,"fminates at its inner end in an enlargement or head 20 "which is slidable in the cylindrical cap portion 8 and adapted to seat on the shoulder 14. The enlargement or head 20 comprises a generally conical upper end 22.
Fixed on a lower intermediate portion of the tubular discharge nozzle 18 is a col-lar 24 comprising on its lower end a ange 26. A compression spring 28 encircles the tubular nozzle 18 between the collar 24 and the closure 8. The ends of the coil spring 28 abut the ilange 26 of the collar 24 and the shoulder 14 of the closure 8 for yieldingly urging the container 4 upwardly when the device is not in use.
Mounted on the lower end portion of the discharge nozzle 18 is a closure cap of suitable resilient material, constituting an end thrust pressure means, which is designated generally by reference numeral 30. The cap 30, `in the embodiment shown, includes a ring 32 which is slidable on the tubular discharge nozzle 18. The ring 32 includes a substantially concave outer periphery 34. The ring 32 further includes an internal circumferential groove United States Patent Otice or channel 36 which receives therein a stop iiange 38 on the nozzle 18. Depending from the ring 32 is an orange peel dome or teat 40 having therein slits 42 providing a plurality of normally closed but separable lips or the like 44 In FIGURE 1 of the drawings, reference numeral` 46 designates the muzzle portion of an air rifle barrel having mounted thereon a tubular magazine 48. The open end portion of the magazine 48 is for the reception of the cap 30.
It is thought that the operation or use of the device will be readily apparent from a consideration of the foregoing. Brietly, the tubular nozzle 18 is normally maintained in projected position by the coil spring 28 having its ends abutting the shoulder 14 of the closure 8 and the flange 26 of the collar 24. With the tubular nozzle 18 in its projected position the head 20 seats on the shoulder 14 of the closure 8. Also, the cap 30 is in the closed or operative position of FIGURE 2 of the drawings, in which position the lips 44 are closed for closing the discharge end of the nozzle 18. To load the magazine 48 of the air nie, the inverted device, as shown, is aligned with said magazine. 'Ihe dome or teat portion 40 of the cap 30 is seated in the upper end portion of the magazine 48`1and` downward pressure is exerted on the container 4. 'Ihe initial pressure forces the nozzle 18 downwardly through the stationary cap 30 for opening the lips 44 as shown to advantage in FIGURE 3 of the drawings, said cap coming to rest against the flange 26 of the collar 24. With the device thus connected to the` rie -the shot 6 flows'by gravity through the nozzle 18 into the magazine 48. To insure a steady, uniform ow of shot, the container 4 is vertically reciprocated on the nozzle v18. Thus, the head 20 is moved upwardly in the cylindrical cap 8 to the position of FIGURE 3 of the drawings for agitating the shot in a manner to prevent clogging. With the tubular nozzle 18 in the projected position of FIGURE 2 of the drawings the conical upper end 22 of the head 20 functions as a spreader for further preventing binding of the shot in the dispense-r. Of course, downward manual actuation of the container 4 compresses the coil spring 28 after the cap 30 has been moved to the open position of FIGURE `3 of the drawings. Thus, when the container 4 is released said container is instantly returned to its raised position by the spring 28. The container 4 may be readily refilled by removing the closure 8.
The foregoing is considered as illustrative only of the principles of .the invention. Further, since numerous modifications and changes will readily occur to those skilled in the art, it is not desired to limit the invention to the exact construction and operation shown and described, and accordingly all suitable moditicationsand equivalents may be resorted to, falling within the sco of the invention as claimed. i A
What is claimed as new is as follows:
1. An air rie loader comprising a container for the reception of shot, a generally cylindrical closure operatively mounted on one end of the container, said closure including a reduced neck on one end, a tubular discharge nozzle slidably mounted in the neck and communicating with the container, resilient means yieldingly urging the nozzle outwardly in the neck, and a` cap at t-he discharge end portion of the nozzle.
2. An air rifle loader comprising a container for" the reception of shot, a generally cylindrical closure on one end of the container, said closure including a reduced neck on one end, a tubular discharge nozzle slidably mounted in the neck and communicating with the container, resilient means yieldingly urging the nozzle outwardly in the neck, and a cap at the discharge end portion ofithe nozzle, said nozzle having a head on the other end slidable in said closure for agitating the shot contained therein.`
3. Ar.-. air rifle loader comprising a container for the reception of shot, a closure mounted in cooperating relationship on one end of said container, said closure having a reduced neck on one end, a tubular shot receiving and discharging nozzle slidably mounted in the neck and com munieating with the container, resilient means yieldingly urging the nozzle outwardly in the neck, and a cap at the discharge end portion of the nozzle, said nozzle having a head on the other end slidable in the closure aud adapted to agitate the shot therein, said head being generally cyllindrical and including a substantially conical end for spreading the shot and diminish the likelihood of the shot jamnung.
4. A loader in accordance with claim 1, said closure further including a shoulder adjacent the neck, said resilient means comprising a collar on the nozzle, and a compression spring on the nozzle having its ends abutting the shoulder and the collar.
5. A loader in accordance with claim 2, said cap including a ring slidable on the nozzle, and a plurality of resilient, coaching, normally closed segmental lips on the ring closing the other end of the nozzle and engageable therewith to be opened thereby when the ring is moved inwardly on the nozzle.
6. A loader in accordance with claim 5, together with an inner stop ange for the cap on the nozzle, said ring having a circumferential channel therein receiving said stop fiange.
7. A loader in accordance with claim 4, said closure still further including a cylindrical ring on one end slidably receiving the container, and a generally conical shoulder adjoining the ring.
8. A manually usable device adapted to contain a supply of BB shot and loading the same one by one into the magazine of an air rie comprising: a container for the supply of shot, said container being closed at one end and open at the other end, closure means detachably mounted on said other end and closing the same, said closure means being provided with an axially extending reduced neck, an elongated shot receiving and dispensing nozzle slidingly mounted within the contines of said neck and having a head on an end projectable into the container space of said container, said head constituting the shot intake end, said nozzle provided on a median portion thereof with an abutment iiange, a coil spring encircling said nozzle and having one end abutting said ange and the other end abutting the aforementioned neck, and end thrust pressure responsive means mounted on and cooperable with the discharge end of said nozzle to release shot from said nozzle.
9. The structure defined in claim 8 and wherein said means comprises a normally closed cap slidingly mounted on the discharge end portion of said nozzle, said cap being cooperable with the aforementioned coil spring and exerting pressure against and compressing said spring when the cap is intentionally moved to a position opening the discharge end of said nozzle.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS l/l953 Osborne 124--50 X 6/1965 Miotke 221-297